26 décembre, 2012

evropaSi siriul-antioqiuri avtokefaluri eklesiebis

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 15:58

evropaSi siriul-antioqiuri avtokefaluri eklesiebis

 

sapatriarqo

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(sapatriarqos erTsaukunovani arsebobis manZilze misi ganviTarebis mokle istoriuli mimoxilva)

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pasuxi kiTxvaze :

 

ras warmoadgens evropis siriul-antioqiuri sapatriarqo ?

 

1 – antioqiis ekumenuri sapatriarqo daaarsa Tavad qristes mociqulma wminda petrem, vidre sabolood dasaxldeboda romSi, sadac mowamebrivi sikvdiliT daiRupa neronis mmarTvelobis qveS.  sapatriarqom gamoiara mravali qartexili da gansacdeli, mravali zeciuri sixaruli, vidre sabolood uflis nebiT  momwifda rogorc Cveni macxovris, ieso qristes, wminda eklesia.

miuxedavad mcirericxovani mrevlisa, sapatriarqom fexi moikida msoflios mraval adgilas. misi liturgia (RvTismsaxureba) safuZvlad udevs wminda ioane oqropiris udides da ubrwyinvales liturgias. am ekumenuri saydris dafuZnebis bolo etapi aRiniSna patriarq mar egnate iakob III-is romSi mogzaurobiT – romelic aris wminda petres STamomavali antioqiis saydarSi – saxelovani romis papis, misi uwmindesoba pavle VI-es mowveviT. maTi Sexvedrebi da Tbili saubrebi adasturebs, rom ar arsebobda aranairi uTanxmoeba arc dogmisa da arc doqtrinis TvalsazrisiT maT RvTismetyvelebasa da qadagebebs Soris, romlebsac isini am ori eklesiis mrevls sTavazobdnen (am sakiTxze ixileT ACTA APOSTOLICAE-s daskvniTi komunike).

 

2 – antioqiis sapatriarqos ekumenuri misia (1866 – 1973 wlis 8 dekemberi)

 

amJamindeli antioqiis patriarqis erTerTma winamorbedma,  mar egnate petre III-m, Tavad Cveni macxovris, ieso qristes mier naqadagebi  « wmindanTa erTobis mcnebis » aRsrulebis mizniT, locvaSi xnisa da RvTis mowyalebis rwmeniT, es sapatio misia miando or Tavdadebul bers, romlebic sagangebod ikurTxnen episkoposebad, da dainiSnen misiis xelmZRvanelebad : misi uwmindesoba n.n.s.s. ferete da  misi uwmindesoba vilate. es daiwyo 1866 wels, avtokefaliis wminda privilegiiT.

        ramdenime sityviT mogiTxrobT maTi sapastoro moRvaweobisa da am moRvaweobis dagvirvinebis Sesaxeb, 1973 wlis 8 dekembers evropis siriul-antioqiuri sabWos wina dRes.

 

 

1 – misi uwmindesoba ferete

        am mokrZalebulma episkoposma da amave dros efeqturma da SesaniSnavma administratorma Tavisi rezidencia daafuZna did britaneTSi, sadac misi Zalisxmevis wyalobiTa da didi sirTuleeebis fasad iq axla moqmedebs glastonberis sapatriarqo. aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom Tavidanve glastonberis patriarqebma moaxdines TavianTi sapastoro saqmianobis specializacia. upiratesoba eniWeboda mosaxleobas, romelic Tavs akuTvnebda keltur eTnikur mimdinareobebs. didi britaneTis am saydarma eqvsi patriarqi gamoicvala. bolo maTgani, romelic dResac cocxalia, aris de vilmot niumani : mar georgius pirveli, romlic upirvelesi sazrunavi iyo rom yvela mis mier nakurTx episkoposs hqonoda namdvili ekumenuri warmomavloba. am mizniT, man miaRwia dasavleTisa da aRmosavleTis eklesiebisgan imas, rom ramdenime episkoposi Tavidan ikurTxa, im pirobiT, rom es kurTxeva moxda TiToeuli am eklesiisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli sxvadasxva ritualis mixedviT. Semdeg, 1971 wels, savaraudod konstantinopolis ekumenuri patriarqis mimarT Tavisi piradi pativiscemisa da aRfrTovanebis gamo, man gadawyvita gaeuqmebina glastonberis saukunovani sapatriarqo – risi ratifikaciac moaxdina didi britaneTis wminda sinodma – da Tan aRniSna, rom igi iqneboda feretes xazis bolo patriarqi da am wodebas mxolod sapatio saxiT SeinarCunebda ; magram gauqmebuli sapatriarqos didma nawilma, romelsac hqonda uryevi neba gaegrZelebina misi uwmindesoba mar egnate petre III berdosis ekumenuri moRvaweoba, moiTxova da miiRo ufleba SeerTeboda antioqiis ekumenuri misiis meore ganStoebas (romelic daafuZna evrobaSi misma uwmindesoba vilatem), misi axlandeli evropis patriarqis, misi unetaresoba boris pirvelis TanxmobiT.

 

2 – misi uwmindesoba vilate

       

        dauRalavma misionerma da mogzaurma, misma uwmindesoba vilatem daaarsa amerikis, evropisa da afrikis misiebi. qristianuli aRmsareblobisa da RvTismsaxurebis saqmeSi mas surda yofiliyo yvelaferi yvelasTvis, miciquli wminda pavles msgavsad. amitomac man Tavis misionerebs Tavs ki ar moaxvia antioqiis wminda liturgia, aramed urCia emsaxuraT ukve arsebuli liturgiebis mixedviT, vinaidan es liturgiebi warmoadgendnen saeklesio Rirsebisa da kanonierebis srul garantias. miuxedavad avtokefaliiT miniWebuli privilegiebisa, mas arasodes ucdia arsebuli eklesiebis sapatriarqos rangSi ayvana. mas sayovelTaod eTayvanebian, rogorc did misioners. janmrTelobis gauaresebis gamo Tanamdebobidan gadadgomis Semdeg igi gardaicvala 1929 wels safrangeTSi, versalSi, yvelasagan pativiTa da siyvaruliT garSemortymuli.

        misma sxvadasxva mimdevrebma didi SemarTebiTa da rwmeniT gaagrZeles dawyebuli misia, rasac Tan axlda ierarqiasTan dakavSirebuli gardauvali sirTuleebi : mmarTveli wminda sinodisa da wminda sinodis Tavmjdomaris ararseboba, rasac SeeZlo daesustebina misiis organuli erTianoba da efeqturoba.

        am umTavresi problemis kargad gaazrebisa da gacnobierebis Semdeg, miuxedavad zogierTebis « inerciis ZaliT » arsebuli, magram sakmaod gasagebi yoymanisa, misma uwmindesoba blom van asendelftma 1957 wlis TebervalSi moiwvia misi uwmindesoba vilates mimdevari arqiepiskoposebisa da episkoposebis riggareSe sinodi. misi dasrulebis Semdeg eklesiebis generalurma asambleam gadawyvita, misi uwmindesoba feretes mimdevarTa msgavsad,  esargebla evtokefaliiT miniWebuli privilegiiT da gamoacxada sakuTari Tavi sapatriarqod, romlis pirveli patriarqi 1957 wlis 1 Tebervals gaxda misi uwmindesoba mar ioane maria pirveli. TxuTmeti wlis Semdeg misi uwmindesoba borisisTvis gagzavnil or werilSi, romelic 1971 wlis 1 marts daniSna wminda saydris stumar episkoposad, misma unetaresobam mar ioane maria pirvelma oficialurad moiTxova Tanamdebobidan gadadgoma janmrTelobis mdgomareobis gamo. wminda sinodma, romelic saswrafod Seikriba saeklesio asambleaze, evropis avtokefaluri eklesiebis meore patriarqad daniSna wminda saydris wina stumari borisi, mar boris pirvelad wodebuli.

        daniSvnisTanave axalma patriarqma, romelic iyo Rrmad morwmune da amave dros Zalze aqtiuri adamiani, ganizraxa ganemtkicebina eklesiebis momavali da am mizniT daaarsa wminda petres sami filosofiur-Teologiuri instituti (safrangeTSi, italiasa da germaniaSi). igi gansakuTrebiT eTayvaneboda RvismSoblis saswaulmoqmed xats, romelic dasavleTSi maradiuli xsnis RvTismSoblis xatis  saxeliT aris cnobili. man miiRo wminda episkoposisa da doqtor alfons-mari ligorisgan araerTi sulieri da materialuri daxmareba. SemTxveviTi ar iyo, rom man RvTis nebad miiRo romis wminda patriarqis, misi uwmindesoba pius IX-s iniciativa, romlis Sedegadac 1866 wels doqtor alfonsos  vaJebs daevalaT aRmosavleTis wminda xatis Senaxva da misi kultis gavrceleba.

 

        1866 : siriul-antioqiuri ekumenuri misiis pirveli gamgzavreba dasavleTisken.

        1866 : maradiuli xsnis wminda xatis kultis gavrceleba pius IX-s davalebiT doqtor alfonsos vaJebis mier.

 

        unda CaiTvalos Tu ara am ori misiis droSi damTxveva, romelTagan erTi daiwyo antioqiidan, xolo meore romidan (wminda petres am ori sayudevelidan) ubralo SemTxveviTobad ? rwmenis naTelSi davanebuli gulisa da sulisaTvis pasuxi iqneba : ara. es damTxveva uflis nebis gamoxatulebaa, rac dRes aseve grZeldeba am ori da eklesiis moRvaweobaSi : 1973 wlis 8 dekembers, erTis mxriv, wminda wlis gamocxadeba romis ekumenuri saydris mier da, meores mxriv, axlandeli patriarqis, mar  boris pirvelis mier evropis siriul-antioqiuri evrokefaluri eklesiebis asi wlisTavTan dakavSirebiT wminda sabWos mowveva. aRsaniSnavia agreTve sabWos mamebisTvis SeTavazebuli sakiTxebis  pirveli sia :

        1. wminda mariamis ubiwo wiaRSi sruliad siriul-antioqiuri sapatriarqos kurTxevis sazeimo ratifikacia ;

        2. pius me-IX-s mier doqtor alfonsos vaJebisaTvis naboZebi saswaulmoqmedi wminda xatis sazeimo kurTxeva maradiuli xsnis RvTismSoblis saxeliT ;

        3. maradiuli xsnis RvTismSoblis gamocxadeba yvela qristianisa da ieso qristes yvela eklesiis erTianobis dedoflad.

        aRmosavleTidan movlenili, dasavleTis mier naTayvanebi da qristianebis erTianobis dedoflad Tavidan naRiarebi wminda mariami amieridan locvaSi Semdegnairad moixsenieba: qristianTa erTianobis dedofalo, maradiuli xsnis  RvTismSobelo, iloce CvenTvis, gaaerTiane Seni Svilebi.

        martivi melodiis, yvelasaTvis xelmisawvdomi, yvela enaze naTargmni sagangebo galoba farTod gavrceldeba, raTa Seaxsenos Tavmdabal morwmuneT RvTismSoblis mudmivi locva da misi keTilismyofeli sufeva, romelsac mudmivad mivyevarT ieso qristes siyvarulisken.

        4. winadadeba misi unetaresoba egnate – petre III bedrosis siqveleTa gmirobad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb, misi wmindanad aRiarebis mizniT.

        5. wminda doqtorisa da episkoposis, alfonso-maria ligoris gansakuTrebiT dafasebis mizniT, romlis cxovrebas, SesaniSnav naSromebsa da adamianebisadmi gaweul daxmarebas mudmivad mivyavarT wminda ziarebisa (evqaristiis) da RvTismSoblis madlTan,  gamoiTqva winadadeba, rom misi xati dasvenebul iqnas Cvens yvela eklesiaSi da mas Tayvani sces oficialurad mrevlma mis sapativsacemod gamarTuli wirvis dros… (Semdeg mosdevs sabWos mier ganxiluli sxva sakiTxebi).

 

misi uwmindesoba vencelasi

wminda sinodisa da misi unetaresoba evropis siriul-antioqiuri avtokefaluri eklesiebis patriarqis, qristianTa erTobis mociqulis,

misi uwmindesoba boris pirvelis,

  mdivani-kancleri

 

1973 wlis 8 dekemberi

 

 

 

da iyvnen isini erTni (ieso qristes

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