23 mai, 2014

«Siate eretici»: l’intervento di Don Ciotti al Congresso Nazionale di Slow Food Italia

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 1:57

«Siate eretici»: l’intervento di Don Ciotti al Congresso Nazionale di Slow Food Italia

12/05/2014 - Vi proponiamo la trascrizione del bellissimo intervento che Don Luigi Ciotti ci ha regalato sabato mattina a Riva del Garda in occasione del Congresso Nazionale di Slow Food Italia. A fondo pagina il video dell’intervento!

«Siate eretici»: l'intervento di Don Ciotti al Congresso Nazionale di Slow Food ItaliaSono molto emozionato e vi porto tutta la mia amicizia […] Nell’invito che mi avete mandato, Roberto Burdese ha scritto per me una frase che io vi riconsegno e che voi conoscete molto bene: «Il sogno condiviso di un sistema alimentare ispirato dai principi del buono, pulito e giusto».

Sì, c’è bisogno di giustizia, vi prego c’è bisogno di giustizia nel nostro Paese e non solo: dobbiamo uscire anche dai nostri recinti, dobbiamo guardare a questa mondialità, guardare alla vergogna della fame che travolge milioni, miliardi di persone. In Italia il problema non è solo l’insufficienza di giustizia, ma la scarsa perseveranza nel costruire giustizia. I ragazzi che noi accogliamo al gruppo Abele arrivano con storie pesanti e non ricevono 4 ore alla settimana in alternativa alla pena. Io non voglio giudicare nessuno, ma c’è bisogno di giustizia nel nostro Paese, una giustizia che deve essere costruita. Da anni in Italia c’è una guerra silenziosa, che non è combattuta con le armi militari, ma con quelle economiche. È questa la guerra silenziosa che sta avvenendo nel mondo. È in atto un gigante furto di lavoro, di giustizia e di speranza.Bisogna guardare alle nostre realtà, ma essere anche un po’ strabici e rivolgerci oltre per fermare questa guerra che sta assassinando la speranza di milioni di persone. Per ogni minuto che passa, la spesa militare nel mondo è uguale a 3.000.000 $, e non ci sono i soldi per la giustizia e la dignità delle persone. Abbiamo bisogno di giustizia. Ci sono 9.000.000 di persone in povertà relativa in Italia, 5.000.000 in povertà assoluta, ma tra chi ha perso lavoro, chi cerca lavoro, chi vive forme di precariato, chi è in cassa integrazione, chi è sfruttato, noi abbiamo 7.000.000 di persone nel nostro Paese, che vivono il disagio lavorativo. Non è possibile, e la cosa che ancora di più mi sconcerta, è che mentre noi sediamo al tavolo delle grandi potenze, l’Italia ha 6.000.000 di persone analfabete […]. Noi siamo qui per riflettere insieme, per unire i nostri pensieri, le nostre esperienze, i nostri vissuti, perché abbiamo bisogno di giustizia, di dignità, di lavoro. E il vostro grido è un grido di dignità per voi e anche per quelli che fanno più fatica. L’Italia è tra i primi posti tra i paesi europei per la corruzione pubblica e non riusciamo ad avere una legge completa di contrasto alla corruzione, la stessa che l’Europa ci chiede dal 1999. La corruzione è una ferita dentro di noi, non è un problema marginale: inquina l’economia e la politica. Deve farci stare male questa situazione.

Gli affari sporchi delle mafie interessano ormai tutta la filiera agroalimentare e con sofferenza vi devo dire che le mafie sono tornate forti. Questo non deve farci dimenticare la stima e la riconoscenza per quel coraggio e quell’impegno di molti segmenti della magistratura e delle forze di polizia, delle istituzioni, non deve farci dimenticare quella positività che anche insieme abbiamo costruito sui beni confiscati. Le sottolineo queste positività che danno dignità e speranza, ma devo ricordare che negli ultimi 20 anni in cui abbiamo lavorato insieme per fare crescere la legalità, è cresciuta di più l’illegalità nel nostro Paese. Già perché non è sufficiente quello che facciamo quando dall’altra parte c’è chi ha fatto leggi ad personam, quando non si fanno leggi come si dovrebbe, quando non riusciamo ad avere una legge sulla corruzione adeguata, quando da 21 anni chiediamo una legge che metta nel codice penale i reati contro l’ambiente e non riusciamo ancora a ottenerla, perché i venti contrari, gli interessi contrari ci sono e sono puntuali. Le mafie sono ritornate forti, ve lo dico con estrema cognizione di causa, ma anche con tanta fatica. Hanno tanto denaro liquido in questo momento di grande crisi e comprano, investono, acquistano loro i terreni. Partono proprio dall’acquisto dei terreni e compongono tutta la filiera, fino ad arrivare ai centri commerciali. Matteo Denaro Messina aveva una percentuale alta in una catena di supermercati Italia ed è latitante da parecchi anni. La mafia ce la troviamo sulle nostre tavole, 34 ristoranti e pizzerie a Roma sequestrati dalla magistratura perché in mano all’ndrangheta calabrese. […].

C’è una violenza in guanti bianchi, una violenza anonima, del denaro che circola solo per produrre dell’altro denaro uccidendo il lavoro di tante persone. Le mafie prestano denaro attraverso pseudo società finanziarie a piccole-medie imprese in difficoltà, sono forme di usura. E in questo momento di fatica di tanta gente, inconsapevolmente molti vengono strangolati in questa situazione, ma il grande dato è la mafiosità. C’è una mafiosità diffusa che è il vero patrimonio delle mafie e dei corrotti, prima ancora del patrimonio economico e non sono io a dirlo, ma lo ha affermato in una sua relazione un paio di anni addietro la Banca d’Italia: questi personaggi mafiosi “siedono nei consigli di amministrazione di Enti pubblici”. Allora amici vi esorto nella gratitudine delle cose cha abbiamo costruito in questi anni insieme, quella raccolta di firme, 1.000.000, per sottrarre ai mafiosi i patrimoni e restituirli alla collettività, ci siamo inventati insieme le cooperative sui beni confiscati. Oggi la legge deve cambiare. Questi anni hanno permesso di vedere le ombre, i ritardi, la burocrazia del sistema, ma nonostante questo abbiamo costruito insieme qualcosa. Io ricordo la prima pasta che faceva schifo, era scotta, biologica, ma scotta e il primo vino diciamo che era buono per non umiliare i ragazzi. Poi siete arrivati voi con la vostra competenza e professionalità e poi sono arrivati gli altri amici, Cia e Coldiretti, perché bisogna stare insieme perché quello è un nemico, la mafia è un nemico.

E allora è stato tutto possibile. Il vino oggi è buono e in quel vino c’è anche un pezzo di voi, di chi si è messo in gioco per dare una mano. E lo so che è una piccola cosa quella che abbiamo fatto, quanto di più si potrebbe fare qui e altrove. E abbiamo lavorato perché qui e in Europa, dove l’ultimo dato parla di 3600 organizzazioni criminali, ci sia una direttiva di confisca dei beni a livello europeo e la restituzione alla collettività. Prepariamoci dunque a dare una mano in territori più difficili sparsi per il mondo, per accompagnarli ricchi di questa esperienza, con i nostri limiti e le nostre fatiche, ma coscienti del fatto che insieme è possibile. Le mafie non rimangono in silenzio e proprio in questi giorni c’è rappresaglia, dopo che il Papa ha voluto ricevere e sentire quei nomi incessanti di tutti i familiari delle vittime di mafia, ma se siamo uniti è il bene che vince, non vince il male e non vince la violenza e chi copre le mafie, perché i mafiosi sono nessuno. La mafia è forte, ma la forza della mafia non è dentro, ma sta fuori dalla mafia. Libera è in tutti i processi come costituzione di parte civile contro la famiglia di Matteo Denaro Messina, nel processo stato e mafia, siamo in tutti i processi contro le slot machine che mafia e camorra gestiscono. Siamo cittadini che mettono la loro faccia. Vi prego non chiamiamoci più società civile perché è come l’acqua bagnata, chiamiamoci società responsabile perché non si può essere cittadini a intermittenza, come sono tanti. E non facciamo come quelli che si commuovono per Lampedusa e poi non si vedono più, perché non basta commuoversi, ma bisogna muoversi di più tutti.

Allora non rassegniamoci a questa convivenza, non rimaniamo a guardare, dobbiamo ribellarci all’impotenza per fare in modo che a esser normale non sia l’illegalità e la corruzione, le mafie e la furbizia, ma che a diventare normale con l’impegno di tutti, sia la trasparenza. Io credo che si debba sempre distinguere per non confondere, che è importante valorizzare quanti nei vari ambiti sono onesti, puliti e trasparenti. Anche in politica c’è della bella gente che ci crede e s’impegna, pertanto bisogna evitare le facili generalizzazioni che ogni tanto si sentono, perché è il sistema che deve cambiare. Ovvio ci sono anche i lazzaroni che magari vanno a occupare il Ministero dell’Interno. Lasciatemi dire quello che diceva Giuseppe Dossetti, uno dei padri della Costituzione italiana e poi monaco, chiuso a Montesole nel silenzio della parola e che quando ha visto che qualcuno voleva mettere in discussione la Costituzione, sempre da monaco ha ripreso la parola dicendo: «che senza il rinnovamento profondo e radicale e delle coscienze e delle persone responsabili della vita amministrativa e politica, il rinnovamento sarà più apparente che reale».

È la responsabilità la spina dorsale della democrazia e della nostra Costituzione e la nostra Costituzione è fondata sull’etica della responsabilità. E la prima parte della Costituzione non deve essere cambiata, ma attuata. E allora la responsabilità è un sentimento morale che nasce dal rapporto vivo con la propria coscienza. Cedere la propria responsabilità è rinunciare alla nostra libertà. Siamo chiamati oggi più che mai tutti a scelte coraggiose. Il coraggio di fare scelte anche scomode e di rifiutare i compromessi. Bisogna prendere posizione e decidere ancora più oggi da che parte stare. Dobbiamo uscire dai nostri recinti. Cito le parole di Papa Francesco nel documento che ha mandato per la Giornata mondiale della pace il 1° gennaio, e i contenuti della telefonata che poi ha avuto con Carlo Petrini. In quella telefonata al di là dei riferimenti che qua ognuno rappresenta c’eravate anche voi, il vostro impegno, le vostre scelte che hanno permesso di graffiare la coscienza di tanta gente nell’arco di questi anni. E il Papa in quel documento parla della natura, dell’ambiente, dell’agricoltura, cioè parla di voi quando dice: «la fraternità aiuta a custodire e coltivare la natura in particolare il settore agricolo e il settore produttivo primario con la vitale vocazione di coltivare e custodire le risorse naturali per nutrire l’umanità». Allora qui dobbiamo uscire, sui nostri orti, sui lavori meravigliosi fatti sui beni confiscati e non dimentichiamo che è proprio l’umiltà la derivazione della parola humus che vuol dire terra. Essere umili vuol dire terra. La terra ci invita a essere persone umili. Io credo che sia giusto riconoscere il bene che c’è introno a noi per valorizzarlo e promuoverlo. Io sono nato in montagna a Pieve di Cadore e in posti così ami la natura, non puoi non amarla, il bisogno di quella dignità, di quelle vacche. Ci siamo incontrati di recente con gli amici della Coldiretti del Piemonte che ci hanno proposto le asine per il latte, perché abbiamo bisogno di dare dignità al lavoro dei ragazzi. E allora stiamo insieme con la capacità di riconoscere il bene che c’è attorno a noi per valorizzarlo, promuoverlo e sostenerlo. Anche voi siete un segno concreto di questo bene a partire de quella meraviglia di Terra Madre, perché la terra è la madre che ci dice che cosa è la speranza. C’è un grande bisogno di speranza e noi dobbiamo essere un segno di speranza curando tra noi alleanze e fiducia, stupore e accoglienza reciproca. Speranza è la consapevolezza che solo unendo le forze degli onesti la richiesta di cambiamento diventa forza di cambiamento.

Vi auguro di essere eretici perché eresia dal greco significa scelta. Eretico è la persona che sceglie. L’eretico è colui che più della verità ama la ricerca della verità. L’eresia dei fatti prima di quella delle parole. L’eresia che sta nell’etica prima che nei discorsi. L’eresia della coerenza, del coraggio, della gratuità, della responsabilità, dell’impegno. Oggi è eretico chi mette la propria libertà al servizio degli altri, chi impegna la propria libertà per chi ancora libero non è. Eretico è colui che non si accontenta dei saperi di seconda mano, chi studia chi approfondisce chi si mette in gioco in quello che fa chi crede che solo nel “noi” l’”io” possa trovare una realizzazione. Chi si ribella al sonno delle coscienze, chi non si rassegna alle ingiustizie, chi non pensa che la povertà sia una fatalità. Chi non cede alla tentazione del cinismo e dell’indifferenza che sono le malattie spirituali della nostra epoca.

Trascrizione dell’intervento di Don Luigi Ciotti il 10/05/2014 al Congresso di Slow Food Italia

19 octobre, 2013

Con Maria i frati Servi di Maria continuano in Campania la missione iniziata dai Sette Santi Fondatori.

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 22:14

 

 Siamo nel 1233. A Firenze c’erano molti movimenti religiosi. Un gruppo di 7 laici abbandonano famiglia, attività e professione per ritirarsi a vita comune in penitenza, povertà e preghiera (prima a Firenze e verso il 1245 sul monte Senario, vicino a Firenze). Nonostante il rischio di soppressione degli ordini mendicanti (concilio Laterano IV del 1215 e riconfermato dal concilio di Lione del 1274), l’’ordine fu salvato dal priore Filippo Benizi che convinse il Papa.
I sette santi fondatori lo divennero per opera di papa Leone XIII nel 1888. “Siamo una comunità di uomini, riuniti nel nome del Signore che si ispira costantemente a Maria, madre e serva del Signore” questo è il loro programma, che viene vissuto nel servizio, fraternità, dimensione mariana e nella misericordia.
L’’abito “bigio” che essi rivestono, ricorda il dolore e la vedovanza di Maria (le sue sofferenze durante la passione di Gesù).
Oltre alla predicazione e a far conoscere Maria, loro patrona, si dedicano al servizio (accoglienza dei più umili,ammalati, anziani, bisognosi), alle missioni,agli ospedali, parrocchie,ecc..
Dallo spirito dell’’inizio, sono nate diverse realtà religiose: le Monache Serve di Maria e congregazioni di Suore Serve di Maria (es: le Compassioniste), Istituti secolari femminili (2), ordine secolare (maschile e femminile), Diaconie dei Servi (coppie) e i giovani Servi di Maria.
Nel mondo sono presenti in: Asia (Australia, India, Filippine, Indonesia), America (Canada, Messico, Usa, Colombia, Brasile, Bolivia, Argentina, Perù, Uruguay), in Africa (Mozambico,Swaziland, Zululand, Uganda, Kenya) e in Europa (Italia, Spagna,Austria,Germania,Inghilterra,Irlanda,Francia).
I Frati Servi di Santa Maria sono circa 900.
In Campania i Servi di Maria sono presenti a Napoli Chiesa di Santa Maria del parto (Via Mergellina, 9/b – 80122 Napoli (NA) – 081664627)
La chiesa è legata al letterato Jacopo Sannazaro, che la fece costruire su un terreno donatogli da Federico d’Aragona e che si fece qui tumulare. Consta di una chiesa inferiore e di una superiore – alla quale si accede salendo da via Mergellina la scalinata a d. (salita S. Maria del Parto) – che termina in una terrazza con bella vista.
Nell’interno, a una navata, il principale motivo d’interesse è dato, in un ambiente dietro l’altare maggiore, dal *sepolcro di Jacopo Sannazaro, opera di Giovanni Angelo Montorsoli, di Bartolomeo Ammannati e di Francesco del Tadda (1537) su probabile disegno dello stesso Sannazaro.
Interessante, nella 1ª cappella a d., il *S. Michele che atterra Lucifero di Leonardo da Pistoia: un dipinto popolarmente famoso, perché il «diavolo di Mergellina», rappresentato da un serpente con corpo femminile recante sul petto una faccia demoniaca, ha un volto bellissimo identificato dalla tradizione con quello di una dama che avrebbe tentato, senza successo, il pio vescovo Carafa.
Da segnalare, in un ambiente adiacente l’abside, *statue da presepe (restano Maria, Giuseppe e tre pastori) di Giovanni da Nola; nel presbiterio, a d., Epifania di un pittore fiammingo di fine sec. XVI; in sagrestia, Madonna col Bambino, tavola di Francesco da Tolentino.
Sono altresi presenti al santuario di santa Maria di Carbonara (Giffoni Valle Piana) e a Eboli (azienza agricola dei Servi,bivio di santa Cecilia).
Oltre alla cura del santuario, sono disponibili per la predicazione, soprattutto mariana. Per ogni informazione, rivolgersi a padre Attilio Carrella- santuario Madonna di

Carbonara – via per Serino – Giffoni Valle Piana (Sa)

Tel. 3383484850   email: p.attilio.carrella@libero.it

Importante Nota storica
Lo storico Convento dei Servi di Maria 

e Padre Girolamo Russo

E’ opinione consolidata che il convento fu fondato nel 
1460. Attiguo al fabbricato a forma quadrangolare, 
un appezzamento di terreno di circa 9000 mq., 
recintato con muro, segna la delimitazione con proprietà privata 
e via pubblica. Al centro del chiostro – a pianta quadrata 
con portici, capitelli e colonne – insiste una cisterna nella 
quale un tempo si convogliavano le acque piovane. Intorno 
sono distribuiti la chiesa, vari ambienti adibiti a deposito e 
cantina, il refettorio, la cucina e i dormitori al primo piano. 
Nel 1809, a seguito di soppressione degli ordini religiosi, lo 
stabile, divenuto di proprietà comunale, fu adibito a sede 
del municipio, scuola elementare maschile, caserma dei Regi 
Carabinieri.

Con delibera del 1904, l’Amministrazione Comunale concesse 
in enfiteusi al vescovo di Alife la struttura conventuale 
e l’adiacente giardino. Così, dopo un lungo periodo, il sacro 
edificio tornò alla sua “naturale” funzione e assegnato all’Ordine 
dei Servi di Maria .

Ed è qui che il servitano Padre Girolamo (al secolo 
Gaetano) Russo (Cimitile 1885 – Saviano 1970) operò in due 
distinti periodi, con illimitata e silenziosa carità soprattutto 
a favore dei giovani, di cui sapeva intuire le inquietudini, e i 
poveri. Ordinato sacerdote il 10 giugno 1911, fu destinato a 
Prata nell’imminenza della deflagrazione del primo conflitto 
mondiale dove, fervente predicatore, fu maestro nello studentato 
dei novizi che aspiravano al sacerdozio. Soldato e infermiere 
nella “Grande Guerra”, tornò nella sua Prata negli anni 
‘30 dove nella istituita casa di formazione per studi elementari 
e medi fu maestro di giovani pratesi e dei paesi viciniori. 
Un suo ex alunno ricorda come Padre Girolamo riuscisse a 
richiamare intorno a sé tanti giovani del paese, iniziandoli, 
oltre al corso di studi, ai giochi degli scacchi e della dama e 
alle recite teatrali; come nel corso di passeggiate in campagna 
impartisse lezioni di botanica; come costituisse, con l’aiuto 
del maestro Sabatino Pistocco, la schola cantorum; come 
provvedesse a far costruire una sia pur rudimentale piscina 
per l’esercizio del nuoto.

Prata Sannita, grata, ancora oggi lo ricorda.
Convento di San Francesco
La costruzione voluta da Carlo Pandone fu ultimata dal figlio Scipione che la fece consacrare nel 1480. Gli ambienti si sviluppano intorno ad un chiostro coperto da “volte a botte” e a “crociera” sorrette da un robusto colonnato con capitelli riccamente e variamente scolpiti. Anticamente il chiostro viene descritto con lunette affrescate con le storie di San Francesco, affreschi andati perduti intorno agli anni ‘20. La chiesa si presenta attualmente ad una sola navata, il transetto è coperto da tre cupole. La struttura interna ha subito notevoli cambiamenti nel Settecento quando fu innalzato il tetto fino ad allora in capriate di legno; la navata e le pareti furono decorate con gli stucchi e nicchie tutt’ora presenti. In un armadio a muro posto a destra del transetto sono conservate le mummie medioevali dei Conti Pandone (sec.XV). Nel 1983 l’intervento dei soci del Gruppo Archeologico Prata Sannita in collaborazione con la Soprintendenza di Caserta ha riportato alla luce tre affreschi databili tra la fine del Cinquecento e la metà del Seicento raffiguranti S. Francesco, tre sante martiri (S. Agata, S. Lucia, S. Apollonia) ed una Annunciazione. Un affresco di scuola napoletana del Settecento raffigurante l’Ultima Cena è posto sulla parete di fondo del refettorio.


21 novembre, 2011

DEKRET UNITATIS REDINTEGRATIO ÜBER DEN ÖKUMENISMUS

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 13:54

DEKRET
UNITATIS REDINTEGRATIO
ÜBER DEN ÖKUMENISMUS

VORWORT

1. Die Einheit aller Christen wiederherstellen zu helfen ist eine der Hauptaufgaben des Heiligen Ökumenischen Zweiten Vatikanischen Konzils. Denn Christus der Herr hat eine einige und einzige Kirche gegründet, und doch erheben mehrere christliche Gemeinschaften vor den Menschen den Anspruch, das wahre Erbe Jesu Christi darzustellen; sie alle bekennen sich als Jünger des Herrn, aber sie weichen in ihrem Denken voneinander ab und gehen verschiedene Wege, als ob Christus selber geteilt wäre (1). Eine solche Spaltung widerspricht aber ganz offenbar dem Willen Christi, sie ist ein Ärgernis für die Welt und ein Schaden für die heilige Sache der Verkündigung des Evangeliums vor allen Geschöpfen.

Der Herr der Geschichte aber, der seinen Gnadenplan mit uns Sündern in Weisheit und Langmut verfolgt, hat in jüngster Zeit begonnen, über die gespaltene Christenheit ernste Reue und Sehnsucht nach Einheit reichlicher auszugießen. Von dieser Gnade sind heute überall sehr viele Menschen ergriffen, und auch unter unsern getrennten Brüdern ist unter der Einwirkung der Gnade des Heiligen Geistes eine sich von Tag zu Tag ausbreitende Bewegung zur Wiederherstellung der Einheit aller Christen entstanden. Diese Einheitsbewegung, die man als ökumenische Bewegung bezeichnet, wird von Menschen getragen, die den dreieinigen Gott anrufen und Jesus als Herrn und Erlöser bekennen, und zwar nicht nur einzeln für sich, sondern auch in ihren Gemeinschaften, in denen sie die frohe Botschaft vernommen haben und die sie ihre Kirche und Gottes Kirche nennen. Fast alle streben, wenn auch auf verschiedene Weise, zu einer einen, sichtbaren Kirche Gottes hin, die in Wahrheit allumfassend und zur ganzen Welt gesandt ist, damit sich die Welt zum Evangelium bekehre und so ihr Heil finde zur Ehre Gottes.

Dies alles erwägt die Heilige Synode freudigen Herzens und, nachdem sie die Lehre von der Kirche dargestellt hat, möchte sie, bewegt von dem Wunsch nach der Wiederherstellung der Einheit unter allen Jüngern Christi, allen Katholiken die Mittel und Wege nennen und die Weise aufzeigen, wie sie selber diesem göttlichen Ruf und dieser Gnade Gottes entsprechen können.

I. KAPITEL

DIE KATHOLISCHEN PRINZIPIEN DES ÖKUMENISMUS

2. Darin ist unter uns die Liebe Gottes erschienen, daß der eingeborene Sohn Gottes vom Vater in die Welt gesandt wurde, damit er, Mensch geworden, das ganze Menschengeschlecht durch die Erlösung zur Wiedergeburt führe und in eins versammle (2). Bevor er sich selbst auf dem Altar des Kreuzes als makellose Opfergabe darbrachte, hat er für alle, die an ihn glauben, zum Vater gebetet, « daß alle eins seien, wie Du, Vater, in mir, und ich in Dir, daß auch sie in uns eins seien: damit die Welt glaubt, daß Du mich gesandt hast » (Joh 17,21), und er hat in seiner Kirche das wunderbare Sakrament der Eucharistie gestiftet, durch das die Einheit der Kirche bezeichnet und bewirkt wird. Seinen Jüngern hat er das neue Gebot der gegenseitigen Liebe gegeben (3) und den Geist, den Beistand, verheißen (4), der als Herr und Lebensspender in Ewigkeit bei ihnen bleiben sollte.

Nachdem der Herr Jesus am Kreuze erhöht und verherrlicht war, hat er den verheißenen Geist ausgegossen, durch den er das Volk des Neuen Bundes, das die Kirche ist, zur Einheit des Glaubens, der Hoffnung und der Liebe berufen und versammelt, wie uns der Apostel lehrt: « Ein Leib und ein Geist, wie ihr berufen seid in einer Hoffnung eurer Berufung. Ein Herr, ein Glaube, eine Taufe » (Eph 4,4-5). Denn « ihr alle, die ihr auf Christus getauft seid, habt Christus angezogen … Ihr alle seid ja einer in Christus Jesus » (Gal 3,27-28). Der Heilige Geist, der in den Gläubigen wohnt und die ganze Kirche leitet und regiert, schafft diese wunderbare Gemeinschaft der Gläubigen und verbindet sie in Christus so innig, daß er das Prinzip der Einheit der Kirche ist. Er selbst wirkt die Verschiedenheit der Gaben und Dienste (5), indem er die Kirche Jesu Christi mit mannigfaltigen Gaben bereichert « zur Vollendung der Heiligen im Werk des Dienstes, zum Aufbau des Leibes Christi » (Eph 4,12).

Um nun diese seine heilige Kirche überall auf Erden bis zum Ende der Zeiten fest zu begründen, hat Christus das Amt der Lehre, der Leitung und der Heiligung dem Kollegium der Zwölf anvertraut (6). Unter ihnen hat er den Petrus ausgewählt, auf dem er nach dem Bekenntnis des Glaubens seine Kirche zu bauen beschlossen hat; ihm hat er die Schlüssel des Himmelreiches verheißen (7) und nach dessen Liebesbekenntnis alle Schafe anvertraut, damit er sie im Glauben stärken (8) und in vollkommener Einheit weiden solle (9), wobei Christus Jesus selbst der höchste Eckstein (10) und der Hirt unserer Seelen (11) in Ewigkeit bleibt.

Jesus Christus will, daß sein Volk durch die gläubige Predigt des Evangeliums und die Verwaltung der Sakramente durch die Apostel und durch ihre Nachfolger, die Bischöfe mit dem Nachfolger Petri als Haupt, sowie durch ihre Leitung in Liebe unter der Wirksamkeit des Heiligen Geistes wachse, und er vollendet seine Gemeinschaft in der Einheit: im Bekenntnis des einen Glaubens, in der gemeinsamen Feier des Gottesdienstes und in der brüderlichen Eintracht der Familie Gottes. So ist die Kirche, Gottes alleinige Herde, wie ein unter den Völkern erhobenes Zeichen (12). Indem sie dem ganzen Menschengeschlecht den Dienst des Evangeliums des Friedens leistet (13), pilgert sie in Hoffnung dem Ziel des ewigen Vaterlandes entgegen (14).

Dies ist das heilige Geheimnis der Einheit der Kirche in Christus und durch Christus, indes der Heilige Geist die Mannigfaltigkeit der Gaben schafft. Höchstes Vorbild und Urbild dieses Geheimnisses ist die Einheit des einen Gottes, des Vaters und des Sohnes im Heiligen Geist in der Dreiheit der Personen.

3. In dieser einen und einzigen Kirche Gottes sind schon von den ersten Zeiten an Spaltungen entstanden (15), die der Apostel aufs schwerste tadelt und verurteilt (16); in den späteren Jahrhunderten aber sind ausgedehntere Verfeindungen entstanden, und es kam zur Trennung recht großer Gemeinschaften von der vollen Gemeinschaft der katholischen Kirche, oft nicht ohne Schuld der Menschen auf beiden Seiten. Den Menschen jedoch, die jetzt in solchen Gemeinschaften geboren sind und in ihnen den Glauben an Christus erlangen, darf die Schuld der Trennung nicht zur Last gelegt werden – die katholische Kirche betrachtet sie als Brüder, in Verehrung und Liebe. Denn wer an Christus glaubt und in der rechten Weise die Taufe empfangen hat, steht dadurch in einer gewissen, wenn auch nicht vollkommenen Gemeinschaft mit der katholischen Kirche. Da es zwischen ihnen und der katholischen Kirche sowohl in der Lehre und bisweilen auch in der Disziplin wie auch bezüglich der Struktur der Kirche Diskrepanzen verschiedener Art gibt, so stehen sicherlich nicht wenige Hindernisse der vollen kirchlichen Gemeinschaft entgegen, bisweilen recht schwerwiegende, um deren Überwindung die ökumenische Bewegung bemüht ist. Nichtsdestoweniger sind sie durch den Glauben in der Taufe gerechtfertigt und Christus eingegliedert (17), darum gebührt ihnen der Ehrenname des Christen, und mit Recht werden sie von den Söhnen der katholischen Kirche als Brüder im Herrn anerkannt (18).

Hinzu kommt, daß einige, ja sogar viele und bedeutende Elemente oder Güter, aus denen insgesamt die Kirche erbaut wird und ihr Leben gewinnt, auch außerhalb der sichtbaren Grenzen der katholischen Kirche existieren können: das geschriebene Wort Gottes, das Leben der Gnade, Glaube, Hoffnung und Liebe und andere innere Gaben des Heiligen Geistes und sichtbare Elemente: all dieses, das von Christus ausgeht und zu ihm hinführt, gehört rechtens zu der einzigen Kirche Christi.

Auch zahlreiche liturgische Handlungen der christlichen Religion werden bei den von uns getrennten Brüdern vollzogen, die auf verschiedene Weise je nach der verschiedenen Verfaßtheit einer jeden Kirche und Gemeinschaft ohne Zweifel tatsächlich das Leben der Gnade zeugen können und als geeignete Mittel für den Zutritt zur Gemeinschaft des Heiles angesehen werden müssen.

Ebenso sind diese getrennten Kirchen (19) und Gemeinschaften trotz der Mängel, die ihnen nach unserem Glauben anhaften, nicht ohne Bedeutung und Gewicht im Geheimnis des Heiles. Denn der Geist Christi hat sich gewürdigt, sie als Mittel des Heiles zu gebrauchen, deren Wirksamkeit sich von der der katholischen Kirche anvertrauten Fülle der Gnade und Wahrheit herleitet.

Dennoch erfreuen sich die von uns getrennten Brüder, sowohl als einzelne wie auch als Gemeinschaften und Kirchen betrachtet, nicht jener Einheit, die Jesus Christus all denen schenken wollte, die er zu einem Leibe und zur Neuheit des Lebens wiedergeboren und lebendig gemacht hat, jener Einheit, die die Heilige Schrift und die verehrungswürdige Tradition der Kirche bekennt. Denn nur durch die katholische Kirche Christi, die das allgemeine Hilfsmittel des Heiles ist, kann man Zutritt zu der ganzen Fülle der Heilsmittel haben. Denn einzig dem Apostelkollegium, an dessen Spitze Petrus steht, hat der Herr, so glauben wir, alle Güter des Neuen Bundes anvertraut, um den einen Leib Christi auf Erden zu konstituieren, welchem alle völlig eingegliedert werden müssen, die schon auf irgendeine Weise zum Volke Gottes gehören. Dieses Volk Gottes bleibt zwar während seiner irdischen Pilgerschaft in seinen Gliedern der Sünde ausgesetzt, aber es wächst in Christus und wird von Gott nach seinem geheimnisvollen Ratschluß sanft geleitet, bis es zur ganzen Fülle der ewigen Herrlichkeit im himmlischen Jerusalem freudig gelangt.

4. Unter dem Wehen der Gnade des Heiligen Geistes gibt es heute in vielen Ländern auf Erden Bestrebungen, durch Gebet, Wort und Werk zu jener Fülle der Einheit zu gelangen, die Jesus Christus will. Daher mahnt dieses Heilige Konzil alle katholischen Gläubigen, daß sie, die Zeichen der Zeit erkennend, mit Eifer an dem ökumenischen Werk teilnehmen.

Unter der « Ökumenischen Bewegung » versteht man Tätigkeiten und Unternehmungen, die je nach den verschiedenartigen Bedürfnissen der Kirche und nach Möglichkeit der Zeitverhältnisse zur Förderung der Einheit der Christen ins Leben gerufen und auf dieses Ziel ausgerichtet sind. Dazu gehört: Zunächst alles Bemühen zur Ausmerzung aller Worte, Urteile und Taten, die der Lage der getrennten Brüder nach Gerechtigkeit und Wahrheit nicht entsprechen und dadurch die gegenseitigen Beziehungen mit ihnen erschweren; ferner der « Dialog », der bei Zusammenkünften der Christen aus verschiedenen Kirchen oder Gemeinschaften, die vom Geist der Frömmigkeit bestimmt sind, von wohlunterrichteten Sachverständigen geführt wird, wobei ein jeder die Lehre seiner Gemeinschaft tiefer und genauer erklärt, so daß das Charakteristische daran deutlich hervortritt. Durch diesen Dialog erwerben alle eine bessere Kenntnis der Lehre und des Lebens jeder von beiden Gemeinschaften und eine gerechtere Würdigung derselben. Von hier aus gelangen diese Gemeinschaften auch zu einer stärkeren Zusammenarbeit in den Aufgaben des Gemeinwohls, die jedes christliche Gewissen fordert, und sie kommen, wo es erlaubt ist, zum gemeinsamen Gebet zusammen. Schließlich prüfen hierbei alle ihre Treue gegenüber dem Willen Christi hinsichtlich der Kirche und gehen tatkräftig ans Werk der notwendigen Erneuerung und Reform.

Wenn dies alles von den Gläubigen der katholischen Kirche unter der Aufsicht ihrer Hirten mit Klugheit und Geduld vollzogen wird, trägt es zur Verwirklichung der Gerechtigkeit und Wahrheit, Eintracht und Zusammenarbeit, der brüderlichen Liebe und Einheit bei, so daß dadurch allmählich die Hindernisse, die sich der völligen kirchlichen Gemeinschaft entgegenstellen, überwunden und alle Christen zur selben Eucharistiefeier, zur Einheit der einen und einzigen Kirche versammelt werden, die Christus seiner Kirche von Anfang an geschenkt hat, eine Einheit, die nach unserem Glauben unverlierbar in der katholischen Kirche besteht, und die, wie wir hoffen, immer mehr wachsen wird bis zur Vollendung der Zeiten.

Es ist klar, daß die Vorbereitung und die Wiederaufnahme solcher Einzelner, die die volle katholische Gemeinschaft wünschen, ihrer Natur nach etwas von dem ökumenischen Werk Verschiedenes ist; es besteht jedoch kein Gegensatz zwischen ihnen, da beides aus dem wunderbaren Ratschluß Gottes hervorgeht.

Ohne Zweifel müssen die katholischen Gläubigen bei ihrer ökumenischen Aktion um die getrennten Christen besorgt sein, indem sie für sie beten, sich über kirchliche Angelegenheiten mit ihnen austauschen, den ersten Schritt zu ihnen tun. Aber in erster Linie sollen sie doch ehrlich und eifrig ihr Nachdenken darauf richten, was in der eigenen katholischen Familie zu erneuern und was zu tun ist, damit ihr Leben mit mehr Treue und Klarheit für die Lehre und die Einrichtungen Zeugnis gebe, die ihnen von Christus her durch die Apostel überkommen sind.

Obgleich nämlich die katholische Kirche mit dem ganzen Reichtum der von Gott geoffenbarten Wahrheit und der Gnadenmittel beschenkt ist, ist es doch Tatsache, daß ihre Glieder nicht mit der entsprechenden Glut daraus leben, so daß das Antlitz der Kirche den von uns getrennten Brüdern und der ganzen Welt nicht recht aufleuchtet und das Wachstum des Reiches Gottes verzögert wird. Deshalb müssen alle Katholiken zur christlichen Vollkommenheit streben (20) und, ihrer jeweiligen Stellung entsprechend, bemüht sein, daß die Kirche, die die Niedrigkeit und das Todesleiden Christi an ihrem Leibe trägt (21), von Tag zu Tag geläutert und erneuert werde, bis Christus sie sich dereinst glorreich darstellt, ohne Makel und Runzeln (22).

Alle in der Kirche sollen unter Wahrung der Einheit im Notwendigen je nach der Aufgabe eines jeden in den verschiedenen Formen des geistlichen Lebens und der äußeren Lebensgestaltung, in der Verschiedenheit der liturgischen Riten sowie der theologischen Ausarbeitung der Offenbarungswahrheit die gebührende Freiheit walten lassen, in allem aber die Liebe üben. Auf diese Weise werden sie die wahre Katholizität und Apostolizität der Kirche immer vollständiger zum Ausdruck bringen.

Auf der anderen Seite ist es notwendig, daß die Katholiken die wahrhaft christlichen Güter aus dem gemeinsamen Erbe mit Freude anerkennen und hochschätzen, die sich bei den von uns getrennten Brüdern finden. Es ist billig und heilsam, die Reichtümer Christi und das Wirken der Geisteskräfte im Leben der anderen anzuerkennen, die für Christus Zeugnis geben, manchmal bis zur Hingabe des Lebens: Denn Gott ist immer wunderbar und bewunderungswürdig in seinen Werken.

Man darf auch nicht übergehen, daß alles, was von der Gnade des Heiligen Geistes in den Herzen der getrennten Brüder gewirkt wird, auch zu unserer eigenen Auferbauung beitragen kann. Denn was wahrhaft christlich ist, steht niemals im Gegensatz zu den echten Gütern des Glaubens, sondern kann immer dazu helfen, daß das Geheimnis Christi und der Kirche vollkommener erfaßt werde.

Aber gerade die Spaltungen der Christen sind für die Kirche ein Hindernis, daß sie die ihr eigene Fülle der Katholizität in jenen Söhnen wirksam werden läßt, die ihr zwar durch die Taufe zugehören, aber von ihrer völligen Gemeinschaft getrennt sind. Ja, es wird dadurch auch für die Kirche selber schwieriger, die Fülle der Katholizität unter jedem Aspekt in der Wirklichkeit des Lebens auszuprägen.

Mit Freude bemerkt das Heilige Konzil, daß die Teilnahme der katholischen Gläubigen am ökumenischen Werk von Tag zu Tag wächst, und empfiehlt sie den Bischöfen auf dem ganzen Erdkreis, daß sie von ihnen eifrig gefördert und mit Klugheit geleitet werde.

II. KAPITEL

DIE PRAKTISCHE VERWIRKLICHUNG DES ÖKUMENISMUS

5. Die Sorge um die Wiederherstellung der Einheit ist Sache der ganzen Kirche, sowohl der Gläubigen wie auch der Hirten, und geht einen jeden an, je nach seiner Fähigkeit, sowohl in seinem täglichen christlichen Leben wie auch bei theologischen und historischen Untersuchungen. Diese Sorge macht schon einigermaßen deutlich, daß eine brüderliche Verbindung zwischen allen Christen schon vorhanden ist; sie ist es, die schließlich nach dem gnädigen Willen Gottes zur vollen und vollkommenen Einheit hinführt.

6. Jede Erneuerung der Kirche (23) besteht wesentlich im Wachstum der Treue gegenüber ihrer eigenen Berufung, und so ist ohne Zweifel hierin der Sinn der Bewegung in Richtung auf die Einheit zu sehen. Die Kirche wird auf dem Wege ihrer Pilgerschaft von Christus zu dieser dauernden Reform gerufen, deren sie allzeit bedarf, soweit sie menschliche und irdische Einrichtung ist; was also etwa je nach den Umständen und Zeitverhältnissen im sittlichen Leben, in der Kirchenzucht oder auch in der Art der Lehrverkündigung – die von dem Glaubensschatz selbst genau unterschieden werden muß – nicht genau genug bewahrt worden ist, muß deshalb zu gegebener Zeit sachgerecht und pflichtgemäß erneuert werden. Dieser Erneuerung kommt also eine besondere ökumenische Bedeutung zu. Und so sind die verschiedenen Lebensäußerungen der Kirche, in denen diese Erneuerung sich schon verwirklicht – wie etwa die biblische und die liturgische Bewegung, die Predigt des Wortes Gottes und die Katechese, das Laienapostolat, neue Formen des gottgeweihten Lebens, die Spiritualität der Ehe, die Lehre und Wirksamkeit der Kirche im sozialen Bereich – als Unterpfand und als gute Vorbedeutung zu sehen, die den künftigen Fortschritt des Ökumenismus schon verheißungsvoll ankündigen.

7. Es gibt keinen echten Ökumenismus ohne innere Bekehrung. Denn aus dem Neuwerden des Geistes (24), aus der Selbstverleugnung und aus dem freien Strömen der Liebe erwächst und reift das Verlangen nach der Einheit. Deshalb müssen wir vom göttlichen Geiste die Gnade aufrichtiger Selbstverleugnung, der Demut und des geduldigen Dienstes sowie der brüderlichen Herzensgüte zueinander erflehen. Der Völkerapostel sagt: « So ermahne ich euch denn, ich der Gefangene im Herrn, wandelt würdig der Berufung, zu der ihr berufen seid, mit aller Demut und Sanftmut, ertraget einander geduldig in Liebe; bestrebt euch, die Einheit des Geistes zu bewahren durch das Band des Friedens » (Eph 4,1-3). Diese Mahnung gilt besonders denen, die die heiligen Weihen empfangen haben, damit die Sendung Christi, der zu uns kam, « nicht um bedient zu werden. sondern um zu dienen » (Mt 20,28), ihre Fortsetzung finde.

Auch von den Sünden gegen die Einheit gilt das Zeugnis des heiligen Johannes: « Wenn wir sagen, wir hätten nicht gesündigt. so machen wir ihn zum Lügner, und sein Wort ist nicht in uns » (1 Joh 1,10). In Demut bitten wir also Gott und die getrennten Brüder um Verzeihung, wie auch wir unseren Schuldigern vergeben.

Alle Christgläubigen sollen sich bewußt sein, daß sie die Einheit der Christen um so besser fördern, ja sogar einüben, je mehr sie nach einem reinen Leben gemäß dem Evangelium streben. Je inniger die Gemeinschaft ist, die sie mit dem Vater, dem Wort und dem Geist vereint, um so inniger und leichter werden sie imstande sein, die gegenseitige Brüderlichkeit zu vertiefen.

8. Diese Bekehrung des Herzens und die Heiligkeit des Lebens ist in Verbindung mit dem privaten und öffentlichen Gebet für die Einheit der Christen als die Seele der ganzen ökumenischen Bewegung anzusehen; sie kann mit Recht geistlicher Ökumenismus genannt werden.

Es ist unter Katholiken schon üblich geworden, daß sie häufig zu diesem Gebet für die Einheit der Kirche zusammenkommen, die der Heiland selbst am Vorabend seines Todes vom Vater inständig erfleht hat: « Daß alle eins seien » (Joh 17,21).

Bei besonderen Anlässen, zum Beispiel bei Gebeten, die « für die Einheit » verrichtet werden, und bei ökumenischen Versammlungen, ist es erlaubt und auch erwünscht, daß sich die Katholiken mit den getrennten Brüdern im Gebet zusammenfinden. Solche gemeinsamen Gebete sind ein höchst wirksames Mittel, um die Gnade der Einheit zu erflehen, und ein echter Ausdruck der Gemeinsamkeit, in der die Katholiken mit den getrennten Brüdern immer noch verbunden sind: « Denn wo zwei oder drei versammelt sind in meinem Namen, da bin ich mitten unter ihnen » (Mt 18,20).

Man darf jedoch die Gemeinschaft beim Gottesdienst (communicatio in sacris) nicht als ein allgemein und ohne Unterscheidung gültiges Mittel zur Wiederherstellung der Einheit der Christen ansehen. Hier sind hauptsächlich zwei Prinzipien maßgebend: die Bezeugung der Einheit der Kirche und die Teilnahme an den Mitteln der Gnade. Die Bezeugung der Einheit verbietet in den meisten Fällen die Gottesdienstgemeinschaft, die Sorge um die Gnade empfiehlt sie indessen in manchen Fällen. Wie man sich hier konkret zu verhalten hat, soll unter Berücksichtigung aller Umstände der Zeit, des Ortes und der Personen die örtliche bischöfliche Autorität in klugem Ermessen entscheiden, soweit nicht etwas anderes von der Bischofskonferenz nach Maßgabe ihrer eigenen Statuten oder vom Heiligen Stuhl bestimmt ist.

9. Man muß den Geist und die Sinnesart der getrennten Brüder kennen. Dazu bedarf es notwendig des Studiums, das der Wahrheit gemäß und in wohlwollender Gesinnung durchzuführen ist. Katholiken, die dazu gebührend gerüstet sind, sollen sich eine bessere Kenntnis der Lehre und der Geschichte, des geistlichen und liturgischen Lebens, der religiösen Psychologie und Kultur, die den Brüdern eigen ist, erwerben. Dazu sind gemeinsame Zusammenkünfte, besonders zur Behandlung theologischer Fragen, sehr dienlich, bei denen ein jeder mit dem anderen auf der Ebene der Gleichheit spricht (« par cum pari agat »), vorausgesetzt, daß die, die unter der Aufsicht ihrer Oberen daran teilnehmen, wirklich sachverständig sind. Aus einem solchen Dialog kann auch klarer zutage treten, was die wirkliche Situation der katholischen Kirche ist. Auf diesem Wege wird auch die Denkweise der getrennten Brüder besser erkannt und ihnen unser Glaube in geeigneterer Weise auseinandergesetzt.

10. Die Unterweisung in der heiligen Theologie und in anderen, besonders den historischen Fächern muß auch unter ökumenischem Gesichtspunkt geschehen, damit sie um so genauer der Wahrheit und Wirklichkeit entspricht. Denn es liegt viel daran, daß die zukünftigen Hirten und Priester über eine Theologie verfügen, die ganz in diesem Sinne und nicht polemisch erarbeitet wurde, besonders bei jenen Gegenständen, die die Beziehungen der getrennten Brüder zur katholischen Kirche betreffen. Von der Ausbildung der Priester hängt ja die notwendige Unterweisung und geistliche Bildung der Gläubigen und der Ordensleute ganz besonders ab. Auch die Katholiken, die in denselben Ländern wie andere Christen im Dienst der Mission stehen, müssen gerade heute erkennen, welche Fragen sich hier ergeben und welche Früchte für ihr Apostolat der Ökumenismus heranreifen läßt.

11. Die Art und Weise der Formulierung des katholischen Glaubens darf keinerlei Hindernis bilden für den Dialog mit den Brüdern. Die gesamte Lehre muß klar vorgelegt werden. Nichts ist dem ökumenischen Geist so fern wie jener falsche Irenismus, durch den die Reinheit der katholischen Lehre Schaden leidet und ihr ursprünglicher und sicherer Sinn verdunkelt wird.

Zugleich muß aber der katholische Glaube tiefer und richtiger ausgedrückt werden auf eine Weise und in einer Sprache, die auch von den getrennten Brüdern wirklich verstanden werden kann. Darüber hinaus müssen beim ökumenischen Dialog die katholischen Theologen, wenn sie in Treue zur Lehre der Kirche in gemeinsamer Forschungsarbeit mit den getrennten Brüdern die göttlichen Geheimnisse zu ergründen suchen, mit Wahrheitsliebe, mit Liebe und Demut vorgehen. Beim Vergleich der Lehren miteinander soll man nicht vergessen, daß es eine Rangordnung oder « Hierarchie » der Wahrheiten innerhalb der katholischen Lehre gibt, je nach der verschiedenen Art ihres Zusammenhangs mit dem Fundament des christlichen Glaubens. So wird der Weg bereitet werden, auf dem alle in diesem brüderlichen Wettbewerb zur tieferen Erkenntnis und deutlicheren Darstellung der unerforschlichen Reichtümer Christi angeregt werden (25).

12. Vor der ganzen Welt sollen alle Christen ihren Glauben an den einen, dreifaltigen Gott, an den menschgewordenen Sohn Gottes, unsern Erlöser und Herrn, bekennen und in gemeinsamem Bemühen in gegenseitiger Achtung Zeugnis geben für unsere Hoffnung, die nicht zuschanden wird. Da in heutiger Zeit die Zusammenarbeit im sozialen Bereich sehr weit verbreitet ist, sind alle Menschen ohne Ausnahme zu gemeinsamem Dienst gerufen, erst recht diejenigen, die an Gott glauben, am meisten aber alle Christen, die ja mit dem Namen Christi ausgezeichnet sind. Durch die Zusammenarbeit der Christen kommt die Verbundenheit, in der sie schon untereinander vereinigt sind, lebendig zum Ausdruck, und das Antlitz Christi, des Gottesknechtes, tritt in hellerem Licht zutage. Diese Zusammenarbeit, die bei vielen Völkern schon besteht, muß mehr und mehr vervollkommnet werden, besonders in jenen Ländern, wo die soziale und technische Entwicklung erst im Werden ist. Das gilt sowohl für die Aufgabe, der menschlichen Person zu ihrer wahren Würde zu verhelfen, für die Förderung des Friedens, für die Anwendung des Evangeliums auf die sozialen Fragen, für die Pflege von Wissenschaft und Kunst aus christlichem Geiste, wie auch für die Bereitstellung von Heilmitteln aller Art gegen die Nöte unserer Zeit, wie gegen Hunger und Katastrophen, gegen den Analphabetismus und die Armut, gegen die Wohnungsnot und die ungerechte Verteilung der Güter. Bei dieser Zusammenarbeit können alle, die an Christus glauben, unschwer lernen, wie sie einander besser kennen und höher achten können und wie der Weg zur Einheit der Christen bereitet wird.

III. KAPITEL

DIE VOM RÖMISCHEN APOSTOLISCHEN STUHL GETRENNTEN KIRCHEN UND KIRCHLICHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN

13. Zwei besondere Kategorien von Spaltungen, durch die der nahtlose Leibrock Christi getroffen wurde, wollen wir nun näher ins Auge fassen.

Die erste dieser Spaltungen geschah im Orient, und zwar entweder aufgrund einer dogmatischen Bestreitung von Glaubensformeln der Konzilien von Ephesus und Chalcedon oder, in späterer Zeit, durch die Aufhebung der kirchlichen Gemeinschaft zwischen den Patriarchaten des Orients und dem Römischen Stuhl.

Andere Spaltungen entstanden sodann mehr als vier Jahrhunderte später im Abendland aufgrund von Ereignissen, die man die Reformation nennt. Seither sind mehrere nationale oder konfessionelle Gemeinschaften vom Römischen Stuhl getrennt. Unter denjenigen von ihnen, bei denen katholische Traditionen und Strukturen zum Teil fortbestehen, nimmt die Anglikanische Gemeinschaft einen besonderen Platz ein. Indessen sind diese einzelnen Trennungen untereinander sehr verschieden, nicht allein bedingt durch ihre Entstehung und durch die Umstände von Ort und Zeit, sondern vor allem nach Art und Bedeutsamkeit der Probleme, die sich auf den Glauben und die kirchliche Struktur beziehen. Deshalb hat das Heilige Konzil, das weder die andersartige Situation der verschiedenen Gemeinschaften der Christen geringachtet noch die trotz der Spaltung unter ihnen bestehenden Bande übergehen will, beschlossen, folgende Erwägungen zur Verwirklichung einer besonnenen ökumenischen Arbeit vorzulegen.

I. Die Orientalischen Kirchen

14. Die Kirchen des Orients und des Abendlandes sind Jahrhunderte hindurch je ihren besonderen Weg gegangen, jedoch miteinander verbunden in brüderlicher Gemeinschaft des Glaubens und des sakramentalen Lebens, wobei dem Römischen Stuhl mit allgemeiner Zustimmung eine Führungsrolle zukam, wenn Streitigkeiten über Glaube oder Disziplin unter ihnen entstanden. Mit Freude möchte die Heilige Synode neben anderen sehr bedeutsamen Dingen allen die Tatsache in Erinnerung rufen, daß im Orient viele Teilkirchen oder Ortskirchen bestehen, unter denen die Patriarchalkirchen den ersten Rang einnehmen und von denen nicht wenige sich ihres apostolischen Ursprungs rühmen. Deshalb steht bei den Orientalen bis auf den heutigen Tag der Eifer und die Sorge im Vordergrund, jene brüderlichen Bande der Gemeinschaft im Glauben und in der Liebe zu bewahren, die zwischen Lokalkirchen als Schwesterkirchen bestehen müssen.

Es darf ebenfalls nicht unerwähnt bleiben, daß die Kirchen des Orients von Anfang an einen Schatz besitzen, aus dem die Kirche des Abendlandes in den Dingen der Liturgie, in ihrer geistlichen Tradition und in der rechtlichen Ordnung vielfach geschöpft hat. Auch das darf in seiner Bedeutung nicht unterschätzt werden, daß die Grunddogmen des christlichen Glaubens von der Dreifaltigkeit und von dem Wort Gottes, das aus der Jungfrau Maria Fleisch angenommen hat, auf ökumenischen Konzilien definiert worden sind, die im Orient stattgefunden haben. Jene Kirchen haben für die Bewahrung dieses Glaubens viel gelitten und leiden noch heute. Das von den Aposteln überkommene Erbe aber ist in verschiedenen Formen und auf verschiedene Weise übernommen, und daher schon von Anfang an in der Kirche hier und dort verschieden ausgelegt worden, wobei auch die Verschiedenheit der Mentalität und der Lebensverhältnisse eine Rolle spielten. Dies alles hat, neben äußeren Gründen, auch infolge des Mangels an Verständnis und Liebe füreinander zu der Trennung Anlaß geboten.

Deshalb ermahnt das Heilige Konzil alle, besonders diejenigen, die sich um die so erwünschte Wiederherstellung der vollen Gemeinschaft zwischen den orientalischen Kirchen und der katholischen Kirche bemühen wollen, daß sie diese besonderen Umstände der Entstehung und des Wachstums der Kirchen des Orients sowie die Art der vor der Trennung zwischen ihnen und dem Römischen Stuhl bestehenden Beziehungen gebührend berücksichtigen und sich über dies alles ein rechtes Urteil bilden. Die genaue Beachtung dieser Frage wird zu dem beabsichtigten Dialog im höchsten Maße beitragen.

15. Es ist allgemein bekannt, mit welcher Liebe die orientalischen Christen die liturgischen Feiern begehen, besonders die Eucharistiefeier, die Quelle des Lebens der Kirche und das Unterpfand der kommenden Herrlichkeit, bei der die Gläubigen, mit ihrem Bischof geeint, Zutritt zu Gott dem Vater haben durch den Sohn, das fleischgewordene Wort, der gelitten hat und verherrlicht wurde, in der Ausgießung des Heiligen Geistes, und so die Gemeinschaft mit der allerheiligsten Dreifaltigkeit erlangen, indem sie, der göttlichen Natur teilhaftig » (2 Petr 1,4) geworden sind. So baut sich auf und wächst26 durch die Feier der Eucharistie des Herrn in diesen Einzelkirchen die Kirche Gottes, und durch die Konzelebration wird ihre Gemeinschaft offenbar.

Bei diesem liturgischen Kult preisen die Orientalen mit herrlichen Hymnen Maria, die allzeit Jungfräuliche, die das Ökumenische Konzil von Ephesus feierlich als heilige Gottesgebärerin verkündet hat, damit dadurch wahrhaft und eigentlich Christus als Gottes- und Menschensohn gemäß der Schrift anerkannt werde. Ebenso verehren sie viele Heilige, unter ihnen Väter der gesamten Kirche.

Da nun diese Kirchen trotz ihrer Trennung wahre Sakramente besitzen, vor allem aber in der Kraft der apostolischen Sukzession das Priestertum und die Eucharistie, wodurch sie in ganz enger Verwandtschaft bis heute mit uns verbunden sind, so ist eine gewisse Gottesdienstgemeinschaft unter gegebenen geeigneten Umständen mit Billigung der kirchlichen Autorität nicht nur möglich, sondern auch ratsam.

Im Orient finden sich auch die Reichtümer jener geistlichen Traditionen, die besonders im Mönchtum ihre Ausprägung gefunden haben. Denn seit den glorreichen Zeiten der heiligen Väter blühte dort jene monastische Spiritualität, die sich von dorther auch in den Gegenden des Abendlandes ausbreitete und aus der das Ordenswesen der Lateiner als aus seiner Quelle seinen Ursprung nahm und immer wieder neue Kraft erhielt. Deshalb wird mit Nachdruck empfohlen, daß die Katholiken sich mehr mit diesen geistlichen Reichtümern der orientalischen Väter vertraut machen, die den Menschen in seiner Ganzheit zur Betrachtung der göttlichen Dinge emporführen.

Alle sollen um die große Bedeutung wissen, die der Kenntnis, Verehrung, Erhaltung und Pflege des überreichen liturgischen und geistlichen Erbes der Orientalen zukommt, damit die Fülle der christlichen Tradition in Treue gewahrt und die völlige Wiederversöhnung der orientalischen und der abendländischen Christen herbeigeführt werde.

16. Schon von den ältesten Zeiten her hatten die Kirchen des Orients ihre eigenen Kirchenordnungen, die von den heiligen Vätern und Synoden, auch von ökumenischen, sanktioniert worden sind. Da nun eine gewisse Verschiedenheit der Sitten und Gebräuche, wie sie oben erwähnt wurde, nicht im geringsten der Einheit der Kirche entgegensteht, sondern vielmehr ihre Zierde und Schönheit vermehrt und zur Erfüllung ihrer Sendung nicht wenig beiträgt, so erklärt das Heilige Konzil feierlich, um jeden Zweifel auszuschließen, daß die Kirchen des Orients, im Bewußtsein der notwendigen Einheit der ganzen Kirche, die Fähigkeit haben, sich nach ihren eigenen Ordnungen zu regieren, wie sie der Geistesart ihrer Gläubigen am meisten entsprechen und dem Heil der Seelen am besten dienlich sind. Die vollkommene Beobachtung dieses Prinzips, das in der Tradition vorhanden, aber nicht immer beachtet worden ist, gehört zu den Dingen, die zur Wiederherstellung der Einheit als notwendige Vorbedingung durchaus erforderlich sind.

17. Was oben von der legitimen Verschiedenheit gesagt wurde, dasselbe soll nun auch von der verschiedenen Art der theologischen Lehrverkündigung gesagt werden. Denn auch bei der Erklärung der Offenbarungswahrheit sind im Orient und im Abendland verschiedene Methoden und Arten des Vorgehens zur Erkenntnis und zum Bekenntnis der göttlichen Dinge angewendet worden. Daher darf es nicht wundernehmen, daß von der einen und von der anderen Seite bestimmte Aspekte des offenbarten Mysteriums manchmal besser verstanden und deutlicher ins Licht gestellt wurden, und zwar so, daß man bei jenen verschiedenartigen theologischen Formeln oft mehr von einer gegenseitigen Ergänzung als von einer Gegensätzlichkeit sprechen muß. Gerade gegenüber den authentischen theologischen Traditionen der Orientalen muß anerkannt werden, daß sie in ganz besonderer Weise in der Heiligen Schrift verwurzelt sind, daß sie durch das liturgische Leben gefördert und zur Darstellung gebracht werden, daß sie genährt sind von der lebendigen apostolischen Tradition und von den Schriften der Väter und geistlichen Schriftsteller des Orients und daß sie zur rechten Gestaltung des Lebens, überhaupt zur vollständigen Betrachtung der christlichen Wahrheit hinführen.

Dieses Heilige Konzil erklärt, daß dies ganze geistliche und liturgische, disziplinäre und theologische Erbe mit seinen verschiedenen Traditionen zur vollen Katholizität und Apostolizität der Kirche gehört; und sie sagt Gott dafür Dank, daß viele orientalische Söhne der katholischen Kirche, die dieses Erbe bewahren und den Wunsch haben, es reiner und vollständiger zu leben, schon jetzt mit den Brüdern, die die abendländische Tradition pflegen, in voller Gemeinschaft leben.

18. Im Hinblick auf all dies erneuert das Heilige Konzil feierlich, was in der Vergangenheit von Heiligen Konzilien und von römischen Päpsten erklärt wurde, daß es nämlich zur Wiederherstellung oder Erhaltung der Gemeinschaft und Einheit notwendig sei, « keine Lasten aufzuerlegen, die über das Notwendige hinausgehen » (Apg 15,28). Es spricht den dringenden Wunsch aus, daß von nun an alle ihr Bestreben darauf richten, diese Einheit allmählich zu erlangen in den verschiedenen Einrichtungen und Lebensformen der Kirche, besonders durch das Gebet und den brüderlichen Dialog über die Lehre und über die drängenden Notwendigkeiten der Seelsorgsaufgaben in unserer Zeit. In gleicher Weise empfiehlt das Heilige Konzil den Hirten und den Gläubigen der katholischen Kirche eine enge Verbundenheit mit denen, die nicht mehr im Orient, sondern fern von ihrer Heimat leben, damit die brüderliche Zusammenarbeit mit ihnen im Geist der Liebe und unter Ausschluß jeglichen Geistes streitsüchtiger Eifersucht wachse. Wenn dieses Werk mit ganzer Seele in Angriff genommen wird, so hofft das Heilige Konzil, daß die Wand, die die abendländische und die orientalische Kirche trennt, einmal hinweggenommen werde und schließlich nur eine einzige Wohnung sei, deren fester Eckstein Jesus Christus ist, der aus beidem eines machen wird (27).

II. Die getrennten Kirchen und Kirchlichen Gemeinschaften im Abendland

19. Die Kirchen und Kirchlichen Gemeinschaften, die in der schweren Krise, die im Abendland schon vom Ende des Mittelalters ihren Ausgang genommen hat, oder auch in späterer Zeit vom Römischen Apostolischen Stuhl getrennt wurden, sind mit der katholischen Kirche durch das Band besonderer Verwandtschaft verbunden, da ja das christliche Volk in den Jahrhunderten der Vergangenheit so lange Zeit sein Leben in kirchlicher Gemeinschaft geführt hat.

Da jedoch diese Kirchen und Kirchlichen Gemeinschaften wegen ihrer Verschiedenheit nach Ursprung, Lehre und geistlichem Leben nicht nur uns gegenüber, sondern auch untereinander nicht wenige Unterschiede aufweisen, so wäre es eine überaus schwierige Aufgabe, sie recht zu beschreiben, was wir hier zu unternehmen nicht beabsichtigen.

Obgleich die ökumenische Bewegung und der Wunsch nach Frieden mit der katholischen Kirche sich noch nicht überall durchgesetzt hat, so hegen wir doch die Hoffnung, daß bei allen ökumenischer Sinn und gegenseitige Achtung allmählich wachsen.

Dabei muß jedoch anerkannt werden, daß es zwischen diesen Kirchen und Gemeinschaften und der katholischen Kirche Unterschiede von großem Gewicht gibt, nicht nur in historischer, soziologischer, psychologischer und kultureller Beziehung, sondern vor allem in der Interpretation der offenbarten Wahrheit. Damit jedoch trotz dieser Unterschiede der ökumenische Dialog erleichtert werde, wollen wir im folgenden einige Gesichtspunkte hervorheben, die das Fundament und ein Anstoß zu diesem Dialog sein können und sollen.

20. Unser Geist wendet sich zuerst den Christen zu, die Jesus Christus als Gott und Herrn und einzigen Mittler zwischen Gott und den Menschen offen bekennen zur Ehre des einen Gottes, des Vaters und des Sohnes und des Heiligen Geistes. Wir wissen zwar, daß nicht geringe Unterschiede gegenüber der Lehre der katholischen Kirche bestehen, insbesondere über Christus als das fleischgewordene Wort Gottes und über das Werk der Erlösung, sodann über das Geheimnis und den Dienst der Kirche und über die Aufgabe Mariens im Heilswerk. Dennoch freuen wir uns, wenn wir sehen, wie die getrennten Brüder zu Christus als Quelle und Mittelpunkt der kirchlichen Gemeinschaft streben. Aus dem Wunsch zur Vereinigung mit Christus werden sie notwendig dazu geführt, die Einheit mehr und mehr zu suchen und für ihren Glauben überall vor allen Völkern Zeugnis zu geben.

21. Die Liebe und Hochschätzung, ja fast kultische Verehrung der Heiligen Schrift führen unsere Brüder zu einem unablässigen und beharrlichen Studium dieses heiligen Buches: Das Evangelium ist ja « eine Kraft Gottes zum Heile für jeden, der glaubt, für den Juden zuerst, aber auch für den Griechen » (Röm 1,16).

Unter Anrufung des Heiligen Geistes suchen sie in der Heiligen Schrift Gott, wie er zu ihnen spricht in Christus, der von den Propheten vorherverkündigt wurde und der das für uns fleischgewordene Wort Gottes ist. In der Heiligen Schrift betrachten sie das Leben Christi und was der göttliche Meister zum Heil der Menschen gelehrt und getan hat, insbesondere die Geheimnisse seines Todes und seiner Auferstehung.

Während die von uns getrennten Christen die göttliche Autorität der Heiligen Schrift bejahen, haben sie jedoch, jeder wieder auf andere Art, eine von uns verschiedene Auffassung von dem Verhältnis zwischen der Schrift und der Kirche, wobei nach dem katholischen Glauben das authentische Lehramt bei der Erklärung und Verkündigung des geschriebenen Wortes Gottes einen besonderen Platz einnimmt.

Nichtsdestoweniger ist die Heilige Schrift gerade beim Dialog ein ausgezeichnetes Werkzeug in der mächtigen Hand Gottes, um jene Einheit zu erreichen, die der Erlöser allen Menschen anbietet.

22. Der Mensch wird durch das Sakrament der Taufe, wenn es gemäß der Einsetzung des Herrn recht gespendet und in der gebührenden Geistesverfassung empfangen wird, in Wahrheit dem gekreuzigten und verherrlichten Christus eingegliedert und wiedergeboren zur Teilhabe am göttlichen Leben nach jenem Wort des Apostels: « Ihr seid in der Taufe mit ihm begraben, in ihm auch auferstanden durch den Glauben an das Wirken Gottes, der ihn von den Toten auferweckt hat » (Kol 2,12) (28).

Die Taufe begründet also ein sakramentales Band der Einheit zwischen allen, die durch sie wiedergeboren sind. Dennoch ist die Taufe nur ein Anfang und Ausgangspunkt, da sie ihrem ganzen Wesen nach hinzielt auf die Erlangung der Fülle des Lebens in Christus. Daher ist die Taufe hingeordnet auf das vollständige Bekenntnis des Glaubens, auf die völlige Eingliederung in die Heilsveranstaltung, wie Christus sie gewollt hat, schließlich auf die vollständige Einfügung in die eucharistische Gemeinschaft.

Obgleich bei den von uns getrennten Kirchlichen Gemeinschaften die aus der Taufe hervorgehende volle Einheit mit uns fehlt und obgleich sie nach unserem Glauben vor allem wegen des Fehlens des Weihesakramentes die ursprüngliche und vollständige Wirklichkeit (substantia) des eucharistischen Mysteriums nicht bewahrt haben, bekennen sie doch bei der Gedächtnisfeier des Todes und der Auferstehung des Herrn im Heiligen Abendmahl, daß hier die lebendige Gemeinschaft mit Christus bezeichnet werde, und sie erwarten seine glorreiche Wiederkunft. Deshalb sind die Lehre vom Abendmahl des Herrn, von den übrigen Sakramenten, von der Liturgie und von den Dienstämtern der Kirche notwendig Gegenstand des Dialogs.

23. Das christliche Leben dieser Brüder wird genährt durch den Glauben an Christus, gefördert durch die Gnade der Taufe und das Hören des Wortes Gottes. Dies zeigt sich im privaten Gebet, in der biblischen Betrachtung, im christlichen Familienleben und im Gottesdienst der zum Lob Gottes versammelten Gemeinde. Übrigens enthält ihr Gottesdienst nicht selten deutlich hervortretende Elemente der alten gemeinsamen Liturgie.

Der Christusglaube zeitigt seine Früchte in Lobpreis und Danksagung für die von Gott empfangenen Wohltaten; hinzu kommt ein lebendiges Gerechtigkeitsgefühl und eine aufrichtige Nächstenliebe. Dieser werktätige Glaube hat auch viele Einrichtungen zur Behebung der geistlichen und leiblichen Not, zur Förderung der Jugenderziehung, zur Schaffung menschenwürdiger Verhältnisse im sozialen Leben und zur allgemeinen Festigung des Friedens hervorgebracht.

Wenn auch viele Christen das Evangelium auf dem Gebiet der Moral weder stets in der gleichen Weise auslegen wie die Katholiken noch in den sehr schwierigen Fragen der heutigen Gesellschaft zu denselben Lösungen wie sie gelangen, so wollen sie doch ebenso wie wir an dem Worte Christi als der Quelle christlicher Tugend festhalten und dem Gebot des Apostels folgen, der da sagt: « Alles, was immer ihr tut in Wort oder Werk, tut alles im Namen unseres Herrn Jesus Christus, und danket durch ihn Gott dem Vater » (Kol 3,17). Von da her kann der ökumenische Dialog über die Anwendung des Evangeliums auf dem Bereich der Sittlichkeit seinen Ausgang nehmen.

24. Nach dieser kurzen Darlegung der Bedingungen für die praktische Durchführung der ökumenischen Arbeit und der Prinzipien, nach denen sie auszurichten ist, richten wir unsern Blick vertrauensvoll auf die Zukunft. Das Heilige Konzil mahnt die Gläubigen, jede Leichtfertigkeit wie auch jeden unklugen Eifer zu meiden, die dem wahren Fortschritt der Einheit nur schaden können, Ihre ökumenische Betätigung muß ganz und echt katholisch sein, das heißt in Treue zur Wahrheit, die wir von den Aposteln und den Vätern empfangen haben, und in Übereinstimmung mit dem Glauben, den die katholische Kirche immer bekannt hat, zugleich aber auch im Streben nach jener Fülle, die sein Leib nach dem Willen des Herrn im Ablauf der Zeit gewinnen soll.

Das Heilige Konzil wünscht dringend, daß alles, was die Söhne der katholischen Kirche ins Werk setzen, in Verbindung mit den Unternehmungen der getrennten Brüder fortschreitet, ohne den Wegen der Vorsehung irgendein Hindernis in den Weg zu legen und ohne den künftigen Anregungen des Heiligen Geistes vorzugreifen. Darüber hinaus erklärt es seine Überzeugung, daß dieses heilige Anliegen der Wiederversöhnung aller Christen in der Einheit der einen und einzigen Kirche Christi die menschlichen Kräfte und Fähigkeiten übersteigt. Darum setzt es seine Hoffnung gänzlich auf das Gebet Christi für die Kirche, auf die Liebe des Vaters zu uns und auf die Kraft des Heiligen Geistes. « Die Hoffnung aber wird nicht zuschanden: Denn die Liebe Gottes ist ausgegossen in unseren Herzen durch den Heiligen Geist, der uns geschenkt ist » (Röm 5,5).

21. November 1964

Anmerkungen:

23 octobre, 2011

Prima lista di cognomi ebrei italiani, stranieri, ashkenazi e sefardi

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 15:59

 

<a href=http://blog.lisabuzz.com>Lisabuzz.com</a> parle de Eglise Sainte Genevieve : Pincez-moi ! Est-ce un rêve ? Un songe ? Une hallucination ? Sainte Genevieve Mulhouse a réussi a réunir en un seul blog (<a href=’Https://www.facebook.com/saintegenevieve.mulhouse’ target=blank class=’blog’>Eglise Sainte Genevieve</a>) tous les ingrédients nécessaires au plaisir de l internaute. Où donc Sainte Genevieve Mulhouse et son esprit brillant ont-ils dégotté la formule magique du web ? Hélàs, je l ignore. Mais une chose est sûre : je retournerai souvent sur <a href=’Https://www.facebook.com/saintegenevieve.mulhouse’ target=blank class=’blog’>Eglise Sainte Genevieve</a>, du bonheur en pixels. signé <a href=http://blog.lisabuzz.com> http://blog.lisabuzz.com</a>

 

 

 

 

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Prima lista di cognomi ebrei italiani, stranieri, ashkenazi e sefardi. Comprende personalità ebree ed ebree occulte (marranos) dell’economia, dello spettacolo, della cultura, della politica mondiale storica e contemporanea. Presto seguiranno una seconda lista ed alcuni link molto utili.

ELENCO DEI COGNOMI DI CIRCA 10.000 FAMIGLIE EBREE D’ITALIA

Prima di far seguire l’elenco, devo premettere alcune considerazioni generiche: L’elenco comprende circa 1650 cognomi corrispondenti a 9.800 famiglie, ossia in media un cognome ogni sei famiglie. Il numero grande dei cognomi deriva dal fatto che mentre a ciascun cognome italiano nel senso largo corrispondono alcune famiglie, gli Ebrei delle quattro Comunità tedesche, da meno di un secolo immigrate, hanno quasi ogni famiglia il proprio cognome. L’elenco comprende i cognomi delle famiglie ebree di tutta Italia, in quanto sono registrate presso l’Ufficio Statistico del Keren Hajesod (Fondo di ricostruzione Palestinese) d’Italia, inclusi quelli delle quattro Comunità tedesche, esclusi quelli delle colonie (Tripoli, Bengasi, Rodi, ecc.).

Enumerando, l’elenco contiene:

1) Cognomi geografici italiani (per non ripetere, trascrivo senz’altro qui i cognomi corrispondenti, riservandomi di parlare estesamente sulla loro origine ecc. nella parte terza). Quest’elenco non pretende nè di essere completo nè senza sbagli. Ed ecco: D’Italia, Pugliese, Calabrese, Toscano (Siciliano oggi estinto presso gli Ebrei). Città e Comuni d’Italia: Alatri, Ancona, Anticoli, Ariccia, Ascoli, Asti, Bassano, Bologna, Borghi (Borgo Trentino), Cagli, Caivano, Camerino, Campagnano, Capua, Carpi, Castelbolognesi, Castelfranco, Castelnuovo, Castiglioni, Cave, Cavalieri (Piemonte), Cesana, Cividale, Cingoli, Civita, Colorni (o), Conigliani, Cori, Corinaldi, Fano, Ferrarese, Fiorentino, Foligno, Forlì, Frascati, Gattinara, Genazzano (i), Guastalla, Jesi, Livoli, Limentani, Macerata, Marcaria, Marino (i), Marradi, Massa, Massarani, Melli, Mestre, Milano, Minerbi, Mirandola, Modena, Modigliani, Momigliano, Mondolfo, Mondovì, Monselice, Montagnana, Montalcino (i), Montecorboli, Mortara, Muggia, Nepi, Nola, Norlenghi (o), Norsa (Norcia), Ortona, Orvieto, Osimo, Padova, Pavia, Pavoncello, Perugia, Pesaro, Pescarolo, Piazza (Sicilia), Piperno, Pisa, Parenzo, Pitigliano (i), Poggibonsi, Pontecorboli, Pontecorvo, Pontremoli, Prato, Pirano (i), Ravenna, Rignano, Recanati, Reggio, Revere (sul Po), Rieti, Rimini, Romano, Rom, Rovighi (Rovigo), Russi, Saravalle (Veneto), Scandiani, Senigaglia, Sereni, (o), Servi (?), Sforno, Soave (Veneto), Sonnino, Sorani (o), Sulmona, Supino, Tagliacozzo, Teglio, Terni, Terracina, Tivoli, Trieste, Udine, Urbino, Veneziano, Vercelli, Veruli, Verona, Vigevano (ì), Viterbo, Voghera, Volterra, Zara.

2) Cognomi tedeschi delle quattro Comunità tedeschi e sparsi in tutta Italia, specialmente a Milano.

3) Cognomi spagnoli, a Livorno e specialmente in Toscana.

4) Cognomi orientali, specialmente a Milano e Napoli.

5) Cognomi ebraici sparsi in tutta Italia, specie in Toscana.

6) Cognomi greci, a Trieste.

7) Cognomi di professione.

8) Cognomi cattolici, dovuti a matrimonio misto con una ragazza ebrea. Questo potrà essere studiato a parte, da chi è in condizione precisa di contare i cognomi cattolici nel seguente dizionario.

9) Cognomi di origine diversissima. Ed ecco senz’altro l’elenco dei cognomi:

A

Aadith, Abadì, Abeles, Abenaim, Abeniacar, Abib, Abigdor, Aboaf, Abramson, Abravanel, Abulaffi, (1) Abulaffia, Acco, Acher, Adagnia, Aderca, Ades, Adler, Aelion, Aghib, Ahrens, Ajar, Alatri, Alba, Albahari, Albaum, Albert, Albina, Albini, Alcalai, Alfaquain, Algranati, Alhaique, Allalouf, Allan Civita, Alrnagià, Almansi, Almansi Macchioro, Almeda, Alphandery, Alpron, Alt, Altarass, Altaress, Altberger, Alter, Alticheh, Amar, Ameriglio, Amati, Ambonetti, Ambron, Amì, Amman, Amy, Anau, Ancona, Andrè, Angel, Angeli, Angelini, Anguillara, Anticoli, Ara, Arbib, Archivolti, Arditti, Arditi, Ariani, Arias, Ariccia, Ariete, Arieti, Arnstein, Artom, Aruch, Ascarelli, Ascer, Aschenazi, Ascher, Ascoli, Ascoli Marchetti, Assajcas, Asseo, Astein, Asti, Astrologo, Attal, Attias, Aub, Avigdor, Auerbach, Awerbach, Azankot, Azavei, Azavey, Azria, Azriel, Azzaria.

(1) – Si nota che qui sono trascritti i cognomi delle famiglie ebree d’ltalia, ma con lo svolgersi del tempo i cognomi sono andati trasformandosi, cosicché troveremo che ci sono delle famiglie che portano lo stesso cognome, preso come base, ma diverso oggi come scrittura; per esempio chi potrà oggi parlare di una parentela fra le famiglie del cognome Abulaffia, Abolaffi, Abolaffio, Abolafia, Bolaffio, Bolaffi, che tutti derivano dal cognome base Abulaffia? Lo avverto perché anche i Luzzatto e Luzzatti, i Modigliano e Modigliani sono oggi cognomi di famiglie diverse.

B

Badalassi Orvieto, Baer, Bachi, Backschmiedt, Bagdalli, Bahorjudà, Baiona, Bak, Balachovsky, Ball, Ballanti, Balog, Banon, Banti, Baquis, Baracchi, Barchi, Barmè Mazloun, Baroccio, Barroccio, Baruch, Barzilai, Barzillon, Basevi, Basilea, Basola, Bassan, Behor, Bassani, Bassano, Bassi, Batò, Battino, Bauer, Beck, Bedarida, Bedussa, Beer, Behar, Beilinson, Belaise, Belforte, Belgrado, Belimbau, Belleli, Bellom, Belmonte, Bemporad, Benadì, Benaim, Benamozegh, Benarayo, Benedetti, Beniacar, Beniamin, Benigno, Benoliel, Bensillun, Bensussan, Benusiglio, Benveniste, Benvenisti, Benzimrà, Benzouan, Berahà, Berer, Bergmann, Bergholz, Bermann, Bernardoni, Berni, Bernheimer, Bernsteir, Bertel, Beruchel, Besso, Betrich, Betti, Bettinelli, Bettmann, Biach, Bianchini, Bienenfeld, Bigiavi, Bigio, Biks, Bingen, Bischof (vescovo!), Bises, Bisi Mantovani, Bisogni, Bisson, Bivak, Blanes, Blaskopf, Blau, Blitz, Bloch, Blotzek, Blum, Blumberg, Blumenthal, Boaz, Bobek, Boccara, Boffi, Boghen, Boehm, Bolaffi, Bolaffio, Bollag, Bolle, Bologna, Bolosca, Baustein, Bonaventura, Bondì, Bonfiglioli, Bonomie, Bonucci, Boralevi, Borgetti, Borghi, Borlenghi, Borseti, Bows, Bracci, Brandenburg, Brandes, Brandi, Braeuer, Braun, Brauner, Braunschweig, Braunstein, Bravermann, Brecher, Breiner, Breinin, Bresner, Brill, Brisi, Brociner, Brok, Brod, Brodanka, Brunner, Buchbinder, Buchsbaum, Bueno, Bunzel.

C

Cabibbe, Cademann, Cadorini, Caffaz, Cagli, Caimi, Caimmi, Caivano, Calabi, Calabresi, Calderoni, Calef, Caleff, Calfoa, Calimani, Calò, Calvo, Camaioli, Camerini, Camerino, Camhi, Camis, Camis de Fonseca, Cammeo, Campagnano, Campos, Canarutto, Cannaruto, Cantoni, Capato, Capua, Carasso, Carrara, Carcsson, Cardoso, Carijo, Carlì, Carmi, Carmona, Caro, Carpanetti, Carpi, Carsen, Caruba, Casanova, Cases, Cases Pellegrini, Cascinelli, Cassin, Cassuto, Castelbolognesi, Castelletti, Castelli, Castelfranchi, Castelfranco, Castelnuovo Tedesco, Castiglioni, Castro, Cattelani, Cava, Cave Bondì, Cavaglieri, Cavaglione, Cavalieri, Caviglia, Cendraissousa, Cervetti, Cesana, Cevidalli, Clerido, Clava, Clerle, Cludnevitz, Chajes, Chapira, Chimichì, Ciaroff, Cingoli, Citone, Citone in Alvarenga, Citoni, Cividalli, Civita, Coen, Coen Cantarini, Coen Gialli, Coenca, Cogoi, Cohen, Coifmann, Colasanti, Colia, Colombo, Colonna, Colorni, Confino, Conforte, Conforti, Confort, Conigliani, Consarelli, Consigli, Consiglio, Consolo, Contini, Corcos, Cori, Corinaldi, Coscas Majon, Costa, Costantini, Cotton, Covo, Cramer, Cratz, Crema, Cremisi, Creo, Croccolo, Curiat, Curiel, Cusin, Cutti, Cuzzeri, Cuzzi, Czachi, Czatzkis, Czimmer.

D

Dadone, Da Fano, D’Agata, Daldon, Dalla Torre, D’Ancona, Daniel, Danitti, Dann, Da Zara, De Abravanel, De Alvarez, De Angelis, Deangelis, De Benedetti, De Castro, De Cori, De Farro, De Frigessy, De Funel, De Leon, Della Riccia, Dell’Ariccia, Della Rocca, Della Seta, Della Torre, Della Volta, Dello Strologo, Del Mar, Del Monte, Del Sole, De Luisa, Del Valle, Del Valle de Paz, Del Vecchio, Demajo, De Medina, De Montel, De Nola, Depace, Depangher, De Paz, De Rossi, De Semo, De Sousa, Dessau, Deutsch, Diamant, Diaz, Di Capua, Di Castro, Di Cave, Dickmann, Di Cori, Diena, Dienstfertig, Di Gioacchino, Di Laudadio, Dina, Di Nepi, Dinkelspiel, Di Nola, Di Porto, Di Segni, D’ltalia, Di Tivoli, Ditz, Di Veroli, Dolfo, Donati, Donner, Doerfles, Dorn, Dowek, Dragoner, Dresner, Dreyfus, Drucker, Dubinsky, Durante, Duranti, D’Urbino.

E

Eckert, Edward, Eibenschuetz, Effendi, Efrati, Ehrenfeld, Ehrenfreund, Ehrenteil, Ehrlich, Eisenstaedter, Elfer, Elia, Elias, Eliazon, Eliezer, Elseo, Eltbogen, Emdin, Eminente, Engel, Enriquez, Eppinger, Epstein, Erber, Ergas, Errera, Esdra, Esquenasi, Essinger, Ettlinger, Evangelisti.

F

Falcini Servi, Falco, Faldini, Faldino, Falk, Fano, Faraggi, Farber, Farchi, Fargion, Farinelli, Farkas, Fasano, Fassel, Fasulo, Fatucci, Fein, Feiner, Feistmann, Felberbaum, Felici, Fellner, Fernandes, Ferrarese, Ferro, Ferusciany, Fiandra, Fiano, Fieder, Fifer, Fink, Finkelstein, Finker, Finzi, Fiorentino, Fimberg, Fischbein, Fischer, Fischl, Fischmann, Fiz, Flack, Flaschel, Fleisher, Fleischner, Foà, Fodor, Foligno, Fonseca, Fontanella, Forlì, Formiggini, Fornari, Forti, Franchetti, Franco, Frank, Frankental, Frankl, Franzes, Frascati, Frassinetti, Freiberger, Freisinger, Frenkel, Fresco, Freund, Fried, Friedenthal, Friedlaender, Friedmann, Fries, Frizzi, Frischmann, Fruchter, Fuà, Fubini, Fuchs, Funaro, Fuerst.

G

Gabbai, Gabriel, Gaensler Frankenstein, Gaggio, Gori, Galinidi, Galletti, Galli, Gallichi, Gallico, Galligo, Gandus, Gani, Garda, Garsen, Garza, Gasperini, Gattegno, Gattinara, Gazes, Geddes, Geller, Gemelli, Genazzani, Gentili, Gentilli, Gentilomo, Gerold, Gerstel, Gerstenfeld, Gesess, Gerschanovitz, Ghersfeld, Ghiron, Ghissin, Giaconi, Giavol, Ginzburg, Giovanelli, Giroux, Giuili, Giuli, Glanz, Glass, Glattstein, Glicenstein, Glueck, Godell, Goetz, Goetzel, Goldbacher, Goldberg, Goldberger, Goldenberg, Goldfinger, Goldfrucht, Goldmann, Goldring, Goldschmiedt, Goldstein, Goldstaub, Golembiovski, Gomel, Gondelmann, Goudstikker, Graf, Granichstaedten, Grassetti, Grassini, Graziani, Greco, Greco-Siglina, Grego, Greiger, Gronich, Gruen, Gruenbaum, Gruenberg, Gruenland, Gruener, Gruenfeld, Gruenwald, Gruss, Guagnacchi, Guetta, Gugenheim, Guggenheim, Guglielmi, Gurewitsch, Guttierez, Guttmann.

H

Haardt, Haas, Haber, Hackl, Hagmann, Hahn, Haim, Haimovici, Haimovitsch, Hajek, Hajon, Hakin, Haliffi, Hamburger, Harmer, Hanania, Hanau, Handler, Hanemann Toff, Hanen, Harrari, Hasdà, Hassan, Hassid, Hasson, Haussmann, Hasan, Heilbrunn, Heimann, Heinhorn, Heischmann, Heitler, Helfer, Heller, Hensel, Hepner, Herbatschek, Herbert, Herlitzka, Hersch, Herschmann, Herzer, Hirschfeld, Hirsch, Herzog (duca), Hochwald, Hodara, Holberg, Hollaender, Hollinger, Honig, Hoenisberg, Horitzky Orsini, Horn, Horniker, Horovici, Horvat, Huesca, Hupperi.

I

Ichainer, Illes, Isciaki, Ismalun, Israel, Israeli, Issel, Issmann, Italia.

J

Jacchia, Jacobson, Jacur, Jaffe, Jahni, Janowitz, Janni, Jarach, Jarè, Jenda, Jenina, Jenna, Jenni, Jesi, Jesurum, Jessulam, Job, Joffe, Johanan, Jolles, Jones, Jona, Jos, Joseph, Josz, Joung, Jules, Just.

K

Kabiglio, Kach, Kagnaff, Kahn, Kajon, Kalk, Kalmus, Kaminka, Kaptan, Kasman, Kastner, Katz, Kauffrnann, Kaula, Keller, Kern, Kessler, Kirsch, Kirschen, Kitt, Klauber, Klein, Kleinzeller, Klippel, Klugmann, Koch, Kohn, Kohner, Kolb, Koltzinsky, Koenigsberger, Konti, Konrad, Koerber, Korn, Kornell, Kornfeld, Koschiltzki, Kostoris, Krassner, Kraus, Krauterkraft, Krebs, Kreh, Kreilsheim, Kremer, Kron, Kries, Krikunetz, Kron, Kropf, Kruskah, Krzentowski, Kuehn.

L

Lacis, Lackenbacher, Lacomba, Laden, Lager, Laide, Lakin, Lamberg, Lampronti, Landesmann Laudi, Landau, Langbank, Lanternari, Lanzana, Lapajowker, Lappert, Lascar, Lassejower, Laz, Latis, Lattes, Latzer, Lavagno, Leblis, Lehrecht, Lecerf, Lechner, Lenner, Lee, Leipziger, Lekner, Lenghi, Lennox, Leone, Leoni, Leonino, Leonzini, Leperer, Lerner, Lessmann, Levi, Levi Bianchini, Levibran, Levi-Cases Momigliano, (tre cognomi), Levi de Veali, Levi Minzi, Levin, Levis Levitsch, Lewish, Levy, Lewy, Lichetnstadt, Lichtenstein, Lieblein, Liehmann, Limentani, Lindemer, Linder, Lipschuetz, Liscia, Liuzzi, Livoli, Lob, Locascio-Goldschmiedt, Lodeserto, Loeb, Loeffler, Loevy, Loewy, Loisada, Lolli, Lombroso, Lopes, Lopez, Lopez-Rabello, Lorant, Loria, Loschitz, Loethe, Loevinson, Loew, Loewental, Loewenthal, Loewinson, Loewy, Luft, Luftschuetz, Luisada, Lumbroso, Luria, Lusena, Lust, Lustig, Lutomirsky, Luttinger, Luzzatti, Luzzatto.

M

Macchioro, Macerata, Maendl, Maestri, Maestro, Magrini, Mahlberg, Maimann, Maino, Maionica, Maissa, Majò, Malvano, Manara, Manasse, Mandel, Mandelberg, Mandler, Mandula, Mangold, Mann, Mannheimer, Marach, Marcaria, Marcheria, Marcus, Margulies, Mariani, Marino, Marini, Mariotti, Maroni, Marradi, Marsiglio, Massa, Massarani, Massarek, Massiah, Matalon, Mattatia, Mattersdorfer, Mautner, Mayer, Mazzola, Mazoleni, Medina, Medvedieff, Medoro, Meinster, Melgrano, Melli, Menasci, Mendel, Mendes, Menz, Merkl, Mesha, Mestre, Michelis, Michelstaedter, Mieli, Migliau, Milano, Milla, Millul, Minerbi, Mingardi, Mires, Misan, Misan-Saia, Misano, Misul, Misrahi, Modena, Modiano, Modigliani, Modigliano, Modona, Moeller, Moisé, Molco, Molnar, Momigliani, Momigliano, Mondolfi, Mondolfo, Mondovì, Monferini, Monreale, Monselise, Monselles, Montag, Montagnana, Montalcini, Montalcino, Montalti, Montebarozzi, Montecorboli, Montefiore, Montefiori, Montel, Montiglia, Morais, Moravia, Mordo, Mordoh, Morel, Morelli, Morello, Moreno, Moreschi, Moresco, Moretti, Morgenstern, Mori, Moroni, Morpurgo, Mortara, Mortera, Morway, Moscato, Moscé, Moskowitz, Moully, Mrad Esses, Mosseri, Muggia, Mugnai, Muehlstein, Muia, Muelberg, Mueller, Musacchi, Musatti, Mussafia, Mustacchi.

N

Naar, Nacamù, Nacamulli, Nacmias, Nacson, Nador, Najschitz, Nahmias, Nahon, Nahum, Naim, Namen, Namer, Nathan, Navara, Navarra, Navarro, Negrini, Neiger Nepi, Neppi, Neri, Neppi Modona, Neris, Netter, Neumann, Nibal Raimondi, Nigris, Nissim, Nizza, Nordlinger, Norlenghi, Norsa, Norzi, Nossal, Nunes, Nunes Franco, Nunes Vais, Nuernberg, Nussbaum.

O

Oberdorfer, Oblath, Ocvirk, O’Hara, Ohlsen, Olivieri, Olivetti, Olper, Olschki, Oppenheim, Oreffice, Orefice, Orefici, Ortona, Orvieto, Oser, Osimo, Osmo, Osta, Oesterreicher, Ottolenghi, Ottolenghi Boccara, Ottolenghi di Vallepiana, Ovazza.

P

Pace, Pacifici, Padoa, Padova, Padovani, Padovano, Paggi, Panerai, Panzieri, Paoli, Paper, Pardo, Pardo – Roques, Parente, Parenzo, Passigli, Pattin, Pavia, Pavoncello, Pegna, Perez, Perlmutter, Permutti, Perpetui, Perugia, Pesaro, Pesaro Maurogonato, Pescarolo, Philipson, Piattelli, Piazza, Picard, Picciacci, Picciaccio, Pick, Pieboni, Piesen, Pignero, Piha, Pincherle, Pinto, Piperno, Pines, Pirani, Pirola, Pisa, Pisanty, Pisetzky, Pisinger, Pitigliani, Pitteri, Plankenstein, Plaskis, Platzek, Plaschier, Poggetto, Poggibonsi, Poggiolini, Polacco, Poliakoff, Politi, Politzer, Pollak, Pomeranz, Pontecorboli, Pontecorvo, Pontremoli, Popper, Porges, Porta, Portaleon, Portaleone, Portnoff, Porto, Post, Pozinak, Prato, Pregel, Pressburger, Priester, Procaccia, Prohatzka, Provenzal, Pugliese, Puritz, Puttermann, Putti.

Q

Quercioli.

R

Rabà, Rabbeno, Rabelio, Rabinovici, Racah, Radau, Raffael, Raffaelli, Rahamin, Ram, Randegger, Rappaport, Rath, Ravà, Ravà Longhi, Ravenna, Ravicz, Reah, Recanati, Reder, Redzinsky, Reeson, Reggio, Reghini, Reich, Reichenback, Reichmann, Reinach, Reiner, Reinert, Reinhardt, Reinisch, Reis, Reiser, Reis, Reissner, Remondini, Renier, Resignani, Restani, Reuben, Revan, Revere, Revici, Riboni, Richetti, Richtmann, Riedler, Rieger, Rieti, Rietti, Rignano, Riftin, Rimini, Rocca, Roccas, Rodriguez, Roganti, Rogers, Roumann, Romanelli, Romani, Romanin, Romanin Jacur, Romano, Romoli, Roques, Rosel, Rosen, Rosenberg, Rosenfeld, Rosenholz, Rosenstein, Rosenthal, Rosenzweig, Rosselli, Rossi, Rotbart, Roth, Rouff, Rouzel, Rovighi, Rubert, Rubinstein, Rudoi, Russi.

S

Sabatello, Sabbadini, Sacerdote, Sacerdoti, Sacerdotti, Sacerdotti di Carobbio, Sachs, Sacuto, Sadok, Sadun, Saadun, Saffaro, Sagà, Saiegli, Salem, Salmon, Salmona, Salmoni, Salom, Salonicchio, Saltiel, Salto, Salus, Samaia, Sambulovich, Samuele, Sancò, Sanguinetti, Sanguski, Santillana, Saporta, Saralvo, Sarasson, Saraval, Saravalle, Sarfatti, Sariette, Sarsowski, Sasson, Savani, Saxel, Scazzocchio, Scandiani, Scaramella, Scarpa, Schjowitz, Schalmon, Schamasch, Schapira, Schaerf, Schick, Schiffer, Schiller, Schischa, Schlesinger, Schloss, Schmitz, Schmoltz, Schmukler, Schnur, Schoen, Schoenfeld, Schoenhaut, Schoenheit, Schoenstein, Schor, Schostal, Schotte, Schreiber, Schreider, Schultz, Schunnach, Schuessler, Schuetz, Schwarz, Schwarzkopf, Schweiger, Schwob, Sciaky, Scitrug, Sciunnach, Sdraffa, Sed, Sefardi, Segal, Segrè, Seidel, Seidmann, Seif, Semak, Semania, Semo, Senigaglia, Senigallia, Sepilli, Serena, Sereni, Sereno, Sergi, Sermoneta, Serravalle, Serrera, Servadio, Servi, Sessa, Sessi, Sestieri, Sforni, Sermann, Siccoli Bondì, Siebzehner, Sierra, Silbermann, Silva, Sivera, Sinai, Singer, Sitri, Slvaja, Smolensky, Smolesco, Soarez, Soliani, Soavi, Somenzi, Sommer, Sommermann, Sonne, Sonnenberger, Sonnino, Sorani, Sorbi, Soria, Sornaga, Sorraga, Soschino, Spagnoletto, Spagnolo, Specos, Spiegel, Spierer, Spitilli, Spitz, Spitzer, Spizzichino, Sprinzeles, Sraffa, Stein, Steindler, Steiner, Steinhardt, Stern, Steinhaus, Sternberg, Sternfeld, Sternschuss, Stettner, Stipanowitsch, Stock, Straaten, Stransky, Strossberg, Stucovitz, Stuetzel, Suarez, Subak, Subert, Sullam, Sulmona, Sun, Supino, Susani, Susin, Suess, Suessland, Sviadoschitz, Szabados, Szamatolsky, Szeynberg, Szirmay.

T

Tabet, Tagger, Tagiuri, Tagliacozzo, Tailor, Tajar, Tannenbaum, Taenzer, Taubert, Taussig, Tazartes, Tedeschi, Tedesco, Teglio, Teichner, Temin, Terni, Terracina, Terracini, Tesoro, Teubal, Tewich, Thuretzky, Tiano, Tivoli, Toaff, Todeschini, Todesc, Todros, Toledano, Tolentino, Tolosa, Torres, Toscano, Toschi, Tramer, Treulich, Treves, Treves de’ Bonfili, Trevi, Trevis, Trieste, Trietsch, Trionfo, Turba, Tuerk, Turra.

U

Udine, Ullmann, Umano, Ungar, Urbini, Urbino, Urovitz, Usigli, Usiglio, Uziel, Uzielli.

V

Valabrega, Valch, Valensin, Valenti, Valentin, Valenzin, Valobra, Valmarano, Valmarin, Varadi, Varios, Varsano, Velicogna, Venezia, Veneziani, Veneziano, Ventura, Vercelli, Veroli, Verona, Verreano, Vigdorcik, Vigevani, Vigevano, Vilcher, Visser, Vita, Vitta, Vitale, Vitalevi, Vitali, Viterbi, Viterbo, Vitta Zelmann, Vivante, Vivanti, Vovante, Vogel, Vogelmann, Vogler, Voghera, Volli, Volterra, Vretermann, Vucenovich.

W

Wachsmann, Walch, Wallfisch, Waschitz, Wassermam, Wax, Wehli, Weichsel, Weiger, Weil, Weiller, Weil-Schott, Weinstein, Weisberg, Weischel, Weishut, Weiss, Weiss Dodi, Weisser, Weissmann, Weizmann, Weleminsky, Welisch, Werblowsky, Wernikoff, Wilhelm, Windspach, Winternitz, Wohl, Wolf, Wolfler, Wolff, Wolfsohn, Wollemborg, Wollner, Wolner, Wortmann.

Z

Zabban, Zaccaria, Zaccuti, Zacun, Zacutti, Zagdun, Zalai, Zalman-Finzi, Zamatto, Zamorani, Zanotti, Zarfati, Zargani, Zarzovsky, Zebolun, Zeller, Zelman, Zemanek, Zevi, Zibell, Zibren, Ziffer, Zipper, Zitrin, Zmigrod, Zoller, Zuccari, Zuckermann, Zurk, Zweig, Zwillinger.

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The Gentle Art of Changing Jewish Names
The Madansky brothers—Max, Solomon, Benjamin, and Jacob—have written that their names henceforth will be May. It is a good old Anglo-Saxon name, but the Madanskys are of Asiatic origin.

Elmo Lincoln, a movie actor, comes into a Los Angeles court on the motion of his wife, and it is discovered that he is only Otto Linknhelt.

A large department store owner was born with the name Levy. He is now known as Lytton. It is quite possible he did not like Levy as a name; but why did he not change it for another Jewish name? Or perhaps it was the Jewishness of “Levy” that displeased him.

A popular tenor star recently brough suit against his wife, who married him after allowing him to believe that she was of Spanish origin. “I understood from her misleading stage name that she was Spanish when I married her. Later I found that she was Jewish and that her real name was Bergenstein.”

One of the biggest and best known stores in the United States goes under an honored Christian name, though every one of the owners is Jewish. The public still carries a mental picture of the good old merchant who established the store, which picture would speedily change if the public could get a glimpse of the real owners.

Take the name Belmont, for example, and trace its history. Prior to the nineteenth century the Jews resident in Germany did not use family names. It was “Joseph the son of Jacob,” “Isaac ben Abraham,” the son being designated as the son of his father. But the Napoleonic era, especially following upon the assembly of the Great Sanhedrin under Napoleon’s command, caused a distinct change in Jewish customs in Europe.

In 1808 Napoleon sent out a decree commanding all Jews to adopt family names. In Austria a list of surnames was assigned to the Jews, and if a Jew was unable to choose, the state chose for him. The names were devised from precious stones, as Rubenstein; precious metals, such as Goldstein, Silberberg; plants, trees, and animals, such as Mandelbaum, Lilienthal, Ochs, Wolf, and Loewe.

The German Jews created surnames by the simple method of affixing the syllable “son” to the father’s name, thus making Jacobson, Isaacson; while others adopted the names of the localities in which they lived, the Jew resident in Berlin becoming Berliner, and the Jew resident in Oppenheim becoming Oppenheimer.

Now, in the region of Schoenberg, in the German Rhine country, a settlement of Jews had lived for several generations. When the order to adopt surnames went forth, Isaac Simon, the head of the settlement, chose the name of Schoenberg. It signifies in German, “beautiful hill.” It is very easily Frenchified into Belmont, which also means beautiful hill or mountain. A Columbia University professor once tried to make it appear that the Belmonts originated in the Belmontes family of Portugal, but found it impossible to harmonize this theory with the Schoenberg facts.

It is noteworthy that a Belmont became American agent of the Rothschilds, and that the name of Rothschild is derived from the red shield on a house in the Jewish quarter of Frankfort-on-the-Main. What the original family name is has never been divulged.

The Jewish habit of changing names is responsible for the immense camouflage that has concealed the true character of Russian events. When Leon Bronstein becomes Leo Trotsky, and when the Jewish Apfelbaum becomes the “Russian” Zinoviev; and when the Jewish Cohen becomes the “Russian” Volodarsky, and so on down through the list of the controllers of Russia—Goldman becoming Izgoev, and Feldman becoming Vladimirov—it is a little difficult for people who think that names do not lie, to see just what is transpiring.

Indeed, there is any amount of evidence that in numberless cases this change of names—or adoption of “cover names,” as the Jewish description is—is for purposes of concealment. There is an immense difference in the state of mind in which a customer enters the store of Isadore Levy and the state of mind in which he enters the store of Alex May. And what would be his feeling to learn that Isadore Levy painted up the name of Alex May with that state of mind in view? When Rosenbluth and Schlesinger becomes “The American Mercantile Company,” there is justification for the feeling that the name “American” is being used to conceal the Jewish character of the firm.

The tendency of Jews to change their names dates back very far. There was and is a superstition that to give a sick person another name is to “change his luck,” and save him from the misfortune destined upon his old name. There was also the Biblical example of a change of nature being followed by a change of name, as when Abram became Abraham and Jacob became Israel.

There have been justifiable grounds, however, for Jews changing their names in Europe. The nationalism of that continent is, of course, intense, and the Jews are an international nation, scattered among all the nations, with an unenviable reputation of being ready to exploit for Jewish purposes the nationalistic intensity of the Gentiles. To mollify a suspicion held against them wherever they have lived (a suspicion so general and so persistent as to be explainable only on the assumption that it was abundantly justified) the Jews have been quick to adopt the names and colors of whatever country they may be living in. It is no trouble at all to change a flag, since none of the flags is the insignia of Judah. This was seen throughout the war zone; the Jews hoisted whatever flag was expedient at the moment, and changed it as often as the shifting tide of battle required.

A Polish Jew named Zuckermandle, emigrating to Hungary, would be anxious to show hat he had shuffled off the Polish allegiance which his name proclaimed; and the only way he could do this would be to change his name, which would very likely become Zukor, a perfectly good Hungarian name. Originally the Zukors were not Jews; now the usual guess would be that they are. In the United States it would be almost a certainty. Such a change as Mr. Zuckermandle would make, however, would not be for the purpose of concealing the fact that he was a Jew, but only to conceal the fact that he was a foreign Jew.

In the United States it has been found that Jews change their names for three reasons: first, for the same reason that many other foreigners change their names, namely, to minimize as much as possible the “foreign look” and the difficulty of pronunciation which many of those names carry with them; second, for business reasons, to prevent the knowledge becoming current that So-and-So is “a Jew store”; third, for social reasons.

The desire not to appear singular among one’s neighbors, when stated in just these words, very easily passes muster a being a natural desire, until you apply it to yourself. If you were going abroad to Italy, Germany, Russia, there to live and engage in business, would you cast about for a changed name immediately? Of course not. Your name is part of you, and you have your own opinion of an alias. The Jew, however, has his own name among his own people, regardless of what “cover name” the world may know him by, and, therefore, he changes his outside name quite coolly. The only likeness we have to that in America is the changing of men’s pay numbers as they move their employment from place to place. John Smith may be No. 49 in Black’s shop and No. 375 in White’s shop, but he is always John Smith. So the Jew may be Simon son of Benjamin in the privacy of the Jewish circle, while to the world he may be Mortimer Alexander.

In the United States it is hardly to be doubted that business and social reasons are mostly responsible for the changes in Jewish names. The designation “American” is itself much coveted, as may be gathered by its frequent use in firm names, the members of which are not American in any sense that entitles them to blazon that name throughout the world.

When Moses is changed to Mortimer, and Nathan to Norton, and Isadore to Irving (as for example Irving Berlin, whose relatives, however, still know him as “Izzy”), the concealment of Jewishness in a country where so much is done by print, must be regarded as a probable motive.

When “Mr. Lee Jackson” is proposed for the club there would seem to be no reason, as far as reading goes, why anything unusual about Mr. Jackson should be surmised, until you know that Mr. Jackson is really Mr. Jacobs. Jackson happens to be the name of a President of the United States, which names are quite in favor with the name-changers, but in this case it happens also to be one of the “derivatives” of an old Jewish name.

The Jewish Encyclopedia contains interesting information on this matter of derivatives.

Asher is shaded off into Archer, Ansell, Asherson.

Baruch is touched up into Benedict, Beniton, Berthold.

Benjamin becomes Lopez, Seef, Wolf (this is translation).

David becomes Davis, Davison, Davies, Davidson.

Isaac becomes Sachs, Saxe, Sace, Seckel.

Jacob becomes Jackson, Jacobi, Jacobus, Jacof, Kaplan, Kauffmann, Marchant, Merchant.

Jonah becomes by quite simple changes, Jones and Joseph, Jonas.

Judah (the true Jewish name) becomes Jewell, Leo, Leon, Lionel, Lyon, Leoni, Judith.

Levi becomes Leopold, Levine, Lewis, Loewe, Low, Lowy.

Moses becomes Moritz, Moss, Mortimer, Max, Mack, Moskin, Mosse.

Solomon becomes Salmon, Salome, Sloman, Salmuth.

And so on through the list of Jewish “changelings”—Barnett, Barnard, Beer, Hirschel, Mann, Mendel, Mandell, Mendelsohn, with various others which are not even adaptations but sheer appropriations.

The millinery business, which is one of the principal Jewish grafts off American women, shows, the liking of the Jews for names which do not name, but which stand as impressive insignia—“Lucile,” “Mme. Grande,” and the like. Reuben Abraham Cohen is a perfectly good name, and a good citizen could make it immensely respected in his neighborhood, but Reuben thinks that the first round in the battle of minds should be his, and he does not scruple at a little deceit to obtain it, so he painted on a window of his store, R. A. Le Cán, which, when set off with a borrowed coat of arms, looks sufficiently Frenchified for even observant boobs among the Gentiles. Similarly a Mr. Barondesky may blossom out as Barondes or La Baron.

Commonly, Mr. Abraham becomes Miller. Why Miller should have been picked on for Judaization is not clear, but the Millers of the white race may yet be compelled to adopt some method of indicating that their name is not Jewish. It is conceivable that a Yiddish and an American form of the same name may some time be deemed necessary. Aarons becomes Arnold—there are a number of Jewish Arnolds. Aarons became Allingham. One Cohen became Druce, another Cohen became Freeman. Still another Cohen became a Montagu; a fourth Cohen became a Rothbury and a fifth Cohen became a Cooke.

The Cohens have an excuse, however. In one ghetto there are so many Cohens that some distinction must be observed. There is Cohen the rag gatherer, and Cohen the schacet (ritual meat killer), and Cohen the rising lawyer, as well as Cohen the physician. To make the matter more difficult their first names (otherwise their “Christian” names) are Louis. It is not to be wondered at, therefore, that the young lawyer should become Attorney Cohane (which does all the better if thereby certain Irish clients are attracted), and that the young doctor should become Doctor Kahn, or Kohn. These are some of the many forms that the priestly name of Cohen takes.

The same may be said with reference to Kaplan, a very common name. Charlie Chaplin’s name was, in all probability, Caplan, or Kaplan. At any rate, this is what the Jews believe about their great “star.” Non-Jews have read of Charlie as a “poor English boy.”

There is the Rev. Stephen S. Wise, for another example. He booms his way across the country from one platform to the other, a wonder in his way, that such pomposity of sound should convey such paucity of sense. He is an actor, the less effective because he essays a part in which sincerity is requisite. This Rabbi, whose vocal exercise exhausts his other powers, was born in Hungary, his family name being Weisz. Sometimes this name is Germanized to Weiss. When S. S. Weisz became S. S. Wise, we do not know. If he had merely Americanized his Hungarian name it would have given him the name of White. Apparently “Wise” looked better. Truly it is better to be white than to be wise, but Dr. Stephen S. is a fresh point in the query of “what’s in a name?”

The list of Jews in public life whose names are not Jewish would be a long one. Louis Marshall, head of the American Jewish Committee, for example—what could his old family name have been before it was changed for the name of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States?

Mr. Selwyn’s name, now so widely known in motion pictures, was originally Schlesinger. Some of the Schlesingers become Sinclairs, but Selwyn made a really good choice for a man in the show business. A rabbi whose real name was Posnansky became Posner. The name Kalen is usually an abbreviation of Kalensky. A true story is told of an East Side tinsmith whose name was very decidedly foreign-Jewish. It is withheld here, because THE DEARBORN INDEPENDENT prefers in this connection to mention only the names of those who can take care of themselves. But the tinsmith moved to a non-Jewish section and opened a new shop under the name of Perkins, and his luck really did change! He is doing well and, being an industrious, honest workman, deserves his prosperity.

Of course, there are lower uses of the name-changing practice, as every employer of labor knows. A man contracts a debt under one name, and to avoid a garnishee, quits his job, collects his pay, and in a day or two attempts to hire out under another name. This was once quite a successful trick, and is not wholly unknown now.

There is also much complaint among the stricter observers of the Jewish ritual requirements that the word “Kosher” is greatly misused, that indeed it covers a multitude of sins. “Kosher” has come to signify, in some places, little more than a commercial advertisement designed to attract Jewish trade. For all it means of what it says, it might just as well be “The Best Place in Town to Eat”—which it isn’t, of course; and neither is it always “strictly” Kosher.

It must be conceded, however, that the tendency to mislabel men and things is deep set in Jewish character. Jews are great coiners of catchwords that are not true, inventors of slogans that do not move. There is a considerable decrease in the power they wielded by such methods; their brilliancy in this respect is running to seed. This may be explained by the fact that there are so many song titles to write for the Jewish jazz factories, and so much “snappy” matter for screen descriptions. Their come-back is painfully thin and forced. Without peers in dealing with a superficial situation like a dispute over the beauty of two rival “stars,” or the amount and method of distributing confetti, they are the veriest dubs in dealing with a situation like that which has arisen in this country.

Immediately upon the appearance of the Jewish Question in the United States the Jews reverted naturally to their habit of mislabeling. They were going to fool the people once more with a pat phrase. They are still seeking for that phrase. Slowly they are recognizing that they are up against the Truth, and truth is neither a jazzy jade nor a movie motto, which can be recostumed and changed at will.

This passion for misleading people by names is deep and varied in its expression. Chiefly due to Jewish influences, we are giving the name of “liberalism” to looseness. We are dignifying with names that do not correctly name, many subversive movements. We are living in an era of false labels, whose danger is recognized by all who observe the various underground currents which move through all sections of society. Socialism itself is no longer what its name signifies; the name has been seized and used to label anarchy. Judaistic influence creeping into the Christian church has kept the apostolic labels, but thoroughly destroyed the apostolic content; the disruptive work has gone on quietly and unhindered, because often as the people looked, the same label was there—as the same old merchant’s name stays on the store the Jews have bought and cheapened. Thus there are “reverends” who are both unreverend and irreverent, and there are shepherds who flock with the wolves.

Zionism is another misnomer. Modern Zionism is not what its label would indicate it to be. The managers of the new money collection—millions of it, badly used, badly accounted for—are about as much interested in Zionism as an Ohio Baptist is in Meccaism. For the leading so-called “Zionists,” Mt. Zion and all that it stands for has next to no meaning; they see only the political and real estate aspects of Palestine, another people’s country just at present. The present movement is not religious, although it plays upon the religious sentiments of the lower class of Jews; it is certainly not what Judaized orators among the Christians want the Christians to think it is; Zionism is at present a most mischievous thing, potentially a most dangerous thing, as several governments could confidentially tell you.

But it is all a part of the Jewish practice of setting up a label pretending one thing, while quite another thing really exists.

Take anti-Semitism. That is a label which the Jews have industriously pasted up everywhere. If ever it was an effective label its uses are over now. It doesn’t mean anything. Anti-Semitism does not exist, since the thing so named is found among the Semites, too. Semites cannot be anti-Semitic. When the world holds up a warning finger against a race that is the moving spirit of the corruptive, subversive and destructive influences abroad in the world today, that race cannot nullify the warning by sticking up a false label of “Anti-Semitism,” anymore than it can justify the sign of gold on a $1.50 watch or the sign of “pure wool” on a $11.50 suit of clothes.

So with the whole group of labels which the Jews have trotted out like talismen to work some magic spell upon the aroused mind of America. They are lies. And when one lie fails, how quickly they hitch their hopes to another. If “Anti-Semitism” fails, then try “Anti-Catholic”—that might do something. If that fails, try “Anti-American”—get the biggest talent that can be hired for a night on the B’nai B’rith platform to shout it. And when that fails, as it has—?

The American Jewish Committee is itself a misnomer. The committee is not exclusively American, and its work is not to Americanize the Jews nor even to encourage real Americanization among them. It is a committee composed of Jews representing that class which profits most by keeping the mass of the Jews segregated from Americans and in bondage to the “higher ups” among the Jews. They are the “big Jews,” as Norman Hapgood used to call them, who say to the “little Jews,” “You hang closely together; we will be your representatives to these foreign peoples, the Americans and others.” If the American Jewish Committee would change its name to this: “The Jewish Commission for America,” it might be nearer the truth. It has dealt with America in the recent past very much as the Allied Commissions deal with Germany. There are certain things we may do, and certain things we may not do, and the Jewish Commission for America tells us what we may and may not do. One of the things we may not do is to declare that this is a Christian country.

There is one absolutely safe rule in dealing with anything emanating from the American Jewish Commitee. Don’t rely on the label, open the matter up. You will find that the Kehillah is not what it pretends to be; that the Jewish labor union is not what it pretends to be; that Zionism is a camouflage for something entirely different; that the name and the nature are nearly always different, which is the reason for a particular name being chosen. It runs all the way through Jewish practice, and presents another little job for the Jewish reformer.

[THE DEARBORN INDEPENDENT, issue of 12 November 1921]

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SEPHARDIC NAMES TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH FROM
ARABIC (A), ARAMAIC (AR), BERBER (B), GERMAN (D), FRENCH (F), GREEK (G), HEBREW (H), HEBREW BIBLICAL (HB), HEBREW TALMUD (HT), ITALIAN (I), LATIN (L) SPANISH (S), PORTUGUESE (P), TURKISH (T), YIDDISH (Y)

Translations provided by members of the forum at Sephardim.com

Name Language Translation(s)
A
Aaro (H)(S) From Aharon, the great priest. Perhaps from Aro, ring
Abadia (H)(S) From Obadia: Praise G-d. the Prophet of the same name perhaps from the Spanish word for abbey,
Abalos (S) Village in La Rioja
Abarbanel (H) Variant of Abravanel
Abarracin (S) Rrom Albarracin: Toponimic an area in Teruel
Abastado (S) From the word Astado. horned cattle
Abbis (A) A location in Alexandria Egypt
Abcatar (S) From the word Catar to taste
Abelda (A) Small village in La Rioja
Abella (S) From the word Bella, beautiful
Abella (S) From the Catalan, bee (more likely)
Abella (I) Also an Italian village where the Trojans lived prior to Spain
Aben (A) An archaic form of Ibn meaning son of
Abenamor (A)(S) Aben(A), son of. Amor(S), love
Abenatar (A)(S) Aben(A), son of. Atar(S), to tie up
Abenatar (A) Son of the prefumes/spices seller
Abencabra (A)(S) Aben(A), son of. Cabra(S), goat
Abencasson (A)(S) Aben(A), son of. Casson(S), Brown sugar
Abencasson (S) Cason(S), old ancestral home
Abencasson (S) Cazon(S), a type of fish
Abencasson (A)(H) Son of Casson derived from Casson meaning joy
Abenfacen (A) Aben (A) son of, Facen from the word Hassan, benefactor
Abenforma (A)(S) Aben (A) son of, Forma shape
Abenito (S) Benit, Benedict
Abenmayor (A)(S) Aben (A) son of, Mayor (S), the eldest
(A)(S) Son of the eldest
Abenvive (A)(S) Aben (A) son of. Vive (S) lives
Abetar (A) A location in Syria
Abiatar (HB) From Ebiatar, meaning more than a father, son of the priest Ahimelekh
Abiego (S) A small village in Huesca
Abihssera (H)(AR) See Becerra
Abi Sadiq (H) Father of Sadiq, sadig deriving from Tsaik meaning righeous
Abila (A) The house
Abila (S) Avila, a Spanish town
Abiles (A) The house
Abinnaxim (A) Share
Ablitas (S) A village in Navarre
Aboab (A) Stringed muscial insrument
Aboaf (A) Stringed musical instrument
Aboav (A) Stringed muscial instrument
Abolafia (A) Doubting
Abolays (A) Doubting
Aboub (A) Stringed musical instrument
Abrabanel (H) Variant of Abravanel
Abraham of Beja (S) Bejar a town in Salamanca
Abraham of
Sanguesa (S) The name of a town in Navarre
Abrantes de (S)(P) A hamlet in Galicia, Spain, a city in Ribadetejo, Portugal
Abravanel (H) A limb of a limb of G-D
Abravanel (H)
Dormido (S) Asleep
Abulafia (A) Abu, father or owner of heath, the healthy one
Abulker (A) One who does good to all people
Abutarda (S) From Avutarda, Great Bustard, a bird
Acacia (P) Name of an ornamental tree
Aceraf (A) Money changer
Acosta (S) Rib in old Castillian. Same as Costa and Costilla. Not coast as in modern Spanish.
Aelion (H) The Supreme
Affonso Frances (S) Alponse French
Afia (A) Good wishes
Agreda (S) A village in the province of Soria
Aguado (S) Watered
Aguirre (S) A Basque family name
Aguila (S) Eagle
Aguilon (S) Village in the province of Soria
Agusti (S) From the name Agustin
Ailion (H) The Supreme
Aimeric (S) Aymeric a French name
Aires (S) Airs, breezes
Aix D’ (F) From Aix, a city in France
Aji (T) Bitter, sharp
Aji Luna (S) Aji pertaining to saint, Luna, the moon
Aknin (B) Jacob
Al (A) An Arabic prefix meaning the.
Aladjem (A) The Persian
Alagon (S) A river in Aragon, Spain
Alaman (A) German
Alamani (A) German
Alamany (A) German
Alarcon (S) Town in Spain
Alashka (S) From the Basque Ashkar or Azkar swift or quick
Alba (A) Punishment from G-D
Alba (S) Dawn, surplice used in church , white
Alba (S) A locality in Teruel
Albaala (A) Punishment from G-D
Albaca (S) From Albahaca, the basil plant
Albagil (A) Female horse
Albagli (A) Female horse
Albahari (A) Sailor
Albalag (A) Moving
Albalansi (A) Alvalansi (An old boat)
Albelda (S) Small village in Huesca
Albeldano (S) A person from Albelda
Albesa (S) A town in Lerida, Catalonia
Albion (S) Ancient name for Great Briton
Albo (S) White
Albo (A) Victory
Albons (S) A locality in province of Gerona, Catalonia
Alborge (S) A locality in Zaragoza
Alborgi (S) An inhabitant of Alborge
Albuquerque (T) From the marrano surname Albukerk of Turkey
Alcaiceria (S) Silk market (in Granada) or a group of shops belonging to the King and rented to Jewish merchants (Aragon,Alcarria, and Cuenca)
Alcala (S) A town near Madrid
Alcalde (S) Mayor
Alcalahorrano (S) From Calahorrano, an inhabitant of Calahorra
Alcalle (S) From the word Calle meaning street.
Ancantara (S)(P) A village in the province of Caceres, a village in Portugal
Alcaniz (S) A town in Aragon
Alcastell (S) In the castle
Alcazar (S) Fortress
Alegria (S) Joy
Alfakhar (A) Proud man
Alfaro (S) Municipality in the province of Logrono
Alfassa (A) From Fez, Morocco
Alforja (S) Saddlebag
Algranate (S) From the word granate meaning garnet, also the color
Algrannate (A) From Granada
Alguadix (S) From Gaudix, a town in Andalusia
Alguazil (S) Bailiff
Alicante (S) A city in Spain
Aries (H) From the Hebrew word arieh meaning lion. Portugues or Galican variant of the name Arias.
Almagro (S) A town near Madrid
Almansa (S) A city in Spain
Almanza (S) A city in the province of Leon, Spain
Almazan (S) A city in the province of Soria, Spain
Almeida (A) Boating technician
(A) Street sweeper
(A) Resident of Almeida
Almenara (A) Fire on watch towers, water channels
Almendros (S) Almond Trees
Almonte (S) A village in Huelva
Alouf (A) Chief, leader, champion, major general, lord, city head
Alouf (H) Chief, leader, champion, major general, lord , city head
Altalef (A) Worthless
Aluf (A) Chief, leader, champion, major geneal, lord, city head
Aluf (H) Chief, leader, champion, major general, lord, city head
Alut (A) The biblical Lot
Alvares Corcho (S) Corcho cork
Alvaro (S) From the name Alvar
Alvo (A) Victory
Alvorada (S) Alborada, dawn
Amado (S) Loved
Amagna (A) I hope
Amar (A) Builder
Amar (S) Love
Amarilljo (S) Amarillo meaning yellow, a color long used on clothing to
identify Jews
Amezquita (A)(S) Mezquita a mosque
Amigo (S) Friend
Amira (A) Princess
Amiras (A) Princess
Amon (A) A good person
Amores (S) Loves
Anchieta (S) A Basque family name
Andosilla (S) A village of Navarre
Andrada (S) An old and famous Galician lineage
Andrade (S) An old and famous Galician lineage
Andujar (S) A city in the Province of Jaen
Angeles (S) Angels
Angelet (S) Small Angel (Catalan language)
Anriquies (S) Es meaning son of, son of Henry
Anson (S) From Anso, a small village in Huesca
Antillon (S) A small village in Huesca
Antores (S) Sellers who have in good faith purchased stolen goods.
Apatron (S) Patron meaning the boss
Aradi (A) Earth
Araha (A) Wishing for relaxation
Arama (S) A municipality in the province of Guipuzcoa
Arana (S) A Basque family name
Arancibia (S) A Basque family name
Aranda (S) The name of several towns in Spain
Arano (S) A municipality in the province of Navarra
Arba (S) A river in the province of Zaragoza
Ares(z) (S) The smaill town of Arres in Huesca
Arboleda (S) A group of trees, wood
Arboles (S) Trees
Arbona (S) A Basque toponimic, in the French Basque Country
Arce (S) A municipality in the province of Navarra
Ardit (A) Cave in Jordan
Arditti (A) Cave in Jordan
Ardout (A) Cave in Jordan
Argentier (F) Silversmith
Arias (H) From the Hebrew word arieh meaning lion.
Aridti (A) Cave in Jordan
Arino (S) A Basque family name
Ariza (S) A village in the province of Zaragoza
Armendariz (S) A Basque family name
Arnedillo (S) A town in Rioja
Arnedo (S) A town in Rioja
Arogueti (A) I will go
Aroh (A) I will go
Arriaga (S) A Basque family name
Arroja (S) throws
Aruh (A) The wind
Aruh (H) From Arokh meaning long
Asaov (A) Trouble maker
Ascar (A) Remembering G-D
Aseo (A) Trouble maker
Assa (HB) Remedy and the name of a Judean King
Assael (A) Angry
Assael (HB) God made, name of Yoab’s brother
Assai (A) Care taker of horses
Assaias (A) Care taker of horses
Asseo (A) Trouble maker
Assia Antica (S) Ancient Asia
Assias (A) Care taker of horses
Astorga (S) A town in the Kingdom of Leon
Astorgano (S) An inhabitant of Astroga, Leon
Asubel (A) Waves
Atas (A) Great sadness
Ataz (A) Great sadness
Athias (A) Gift
Atias (A) Gift
Attes (A) Great sadness
Attias (A) Gift
Avelar (A) Running
Avenbenvenist (S) From benvenist, welcome
Avila (A) The house
Avila (S) A city and province of Spain
Aviles (A) The house
Aviles (S) A town in Asturias, Spain
Aya (H) To fly swiftly
Ayala (S) A location in Alava, the Basque Ccuntry, a village in Alava
Ayerbe (S) A town in Aragon, a village in Huesca
Ayllon (S) A village in the province of Segovia
Ayuda (S) Helps
Azarque (A) Remembering G-D
Azraki (A) Remembering G-D
Azeite (P)(S) Olive oil
Azeitado (P)(S) Stained with olive oil
Azicri (P) Remembering
Azrici (H) From Zacharia
Azlor (S) A locality in Huesca
Azor (S) A bird, the goshawk
Azrifi (A) Very nice person
Azzraki (A) Remembering G-D

B
Baca (HB) The name of a valley near Jerusalem
Badi (A) New begining
Baena (A) Gathering
Baez (A) Expensive shop
Baeza (A) Expensive shop
Bahar (A) Sea
Bahar (S) Go down
Bahya (A) Good things
Baissa (A) Expensive shop
Baiz (A) Expensive shop
Bakish (A) Proving himself good

Baptista (S) Baptist
Barbanel (H) Polish variant of Abravanel
Barbanelska (H) Polish variant of Abravenel
Barbas (S) Beards
Baron (S) Title of nobility, not the be confused with Varon, male
Barrio (S) Village
Barrios (S) Villages
Baso (S) An old word meaning glass
Becerra (H)(AR) Owner and carpet of straw
Bechor (A) First born
Bega (A) First born
Behar (H) Acronym of Ben Kvod haRa = son of his honor the Rabbi
Behar (A) First born
Behor (A) First born
Beja (A) First born
Bejar (H) See Behar
Belmonte (S) Beautiful mountain, a town in Andalusia
Ben Saba (S) Son of Saturday, the Sabbath, a Levite name
Bensabat (S) Son of Saturday. the Sabbath, a Levite name
Bensabath (S) Son of Saturday, the Sabbath, a Levite name
Bensabath (S) Son of Saturday, the Sabbath. a Levite name
Beso (S) Kiss
Bezerra (H)(AR) See Becerra
Blanca (S) White
Boher (H) Elects
Bohor (H) From Hehor meaning first born
Bolar (S) The verb to fly
Bosque (P)(S) Forest, Woods
Boton (S) Button
Brarata (S) Inexpensive
Bravo (S) Bravo, boastful, blustering, fine, excellent
Buen (S) Good
Buena Vida (S) Good life
Buendia (S) Good day
Bueno (S) Good
Bulhao (P) Turbulent, noisy
Bulha (P) Quarrel, strife
Burla (S) Taunt, ridicule

C
Caballeria (S) Riding stock
Caballeria (S) Cavalry
Caballero (S) Knight, gentleman
Cabarral (S) Animal parasite, tick
Cabeca (P) Head
Cabeza de Vaca (S) Head of the cow
Cabezas (S) Heads
Cabeludo (P) Hairy
Cabra (P)(S) She goat
Cabral (P) Herd of goats
Cabreiro (P) From goats
Cabrera (S) Goat herd
Cabrero (S) Goat attendant, goat herd
Cabrito (P) Kid
Cabron (S) Stud goat
Cadiz (S) Port city in Spain
Caes (S) You fall
Caja (S) Box, safey deposit box
Cajal (S) Group of boxes, person in charge of the boxes
Calabaza (S) Pumkin
Calache (S) Old furniture
Calahora (S) Public place where bread was distirbuted in scarce times
Calahorra (S) Same as calahora
Calamaro (S) Squid
Calao (P) See Calo
Calatayud (A) A town in province of Zaragoza from q’alat ayyud.
Calda (P) Syrup, Welding material
Caldas (P) Hot springs
Caldera (S) Soup Pot
Calderon (S) Cauldron
Caler (S) Lime seller
Calero (S) Lime seller
Callado (S) Quiet
Callar (S) The verb to remain quiet
Calle (S) Street
Callo (S) Callous
Calo (G) From Kalo meaning good
Calo (S) Gypsy
Calzada (S) Paved road
Camara (P) Chamber
(P) Surname assigned to Orphans
(S) Master room
Cambo (S) Room where meat product are hung to cure
Campo (P) Field
Campo (S) Country side
Campos (S) Fields
Canas (P) Reed, cane
Canas (S) Gray hair
Candeias (P) Oil lamp
Candelero (S) Candle light
Candida (S) Full of live and happiness
Candido (P) Candid, sincere
Canes (S) Dogs
Cano (P) Pipe
Cano (S) Gray haired man
Canto (P) Chant, sing, song,corner
Canto (S) Melody
Cantor (P) Singer
Canudo (P) Pipe
Caparra (S) Earnest, sign given as a guarantee
Caparrosa (S) Vitriol, an earnest man, a man wearing a red coat
Capeteiro (also (P) Shoe maker
Sapateiro)
Capeludo (P) Friars hood, cardinal cap
Capon (S) Castrated, gelded, a bundle of cut vineshoots
Capote (P) Overcoat, cloak
Capote (S) Raincoat
Capuano (S) Beaten, beating, thrashing
Carabella (S) Pretty face, Spanish ship
Caravida (S) Wishful face
Caravita (S) Facing life
Carco (S) One who goes back to the old ways
Carceres (S) Jails
Carceles (S) Jails
Cardado (S) To tease the hair
Cardenas (S) Reddish color
Cardinal (S) Foundation, reference point
Cardo (P) Thistle
Cardona (S) A village in Catalonia where the lineage of Cardona began as the result of the marriage of Ramon Folch and Argencia, the sister of Charlemegne
Cardoso (P) Full of thistle
Cardozo (S) Thorny bushes
Caraca (P) Mask, tick, mitel
Caraco (P) Snail
Caraco (S) Shell
Caracol (S) Shell
Carajal (S) Rejected, lost place, a place not in order
Caravajal (S) Oak woods, forest
Carbo (S) Carbon, charcoal
Carca (S) One who goes back to his old ways
Careco (P) Bald man
Cario (S) From Caria, a region in Asia Minor
Carion (S) From Carrion de los Condes a village in Spain
Carlos (S) Charles
Carner (S) Ram
Carnero (S) Ram
Carnicer (S) Butcher
Carnicero (S) Butcher
Caro (P)(S) Dear, expensive, loved one
Caroco (P) Pit
Carranca (P) Frown
Carranca (S) Spiked dog collar
Carrasco (P) Hang man, executioner, cruel man
Carrasco (S) Evergreen oak forest
Carrascon (S) Small Oak
Carregal (P) Loading place, name of town
Carreira (P) Career, walkway, path
Carretero (S) A peddler who travels by mule carriage to sell goods
Carrilho (P) Carillon, set of bells, musical clock, chimes
Carrillo (S) Wagon
Carrizo (S) Reed grass, a brown colored bird
Cartagena (S) A city of Spain
Carvajal (S) Oak woods, forest
Carvalhal (P) Oak grove
Carvalho (P) Oak tree
Casa (P)(S) House, home
Casafranca (S) Truthful house
Casal (S) Ghetto
Casas (P)(S) Houses
Casal (P) Couple, farm house
Casa Franca (P) Home of abundance
Casado (P)(S) Married
Casares (P) To get married
Cases (P) To get married
Cases (S) From casas, houses
Casteneda (S) Forest
Castanheda (P) Chestnuts
Castanheira (P) Chestnut tree
Castanho (P) The color brown
Castano (S) Brown
Castelhano (P) Castillian
Castellano (S) Castillian, language or person or object from Castile
Castellanos (S) People from Castile
Castellar (S) To sustain
Castellon (S) Town in Spain
Castelo (P) Castle
Castelo Branco (P) White Castle, the name a town
Castillo (S) Castle
Castro (P) Roman tower, the name of a town
Castro (S) Pre Roman fortified towns where military training took place, a cliff over the ocean
Catalan (P) From Catalonia, Spain
Catalanao (P) From Catalonia, Spain
Catalano (S) From Catalonia, Spain
Catan (S) Oriental cutlass
Catano (P) Anger, cursing
Catano (S) Long sword
Catano (H) From Catan, small, short
Catorze (S) Fourteen
Cava (P) Dig, plow, hollow
Cava (S) Cove
Cavacos (P) Kindling, chat
Cavalaria (P) Horse stable
Cavalo (P) Horse
Cazado (S) Hunted
Cazales (S) A group of houses where labor took place
Ceia (P) Supper, the name of a town
Cejas (S) Eyebrows
Centeno (S) A cereal. rye, hundreth
Cento (S) One hundred
Cepa (P) Vine
Cepa (S) Stump of any tree or plant, vine
Cepo (P) Stump
Cera (P)(S) Wax, bees wax
Cerda (S) Female pig
Cerdas (P) Bristles from a boar or othe animal
Cerdeira (P) Cherries
Cerdo (P) Bristles
Cerdo (P) Pig
Cerero (S) Wax handler
Cerez (S) Son of Zero (Cero), cherry tree
Cerezo (S) Son of Zero (Cero), cherry tree
Cerrada (P)(S) Closed
Cervo (P) Stag
Cespedes (S) Grass
Chacon (S) Salamander
Chame (P) To call
Chao (P) Floor, ground
Chao (S) A town in Asturias
Charon (S) From Sharon, the Valley of the Lillies
Chaves (P) Keys, the name of a city
Chichones (S) Bumps or inflamation of the skin.
Chico (P)(S) Small, nickanme for Francisco, small child
Chillon (S) Something that makes a loud noise
Chito (S) Wood piece, quiet
Cid (A) Master, lord
Cid (S) Strong and brave
Cida (S) Exterminator
Cipres (S) Cypress
Ciudad (S) City
Clara (P) Light
Clara (S) Clear, transparent
Claret (P) Type or wine
Clava (S) From the verb to hammer
Clema (S) Grape vine
Clemente (S) Just and righteous
Coba (S) Coin, importance

Cobos (S) Explicit declaration
Coche (S) Horse drawn carriage
Cocher (S) Kosher
Coelho (P) Rabbit
Colaco (P) Milk brother (fed from the same breast),
foster sibling
Colada (P) Glued
Colada (S) Filtered
Colodro (S) Wooden shoe
Campos (P) Fields
Conceicao (P) Conception (Our Lady Of)
Conchill (S) Dye maker
Condesa (S) Countess
Condessa (P) Countess
Conejo (S) Rabbit
Confino (S) Confined, jailed
Contamina (S) Contaminate
Contamina (P) Poison
Copha (S) Basket
Copo (P) Glass
Corbera (S) Raven, crow, black raven. crow’s nest
Cordero (S) Lamb
Cordeiro (P) Lamb
Cordoba (S) City of Spain
Cordon (S) Cord
Cordova (S) Cordoba, a city of Spain
Cori (S) Small heart
Coronel (P)(S) Military rank
Cormano (S) Cousin
Corral (S) A place where animals are kept.
Correia (P) Belt, leather strap
Corro (P) Run
Coruja (P) Day owl
Correa (S) Belt
Corredor (P)(S) Runner, a real estate broker
Correio (P) Mail
Cortes (S) Courteous
Corteza (S) Cortex
Corvera (S) Crow, raven, crow’s nest
Corzo (S) From Corsica, deer, roe
Cosida (P) Boiled
Cosida (S) Sewed, stiched together, or from cocida ,meaning fully cooked
Costa (P) Coast, back side
Costa (S) Rib in old Castillian. See Acosta. Coast in modern Spanish but it is not the meaning of the name.
Costal (S) Large sack for carrying or storing grains
Costela (P) Small back rib
Costilla (S) Rib. See Acosta
Cota (P) Coat, fare
Cota (P) Coat, clothing
Coutinho (P) From reserve game ground
Covreador (S) From Cobrador, collector
Creces (S) High earning interest
Creciente (S) Growing
Crescas (S) Grow up
Crespo (S) Curly haired person
Cristian (S) Christian
Crudo (S) Uncooked, raw
Cruz (P)(S) Cross
Cuba (S) Recipient, wine barrel
Cuello (S) Neck
Cuenca (S) River basin, wooden bowl
Cuervo (S) Crow
Cuevas (S) Caves
Cunal (S) A room where cribs lay
Cunha (P) Wedge, recommendation, full

D
Danon (S)(A) Judge. Increase.

Delgado (S) Slim, slender
Delicado (P) Delicate
Dias (P) Days
Djaen (S)(A) From Jaen, a city in the south of Spain. Devil
Djebali (A) Mountain, a Jewish Libyan name
Dourando (P) Golden
Drikes (S) From the name Rodrigues. Also Driques and Drighes.
Duro (P) Vegetable patch
Duro (P) Hard

E
Ebenazan (A+H) Eben fpr Eban, son of. Azan for Hazan, meaning cantor. Son of the cantor.
Ebot (A) Dog
Echen (S) To pour
Eder (H) See Edrehi
Ederra (H) See Edrehi
Edrehi (HB) Derives from Der’l, and ancient city in the Jordan valley
Efarti (HB) See Efrati
Effraim (HB) Son of Joseph
Effrit (HB) See Efrati
Efrati (HB) Derives from Efrat, Caleb’s wife
Efrathi (HB) See Efrati
Efraym (HB) See Efraim
Egozi (H) From Egoz, nut
Einkave (A) From Enqawa, purity. Famous Toledo family
El (A)(S) Article meaning the
El Barchilon (L) From the latin name of Barcelona,Spain
El Corredor (S) The runner
El Costal (S) The sack
El Cuerno (S) The horn, usually an animal horn
El Cuervo (S) The Crow (usually said of someone dressed in black)
El Hai (A) The man who never dies
El Hai (H) G-d is alive
El Neyto (S) The grandson
El Rab (A)(H) The Rabbi
El Roman (A) One from Rome
El Ruvio (S) The blond
El Saig (A) See essayag
El Zarco (S) The blue
Elazar (HB) G-d has helped, son of Aharon the great priest
Elbaz (A) The Falcon
Eldar (S) The act of giving
Eleazar (HB) See Elazar
Elhadad (A) Blacksmith
Eli (H) My G-d
Eli (HB) Top most, Name of Shilo the great priest
Eliakim (HB) G-d will edify, name of the minister of King Heskiyahu
Elias (H)(HB) See Eli
Elie (HB) See Eli
Elies (HB) See Eli
Eliezer (HB) G-d helps. name of Abraham’ servant
Elimelej (H) El (G-D) and melej (king)
Elimelej (HB) Derives from Elimelekh, my G-d is king, Naomi’s husband
Elisa (HB) Derives from Elisha – G-d is my savior, the name of a prophet
Elkana (A) Behind
Elkana (HB) G-d brought, Father of Samuel the prophet
Ellias (HB) See Eli
Elmaleh (A) The good
Ely (HB) See Eli
Emanuel (H) G-D us with us. See Emmanuel
Eminente (S) Eminent, distinguished
Emmanuel (HB) G-d is with us, son of Isaiah the prophet
Empecina (S) Stubborn, obstinate
Encabe (A) See Einkave
Encina (S) Grove of oak trees
Enero (S) January
Enfazen (A) See Abenfacen
Enoch (HB) Human. Son of Seth. Grandson of Adam
Enpesar (S) In distress
Epharti See Efrati
Ephraim See Efraim
Enriques (S) Son of Henry
Ermitano (S) Hermit
Escalera (S) Stairs, ladder
Escales (S) To scale, climb
Escaloni (HB) Derived from Eshkol, one of Abrahams allies
Escapa (P)(S) Escape
Eschenazi (H) See Eskenazi
Escobar (S) Broom
Escogido (S) The chosen one
Escola (P) School
Escriba (S) Scribe

Escriva (P) Scribe
Escudero (S) Squire, shield maker
Eskenazi (H) Derives from Ashkenazi meaning German
Espadilha (P) Spread out
Espana (S) Spain
Espanhol (P) Spanish
Espanol (S) Spanish
Espejo (S) Mirror
Esperanza (S) Hope
Espina (S) Spine, thorn, prickle
Espino (S) Hawthorn
Espiritu Santo (S) Holy Ghost (A converso name)
Esquenazi (S) See Eskenazi
Essayag (A) The goldsmith or silversmith
Este (P)(S) East, this
Estela (S) Trail
Estella (S) Star
Esteves (P) Son of Esteban, or son of Esteve
Estroumza (G) Derives from Strumica, a city North of Salonika
Estruc (L) Derives fromasterius, star or happy
Estrugano (H) See Estrugo
Estrugo (H) Derives from etrog meaning citron
Evangel (S) Eve Angle
Evora (P) City in Portugal. An inquisition center located here.
Ezaguy (S) (A) Derives from Azogue meaning Mercury. Deriving from Azzaouaq, meaning clever
Ezkiel (HB) G-d will strenthen, name of a prophet
Ezobi (H) Hyssop-like
Ezra (HB) Help of God, Head of the Babyloninan Jews, builder of the second temple. Aben (A) son of, Ben (H) son of, Ibn (A) son of.

F
Fabib (A) See Habib
Fachima (A) Old lady who knows all, see Fehima
Facquim (A) See Hakim
Fakhar (A) Noble people
Faina (P) Toil, labor
Falano (P) Guy
Falcao (P) Hawk
Fandari (A) From Alfandari, tax collector
Fanno (I) See Fanno
Fano (I) Name of a town in Italy, also see Mefano, Mifano
Faquin (A) See Hakim
Farach (A) See Farage
Farage (A) Healer
Farhi (A) Happy
Farias (P) To do
Farin (F) Flour
Farjeon (A) Great healer
Faro (P) Scent
Farraj (A) See Farage
Farto (P) Abundant
Fasa (A) From Fez, Morocco, also see Alfassa
Fasan (A) See Hassan
Fasi (A) Tax collector
Fateixa (P) Name of town
Fatias (P) Slices
Fehima (A) Coal merchant
Feijao (P) Bean
Feigo (P) Name of town, beans
Felis(z) (P) Happy
Fernandes (P) Son of Fernao
Ferreira (P) Iron smith
Ferro (P) Iron
Fez (P) City in Morocco
Figo (P) Fig
Figueira (P) Fig tree
Figueiredo (P) From a fig tree field
Figueiroa (P) From a fig tree field
Filosof (G) Philosopher
Finci (HB)(I) See Finzi
Finse (HB)(I) See Finzi
Finsie (HB)(I) See Finzi
Finzi (HB) From the name Pinhas, grandson of ahron
Finzi (I) Derived from the town of Faenza, Italy
Fissi (A) High education
Flor (P) Flower
Foces (P) To go, pits
Fonseca (P) Dry fountain
Forno (P) Oven
Forte (P) Strong
Francisco (P) The name Francis
Franco (P) Honest, sincere, French
Freire (P) Frier
Freixo (P) Ash Tree
Fresco (P) Fresh
Fulano (P) See Falano
Fundao (P) Bottom. the name of a city
Furtado (P) Stolen
Fuso (P) Spindle, lines of latitude and longitude

G
Gabai (H) See Gabbai, synagogue treasurer
Gabaij (H) See Gabbai, synagogue treasurer
Gabay (H) Synagogue treasurer
Gabbai (H) Synagogue treasurer
Gabbai, Ibn (H)(A) Son of Synagogue
Gabbay (H) See Gabbai
Gabby (H) Synagogue treasurer
Gabirol (H) Gabriel
Gabirol, Ibn (H)(A) Son of Gabriel
Gabis (H) See Gabison
Gabishon (H) See Gabison
Gabison (H) Derives from Gavish, meaning crystal, describes someone clever.
Gabriel (HB) G-d has prevailed. The name of the Arcangel
Gaby (H) Synagouge treasurer
Gadanha (P) Scythe
Gadelha (HB) See Gedaliah
Gadella (HB) See Gadaliah
Gagin (BR) Son of Gag. Gag is a Berber tribe
Gagui (BR) Son of Gag. Gag is a Berber tribe
Gaguin (BR) Son of Gag. Gag is a Berber tribe
Galboa (H) Derives Gilboa, the name of Holy Land a mountain
Galego (P) Galician
Gallego (P) Galicia a provence in Northern Spain
Slave, slang as in working like a slave
Galimide (G) See Galimidi
Galimidi (G) Derives from Ganimidis, mythological servant in G-ds palace
Gallel, Aben (A) Galilee in the north of Israel, Son of Galilee

Galo (P) Rooster
Galvao (P) Explosive, galvanic
Gama (P) Gamut, scale
(G) Third letter of the Greek alphabet
Gamil (A) Beautiful
Gamis (A) Small apple like fruit
Gamiz (A) Small apple like fruit
Ganem (A) Stock breeder
Ganso (P) Goose, geese, gander
Gaon (H) Genius
Ganon (H)(S) Garden. Increase.
Gaona (H) See Goan
Garca (P) Herron, name of a town
Garguir (H) Grain, also used by Ramban to mean very small community
Garson (HB) See Gerson
Gasto (P) Used, spent, expense
Gatinho (P) From gatenho, uncultivated, perhaps also uneducated
Gato (P) Cat
Gavriel (H) See Gabriel
Gavsion (H) See Gabison
Gaze (A) To receive money
Gazi (A) To receive money
Gedaliah (HB) G-d has made me grow
Gedelia (HB) G-d is great, the name of Zephania’s grandfather
Gerson (HB) Gershon. The son of Levi, son of Yaakov
Gomel (H) Reward
Granada (A) From Granada
Granadi (A) From Granada
Grandos (A) From Granada
Granate (A) From Granada
Grante (A) From Granada
Guabay (H) See Gabbai
Guahnish (A/BR/S) Drives from Ohanes (Almeria province of Spain) In turn derives from Wahanis
Guarda (P) Guarda, name of a city
Gubbay (H) See Gabbai
Guedelha (P) Tuft of hair
Guedelha (HB) Derives from Guedalia, G-d is great. Grandfaher of Zephania the prophet. See Gedaliah.
Guedelia (HB) See Gedaliah
Guedalla (HB) See Gedaliah.
Guedj (BR) Moving house
Guerra (P) War
Guerreiro (P) Warrior
Guez (BR) See Guedj
Guio (P) Guide, drive

H
Habib (A) Beloved
Hadef (A) Target
Hakim (A) Doctor
Hallas (A) Finish
Hamis (A) Five, for five fingers of the hand against the evil eye
Hamiz (A) Five, for five fingers of the hand against the evil eye
Harael (A) Silk
Harel ((H) Mount of G-d
Hayyat (A) A snake
Hazan (H) Cantor in a Synagogue
(A) Spot on the skin
Hemsi (A) Fifth for the fifth child
Henriques (P)(S) Es meanin son, Son of Henry
Hopa (S) Cassock
Horabuena (S) Good time
Horta (P) Garden (same as Orta)
Hoyo (S) Hole, pit, dent
Hoz (S) Sickle, gorge, ravine
Huesca (S) A city in Spain
Husillo (S) Small spindle, dim

I
Ibn (A) Prefix meaning son of
Idana (P)(S) Town in Portugal and Spain
Ijar (S) Flank, side
Ilhao (S) Big island
Isaac (H) Biblical name
Isidoro (S) Isadore

J
Jachia (HB) For Yihye, meaning will live, the name of a Levite
Jacinto (S) Ornament for horses
Jaen (S) Jaen, Spain
Jaez (S) Kind
Jaique (A) Moorish hooded cloack
Jaime (S) James
Jara (S) Rock rose
Jarra (P)(S) Vase, pitcher
Jato (S) Young calf
Jerez (S) Sherry wine, a Spanish town
Jordan (S) The river Jordan
Jorge (S) George
Josue (S) Joshua
Journo (I) From the Italian Giomo meaning day
Juan (S) John
Juarez (S) A town in Spain
Jucef (S) Joseph
Juncos (S) Chinese ships, bulrush
Juarda (S) Sworn in

K
Kalo (Ladino) See Calo
Kush (A) Small shop

L
Lachkar (A) Derives from Al asghar meaning blond or red haired
Lafaia (A) See Lafia
Lafia (A) Derives from Al afia meaning the health
Lagarto (P) Lizard
Lagos (P) Lakes
Lahana (BR) See Lahyani
Lahyani (BR) Derives from al Hyana, a Berber tribe
Lais (A) Lion
Lamas (P) Muds, also the names of several towns
Lamego (P) From mud, the name of a city
Lasry (A) The moder, the contemporary
Latif (A) Delicate
Lavi (H) Lion
Layani (BR) See Lahyani
Lazraque (A) Derives from the word Alazraki. The blue eyed
Leal (P) Loyal
Leao (P) Lion
Lebaan (HB) Derives from Lavan meaning white. Jacob’s father in law.
Lebben (D)(Y) Variant of Leben
Leben (A) Little milk
Leben (D)(Y) Life
Legasa (BR) Derives from the Berber tribe Ait Wagassa
Legrain (F) The seed
Leitao (P) Suckling pig
Leite (P) Milk
Lellouche (A) Allush, the young lamb
Lemos (P) Helm
Ler (P) To read
Leven (HB) See Levi
Levey (HB) See Levi
Levi (HB) From the tribe of Levi
Levi de (HB) See Levi
Levim (HB) See Levi
Levit (HB) See Levi
Levitt (HB) See Levi
Levy (HB) See Levi
Lezar (HB) Derives from Elazar
Lima (P) File, plant, river in north Portugal
Lindo (P) Beautiful
Lis (A)(H) Derived from Laish meaning lion
Lisboa (P) Lisbon
Lobato (P) Small wolf, weak
Lobo (P) Wolf
Lomba (P) Upland
Lombard (P) From Lombard
Lopez (P) Son of Lopo
Loufrani (BR) Man with long hair or from Oufrane, Morocco
Lourenco (P) Lawrence
Lousada (P) Name of a town
Lusitano (P) Portuguese
Lusa (P) Portuguese (female)

M
Maca (P) Stretcher
Macana (P) Weapon used by the indigenous people of Brazil
Macedo (P) Person from Macedonia
Machado (P) Axe
Macho (P) Male, masculine, pleat in a garment
Machorro (P) Barren animal
Machuca (P) Bruise, pound, crush
Macia (P) Soft
Madeira (P) Wood, timber
Maduro (P) Ripe, mature, mellow
Maestro (P) Teacher, wise
Magrico (P) Foolish
Maia (P) Town in northern Portugal, May day feast, flower,
chestnut picked on May day
Maio (P) The month of May
Mala (P) Suitcase, leather bag. handbag, trunk
Maleh (A) Good
Manuel (P) Enamoel
Maor (A) Cooking pot
Maor (S) From Mayor, meaning main
Mar (P) Sea
Mara (H) Sorrow
Marco (P) Mark, boundry, mail box, landmark
Marques (P) To mark, Marquis
Mas (H) Acroynm of the Hebrew Mokher Sefarim meaning book seller.
Masia (P) Soft
Mass (H) See Mas
Masson (P) Mason, masonic
Mateus (P) Mathew
Matos (P) Woods, brushwood
Mayor (P) Big, larger
Mayoral (P) Manager, chief, head of an organization
Medeiros (P) Grain storage yard
Medico (P) Doctor
Megas (P) Small mosquito
Mehemia (HB) See Nehemia
Meida (A) To prize someone
Melon (P) Melon
Mendes (P) Son of Mendo
Menir (P) Tall stone, megalithic monument
Mercado (P) Market, gathering place
Mesa (P) Table, altar
Mesquita (P) Mosque
(A) Derived from the Mesquita Aljama of Cordoba
Messias (P) Messiah
Meyda (A) To prize someone
Mezquita (A) Derived from the Mezquita Aljama of Cordoba
Miara (P) To cry or scream, meow
Micas (P) Nickname, shiney stone
Miguel (P) Michael
Milao (P) Milan, Italy
Millares (P) Thousand, millenary
Mira (P) To look, sight, aim, purpose, mathematical insturment
Miranda (P) A city in the north of Portugal
Mistral (P) A northern, violent and dry wind in the Mediterranean
Moeda (P) Coin
Moel (H) From the word mohel, circumciser
Mogadouro (P) City in the north of Portugal
Molina (P) Fabric from Aragon
Monco (P) humor, protruding parts of a rooster’s head
Monforte (P) Name of City in Portugal
Monsanto (P) Sacred hill, town in Portugal
(S) Holy mountain
Montanha (P) Mountain
Monte (P) Hill
Monteflor (P) Flower hill, town in Portugal
Monteforte (P) Strong hill, town in Portugal
Monterreal (P) Royal hill, town in Portugal
Monteverde (P) Green hill, town in Portugal
Montezinhos (P) Small hills, town in Portugal
Montpao (P) Bradhill
Moraes (P) Place of residency
Morao (P) Moor
Moreira (P) Mulberry tree
Moreno (P) Brunette, darker
Morisco (P) Moorish
Moro (P) Moor
Morro (P) Mountain, die
Morteira (P) Cannon, mortar, name of town
Moscato (P) Fly
Mosquita (P) Female mosquito
Mota (P) Elevation to stop flooding, soil around tree trunks
to protect from weather
Motta Veiga (P) Tilled plain, level country
Mudur(r)a (P) To move
Munir (P) To provide
Musa (P) Inspiration, muse

N
Naamias (H) See Nehemia
Naar (H) Young man
Nabes (S) Ships
Nabo (P)(S) Turnip, dull, fool
Nabon (S) Large turnip
Naccache (A) Sculpture, engraver
Nachmanides (H) See Nahman
Nachmias (H) See Nehemia
Nachon (H) See Navon
Nada (P)(S) Nothing
Nadal (A) From Nidal, meaning struggle
Nafuci (A) Soul
Nafusa (A) See Nafuci
Nafusi (A) See Nafuci
Nagari (A) See Najar
Nagarri (A) See Najar
Nagi (A) Confident
Nahar (H) River, also see Naar
Nahman (H) Recomforter
Nahmanides (H) See Nahman
Nahmann (H) See Nahman
Nahmias (H) See Nehemia
Nahon (H) See Navon
Nahum (HB) Recomforted, also the name of a Prophet
Naja (A) See Najar
Najar (A) Carpenter
Najara (A) See Najar
Najari (A) See Najar
Najera (A) See Najar
Najum (A) Star
Nakam (H) Revenge
Namias (H) See Nehemia
Namiaz (H) See Nehemia
Naon (H) See Navon
Naor (AM) Light
Naphataly (H) See Naphtali
Naphtali (H) Son of the Patriarch Jacob
Naphthali (H) See Naphtali
Nasci (H) See Nasi
Nashahon (HB) From Nahshon, also a dashing person
Nasi (H) President
Nassi (H) See Nasi
Nasso (H) See Nasi
Nassy (H) See Nasi
Nata (P) Cream from milk
Nataf (H) Aromatic resin
Natali (H) My burden, my load
Natan (HB) He gave, name of he profit
Natanel (HB) God gave
Natas (S) Cream from milk (plural)
Nathan (H) See Natan
Natronay (H) One of the Gaonites
Nava (S) Hollow plain between two mountains
Navarra (S) City in Span
Navarro (S) From Navarra
Naves (S) Ships
Navon (H) Wise, clever
Necim (H) See Nissim
Negro (P)(S) Black, dark
Negron (S) Augmentative of black
Nehemia (HB) Name of the prophet, meaning « G-d has comforted »
Neto (P) Grandson
Neves (P) From snow
Niebla (S) Fog
Nieto (S) Grandson
Nifoci (A) See Nafuci
Nino (S) Boy
Nissim (H) Miracles. The name of a Talmud Comentator
Noah HB) Calm, comfortable. The ark builder
Noble (S) Noble
Nobre (P) Noble
Nogueira (P) Walnut tree
Nogueria (S) Walnut tree plantation
Noguera (S) Walnut tree
Nogueras (S) Walnut trees
Noe (HB) Noah
Novaes (P) From new, young
Nunes (P) Son of Nuno

O
Obadia (H) See Ovadia
Obadias (H) See Ovadia
Obediente (S) Obedient
Obrador (S) Working man
Ociel (H) See: Uziel
Oeb (H) From the word Ohev, meaning loves
Ohayoun (A)(B) O meaning son of. Hayun meaning alive
Oheb (H) Loves
Ojos Negros (S) Black eyes
Olibar (S) Olive grove
Olibera (S) Olive grove
Oliva (P)(S) Olive, olive tree
Olivar (S) Olive grove

Olival (P) Olive grove
Olivares (P)(S) Many olive trees or son of Olivar
Oliveira (P) Olive tree
Oliveros (S) Men who own olive groves
Olivos (S) Olive trees
Olmo (P)(S) Elm tree
Olmos (P)(S) Elm trees
Omar (A) Life
Oporto (P)(S) City in Portugal, port wine
Orelha (P) Ear
Ori (H) See: Uri
Oro (P)(S) Gold,pray
Orocara (S) Gold and face
Oropes(z) (S) From the words oro, gold and pesa, weight
Orta (P) Garden (same as Horta)
Osado (S) Bold, daring
Osso (P) Bone
Ossado (P) Bony
Ossado (S) Bold, daring
Oualid (A) Child
Ouhayoun (A)(B) See Ohayoun
Ouziel (H) See: Uziel
Ouzillo (H) See: Uziel
Ovadia (HB) God’s Worshipper. Name of a prophet
Oved (HB) Works/Worships

P
Pacifico (S) Calm, quiet, peaceful, friend of peace
Pacuda (H) Order
Padilla (S) Small frying pan, bread oven
Padre (P) Priest, father
Padre (S) Father, male descendant, principal or head of a lineage
Padresanto (S) Holy father meaning the Pope
Padron (S) Poll, census, model, memorial column of person of infamy. Also a city of Spain.
Padua (S) A city of Italy
Paduano (S) From Padua
Paes (S) Country
Pais (P)(S) Country, nation, land, region
Pajon (S) Course straw
Pakuda (H) Order
Palencia (S) A city in Spain
Palma (P) Palm tree
Palma (S) Palm tree leaf, palm of hand. sole of hoof, interior part of stables, applause
Palmeria (P) Palm tree
Palmero (S) A city in Sicily
Palomo (S) Cock, male pigeon
Palos (S) Sticks, staffs, colloquila for lumber
Palti (HB) Refugee, one from the tribe of Benjamin
Pampana (S) Wine leaf
Pamplones (S) From the city of Pomplona
Panadero (S) Baker, a Spanish dance with clogs
Papo (P)(S) Craw of birds
Para (P) Stop, city in Brazil
Para (T) Money
Paramo (S) High barren plain, bleak, windy place
Parets (HB) Eee Perets
Parra (S) A preposition « to », « for », or « towards »
Pardo (P) Mulatto, brown
Pardo (S) The color brown, drab, dark, cloudy, a flat, dull voice that has no clarity.
Paredes (P)(S) Walls
Paredes (H) Orange grove
Pareja (S) Adjective meaning equal, even or smooth
Parejo (S) Male derivative of Pareja has seperate different meaning. Alike of on par.
Parhon
Pariente (P)(S) Relative, family
Pares (P)(S) Couples, duos, pairs
Paris (S) A city of France
Parra (P) Grape leaf
Parra (S) Grape vine, short and wide earthen jar
Parreira (P) Grape vine
Pasapais (S) The country, region, city
Pasarel (S) From Pasarela, a footbridge or catwalk
Pascoa (H) From Pessah meaning Passover
Pascual (S) From Pascua, meaning Easter, but also meaning the deliverance of the Jews from Egypt
Pasqual (S) Same as Pascual
Parsi (S) People from ancient Persia, now called Farsistion on the gulf of Persia. Also the language and the immigrants who went to india, now called Parsi or Parsee.
Paso (S) Step, pass, gait, measure, or basting stitch
Pass (A) Name of a city in Morocco, Pas or Fez
Passos (P) Foot steps, walk
Passy (A) From Fassi, meaning from the city of Fas of Fez, Morocco
Pastor (P) Shepperd, minister
Pata(o) (P) Duck. paw
Pata (S) Paw, foot, leg and leg of furniture
Pater (L) Latin for father
Pato (S) Duck (usually domestic), drake
Pavia (P) Name of city
Pavia (S) City in Italy
Pavon (S) Bluing, browning, breezy, peacock
Paz (P)(S) Peace
Pedreira (P) Stone quarry
Pedreira (S) Precious stones, jewelry
Pedreiro (P) Stone mason
Pedro (P)(S) Peter
Pedroso (P) Stony
Pegado (P) Glued, stuck
Pegado (S) Patch, sticking, plaster
Peinado (S) Arrangement of the hair (hair do) combed, groomed
Peixoto (P) A type of fish
Pelo (P) Fuzz, hair
Pelo (S) Hair or down on skin or fruit, fiber, filament, flaw in precious stones, raw silk
Pena (S) Rock, bolder, cliff, club, usually means a field of rocks.
Penafiel (P) A city in Portugal
Penafiel (S) A city in Spain
Penas (S) Rocky surfaces or places
Pechero (S) Taxable, taxpayer, commoner
Penco (P) Thick cabbage leaf
Penco (S) A form of jade
Penedo (P) Boulder
Penha (P) Cliff, boulder
Penhorado (P) Seized, confiscated
Penhorante (P) Obliged
Pensa (P) Think
Penteado (P) Groomed, hair style
Peon (S) Pedestrian, foot soldier, laborer, pawn in a chess game
Pera (P) Pear
Perahia (H) Flower of Gold. Name of Talmud writter
Perahya (H) See Perahia
Peral (P) Pear Orchard
Peralta (P) Dandy, cox comb
Perets (HB) Breach. The name of a son of Judah
Pesado (P)(S) Heavy, burdendome
Peso (S) Weight, scale, balance, burdensome load, judgement, good sense
Pessah (HB) Passed over
Pessoa (P) Person
Pestana (P) Eyelash
Pestana (S) eyelash, flange,fluks of an anchor, lace edging, tire, rim
Pez (P) Pitch, tar
Picador (P) Riding Master, sting, prickly person
Picardo (F) Ancient town in France
Pico (P) Island, pick, sharp point
Pico (S) Beak, bill, spout of a pitcher,pick ax, woodpecker
Pie (S) Foot, footing, foothold
Piedrahita (S) Pierdra (stone) + hita (fixed) = fixed stone or landmark
Pilar (P) Peer.
Pilar (S) Bowl of a fountain
Pilas (P) Little boys’ penises, a call for chickens
Pilo (P) A weapon, a lance used during the middle ages
Pina. (P) Part of a wheel
Pina (with~) (P) A fire cone, knob, plug, cluster, knot, pineapple
Pine de (S) A kind of pine tree
Pina (S) Pine tree or steep incline
Pineda (S) A grove of pine trees or a braid for garters
Pino (S) Pine tree or steep incline
Pintado (S) Painted
Pinto (S) A species of bean (the pinto bean), spot, dot, pint lines on Spanish playing cards indicating the suit. The name of a town near Madrid.
Pintor (S) Paintor (artist)
Pintos (S) Spots
Pimenta (P) Pepper
Pimental (P)(S) Pepper field
Pimentel (P) Pepper field
Pimentilla (S) A small pepper field or a kind of pepper
Pimienta (S) Black pepper, also allspice and pimento
Pinha (P) Pine cone
Pinhal (P) Pine forest
Pinhedo (P) Boulder
Pinheiro (P) Pine tree
Pinho (P) Small pine tree
Pintado (P) Painted
Pinto (P) To paint, chick
Pires (P) Saucers
Pita (P) Aloe, cactus, chicken
Pita (S) Aloe plant, century plant, pita fiber, hissing,
Pita (A) A flat bread
Pizarro (S) Pizarra means shale, slate, black board. (Note variant spelling)
Planes (S) Plans
Pliego (S) Sheet of paper. folder, cover, envelope, sealed letter, a bill
Poel (H) Worker
Poeta (P)(S) Poet, one who writes in verse
Polaco (P) Polish, a person or language or object from Poland
Pola r (S) Relating to the earth’s poles or pole star
Polegar (P) Thumb
Pollo (S) Chicken, young bee, or sly fellow
Polo (S) Relating to the earth’s geographic poles
Pomar (P) Orchard
Pomar (S) Apple Orchard
Pomares (S) Apple Orchards
Pombal (P) Dove coat
Pombeiro (P) Person who has doves
Pombo (P) Dove
Ponce (P) A town in Portugal
Ponte (P)(S) Bridge
Porat (HB) Fruitful, word used in Jacob’s blessings
Porron (S) Slow, heavy, sluggish. earthen jar, wine bottle with long spout
Porta (P) Door, opening
Porta (S) Port hole, cover of a loop hole
Porte de (S) Carrying portage of., conduct, dress, bearing nobility
Portela (P) Narrow passage, toll
Portilla (S) Port hole, private cart or private cattel pass
Porto (P)(S) Port, city of Portugal, a sweet wine from the region
Prades (S) Extension
Prado (P) Meadow
Prado (S) Meadow, pasture, walk, promendade
Prat (S) There is a town in Spain called Prat de Llobregh
Preseguido (P) Followed
Preseguido (S) To announce or prevent an event
Presente (S) Present
Preto (P) Black
Preto (S) From the latin, a magistrate
Prieto (P) Black, darking, a dark color
Proenca (P) Deed, prowess
Proenza (P) Deed, prowess
Provencal (S) From Provence in French
Provence (F)(S) Provence
Provensal (S) Provence
Puar (S) To put teeth on a comb or other instrument
Puigcerda (S) A city in Spain
Pulgar (S) Thumb or extension of a vine
Purim (H) The Jewish festival of Purim, changes, fortunes

Q
Quadres (S) To square, to adjust
Quadros (P)(S) Black board, pictures, organizational board,squares, frames
Quatorce (S) Fourteen
Quatorze (P) Fourteen
Quatro (P) Four
Quer (P) Wants
Querido (P)(S) Dear, darling, beloved
Queijada (P) Cheese pastry, walking stick, staff
Queiroz (P) Ling, heather
Queixas(al) (P) Jaw bone
Quintal (P) Cultivated back yard field
Quintanal (S) Village, cottage, levy

R
Rab (H) Rabbi
Raban (AM) Rabbi
Rabbi, El (H)(S) The rabbi
Rabelo (P) Boat that transports port wine
Rabi (S) Rabbi
Rabica (H) From Rabbi Cah, Rabbi Yitshak
Racah (H) He composed/concocted
Racca (H) See Racah
Rafael (H) G_d healed, of the tribe of Levi
Rafel (HB) See Rafael
Rafels (H) See Rafael
Rahamim (H) Mercy
Rahamin (H) See Rahamim
Ralo (P) Grate, mole, cricket
Ramalho (P) Rustling of leaves
Ramas (P) Bows of a plant
Ramas (S) Branches
Ramirez (S) Son of Ramiro
Ramon (S) Large branch
Ramon (HB) High, also the father of two generals with King David
Ramos (S) Plural of bouquet, lines of business
Ran (H) Sings
Raphal (H) See Rafael
Raposa (P) Fox
Raposa (S) Fox, a cunning person
Ratom(ao) (P) Large rat
Real (P)(S) Royal
Rebello (S) So beautiful
Rebi (H) See Rab
Redes (P)(S) Network, fishing net, barbed wire, trap
Redondo (P)(S) Round, circular, spherical, city in Alentejo, Portugal
Refael (H) See Rafael
Regalon (S) Gift giver
Rego (P) Drain, drench, crack
Reina (S) Queen
Reis (P) Kings
Remesa (S) Remittance, shipment
Remez (H) Clue
Remos (P)(S) Oars, paddles, go
Ressureicao (P) Ressurection
Reuben (HB) :Look at the boy. Son of Jacob, head of the tribe of Rueben
Reunen (S) To reunite, to gather.
Reunen (H) See Rueben
Reuveni (H) Of the Rueben family
Rey (S) King
Reyes (S) Kings or collectively the King and Queen
Reza (S) To Pray
Ribas (P) Cliff, bank
Ribash (H) Acronym for Rabbi Yitshak Bar Sheshet
Ribera (S) Shore, bank, strand, riverside
Ribeiro (P) Brook
Rienda (S) Bridle
Rijo (P) Hard, stiff, harsh, severe
Rimoc (A) See Rimokh
Rimoch (A) Meaning unknown
Rimokh (A) See Rimoch
Rinoch (A) From Rimoch
Rio (P)(S) River
Rios (P)(S) Rivers
Rivera (S) Shore, bank, strand, riverside
Robledo (S) Oak grove
Robledos (S) Oaks (plural)
Roca (P) Distaff, baby rattle
Roca (S) Rock
Roca (w/cedil) (P) Farm
Roda (P) Wheel, name of town, baby left for adoption
Rodrigues (P)(S) Son of Rodrigo, meaning very glorious
Rofe (H) Physician
Roffe (H) See Rofe
Roffet (H) See Rofe
Rophe (H) See Rofe
Roiz (P) Short for Rodrigues
Rojas (S) Of red color (for female items in plural)
Rojo (S) Of red color (male or generic)
Rolando (P) Confused, pell-mell
Romano (P)(S) Roman
Romeiro (P) Pilgrim, those in charge of organizing fiesta
Romero (S) Pilgrim, rosemary (botanical)
Romeu (P) Romeo
Romo (S) Blunt, obtuse, stubby
Rophe (H) See Rofe
Rosa (P)(S) Rose, pink
Rosales (S) Rosebushes
Rosario (P)(S) Rosary
Rouxinol (P) Nightingale
Roza (P) Rose
Rosado (S) The color pink
Ruben (H) See Reuben
Rubi (A) Dress
Rubin (H) See Reuben
Rueda (S) Wheel
Ruivo (P) Red headed
Ruso (S) From Russia, Russian
Russo (P) Russian, blonde, bleached from the sun
Ruvio (S) Blond

S
Saada (A) Good fortune
Sa’adia ben Danan (H) Saadia, son of the judge
Saadi (H) See Saadia
Saadi HaLevi (H) Saadi, the Levite (servant of the priest_
Saadia (H) G-d has helped
Saadia, Ben (H) Son of Saadia
Saassson Nathol (H) Saasson. joy, mirth and Nathol from Nathan
Saadya (H) See Saadia
Sab (A) From Saba
Saba (A) Early morning riser
Sabaday (H) See Sabbetai
Sabadial (H) See Sabbetai
Sabah (A) Early morning riser
Sabaj (A) Spanish spelling of Sabah
Saban (A) Soap maker
Sabbatai, Ibn (H) See Sabbetai, Ibn, son of
Sacramento (P) Sacrament (A converso name)
Sadia (P) Healthy
Saba (P) Island in the Caribbean, verb to know
Saba (A) Lion
Sabbatha (H) See Sabbetai
Sabbetai (HB) Derives from Sabbath
Sabi (H) See Sabbetai
Sacute (H) See Zacuto
Sacuto (H) See Zacuto
Sacutto (H) See Zacuto
Sadiq (H) See Zadich
Sadium (P) Healthy
Sadium (H) See Saadia
Sadoch (HB) See Zadoch
Safarti (H) See Sarfati
Safati (H) See Sarfati
Safaty (H) See Sarfaty
Sahl (S) Easy temper
Sahula (A) Easiness of temper
Said (A) Chief, master
Saidon (A) From the word sa’ad. Good fortune
Saig (A) Silversmith
Sal (P) Salt
Salah (A) Morality, Justice
Salama (A) Peace, quiteness
Salame (A) See Salama
Salami (A) See Salama
Salamo (HB) Shlomo
Salamies (A) See Salama
Salamon (H) See Shlomo
Salamons (HB) See Shlomo
Salanha (P) Balance
Salazar (P) From luxurious (Salaz)
Salem (H) From Shalem meaning entire
Salgueiro (P) Willow
Salinas (P) Saline, salt marshes
Salm (H) See Salem
Salmo (HB) See Shlomo
Salmon (HB) See Shlomo
Salmona (H) Darkness, from the Hebrew word Tslmona
Salmons (HB) See Sholmo
Salom (H) See Shalom
Salome (H) See Shalom
Salomo (HB) See Shlomo
Salomon (HB) See Shlomo
Salomons (HB) See Shlomo
Salon (H) See Salom
Saltel (HB) See Saltiel
Saltell (HB) See Shealtiel
Saltiel (HB) See Shealtiel
Salvador (P) Savior, to save, reclaim, rescue
Salves (P) Saves
Samama (A) From Shamama, Tunisia
Samarian (H) From Shomron, an area of Israel
Samiel (HB) See Shemuel
Samora (P) A Spanish city – Zamora
Sampso (HB) See Shimshon
Sampson (HB) See Shimshon
Samso (HB) See Shimshon
Samson (HB) See Shimshon
Samuel (HB) See Shemuel
Samuels (HB) See Shemuel
Sanchez (P) Son of Sancho
Sancho (S) Patronimic
Sanson (HB) See Shimshon
Santa Clara (P) Saint Claire
Santarem (P) A City of Portugal
Santiago (S) A converso name, Sant Iago meaning Saint Jacob
Santo (P) Saint
Santos (P) Saints
Saphaty (H) See Sarfati
Saragossa (P) A city of Spain – Zaragossa
Saraphaty (H) See Sarfati
Saravia (P) Hail stone
Sarfati (H) The Hebrew word for French

Sarfatis (H) See Sarfati
Sarfatti (H) See Sarfati
Sarfatty (H) See Sarfati
Sarfaty (H) See Sarfati
Sarilho (P) Trouble, mess, reel, rack
Sarmento (P) Vine twig
Sarphati (H) See Sarfati
Sarphatie (H) See Sarfati
Sarzedas (P) A town in Portugal
Sason (H) See Sasson
Sasso (H) See Sasson
Sasson (H) Joy, merriment
Sassoon (H) See Sasson
Satell (H) See Sheatiel
Satich (H) See Zadich
Saud (A) Fullfilled, satisfied
Saul (HB) See Shaul
Saul, Ben (HB) Son of Shaul
Savila (P) A city in Spain – Sevilla (Seville)
Sazon (H) See Sasson
Scemama (A) See Samama
Schuhami (H) From the biblical Shuham family
Sealtiel (HB) See Shealtiel
Seba (A) See Sebag
Sebag (A) Dyer
Sebah (A) See Sabah
Sedaca (H) From the Hebrew word Tsekaka, meaning charity
Seebi (H) See Zeevi
Sefat (H) From the name of the city of Saged in Israel
Segovia (P) A city in Spain
Segueta (P) From the word Cequeta , blind
Segura (P) A town in Portugal, safe, hold
Sehadia (H) See Saadia
Sehadya (H) See Saadia
Seixas (P) Pebbles
Sem Tob (H) See Shem Tov
Semach (HB) See Semah
Semah (HB) From Tseman, Plant, Vegetable, name of a man in Zekhar
Semes (H) From Shemesh, the Sun
Sena (P) Six on card games
Senho (P) Ticket, voucher
Senhor (P) Man, Lord, gentleman
Senior (P) Elder
Sephardi (H) Spanish
Sequeira (P) Dried out, bothersome
Seraf (A) From Saraf, money changer
Serafi (A) See Seraf
Sereno (P) Serene, calm
Serfati (H) See Sarfati
Serfatti (H) See Sarfati
Serfaty (H) See Sarfati
Seror (A) Gaiety
Serra (P) Mountain
Serrano (P) From the hills
Seymeon (H) See Simeon
Shaki (H) See Isaac
Shalem (H) Complete, also the name of a man of the tribe of Naftali
Shalish (H) Aide de Camp, Adjudant
Shalom (H) Peace
Shaltiel (H) See Shealtiel
Shamasch (H) Attendant, caretaker
Shami (A) Mystical name of Syria or the Orient
Sharet (H) Servant
Shaul (H) Asked, Interrogated, Name of a King
Shealtiel (H) I sked G-d. Name of Zerubabel’s father
Shehem (H) See Shuhami
Shem Tov (H) Good Name
Shemtov (H) See Shem Tov
Shemaria (H) G-d has saved. Son of Rehav’am
Shemaya (H) See Shemaria
Shemtob (H) See Shem Tov
Shemuel (H) A prophet
Sheneur (H) Two lights
Sheshet (H) Name of one of the two talmud writers
Shimshon (HB) Small sun. one of the judges
Shiphrut (H) See Chiprut, elaboration
Shlomo (HB) His Peace, Name of King Salomon
Shoel (H) Ask
Shoshan (H) See Shushan
Shuhami (HB) Browned, of Shuham family, son of Dan
Shushan (H) Susa, the Persian city in which Queen Esther lived
Shullam (H) Paid
Sibony (A) See Saban
Sibroni (A) See Saban
Sid (A) Master
Sides (A) See Sid
Sidi (A) My master
Siso (B) Yosef or Joseph
Silva (P) Blackberry bush, brumble
Simeon (HB) See Shimon
Simha (H) Joy
Simhah (H) Joy
Simhon (H) Joyful
Silveira (P) Blackberry thicket
Simo (H) See Shmuel
Simoel (H) See Shmuel
Simoes (H) See Shmuel
Simon (H) See Shimon
Simona (H) See Shimon
Simone (H) See Shimon
Simons (H) See Shimon
Simuel (H) See Shmuel
Sina (H) Sinai
Sinai (H) Mountain upon which Moses received the Commandments
Sinay (H) See Sinai
Sio (H) See Sion
Sion (H) Zion
Siprut (H) See Shiprut
Siprutini (H) See Shiprut
Sisso (B) Yosef or Joseph
Sitbon (A) Wood cutter
Soares (P) Sounds, noises, sweat
Soares (H) See Suarez
Soarez (H) See Suarez
Sobremonte (P) Over the hill
Sobrinho (P) Nephew
Soeiro (P) Custom
Sola (P) Hide, leather, sole
Solam (H) See Sullam
Sollam (H) See Sullam
Solomo (H) See Shlomo
Solomon (H) See Sholomo
Solomons (H) See Sholomo
Soltan (A) From Sultan meaning Governor
Soltani (A) See Sultan
Sonso (P) Sly
Sosa (H) See Shushan
Sosan (H) See Shushan
Sosi (H) See Shushan
Sossa (H) SeeShushan
Soto (P) Substitute
Souhami (H) See Shuhami
Sousa (P) A variety of grape
Sousa (H) The city of Susa in ancient Persia where lived Queen Ester
Sousa (H) See Shushan
Souza (H) See Shushan
Souto (P) A grove of chestnuts
Spinosa (P) From espinhosa, fish bones
Suares (H) See Suarez
Suarez (H) From the Hebrew « zu haarets » meaning this is the land
Suasso (P) South wind
Suasso (F) From the city of Soissons. France
Suhami (H) See Shuhami
Suhamy (H) See Shuhami
Sulam (H) See Sullam
Sullam (H) Ladder (From Jacob’s Dream?)
Sur de Luna (H)(S) Sur from the Hebrew word Tsur meaning rock, Luna Spanish word for moon.
Susagna (H) See Shushan
Susan (H) See Shushan
Susana (H) See Shushan
Susanna (H) See Shushan
Sussi (A) From the Sous of Southern Morocco
Suyllam (H) See Sullam
Suzi (H) See Sullam
Symons (H) See Shimon

T
Tabladillo (S) Small flamenco dance floor
Taboada (P) Arithmatic tables
Tabuh (A) Cooker
Tafalla (H) From Hebrew word Tefliah meaning prayer
Taffalla (H) See Tafalla
Tagger (A) From the word Tadjer meaning Merchant
Taieb (A) Delicate, good
Talavera (P) A city in Spain known for its line of pottery
Talayero (S) Lumber jack
Tam (H) Innocent, simple, naive
Tama (H) See Tam
Tamborer (S) Drummer, from the word tambor for drum
Taous (A) Peacock
Tapia (S) Garden wall
Tapiero (S) A builder of mud walls.
Tarica (A) From the word Tarik meaning morning Star. Also mount meaning Gibraltar.
Tarifa (P) A city in Spain, fare
Tarifa (A) Name of the Berber conqueror of Andalusia
Tarifa (S) Rate, fare for transport
Tarragano (S) One from Tarragona
Tarragona (S) A city in Spain
Tarrega (S) A city in Spain
Tata (A) Name of a location near Fes, Morocco
Tartas (S) Cakes
Tchiprut (H) See Shiprut
Teba (H) Ark of the law or readers desk in a synagogue
Tebet (H) The fourth month of the Jewish calendar
Tedghi (A) Todgha, a location in sourthern Morocco
Teixoso (P) Yew
Tejedor (S) Weaver
Temimi (A)(H) Perfect
Templo (S) Temple
Terra (P) Land
Terrassa (S) City of Spain
Teruel (S) City of Spain
Testa (P)(S) Forehead or head
Teva (H) See Teba
Tevah (H) Cooker
Tirado (S) To be lying
Tito (S) Uncle
Tobi (H) See Tuvia
Tobias (H) G-d’s kindness
Tobies (H) See Tobias
Toby (H) See Tuvia
Todo (P) All
Toledano (S) From Toledo
Toledo (S) City of Spain
Tomar (S) To drink
Toriel (P) A city in Spain
Toro (S) A bull
Torones (S) Big bulls
Torre (P)(S) Tower
Torres (S) Towers
Tortosa (S) A city in Spain
Touro (P) Bull
Tov (H) Good
Tova (H) Good (feminine form)
Tovi (H) See Tuvia
Trapero (S) Rag dealer (an authorized Jewish occupation)
Trigo (S) Wheat
Trillo (H) Thresher, threshing machine
Trinidad (S) Trinity (a converso name)
Truco (S) Trick
Tsvei (H) From the word Tsvi meaning deer or stag
Tubi (H) See Tuvia
Tubias (H) See Tubias
Tudela (S) City in Spain
Turjillo (S) City in Spain
Tsevi (H) Stag, deer, also see Tzevi
Tuby (H) See Tobias
Tudela (S) A city of Spain
Tueta (A) From the word Tueta, a region in Algerian Sahara
Tuil (A) From the word Tauil, meaning large, high
Tuvi (H) See Tobias
Tzaken (H) From Zaken
Tzevi (H) See Tsevi, stag or deer, also see Tsevi
Tzevia (H) Tsvia, female deer
Tzur (H) From Tsur, meaning rock or fortress. See Abensur

U
Uncastillo (S) One Castle
Uri (HB) My light
Uriel (HB) G-d is my light
Usiel (H) See Uziel
Uniello (H) See Uziel
Usigilo (H) See Uziel
Usiglo (H) See Uziel
Usillo (H) See Uziel
Usus (HB) From Yehoshua, G-d saved him. The servant of Moses
Uszan (H) See Uziel
Uziel (H) G-d is my strenght
Uzielli (H) See Uziel
Uzilli (H) See Uziel
Uzziielli (H) See Uziel

V
Vaca (P)(S) Cow, beef
Vaena (S) From Faena, work, job
Valcazzar (S) Valley of the Alcazar
Valdajos (S) Garlic(s) valley
Valdaura (S) Sun Valley
Valdecanas (S) Cane Valley
Valdeolivas (S) Olive Valley
Valderrama (S) Branch Valley
Vale (P) Valley
Valencia (P)(S) A city in Spain
Valensuela (S) Female from Valencia
Valladolid (P)(S) A city in Spain
Valle (S) Valley
Valles (S) Valleys
Vallejo (S) Small Valley
Vallestero (S) External Valley
Vallseca (S) Dry Valley
Valverde (P)(S) A town in portugal, green valley
Vaquero (S) Cowboy, cattle herder
Vara (P) Rod, twig, staff, herd of swine
Vara (S) Stick
Varca (S) From Barca, boat
Varga (P) Marshy plain
Varon (S) From baron meaning male
Varona (S) Woman
Varquez (S) Son of Varca
Vega (S) Small mountain
Velazquez (S) Son of Velazco
Veles (S) Son of Velo
Velez (P) Wooly, downy
Velho (P) Old
Vello (S) Hair
Vellocino (S) Balls of hair
Velloso (S) Hairy
Veloso (S) Hairy
Vento (P) Wind
Ventos (S) From Vientos, winds
Ventura (S) Venture
Vera (S) Real, truth
Verga (S) Stick, pole, mast of a sailing vessel
Vezinho (P) Neighbor
Vezino (P) Neighbor
Viabrera (S) Workers way or road
Victoria (S) Victory
Vida (P)(S) Life
Vidas (P)(S) Lives
Vilafranca (P) A town in Portugal, free village
Vilalobos (P) A town in Portugal, city of wolves
Vilalongo (P) A town in Portugal, long city
Vilanova (P) A town in Portugal, new city
Vilaplana (P) A town in Portugal, plain town
Vilar (P) A town in Portugal, small hamlet
Vilareal (P) A town in Portugal, royal town
Vilela (P) Small village
Villa (S) Village
Villahermosa (S) Beautiful
Villa Lobos (S) Village of the Wolves
Villalta (S) High village
Villa Nova (S) New village
Villanueva (S) New village
Villar (S) Small village
Villarubia (S) Blond village
Villa Real (S) Royal village
Vita (S) From Vida for life
Viva (S) Alive
Viveiros (P) Fish pond, plant nursery
Viveros (S) Fish pond
Volta (P) Return, run, turn

W
Wahnon (HB) Hanun, the builder of the walls of Jerusalem

X
Xabi (A) From Habib
Xaham (H) Clever, also a title for Rabbi among the Sephardim

Xapatao (P) Shoe maker. big shoe
Xaprut (H) See Saprut
Xarilho (P) Same as Sarilho, trouble, mess, reel, rack
Xaron (H) Anger, indignation
Xato (P) Bothersome, pain in the neck, flat
Ximon (H) See Shimon
Xoares (P) Same as Soares, sounds, noises, sweat

Y
Ya’bet (H) See Yaabez
Yaabez (H) Acronym of Yaakov Ben Tsur, see Abensur
Yaacov (HB) Will follow. Name of the Patriarch Jacob
Yaavez (H) See Yaabes
Yaco (H) Yaacov
Yacub (A) Arab pronounciation of Jacob
Yaech (A) See Yaish
Yafe (H) Beautiful
Yahia (H) Will live
Yahini (H) From Yakhin meaning will prepare
Yahuda (H) See Yehuda
Yahya (H) See Yahia
Ya’ish (A) See Yaish
Yaish (A) Alive
Yakov (HB) Yaakov
Yamin (A) Right
Yamin (HB) Right. Son of Shimon
Yanto (H) See Yomtov
Yarabel (HB) From Yerubaal, they will fear the Lord.
Yecutie (HB) From Yekutiel. We hope in G_d
Yehezkel (HB) G-d will strengthen
Yehzkiel (HB) G-d will strengthen
Yehiel (HB) G-d will revive

Yehouda (HB) Will thank, son of Jacob
Yeini (H) See Yene
Yekuel (H) See Yecutiel
Yeni (H) My wine
Yeni (T) New
Yento (H) See Yomtov
Yerushalmi (H) From Jerusalem
Yeshurum (HB) Another name for Israel
Yoel (HB) He is G-d, the name of a prophet Joel
Yomtob (H) See Yomtov
Yomtov (H) Good day, used for a feast
Yona (HB) Dove, the Prophet Jonah
Yordan (H) The river Jordan
Yossef (HB) Will be added, the son of Jacob
Yovel (HB) From Yoval, meaning brook. Father of musicans
Ysaque (H) Isaac
Yuda (H) See Yehouda
Yzquia (HB) From Hezkiya meaning G-d strengthened me

Z
Zacarias (HB) Zekhariah the Prophet, G-d strengthened me
Zacaride (H) See Zacarias
Zacharia Baruch (H) Zacarias and Blessed
Zachin (A) From Zaki, pure, chaste
Zachuth (H) From the word Zekhut, meaning right, priviledge.title
Zacuta (H) From the word Zekhuta, her right, priviledge, title
Zacuto (H) From the word Zekhuto, his right, priviledge, title
Zacutto (H) See Zacuto
Zacutus (H) See Zacuto
Zadich (H) From Tsadik, meaning Righteous, G-d fearing.
Zadok (H) From Tsadok. the name of a Rabbi during the time of the second temple
Zaglo (BR) Pole, yoke
Zahadia (H) From Saadia meaning G-d helped, one of the Gaonites
Zahalon (H) From Tsahalon meaning Joyful, rejoiced
Zahar (A) From Zahir, Shining, flourishing
Zahara (A) Flower, blossom or to shine or to blossom
Zalama (A) See Salama
Zamora (P) Samora, a city in Spain
Zaprut (H) Also see Saprut, from the word Shiprut, meaning Elaboration
Zaragosa (P) Saragosa, a city in Spain
Zarco (P) Light blue eyed
Zarefati (H) See Sarfati
Zarfati (H) See Sarfati
Zarfatti (H) See Sarfati
Zarka (A) Blue eyes
Zayat (A) See Zayet
Zayet (A) Olive
Zecharia Baruch (HB) Remember God and Blessed
Zeevi (H) Of the wolf
Zeitoun (A) Olives
Zemah (H) See Semah
Zemmour (BR) Rrom Zemmur, the name of a Berber tribe in Morocco.
Zera (H) Seed
Zeraf (A) See Seraf
Zerah (HB) Shining, son of Juda, son of Jacob
Zevi (H) See Tsevi
Zif (A) sword
Zimra (H) Song
Zuleman (H) See Suleman
Zulili (A) A neighborhood of Mehdia, Tunisia
Zvi (H) Stag, aslo see Tsevi

———————

Family Trees Index
This is an index covering the principal surnames contained in the family trees which have been deposited in the library as at December 1998. Each tree has a reference number (e.g. A1) which can be used when visiting the library to research trees. The reference number can also be used to determine the surname of the member who submitted the tree.

For example, suppose you are tracing the surname Aaronovsky. The list below indicates that Aaronovsky is mentioned on tree A18. You can then pay a personal visit to Our Library and look at tree A18. Alternatively, you may prefer to contact the member who submitted tree A18. Simply refer to the List of Family Tree Submitters Page which will enable you to identify the surname and membership number of the person who submitted tree A18. That page also contains instructions on how members and non-members of the Society can establish contact with those who submitted trees. Members who are no longer contactable are clearly identified on that page. Please do not ask us to contact them for you, it is not possible (sorry).

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

a’Cohen – B17
Aaron – A31, C12, A86
Aaronovich – C4
Aaronovsky – A18
Aarons – A12, A18
Aaronson – C12, A86
Abecassis – A97
Abelson – A67, A93
Abendana – A15, B17, B8
Abraham – A14, A31, A97
Abrahams – A1, A12, A27, A66, A70, A83, A84, A90, B5, B7, B8, B10, B28, B31, C13
Abrahamson – A67, B2, B3
Abramovich – B23
Abrams – A39, A61, B23
Adler – A13, A66, A98, A99
Afia – A94
Agostinetti – B22
Ahrenfeld – C7
Ahron – C2
Ahronsberg – A55, A56
Albert – A65
Albury – A55, A56
Alexander – A31, A62, B10, B2
Allen – C9
Allstadt – A89
Alper – B8, B25
Altman – B23
Altshul – B3
Amar – B30
Amitan – B25
Amsberg – A62
Andrade – A53
Angus – A84
Ansbach – A109
Ansell – A27
Appel – A66
Applebaum – B25
Apter – B2
Arbib – A66
Arditti – B30
Arendt – B25
Arndt – A45
Arnholz – A43
Arnstein – B23
Aron – B6
Arons – C2
Asche – C5
Aschenheim – C2
Ashberg – A84
Asher – A14
Ashleigh – B8
Asser – B26
Attwell – C13
Atwell – A66, B8
Aub – B6
Auerbach – B25
Aufrichtig – C9
Aurich – C9
Austin – A84
Ayrton – A12
Bach – A4
Bachmann – B1
Bachwitz – A4
Baerlin – A62
Baerman – B23
Baime – A67
Bakofen – A109
Balen – B28
Balkin – A10, C12, A86
Bamberger – B1
Banks – B25, C12, A86
Barak – A72
Baratz – B25
Barden – B9
Barends – B29
Barentz – B29
Barnard – A62
Barnett – A85, A93, B11, B17, B7
Barrakloz – A52
Barron – A99
Baruch – B9
Barza – A72
Baskin – B25
Bassewitz – A88
Bavington – A84
Bear – A98
Bearstead (Lord ) – B10
Beauman – B10
Becker – C12, A86
Beddington – A12, A14, A31, B10
Beddington-Behrens – B10
Bedford – A84
Behman – B25
Behrend – A62
Behrens – A14, B10, C11
Behrman – A55, A56
Belais – C5
Belasco – A14a, B17
Belinfante – C5
Bello – A97
Benadon – B30
Benaroya – B30
Bendon – B8
Ben-Dor – B23
Benfey – A62
Benjamin – A37, A43, A5, A66, A72, A97, A109, B10, B11, B7, B9
Bennett – A71, A82
Benson – B9
Benusiglio – B30
Berbstein – C3
Berelowitz – B23
Berengarten – A75
Berg – A7
Bergen – A96
Bergman – A99
Berkovich – A39, B25
Berlin – A62
Berliner – A67
Berlyn – B8
Berman – A51
Bernal – A14a
Bernstein – A13, A55, A56, A75, A93 ,A96, B25, B3, B8
Berolzheimer – B23
Berwanger – A51
Bessie – C13
Best – A84
Beym – A67
Biederman – A76
Binder – A19
Binderman – B14
Bing – A97, B1, B4
Birn – B8
Birn – C13
Birnberg – B7
Bischopwehder – A84
Bishop – A97
Bittke – B25
Bitton – A14a
Black – B2, B3
Blackburn – A102
Blackman – A84
Blankensee – B10
Blaubaum – B9
Blaumen – A75
Blaustein – C5
Bleiman – C7
Bles – B22
Blint – C12, A86
Blitz – A105
Bloch – A8, A9, A91, B1, B2, B23, C12, A86
Blogh – A9
Blok – C5
Bloom – C12, A86
Blooman – A75
Bloomfield – A92
Bluestone – B13
Bluethentalb – B6
Blum – A96
Blumenthal – A75 ,A96, B1
Blumgart – A61
Boleman ( Booleman )- B29
Boas – B29
Bockchin – C3
Bockner – B8
Boden – A84
Bodenheimer – B1
Bollag – B23
Boni – A76, B22
Bonn – B22
Bonwit – A98
Book – A55, A56, B7
Bookman – A55, A56
Boraks ( Borax ) A98
Borensteine – A13
Boriello – B25
Bottigheimer – B23
Bradley – A55, A56
Braham – A12, A92, A109, B10
Brandenberg – A91
Brandon – B17
Bransky – A55, A56
Brasch ( Brash ) – B9
Braun – A66
Breitz – B2
Brener – C1
Breskauer – A76
Breslauer – B22
Brody – A64
Bronson – B8
Brown – A82
Bruckmann – B1
Brüll – B1
Brunel-Cohen – B10
Brunner – A76
Brunner – B22
Bucks – A78
Bucks – B8
Bueno de Mesquita – A53
Buhler – A85
Bulkin – A10
Burford – B14
Burleigh – B14
Burman – A75
Burns – A75, B7
Burton – A11, B31
Burtschell – C12, A86
Butler – A84
Buzaglo – A62
Byers – A55, A56
Campbell – A62, A102
Campe( Campen ) – B29
Cansino – C5
Canter – C7
Cantor – B7
Caplan – A44
Cardoza – A43
Caro – A55, A56
Carrillo – A2
Carson – B16
Carvalho – A12
Carvalho (Nunes) – B10
Casana – A76
Castle – B9
Castleberg – B9
Causton – A97
Chalfon – A62
Chanowitz – A22
Charkham – B8
Charuk – A87
Checket – C6
Chernovitz – B25
Chesler – A80
Chessler – C6
Chetham – B28
Chinn – B14
Cianchi – B9
Cisneros – A2
Clark – B8
Clarke – C6
Clein – A99
Clemensson – B4
Clover – C12, A86
Codron – C7
Cohen – A12, A26, A39, A4, A51, A55, A56, A6, A62, A66, A67
Cohen – A70, A72, A84, A96, A97, A98 , B10, B11, B13, B3, B7, B8, B9
Cohen – B14, B17, B18, B25, B28, B29, B31, C12, A86
Cohn – A62, C6
Coleman – C12, A86
Coles – A102
Collins – A55, A56, C12, A86
Connick – A75
Connor – A84
Conradi – A4, B8
Convisser – C4
Cooper – A13, A64, A75
Coplin – A25c
Cordero – A76
Cordero Montezemolo – B22
Costa (Gomes Da) – B15
Cousins – C4
Coussins – C12, A86
Coventry – A67
Cowan – A94, B10, C12, A86
Cramer – A85
Cream – A31
Cristofas – A84
Cromwell – C12, A86
Cross – C11
Cuckle – A82
Curtis – A98
Curtis-Bennett – B10
Cusack Smith – B10
Cytron – C12, A86
D’Arcy-Hart – B10
da Costa – A3
Daikan – B2
Dakin – A84
Danglow – B9
Danishevesky – B25
Danziger – A31
Dasberg – B23
Davey – B11, B17
David – A98, C5
Davidson – B1
Davies – A67
Davis – A15, A14a, A37, A47, A5, A55, A56, A6, A61, A74, A83, A97, A109
Davis – B10, B11, B12, B17, B19, B2, B28, B8, B31, C6
de Aguillar – A3
de Beer – B9, C6
de Castro – A3
de Chaves – A35
de Fonseca – B2
de Lange – A92
de Lara – A14a
de Pangher Manzini – B22
de Pass – A8, A97
de Savary – B28
de Sola – C5
de Solla – A39
de Swarte – A87
de Wilde – A92
Defries – B12, B18, B19
Deiches – B14
Dellevie – A62
Dennis – B25
Denssdag – B29
Dernberg – B23
Derzavitz – A96
Derzon – A96
Deutchman – A84
Deyong – B8
Diamond – A67
Diamondstein – A67
Dias – A3, A50
Diner – B18
Dini – A51
Dinkelspuehler – B23
Disna – A57
Ditjakowsky A96
Doenberger – B23
Doff – A25a
Doffman – A55, A56
Dormitzer – B6
Doyle – A84
Dreyfus ( Dreyfuss ) – A62, A84, A97
Dryer – A97
Dubrow – A96
Dukoff – A10
Dumoulin – B30
Durlacher – B31
Dvorkin – A55, A56
Dworkin – C12, A86
Eberstadt – B1
Echouse – A20
Eckert – B25
Edelshain – A108
Edelstein – A81
Eden – A105, B3
Edgell – B31
Edward – A84
Edwards – A84
Ehrentreu – A9, B23
Eichenbaum – A96
Eiff – A67
Einbond – A84
Eisen – A96
Eitig – A45
Elder – A84
Elias – A48, A73, A84
Elkan – A62, B9, C13
Elkin – A53, C5
Elliot – B3
Ellis – A48, A90, B11, B18
Ellman – A67
Elster – A63
Elton – B3
Emanuel – A55, A56, B18, B7, B8, B31, C13
Embden – A62, A105
Emden – A62, A105
Emdin – A93
Englander – A50, C6
Ennis – A84
Enoch – B28
Epel – A16
Eppel – A16
Ephraim – B6, C6
Eppel – B3
Epson – B2, B3
Epstein – B2, B3
Epstein – C12, A86
Erlanger – B1
Erlich – A89, B25
Eschwege ( Eschwegeelby ) – A97
Ettlinger – A97, A108
Evans – A84
Falk – A97, A108
Faraguna – A76, B22
Featherman – C12, A86
Feldman – A92, B20, B25
Fels – B9
Fereminsky – A25a
Fergusson – B17
Ferst – A98
Feuchwanger – B23
Fialka – A19
Fialkow – A19
Fidlan – B12
Fieldhouse, – C13
Fineman – C12, A86
Finkelstein – A16
Fischel – A76, B22
Fishbein – A9
Fisher – A67
Flatau – A27, B31
Fleischman – B23
Fleischmann – B1
Flersheim – B1
Forbes-Ritte – A84
Forrester – A84
Forsyth – B9
Fox – A14a, B31, C6
Fraenkel – B23
Frampton – A23
Franck – B23
Frank – A84, A89, B1, B25
Frankel – A72, B7, C13
Franklin – A72, B10, B17
Franks – A66
Frazer – A23
Fredrikstadt – B29
Freedenberg – A91
Freedman – A25b, A25c, A39, A67, A99, B11, B18, C12, A86, C6
Freeman – A55, A56
Frenchman – C4
Frenk – B24
Fried – B1
Friederberg – A23, C13
Friedland – A52
Friedlander – B9
Friedman – B25, C3, C5
Friedmann – B1
Frieze – A67
Frommel – B6
Fruchterman – B25
Frydman – C3
Fulton – A84
Fürst – B1, B4
Gabowitz – A9
Gabriel – A12
Gallewski – A55, A56
Gallob – B24
Galoon – A36
Galun, Galoon – C1
Gantovnik – C1
Garb – A96
Garnett – C6
Garroway – B25
Gedman – A84
Geduld – A67
Gefner – A81
Geisler – A47
Gelman – A96
Gelvan – A42
Gentili – A49
Gerald – C13
Gerber – A16
Gerngross – B1
Gernsbach – A97
Gerstle – A93
Gestetner – A85, B7
Gill – A96
Gille – B4
Gillis – A55, A56
Ginzberg – A84
Girsh – C1
Girsman – A27
Gittins – A87
Glass – C12, A86
Glassburg – A90
Glausiusz – B17
Gledhill – A84
Gleek – A25a, A25a
Gleiberman – A84
Glick – A16
Glickson – A55, A56
Globerman – A75
Glück – A16
Gluckstein – A66, B8, C13
Glueck – C1
Glueckstadt – B23
Goetz – A68
Gold – A55, A56, A98
Goldberg – A55, A56, C1, C12, A86
Goldfarb – A9, B30
Goldfein – A52
Golding – B10, B3
Goldinger – C7
Goldman – A31, A55, A56, B13, B14, B16
Goldschmid – B22, B29
Goldschmidt – A98, B23, B4
Goldsmid – A28
Goldsmit – A28
Goldsmith – A98
Goldstein – A25a, A55, A56, A82, B2, B25
Goldston – B11, B13
Goldwurm – A22
Goldwyn – A39
Gollin – B10
Golombovich – A75
Gomes da Costa – B15, B17
Gompertz – B29, A102
Goodman – A75, B25
Goolst – A42
Goorvich – A39
Gordimer – A29
Gordon – A55, A56, B2, C12, A86
Gorewitz – B3
Gosschalk – A97
Gottesman – C3, C6
Gottheimer – A17
Gotthgelf – B9
Gottlieb – A55, A56
Gould – B2
Goulston – B9
Gous – A84
Graaf – A99
Grant – C12, A86
Green – A37, A52, A90, A98 , B10
Greenbaum – A72
Greenberg – A72, A93, B28
Greenhouse – B25
Greenman – B20
Gribechek – B25
Grieve – A84
Griffin – B25
Griffith – A84
Grill – A52
Grizman – B25
Groden – C12, A86
Gronnman – A98
Gross – A84, C3
Gross( Grosser ) – C6
Grosser – B22
Gruber – B25
Grunebaum – B23
Grunthal – A55, A56
Gruzd – A29
Guadagni – A76, B22
Gubbay – C5
Guest – A55, A56
Guggenheim ( Guggenheimer ) – B23
Guinsberg – A93
Guldmann – B1
Gurowitz – B25
Gursky- A96
Gurvitz – B15
Gut – A91
Gutierrez – A2
Gutman – A71
Gutmann – B6, B1
Haatstein – A25a
Habschush – B25
Hackenbroch – B23
Hahn – A62
Halberstadt – B4
Haldin – B10
Halford – A37
Halford – A44, A49, A62, B10
Halle – A66
Hallenstein – A32, B10, B9
Halperin – A40
Halsted – A32, B9, B10, B31
Hamburger – A70, A89, B23, B7
Hammar – A52
Hammerschmidt – C2
Hampson – B31
Hanegbi – A96
Hancock – C5
Handler – B25
Hansford – B10, B7
Hantzdörfer – B1
Harris – A14a, A31, A32, A47, A48, A55, A56, A6, A67, A69, A75, A84
Harris – A9, A92, A98, A101, A109, B13, B14, B15, B17, B31, B8, B9, C12, A86, C6
Harrison – B25, A84
Hart – A12, A55, A56, A6, A8, A80, A90, A94, B10, B2, B7, B8, B9, C5
Hartman – C6
Harvey – A108
Harvey-Samuel – A97
Hassan – B3
Hatoff – B25
Hawkins – A55, A56
Hayes – A75
Hayman – A5, A84, B9, A76
Haymann – B22
Hecht – C6
Heidenheimer – B1
Heilbron – A47
Heilbronn – B8
Heilbuth – C13
Heim – A54
Heiser – a75
Heller – B23
Hellerman – A42
Henison – B11, B18
Henriques – B10, B4
Henriques Valentine – A70, B8
Henry – A14, A31, A39, A55, A56, B9
Herman – A25a, C6, C6
Herrmann – B23
Herrnstadt – A89
Herschkowitz – B25
Hershman – C1
Hersz – A71
Herz – A110
Herzenberg – A34
Hesselberger – A93
Higham – A62, B10
Hilb – B1
Hiller – A67
Hillman – A98, B23, B25
Hirsch – B23
Hirschfeld – A16, B22
Hirschfield – A84
Hirschhorn – B1
Hirschkind – B23
Hirschmann – B1
Hirschsprung – B4
Hirsh – C1
Hochberg – B25NT>
Hodes – A34, A93
Hodgson – A84
Hoffman – A84
Hoffman – B25
Holland – B17
Hollerbusch – B1
Holstein – A45
Holt – B8
Holzberg – A55, A56
Holzer – A16
Holzinger – B23
Hope – A4
Hopf – B1
Horenczyk – B23
Horevitz – B3
Horkheimer – A97>
Horowitz – A16
Horwich – B2, B3
Hudson – B7
Hulbert – C13
Hush – A102
Hyam – A37, A44, B10
Hyams – A64, B8, B9
Hyamson – A39
Hyman – A42, A59, B31
Iglarsh – A96
Iglauer – B1
Invald – B25
Isaac – A31, A62
Isaacs – A14, A27, A31, A55, A56, A70, A109, B10, B7, B8, B9
Isaaks – A46
Isenberg – A75
Ison – A55, A56
Isowitsky – A25b
Israel – A6, A92, B10, B17, B9
Isserles – A22
Issroff – C1
Itting – A99
Iwi – A72
Jackson – A55, A56
Jacob – A37, A84, B31
Jacobs – A14a, A37, A39, A55, A56, A61, A78, A82, A83, A97, A101
Jacobs – B10, B14, B31, B7, B8, B9, C12, A86, C6, A84
Jacobsberg – C2
Jacobson – A47, A55, A56, A66, A93, B23
Jacoby – C5
Jaffe – B22, B25
Jaffeson – B25
James – C6
Japhet – B23
Jasven – A87
Jay – B15, B17
Jessel – A62
Jewell – A92
Joel – A6
Jonas – B9
Jones – A12, A37, A38, A69, B10, B13, B18, B21, C6
Joseph – A39, A55, A56, A66, A67, A84, B8, C11, C5
Josephs – A67, A98 , B18, B29
Josephson – C12, A86
Josephthal – B23
Joyce – B17
Judelman – B2
Jung – A9
Kablansky – A67
Kagan – A67, A99
Kahane – B28
Kahn – A93, B25, C3
Kairoch – B25
Kairow – B25
Kaiser – B23
Kalenchiwich – B25
Kallman – B6
Kalmin – C12, A86
Kalmus – C2
Kalsky – A9
Kamish – B25
Kampen – B29
Kanovich – C3
Kanter – B25
Kantor – B22, C1
Kantorowitz – A71
Kaplan – B25
Kappel – B4
Karensky – B25
Karet – B8
Karno – A67
Karnovsky – A67
Karolinski – A67
Karpel – B24
Karpeles – B22
Katanka – A67
Katchky – A19
Kater – B29
Katofsky – A10
Katz – A75, A96
Katzenellenbogen – A21, A47
Katzenstein – A62
Kauffman – A61
Kaufman – A22, C6
Kaufman ( Kaufmann ) – B6
Kaufmann – A51
Kay – A75, A85, A98, B25
Kaye – A98
Keane – C4
Keesing – B9
Keibel – A55, A56
Keiner – B23
Keller – A25a
Kelly – A25a, A67
Kelman – B6
Kelsey – A66
Kemper – A39
Kershaw – A84
Khan – A84
King – B8
Kirsch – B23
Kirzner – A9
Kisch – A8, B2
Kizer – B25
Klabin – B25
Klar – C12, A86
Klean – A66
Kleeman – A55, A56
Kleeman – B8
Kletz – B3
Kline – A16
Klopfer – B1
Klosenberg – A84
Klotz – A47
Klugmann – B6
Knebil – A40, A51, A40
Knobil – A51
Knopg – A93
Kobrin – B25
Kochendorf – A110
Koenigswarter – B23
Kofman – C6
Kohn – A76, B1, B22, B23, B9
Kolnik – A42
Kolpanitsky – C3
Konigswinter – B24
Koppenhagen – A66
Korach – B25
Korey – A96
Korinsky – B25
Kowler – A81
Kraal – B29
Kragen – C5
Krakow – B25
Krantz – A99
Krasnoff – A12
Krauss – C11
Kravetz – B25
Kristal – A29
Kronenberg – A84
Krotosky – A98
Kuhn – B6
Külhken – B1
Kumin – A16

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Lachmann – B23
Lacow – B25
Lakier – B2
Lakritz – A96
Landa – A75
Landauer – A91, B23
Lang – A20, A5, A67, B1
Langer – A96
Langford – A95, B7, B31
Langman – A67
Langner – C5
Lass – A47
Lassman – A27
Latte – A84
Latzer – B22
Laubheim – B6
Laurie – B25
Lavinberg – A31
Lawrence – A17
Lawson – A93
Lawton – A75, A95
Lazard – B14
Lazarus – A17, A14a, A43,A44,A47,A55, A56,A66,A67,A80
Lazarus – A84, A90, A93, A100, A109, B10, B7, B8, B9, B31, C7, C13
Leach – C12, A86
Lebrecht – B1
Leckie – A67
Lee – B17, B25, A102
Lees Levy – A55, A56
Leizner – B25
Lelyveld – A41
Leon – A31, A62, B10, B22
Lercester – B25
Leslie – A75, A95, B10
Lesser – A70
Lester – A84
Letchner – A16
Levene – A98, B5
Lever – A66
Leverson – A44, A49
Levey – A14a, C12, A86
Levi – A64, A78, A98 , B1, B23, B25, C12, A86
Levien – B26
Levin – A96, A99, B25
Levinson – A84, C6
Levitan – A96
Levitt – A97, A108
Levy – A14a, A25a, A59,A6,A66,A70,A83,A84,A92,A95, A97
Levy – B10, B12, B17, B18, B31, B2, B6, B7, B8, C12, A86, C13, C6
Levyno – B7
Lewin – A13, A65
Lewinstein – A13, A65
Lewis – A31, A9, C13, C4, C6
Lexner – A16
Lezard – B7
Librach – C3
Lichter – A22
Lichtheim – A55, A56
Lichthenstein – A98
Lie – C6
Lieberman – A75
Lifshitz – A42, A67
Lightstone – C5
Lincoln – C12, A86
Lindheim – B6
Lindo – A3, A31
Links – A66
Lintine – A61, B8
Lipp – A96
Lipper – C5
Lipschitz – A99, B25
Lipschutz – B2
Lipshitz – A55, A56
Lipson – B25
Lipszyc – A67
Lis – A67
Littman – B25
Loeb – A46
Loew – A14
Loewe – A39
Loewenberg – B22
Loewenstein – B9
Loewenthal – B23
Lorch – B25
Loterije – B29
Loth – B1
Louis – A55, A56
Löwensburg – B1
Löwenthal – B1
Löwi – B1
Lowidt – A67
Lurie – A47, C1
Lustgarten – A75
Lynes – A78
Lynn – B28
Lyon – A14, A31, A55, A56, A78, C7
Lyons – A16, A67
Madar – A20
Magnus – A69, A101
Maisner – A67
Maisel ( Maissel ) – A51, A99
Maitland – B7, C6
Maitland-Sions – A84
Majerkowicz – C12, A86
Makvitz – B25
Malin – A39
Mallah – B30
Malor – A14
Malor – A31, B7
Maltinsky – B25
Mamou – B28
Mandel – A66, A96
Mann – A75
Manning – A25c
Manoy – B9
Manson – C12, A86
Maraney – A75
Marcus – A73, A93, C12, A86
Margetts – A14a
Margolis – A48, – B25
Margolius – A93
Margosches – C10
Mark – A84
Marks – A14a, A43, A55, A56, A69, A70, A72, A82
Marks – A94, A102, B15, B17, B7, B8, B9, C13
Marquez-Cardoso – A2
Marsden – A44, A49, A97, B10, B9
Marshall – B17
Martin – A9, A105, B1, B15, B17, B18
Martyn – A105
Marx – A72, A93, A97
Mason – C12, A86
Matelevich – A13
Mathiason – B23
Mathiassohn – C2
Mayer – A20, A37, B1
Mayo – A94
McBride – A100
McCance – B31
McCrae – A87
McLaren-Lane – A84
McLeod – A17
Mech – B25
Megret – B10
Mehrman – B25
Meilin – A51
Meinrath – B9
Meltzer – A25b, A25c
Menachan – B25
Menbourne-Hart – B7
Mendelsohn – A67, A93
Mendelssohn – B7
Mendes – A3, C5
Mendes da Costa – A3, A31
Mendoza – A70, B17
Merrett – A55, A56
Merton – B10, B9
Messer – A26
Messias – C4
Metter – A93, B2
Metzger – B1, B23
Meyer – A44, A49 , A62, A105, B10, B23, B4
Meyerson – B25
Michaeis – A45
Michael – B18
Michaeli ( Michaelis ) – C2
Michaelis – B9
Michaels – A46, – B18
Michaelsen – B4
Michaelson – B2
Michel – B31
Michelovitz – C3
Michelsohn – A89
Michelson – B23, B25
Micholls – A14, A31, A37, B10
Miers – B7
Miller – A67, A95, B8, C12, A86, C7
Millett – A13
Mills – B26
Milns – B9
Milstein – C3
Mindel – A48
Mindelsohn – A84
Mindlin – B25
Minow- A96
Minsky – A55, A56
Mintz – A67
Miranda – A2, A107, B17
Mitchell – A66
Mocatta – A3
Mohr – B9
Molina – A2
Molloy – B31
Monk – A48
Montagu – A12, B10
Montague – A61, B14
Montefiore – A14, A3, A31, B10
Montezemolo – A76
Morganstein – A72
Morganstern – C7
Morris – A13, A25c, A27, A39, A63, A75, A97, B13, B8
Moscheles – A62
Moser – C2
Moses – A12, A39, A44, A46, A49, A83 ,A84, B10, B29, B9, C2, C6
Mosesman – C12, A86
Moss – A12, B10, C6
Mosseri – A27
Mothew – A63, C7
Mothio – C7
Mountain – B9
Muchin – A96
Mueller – B23
Müller – B1
Munk – A76, B22
Murray – A75
Myer – A37, A75, C11
Myers – A38, A55, A56, A6, A92
Myers – B10,B11, B13, B14, B17, B18, B8, B9
Myerson – A67, A93

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Nachemsohn – A16
Nachman – A24, B25
Nachmann – B1
Nager – B23
Napley – A100
Napthali – A100
Nathan – A98, B10, B23, B5, B9, C2
Nathansan – A27
Neipris – A16
Nettheim – C6
Neu, Noy – B23
Neumeyer – B1
Neustadt – A14, A31, B10
New – A20
Newman – A55, A56, A64, B25, C6
Newton – A75
Niasoff – A50
Nichinsky – A39
Niman – A67
Nomberg – C3
Nonken – A96
Nordlinger – A62
Nordon – A90
Nunes Carvalho – B10
Nunes-Martines, Martin – B15, B17
Nussbaum – B23
Nyman – A51, A51
O’Brien – B31
O’Connor – A84
Ockrim – C12, A86
Odesky – C1
Oettinger – B23
Offenstein – B1
Ogushoff – A42
Olsberg – A55, A56
Olsen-Ventegodt – B4
Olshowski – A55, A56
Olswang – A55, A56
Oppenheim – B1, C13, A20, B1, C5, C6
Oppenheimer – A20
Oppenheym – C2
Oppir – A55, A56
Orde – C13
Orkin – A53
Orkin – C5
Orley – C1
Orloff – B25
Orman – B3
Osband – B25
Osiakowski – A71
Osorio – A3, A54
Ottenstein – B1
Öttinger – B1
Padwa – A42
Pagnillo – A102
Palley – B25
Paltiel – C7
Pappenheim – B23
Paris – A17
Parnes – C4
Pas-Quiros – A2
Patz – C6
Payne – B8
Paz de Leon – A50
Pearlman – A55, A56
Pechanik – A75
Peck – A96, A97
Peckarsky – A96
Pedde – A26
Pels – B23
Penefield – B25
Pepper – A36, B12
Pesacovitch – A72
Pezaro – B7
Philipp – B1
Philips – A66, A33, A47, A50
Phillips – A14, A39, A55, A56, A58, A72, A97 , B7, B8, B9, C13
Phillipson – C13
Picus – A96
Pijpeman – B24
Pimentel – A2
Pincus – C2
Pinder – C7
Pine – B25
Pinnick – B2
Pinto – A55, A56
Pinto – C5
Pio – A97
Pivar – A96
Platman – A98
Platnauer – A70
Pleiner – A82
Podrid – A63
Polak – B22, B29
Pollack – A96
Poliziner – A84
Pollecoff – A67
Pollizer – A97, B8
Pollock – B13
Pool – C5
Popper – B8
Porker – B31
Porter – A84
Porterfield – C4
Posner – A47, A90, A95
Poster – C4
Prager – A54
Price – A39
Prince – A97
Prior – B9
Quinlan – C6
Quinn – A84
Rabin – A88
Rabinowitz – A42, A88
Rachelson – A12
Radoff ( Radoffitz ) – A96
Rafaeli – C3
Raphael – A31, A97 , B10, B8, B9
Rappaport – A84, B25
Rasmussen – A85
Ratner – A51
Rau – A85, B23, B7
Rausnitz – A85
Ray – B31
Reading (Lord) – B10
Reese – A59
Reeves – B9
Refson – A55, A56
Regensburger – B23
Reichenberg – A34
Reichenberger – A93
Reichl – B1
Reichmann – B23
Reik – A73, C10
Rein – A81
Reiner – A4
Reis – A97
Reitlinger – A76, B22
Reitzenberger – B1
Reizenstein – B1
Remington – C12, A86
Resnik – A96
Rettig – B25
Reuben – B20
Reznik – A96
Rice – A96
Richards – A93
Richardson – A55, A56
Riches – A96
Richman – B31
Rigal – A61, B8, B9, A90
Rimer – B25
Rindskopf – B23
Ring – A42
Ritchken – A52
Ritte – A84
Rittenberg – A84
Rittie – A84
Roat – A70
Roberts – C9
Robertson – B9
Robinson – A52, B17, B25
Robles – A2
Roche – A62
Rochef – A67
Rodrigues – B17
Rogers – A97, A108, B28, C5
Romain – A89, B8
Romberg – A62
Rose – B18
Rosen – A62, A96, B14, B25
Rosenau – B23
Rosenbaum – B23
Rosenberg – B25, C4
Rosenblatt – B1, B6
Rosenbloom – A39, A67
Rosenfeld – A75, B1
Rosenfelder – B23
Rosenheim – B23
Rosenn – B25
Rosenstein – A84
Rosenthal – B22, B23, B6, C7
Rosenwald – B1
Rosenzweig – B25
Rosetti – A98
Ross – A67, A96, C7
Rossine – A67
Rote – C7
Rotenberg – B25
Roth – A65, C7
Rothman – C12, A86
Rothstadt – C6
Rotimberg – A65
Rowson – B2
Rozelaar – A97
Rubel – A20
Rubidge – B7
Rubin – B20
Rubinstein – A96, B10
Rudelsheim – C11
Rudnitzky – B25
Sachs – A89
Sack – A25b
Safdi – C6
Saffrin – B25
Sahlmann – B6
Salaman – A97, A108, B10
Salamonson – A97
Salinger – A75
Salkind – A84, A84
Salmon – A106, B8
Salmonsen – B1
Salomons – B29
Salomonsen – B4
Saltiel – B30
Salzman – C3
Samson – A92
Samuel – A31, A74, B10, B7
Samuels – A92, B25
Sandall – A84
Sandler – B23, B25
Sandock – A88
Sandomersky – B25
Sands – B25
Santillana – B17
Sapiro – A67
Saqui – A35
Sarak – A29
Sarkozy – B30
Sassoon – C6
Saunders – A14a, C13
Schatz – B25
Schehr – B25
Scheidt – B6
Scherer – B1
Schiff – A75
Schiffman – B25
Schiller – A98
Schlesinger – A54, A109
Schlochauer – A98
Schloss – A109, B6
Schlupper – C3
Schmeter – A25a
Schmidt – C6
Schmulionson – B20
Schnabel – A62
Schneebaum – A19
Schneiderman – A75
Schneider – B31
Schneiders – A66
Schnitzer – C2
Schoenman, A98
Schonfeld – A45
Schonfield – A84
Schott – B22
Schottlaender – A76
Schottlaender – B22
Schottlander – C13
Schprinze – A88
Schreiber – A67
Schreiber – A89
Schreiber – A93
Schrijver – B29
Schulman – A39
Schultz – B1, C3
Schur – A96
Schurster – A97
Schuster – A96
Schwalb – B25
Schwartschild – B23
Schwartz – A98, B25
Schwerner – A98
Scop – B25
Scott – A61
Scragenheim – B23
Sebag-Montefiore – B10
Seckendorf – B1
Segal – A52, A55, A56, B25, C1, C4
Selby – A66, B9, C12, A86, C6
Selig – A97
Seligman – A62, B10, B7
Seligsohn – C2
Semel – A48
Sewill – A12, B10
Shaffer – A55, A56
Shapero – A36
Shapira, Shapiro – C3
Shapiro – A47, B23, B25
Shappero – A67
Sharman – A84
Sharpe – A75
Shedletsky – C7
Sheffick – C12, A86
Shefsky – A13
Sheinbaum – A21
Sheinebaum – A88
Sheldon – C7
Shenken – C12, A86
Sher – A93
Sheridan – B25
Sherman – C7
Sherwin – B26
Sherwood – A21
Shind – A42
Shissel – A22
Shitrit – A90
Shock – A42
Shone – A67
Shorn – A67
Shossen – A52
Shulman – B25, C12, A86
Shussin – A52
Sidell – A67
Sidersky – B2
Sidorsky – B25
Siegel – A96
Silberberg – B9, C6
Silberman – A84
Silva – B17
Silver – C5
Simenoff – A61
Simler – C4
Simmonds – B11, B18
Simmons – A17, A66, B18
Simon – A31, A62, B1, B10, B14, B7, C6
Simons – A97
Simonsen – B4
Simonson – C6
Sinscheimer – A97
Singer – A42 , A7, C12, A86
Sions – A72
Skinner – B12, B19
Skok – A61
Skorek – A98
Skyte – B6
Slevin – A80
Slobod – B25
Smilak – B25
Smith – A67 , A84, B10, B9
Smoijsz – A36
Snapper – B29
Snellen – A12
Sniderman – B25
Snowman – A72, A84
Sofer – B27
Sofier – C13
Solomon – A12 , A31 , A37 , A38 , A43, A53 , A6 , A66 ,A74, A97, A109
Solomon – B10 ,B2 , B3 ,B8 ,A38 ,B10 ,B17 , B7 , B8 , C6
Solotar – B25
Soloway – B25
Sonnenberg – A97
Sonnenthal – A97, A108
Spain – A9
Spence – A89 , C7
Speyer – A20
Spiegel – A81 ,A89
Spiewkowski – A14
Spiers – B8
Spilg – A63 , C7
Sprince – A88
Sproat – B10 , B7
Stalarskie – A67
Stanley-Low – A84
Stavis ( Stavisky ) – C3
Stavro – A76 B22
Stein – A72 , A84 , A93, A96 , B25
Steinberg – A82, B23 , B25
Steiner – B1, B22
Steinfeld – B25
Steinman – B25
Stenham – C2
Stephany – A59, B8 C13
Stern – A93 ,B22, B25 , B6 , B8 , C6
Stewart – B12, B19
Steyne – A84
Stieglitz – A19
Stiglitz – A19 , A50
Stodel – A61
Stoehr – C9
Stolboff – B25
Stopford – A102
Stranders – A97
Strauss – A91, A96, A98, B23
Strawbaum – A61
Strimling – A16
Sturm – B6
Sucklover – C12, A86
Sugarman – A26
Sultan – A12
Sumpton – A70
Sundheimer – B1
Super – B25
Susman ( Sussman ) – A52, C6
Sussin – A52
Susskind – C2
Sussman – A25c
Sussmanovich – A25c
Swaythling (Lord) – B10
Swed – C12, A86
Swerdlow – A93
Swift – A9
Symonds – A84
Symons – A66
Szamek – C9
Szon – A67
Szulc – C3

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Taitz – A29
Tal A5 – A90
Talbot – A39
Tannenbaum – B25
Tannenberg – B2
Taronto – C11
Tate – C12, A86
Taubkin – B25
Taylor – A39, A84, C6
Teacher – A70 , B13 , B14
Teutsch – B23
Theomin – B9
Thirtle – B26
Thompson – B9
Thorley – B18
Thorogood – A84
Thwaites – B17
Tikotzky – A20
Tilley ( Tilly ) A100
Tisman – A27
Tobias ( Tobiasz ) – A65, C12, A86
Toledano – B17
Tooch – A99
Toohey – A99
Torres – A2
Tosh – A75
Tresley – A96
Trevor – A66
Trier – B22
Troy – A71
Tuchman – A39, A82, B1
Tudor-Jones – A84
Tychoboff – A67
Tyfield – B14
Tyler – A84
Tytz – C12, A86
Tzorfas – B25
Ullman – A62, A72, A85
Ullstein – A62
Ulmann – B23
Unger – B25
Urdang – A93
Uris – B25
Valentine – A70, B15 ,B8
Valins – C12, A86
Van Cleef – A55, A56
Van den Bergh – A60
Van der Linde – B31
Van der Walde – B9
Van Loen – A67
Van Raalte – C5
van Rood – B8
van Zwannenberg – A54, B8, C13,
Vandermolen – B11, B12, B17, B19
Vaughan – C4
Veit – C9
Venezia – B30
Ventura – B17
Victor – B28 , A1
Vigofsky – A67
Vilkowsk – A67
Viner – A75
Vogel – A76,- B22
Vos – A66, A97, C13
Wadkin – A84
Wagman – A36
Waisman – A96
Waitzman – C1
Waley – A97
Waley-Cohen – B10
Walford – B10
Wallach – B9
Walter – B25 , A39 , B9
Warchauchik – B25
Ward – B8
Warshavsky – B2
Warshaw – B13 , B14
Wartski – A72 , A84
Wasserman – B23
Wasserzug – A47 , A84
Waterman – B23
Waters – A82
Watkins – A96
Watt – A84
Wayne – C4
Weber – A55, A56 , B14
Wechsler – A96
Weening – B29
Weidman – B25
Weihermann – B6
Weil – A73 , A85, C10
Weinberg – A96
Weiner – A75, B25
Weingott – A74
Weinstock – A96
Weir – B17
Weisman – A16
Weiss – A97, A108, C6
Weitzensang – A25b , A25c
Wenzerul – B20
Werblin – A67
Werth – A85
Wheeler – A87
White – A25b A25c
Wicks – A9
Wigoder – A7
Wildman – B25
Wilkes – A55, A56, B7
Wilks – A55, A56, B7
Williams – C6
Wilson – A72
Winkler – B1
Winner – A75
Winter – B22, B23, B24
Winternitz – A73, C10
Wiseman – A65
Wittman – A81
Wix – A9
Wixman – A9
Wizanskyi – A67
Wolf – A53 ,A66 , A76 , A91 ,B22, B23 , A92, B25, C5
Wolff – A14
Wolffnender – A76
Wolfson – A67,A72
Wollman – A55, A56,B23
Woolf – A92, A98, B17, B8
Woolley – A84
Workum – B29
Wurtzman – B25
Wyatt – A84
Yach – A9
Yaroshevsky – A13
Yashvin – A87
Yates – A68
Yechie – A57
Younger – A84
Zachariah – A17, A84
Zainfeld – C12, A86
Zalic – A67
Zander – C6
Zanr – C13
Zanville – C1
Zarne – A25c
Zeiller – B1
Zemel – A48
Zev – A96
Zimbler – A24
Zimmerman – A25b, A98
Zissel – B25
Zossenheim – A80 A83, B10
Zwirn – A52
« Medieval Rabbinic Families » – A30

Found by a Jew Watch researcher. This was posted on usenet under alt.politics.nationalism.white, (ourhero, 6/20/1999, 3:07pm) –disclaimer: most seem correct but were not independently verified by www.jewwatch.com research–so be careful in using them without researching it.

[THIS IS A LIST OF THE BILLIONAIRES IN THE WORLD WHO DON'T MIND BEING LISTED IN A PUBLIC FORUM] [ALTHOUGH SOME OF MY GUESSES MAY BE WRONG AS TO WHO IS OR IS NOT JEWISH, I'D GARNER THAT THE MAJORITY OF MY GUESSES ARE CORRECT, AND THAT I HAVE MISSED A FEW ON THIS LIST TOO]

LIST OF BILLIONAIRE JEWS AND SOME NON-JEWS…
Forbes List of World’s Billionaires Sunday, June 20, 1999; 2:42 p.m. EDT
NEW YORK (AP) — The ranking of the world’s richest people as estimated by Forbes magazine, excluding dictators and royalty. Listings include name, home country, wealth in billions of dollars and source of wealth, where available.
1. Gates, William H. III, United States, 90.0, Microsoft [MARANO - HIDDEN JEW - PSEUDO-JEW]
2. Buffett, Warren, United States, 36.0, Berkshire Hathaway [MARANO - HIDDEN JEW - PSEUDO-JEW]
3. Allen, Paul, United States, 30.0, Microsoft [JEW]
4. Ballmer, Steven, United States, 19.5, Microsoft [JEW]
5. Oeri, Hoffman and Sacher families, Switzerland, 17.0, Roche pharmaceuticals [JEW]
6. Anschutz, Philip, United States, 16.5, oil, railroads, telecommunications [JEW]
7. Dell, Michael, United States, 16.5, Dell Computer [JEW]
8. Walton, Alice L., United States, 16.0, inheritance (Wal-Mart Stores)
9. Walton, Helen R., United States, 16.0, inheritance (Wal-Mart Stores)
10. Walton, Jim C., United States, 16.0, inheritance (Wal-Mart Stores)
11. Walton, John T., United States, 16.0, inheritance (Wal-Mart Stores)
12. Walton, S. Robson, United States, 15.8, Wal-Mart Stores
13. Alsaud, Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal, Saudi Arabia, 15.0, investments [CURRUPT GOY-FRONT]
14. Bettencourt, Liliane, France, 13.9, cosmetics [JEW]
15. Albrecht, Theo and Karl and family, Germany, 13.6, retailing [JEW]
16. Li Ka-shing, Hong Kong, 12.7, real estate, telecommunications, diversified
17. Haniel family, Germany, 12.4, pharmaceuticals, diversified [JEW?]
18. Engelhorn, Curt and family, Germany, 12.0, pharmaceuticals [JEW]
19. Thomson, Kenneth, Canada, 11.9, Thomson Corp
20. Lee Shau Kee, Hong Kong, 11.1, real estate
21. Moore, Gordon Earl, United States, 10.9, Intel [JEW?]
22. Anthony, Barbara Cox, United States, 10.6, inheritance (Cox Enterprises)
23. Chambers, Anne Cox, United States, 10.6, inheritance (Cox Enterprises)
24. Kluge, John, United States, 10.5, Metromedia Co. [JEW?]
25. Walker, Jay, United States, 10.2, Priceline.com
26. Bezos, Jeffrey, United States, 10.1, Amazon.com [JEW?]
27. Quandt family, Germany, 9.9, BMW
28. Mulliez, Gerard, France, 9.8, retail
29. Kwok, Walter, Thomas, Raymond, Hong Kong, 9.7, real estate
30. Ellison, Larry, United States, 9.5, Oracle
31. Rausing, Gad, Sweden, 9.0, packaging [JEW]
32. Redstone, Sumner, United States, 8.7, Viacom [JEW]
33. Schwab, Charles, United States, 8.7, discount stock brokerage [JEW]
34. Berlusconi, Silvio, Italy, 8.0, media [CURRUPT MAN AND ALL AROUND SLIME-BALL]
35. Slim Helu, Carlos, Mexico, 8.0, diversified [JEW?]
36. Omidyar, Pierre, United States, 7.8, eBay [JEW?]
37. Takei, Yasuo, Japan, 7.8, consumer finance
38. Turner, Ted, United States, 7.8, Turner Broadcasting [A WEAK-WILLED MOUSE OF A MAN AND A GOY-FRONT]
39. Kerkorian, Kirk, United States, 7.3, investments [JEW]
40. Haefner, Walter, Switzerland, 7.2, computers, cars [JEW]
41. Murdoch, Rupert, United States, 7.2, publishing [MARANO - HIDDEN JEW - OR PSEUDO-JEW]
42. Schwarz, Dieter, Germany, 7.1, retailing [JEW]
43. Boehringer family, Germany, 7.1, pharmaceuticals [JEW]
44. Olayan, Suliman, Saudi Arabia, 7.1, Olayan Investment Co. [ANOTHER SLIMEY GOY-FRONT]
45. Persson, Stefan, Sweden, 7.0, retailing
46. Rausing, Hans, Sweden, 7.0, packaging [JEW]
47. Beisheim, Otto, Germany, 6.8, retailing [JEW]
48. Saji, Keizo, Japan, 6.7, Suntory
49. Schmidt-Ruthenbeck family, Germany, 6.6, retailing [JEW?]
50. Landolt, Pierre and family, Switzerland, 6.4, Novartis [JEW?]
51. Pinault, Francois, France, 6.4, retail [JEW?]
52. SeydouxSchlumberger families, France, 6.4, diversified [JEWS]
53. Son, Masayoshi, Japan, 6.4, software
54. Arnault, Bernard, France, 6.0, luxury goods [JEW?]
55. Tsai Wan-lin and family, Taiwan, 5.9, insurance, financial services
56. Knight, Philip, United States, 5.8, Nike [A REALLY DEPRAVED HUMAN BEING WHO MAY ALSO BE A MARANO OR HIDDEN JEW]
57. Wang, Y.C., Taiwan, 5.8, Formosa Plastics
58. Otto, Michael, Germany, 5.7, retailing [JEW?]
59. Arison, Theodore (Ted), Israel, 5.6, Carnival Corp. [JEW]
60. Defforey family, France, 5.6, Carrefour
61. Haub, Erivan and family, Germany, 5.6, retailing [JEW?]
62. Woeste, Albrecht and Henkel family, Germany, 5.6, chemicals [JEWS]
63. Latsis, Spiro, Greece, 5.4, banking
64. Hopp, Dietmar and sons, Germany, 5.2, software
65. Gerling, Rolf, Germany, 5.1
66. Herz, Gunter and family, Germany, 5.1, consumer products
67. Winnick, Gary, United States, 5.1, investments
68. Arison, Micky, United States, 5.0, Carnival Cruise Lines [JEW]
69. Hewlett, William Redington, United States, 5.0, Hewlett-Packard
70. Kirch, Leo, Germany, 5.0, media [JEW]
71. Piech, Ferdinand and family, Austria, 5.0, Porsche
72. Pritzker, Robert, United States, 5.0, financier [JEW?]
73. Tschira, Klaus, Germany, 5.0
74. Flick, Friedrich Karl Jr., Germany, 4.9
75. Sainsbury family, Britain, 4.9
76. Halley, Paul-Louis and family, France, 4.8, retailing
77. Ito, Masatoshi and family, Japan, 4.8, retail
78. Kinoshita, Kyosuke, Japan, 4.8, consumer finance
79. Scott, Walter Jr., United States, 4.8, construction, telecommunications
80. Skoll, Jeffrey, United States, 4.8, eBay
81. Tsutsumi, Yoshiaki, Japan, 4.8, real estate
82. von Finck, August and family, Germany, 4.8, insurance (Allianz AG) [JEWS AND PART OF THE 'GERMAN NOBILITY']
83. Al-Kharafi, Nasser, Kuwait, 4.7, M. A. Al Kharafi & Sons [SOUL-LESS SLIMEBALLS]
84. Ricketts, J. Joe, United States, 4.7, Ameritrade
85. Wurth, Reinhold, Germany, 4.7
86. Waitt, Theodore, United States, 4.6, Gateway 2000
87. Kuok, Robert, Malaysia, 4.5, diversified
88. Langmann, Hans Joachim, Germany, 4.5, chemicals [JEW]
89. Newhouse, Donald, United States, 4.5, media [JEW]
90. Newhouse, S.I., United States, 4.5, media [JEW]
91. Sabanci, Sakip and family, Turkey, 4.5, conglomerate
92. Cheng Yu-tung, Hong Kong, 4.4, real estate
93. Hostetter, Amos Jr., United States, 4.4, Continental Cablevision
94. Lauder, Leonard A., United States, 4.4, inheritance (cosmetics) [JEW]
95. Lauder, Ronald S., United States, 4.4, cosmetics [JEW]
96. Malone, John, United States, 4.4, cable TV
97. Plattner, Hasso, Germany, 4.4, SAP [JEW]
98. Schmidheiny, Stephan, Switzerland, 4.4, ABB [JEW]
99. Bronfman, Edgar Sr., United States, 4.3, Seagram Co. [JEW]
100. Fisher, Donald, United States, 4.3, The Gap [JEW]
101. Fisher, Doris, United States, 4.3, The Gap [JEW]
102. Jahr, John and family, Germany, 4.3, publishing
103. Reimann family, Germany, 4.3
104. Shigeta, Yasumitsu, Japan, 4.3, software
105. Annenberg, Walter Hubert, United States, 4.2, publishing [JEW]
106. Johnson, Abigail, United States, 4.2, Fidelity Investments
107. McCaw, Craig, United States, 4.2, telephones
108. Perelman, Ronald, United States, 4.2, investments [JEW]
109. Filo, David, United States, 4.1, Yahoo!
110. Al-Hariri, Rafik and family, Lebanon, 4.0, construction, banking
111. Benetton, Luciano and family, Italy, 4.0, apparel
112. Mars, Forrest Sr., United States, 4.0, candy (Mars Inc.) [JEW]
113. Mars, Forrest Jr., United States, 4.0, candy (Mars Inc.) [JEW]
114. Mars, John, United States, 4.0, candy (Mars Inc.) [JEW]
115. Perot, H. Ross, United States, 4.0, electronic data management [GOY-FRONT]
116. Schickedanz family, Germany, 4.0 [JEW]
117. Soros, George, United States, 4.0, money management [JEW AND SUSPECTED MASS MURDERER]
118. Vogel, Jacqueline Mars, United States, 4.0, candy (Mars Inc.) [JEW]
119. Wang, Nina, Hong Kong, 4.0, real estate
120. Yang, Jerry, United States, 4.0, Yahoo! Inc.
121. Bertarelli, Ernesto, Switzerland, 3.9, Ares-Serono
122. Bronfman, Charles, Canada, 3.7, Seagram Co. [JEW]
123. Irving, James, Arthur and Jack, Canada, 3.7, diversified, including Irving Oil
124. Packer, Kerry, Australia, 3.7, Publishing & Broadcasting Ltd.
125. Broad, Eli, United States, 3.6, home building [JEW]
126. Dolan, Charles, United States, 3.6, cable TV [JEW]
127. Johnson, Samuel C., United States, 3.6, S.C. Johnson & Son
128. Matsuda, Kazuo, Japan, 3.6, consumer finance
129. Mori, Akira, Japan, 3.6, real estate
130. Perez Companc, Gregorio, Argentina, 3.6, conglomerate
131. Bass, Lee, United States, 3.5, oil, investments
132. Brost and Funke families, Germany, 3.5
133. Del Vecchio, Leonardo, Italy, 3.5, eyewear
134. Kamel, Saleh, Saudi Arabia, 3.5, Dallah Albaraka
135. Perenchio, A. Jerrold, United States, 3.5, television
136. Botin, Emilio and family, Spain, 3.4, banking
137. Dassault, Serge and family, France, 3.4, aviation
138. von Holtzbrinck, Dieter and family, Germany, 3.4, publishing [JEW AND MEMBERS OF 'GERMAN NOBILITY']
139. Agnelli, Giovanni and family, Italy, 3.3, autos
140. Grosvenor, Gerald Cavendish, Britain, 3.3, real estate
141. Heineken, Alfred, Netherlands, 3.3
142. Ng Teng Fong and Robert, Singapore, 3.3, real estate
143. Schmidheiny, Thomas, Switzerland, 3.3, Holderbank [JEW]
144. Ergen, Charles, United States, 3.2, EchoStar (satellite TV) [JEW]
145. Greenberg, Maurice, United States, 3.2, American International Group [JEW]
146. Huntsman, Jon Meade, United States, 3.2, plastics, chemicals [JEW]
147. Khoo Teck Puat, Singapore, 3.2, investments
148. Kwek Leng Beng, Singapore, 3.2, diversified
149. Mohn, Reinhard and family, Germany, 3.2, media
150. Sturm, Donald L., United States, 3.2, telecommunications
151. Verspieren/ Decoster family, France, 3.2 [JEWS?]
152. Bren, Donald L., United States, 3.1, real estate [JEW]
153. Kipp, Karl-Heinz, Germany, 3.1 [JEW?]
154. Lerner, Alfred, United States, 3.1, MBNA (finance) [JEW]
155. Oshima, Kenshin, Japan, 3.1, finance
156. Wrigley, William, United States, 3.1, Wrigley gum
157. Al Rajhi, Saleh bin Abdul Aziz, Saudi Arabia, 3.0, banking
158. Bass, Sid Richardson, United States, 3.0, investments
159. Goodnight, James, United States, 3.0, SAS Institute
160. Hillman, Henry Lea, United States, 3.0, industrial holdings [JEW?]
161. Iwasaki, Fukuzo, Japan, 3.0, Iwasaki Sangyo
162. Koch, Charles De Ganahl, United States, 3.0, Koch Industries [JEW]
163. Koch, David Hamilton, United States, 3.0, Koch Industries [JEW]
164. Oetker, Rudolf and family, Germany, 3.0, diversified
165. von Siemens family, Germany, 3.0 [PROBABLY MARANOS OR PSEUDO-JEWS ALSO PART OF THE 'NOBILITY']
166. Wonowidjojo family, Indonesia, 3.0, tobacco
167. Crown, Lester, United States, 2.9, diversified [JEW]
168. Ebner, Martin, Switzerland, 2.9, investments [JEW]
169. Mann, Hugo, Germany, 2.9, furniture stores, supermarkets [JEW]
170. Moller, Maersk Mc-Kinney, Denmark, 2.9, shipping
171. Moores family, Britain, 2.9
172. Sorenson, James L., United States, 2.9, medical devices
173. Buffett, Susan Thompson, United States, 2.8, Berkshire Hathaway
174. Koc, Rahmi and family, Turkey, 2.8, Koc Holding [GOY-FRONTS]
175. Kristiansen, Kjeld Kirk, Denmark, 2.8, Lego
176. Mendoza, Lorenzo and family, Venezuela, 2.8, Empresas Polar [MARANOS]
177. Premji, Azim Hasham, India, 2.8, information technology
178. Wexner, Leslie Herbert, United States, 2.8, The Limited [JEW]
179. Bass, Robert Muse, United States, 2.7, investments
180. Davis, Marvin H., United States, 2.7, investments
181. Fentener van Vlissingen family, Netherlands, 2.7, retailing, travel services
182. Hector, Hans-Werner, Germany, 2.7
183. Jacobs, Klaus, Switzerland, 2.7 [JEW]
184. Marcus, Bernard, United States, 2.7, Home Depot
185. Branson, Richard, Britain, 2.6, diversified [JEW]
186. Ermirio de Moraes, Antonio and family, Brazil, 2.6, mining, cement, pulp and paper
187. Goldschmeding, Frits, Netherlands, 2.6 [JEW WHO HAPPENS TO BE INCREDIBLY SINISTER LOOKING]
188. Hsu, Douglas and family, Taiwan, 2.6, Far Eastern Group
189. Ingram, Martha Robinson Rivers, United States, 2.6, inheritance (Ingram)
190. Itoyama, Eitaro, Japan, 2.6, Shin Nihon Kanko
191. Kamprad, Ingvar, Sweden, 2.6, Ikea
192. Naify, Robert Allen, United States, 2.6, movie theaters
193. Takenaka, Toichi and family, Japan, 2.6, construction, civil engineering
194. Ty, George, Philippines, 2.6, banking
195. Brenninkmeyer, Herman and family, Netherlands, 2.5, retailing [JEWS]
196. Faria, Dr. Aloysio de Andrade, Brazil, 2.5, banking
197. Geffen, David, United States, 2.5, entertainment [JEW]
198. Icahn, Carl Celian, United States, 2.5, investments [JEW]
199. Safra, Edmond, Lebanon, 2.5, Republic Bank [JEW]
200. Sahenk, Ayhan and family, Turkey, 2.5, Garanti Bank
201. Simplot, John R., United States, 2.5, potatoes 202. Widjaja, Eka Tjipta, Indonesia, 2.5, pulp and paper, food
203. Bin Mahfouz, Khalid, Saudi Arabia, 2.4, banking, investments
204. Kadoorie, Michael and family, Hong Kong, 2.4, family of merchants
205. Malone, Mary Alice Dorrance, United States, 2.4, inheritance (Campbell Soup)
206. Rockefeller, David Sr., United States, 2.4, investments [MARANOS AND VERY ODD PEOPLE]
207. Schoerghuber, Stefan, Germany, 2.4, services, breweries, construction, real estate [JEW]
208. Taylor, Jack Crawford, United States, 2.4, Enterprise Rent-A-Car
209. Dorrance, John T. III, Ireland, 2.3
210. Dumas, Jean-Louis and family, France, 2.3, Hermes International
211. Foriel-Destezet, Phillipe, France, 2.3, temporary help agency
212. Fukuda, Yoshitaka, Japan, 2.3, consumer finance
213. Louis-Dreyus, Gerard and family, France, 2.3, commodities trading [JEWS]
214. Mantegazza, Sergio, Switzerland, 2.3, travel services
215. Otsuka, Masahito, Japan, 2.3
216. Rocca, Roberto and family, Argentina, 2.3, diversified
217. Sy, Henry and family, Philippines, 2.3, shopping malls
218. Yamaguchi, Hisakazu and family, Japan, 2.3, manufacturing
219. Birck, Michael, United States, 2.2, Tellabs
220. David-Weill, Michel, France, 2.2, finance [JEW]
221. Haas, Peter E. Sr., United States, 2.2, inheritance (Levi Strauss) [JEW]
222. Haffa, Thomas, Germany, 2.2, media, television, merchandising [JEW]
223. Jinnai, Ryoichi, Japan, 2.2, consumer finance
224. Johnson, Edward Crosby III, United States, 2.2, Fidelity Investments
225. Magness, Gary, United States, 2.2, inheritance (Tele-Communications)
226. Mays, L. Lowry, United States, 2.2, Clear Channel
227. Oppenheimer, Nicky and family, South Africa, 2.2, Anglo American Corp., DeBeers [JEWS AND EXCEPTIONALLY BAD GUYS...]
228. Rowling, Robert, United States, 2.2, oil and gas
229. Schmid, Gerhard, Germany, 2.2, MobilCom AG
230. Tan, Lucio, Philippines, 2.2, tobacco, airlines, beer
231. Azcarraga Jean, Emilio and family, Mexico, 2.1, media
232. Dorrance, Bennett, United States, 2.1, inheritance (Campbell Soup)
233. Garza Laguera, Eugenio and family, Mexico, 2.1, beverages, banking
234. Hunt, Ray Lee, United States, 2.1, investments
235. Johnson, Barbara Piasecka, United States, 2.1, inheritance (Johnson & Johnson)
236. Romo Garza, Alfonso, Mexico, 2.1, Empresas La Moderna
237. Wertheimer, Alain, France, 2.1, luxury goods [JEW]
238. Zambrano, Lorenzo and family, Mexico, 2.1, cement
239. Andre, Henri and Eric, Switzerland, 2.0, commodity trading
240. Bloomberg, Michael Rubens, United States, 2.0, Bloomberg Financial Markets [JEW]
241. Bombardier family, Canada, 2.0
242. Bringas, Ricardo Martin and family, Mexico, 2.0, retailing
243. Cisneros, Gustavo and family, Venezuela, 2.0, beverages, media [MARANOS?]
244. Getty, Gordon Peter, United States, 2.0, inheritance (oil)
245. Ho, Stanley, Hong Kong, 2.0, casinos, transport, hotels
246. Lim Goh Tong, Malaysia, 2.0, diversified
247. Lucas, George, United States, 2.0, motion pictures [MARANO OR JUST A VERY DEPRAVED GOY-FRONT]
248. Saba Raffoul, Isaac, Mexico, 2.0, textiles, chemicals, real estate
249. Thurn und Taxis family, Germany, 2.0
250. Thyssen-Bornemisza, Hans Heinrich, Switzerland, 2.0
251. Tisch, Preston Robert, United States, 2.0, Loews [JEW]
252. Arango, Jeronimo, Mexico, 1.9
253. Johnson, Charles Bartlett, United States, 1.9, Franklin Resources
254. Kroc, Joan Beverly, United States, 1.9, McDonald’s
255. Mittal, Lakshmi N., India, 1.9, steel
256. Ofer, Yuli and Sammy, Israel, 1.9, Ofer Brothers Group
257. Oppenheim, Alfred von, Germany, 1.9, banking [JEW]
258. Rothschild family, France/Britain, 1.9, Rothschilds Continuation Holdings [JEWS]
259. Soares dos Santos, Eliseo Alexandre, Portugal, 1.9, retailing
260. Swire, Sir Adrian and family, Hong Kong, 1.9, aviation, real estate, diversified
261. Tisch, Laurence Alan, United States, 1.9, Loews
262. Udvar-hazy, Steven Ferencz, United States, 1.9, International Lease Finance
263. Weston, W. Galen, Canada, 1.9, retailing
264. Yoshida, Tadahiro and family, Japan, 1.9, zippers
265. Batten, Frank, United States, 1.8, media [JEWS?]
266. Bosch family, Germany, 1.8
267. Chen Din Hwa, Hong Kong, 1.8, real estate
268. Chung Ju-yung and family, South Korea, 1.8, automobiles, diversified
269. Davidson, William Morse, United States, 1.8, Guardian Industries
270. Del Pino, Rafael, Spain, 1.8, construction
271. Farmer, Richard T., United States, 1.8, Cintas
272. Fok, Henry, Hong Kong, 1.8, casinos, real estate, hotels
273. Galvin, Robert William, United States, 1.8, Motorola
274. Helmsley, Leona, United States, 1.8, real estate [MARANO - HIDDEN JEW]
275. Kampf, Serge, France, 1.8, computer services [JEW]
276. Koo, Jeffrey and family, Taiwan, 1.8, banking, diversified
277. Lee Kun-hee and family, South Korea, 1.8, electronics, diversified
278. Lowy, Frank, Australia, 1.8, Westfield Holdings [JEW]
279. Marinho, Roberto and family, Brazil, 1.8, media
280. McCombs, Billy Joe (Red), United States, 1.8, auto dealerships, radio
281. Zobel de Ayala, Jaime Augusto II, Philippines, 1.8, real estate, diversified [MARANO]
282. Allen, Herbert A. Jr., United States, 1.7, investment banking [JEW]
283. Blocher, Christoph, Switzerland, 1.7, EMS Chemie [JEW]
284. Carlson, Curtis Leroy, United States, 1.7, trading stamps, hotels
285. Lauren, Ralph, United States, 1.7, Ralph Lauren
286. Lefrak, Samuel Jayson, United States, 1.7, real estate
287. March, Juan and Carlos, Spain, 1.7, investments
288. O’Reilly, Anthony, Ireland, 1.7, Heinz, Waterford
289. Robertson, Julian H. Jr., United States, 1.7, investments
290. Stempel, Ernest E., United States, 1.7, American International Group [JEW]
291. Stern, Leonard Norman, United States, 1.7, real estate [JEW]
292. Suharto family, Indonesia, 1.7, investments
293. Zell, Samuel, United States, 1.7, real estate [JEW]
294. Al Ghurair, Abdul Aziz, UAE, 1.6, banking
295. Angelini, Anacleto, Chile, 1.6
296. Camargo, Dirce Navarro de, Brazil, 1.6
297. Case, Steve, United States, 1.6, America Online
298. Clark, James H., United States, 1.6, Internet investments
299. Fortabat, Amalia Lacroze de, Argentina, 1.6, cement
300. Frere, Baron Albert, Belgium, 1.6, investments
301. Glaser, Robert D., United States, 1.6, RealNetworks [JEW]
302. Hall, Donald Joyce, United States, 1.6, inheritance (Hallmark Cards)
303. Hamilton, Dorrance Hill, United States, 1.6, inheritance (Campbell Soup)
304. Hearst, Randolph Apperson, United States, 1.6, inheritance (Hearst media)
305. Huizenga, Harry Wayne, United States, 1.6, garbage, automobiles, video
306. Kokkalis, Socrates, Greece, 1.6, electrical equipment for PTT
307. Morgridge, John P., United States, 1.6, Cisco Systems
308. Naify, Marshall, United States, 1.6, movie theaters
309. Pratt, Richard, Australia, 1.6
310. Rales, Mitchell, United States, 1.6, Danaher Corp.
311. Rales, Steven, United States, 1.6, Danaher Corp.
312. Rothermere, Lord, Britain, 1.6
313. Sarmiento, Luis Carlos, Colombia, 1.6
314. Schmidt, Karl, Germany, 1.6, banking, brokerage
315. Spangler, Clemmie Dixon Jr., United States, 1.6, investments [JEW]
316. Spielberg, Steven Allen, United States, 1.6, entertainment [JEW]
317. Stephens, Jackson Thomas, United States, 1.6, investment banking
318. Uehara, Shoji, Japan, 1.6
319. Wang, Patrick, Hong Kong, 1.6, micromotor manufacturer
320. Weston, Garry and family, Britain, 1.6, Associated British Foods
321. Azevedo, Belmiro, Portugal, 1.5
322. Bechtel, Riley P., United States, 1.5, Bechtel [JEW]
323. Bechtel, Stephen Davison Jr., United States, 1.5, Bechtel [JEW]
324. Bezos, Miguel A., United States, 1.5, Amazon.com
325. Booth, Franklin Otis Jr., United States, 1.5, Berkshire Hathaway
326. Chang Yung Fa, Taiwan, 1.5
327. Devos, Richard M., United States, 1.5, Amway
328. Flinn, Lawrence Jr., United States, 1.5, United Video Satellite Corp.
329. Fujita, Den, Japan, 1.5
330. Gonda, Louis L., United States, 1.5, International Lease Finance
331. Johnson, Rupert Jr., United States, 1.5, Franklin Resources
332. Liebherr family, Switzerland, 1.5 [JEW]
333. Luksic, Andronico and family, Chile, 1.5
334. McCain, Harrison and family, Canada, 1.5
335. McGovern, Patrick Joseph, United States, 1.5, IDG
336. Nicholas, Peter M., United States, 1.5, medical devices
337. Pohlad, Carl, United States, 1.5, banking
338. Sall, John, United States, 1.5, SAS Institute
339. Sarofim, Fayez Shalaby, United States, 1.5, money management
340. Schroder, Bruno, Britain, 1.5
341. Takizaki, Takemitsu, Japan, 1.5
342. Washington, Dennis, United States, 1.5, mining, railroads
343. Woo, Peter, Hong Kong, 1.5
344. Yamauchi, Hiroshi, Japan, 1.5
345. Abele, John E., United States, 1.4, medical devices [JEW?]
346. Adams, Richard L., United States, 1.4, UUNET
347. Aramburuzabala, Maria Asuncion, Mexico, 1.4
348. Bamford, Anthony, Britain, 1.4
349. Blank, Arthur, United States, 1.4, Home Depot [JEW]
350. Fisher, John J., United States, 1.4, inheritance (The Gap) [JEW]
351. Ford, William Clay, United States, 1.4, Ford Motor
352. Fribourg, Michel, United States, 1.4, Continental Grain [JEW]
353. Goldman, Richard N., United States, 1.4, inheritance (Levi Strauss) [JEW]
354. Gonda, Leslie L., United States, 1.4, International Lease Finance [JEW]
355. Hayek, Nicolas, Switzerland, 1.4
356. Jobs, Steven Paul, United States, 1.4, Apple Computer [JEW?]
357. Littlefield, Edmund Wattis, United States, 1.4, Utah International
358. Mabuchi, Kenichi, Japan, 1.4
359. Marriott, Richard Edwin, United States, 1.4, Marriott hotels
360. Mellon, Paul, United States, 1.4, inheritance
361. Munger, Charles, United States, 1.4, Berkshire Hathaway
362. Nambu, Yasuyuki, Japan, 1.4
363. Peralta, Carlos, Mexico, 1.4
364. Rockefeller, Laurance Spelman, United States, 1.4, investments [MARANOS]
365. Ryan, Patrick George, United States, 1.4, insurance
366. Salinas Pliego, Richardo, Mexico, 1.4 [MARANO]
367. Simmons, Harold Clark, United States, 1.4, investments [JEW]
368. Van Beuren, Hope Hill, United States, 1.4, inheritance (Campbell Soup)
369. Wang, Charles B., United States, 1.4, Computer Associates
370. Weber, Charlotte Colket, United States, 1.4, inheritance (Campbell Soup) [JEW (MARRIED TO ONE)]
371. Ardila Lulle, Carlos, Colombia, 1.3
372. Asper, Israel, Canada, 1.3
373. Bass, Perry Richardson, United States, 1.3, investments
374. Bozano, Julio, Brazil, 1.3
375. Busujima, Kunio, Japan, 1.3
376. Ebbers, Bernard J., United States, 1.3, MCI Worldcom
377. Fukutake, Soichiro, Japan, 1.3
378. Hilti, Michael, Lichtenstein, 1.3
379. Hughes, Bradley Wayne, United States, 1.3, Public Storage Inc.
380. Koplowitz, Esther, Spain, 1.3 [JEW]
381. Lewis, Peter Benjamin, United States, 1.3, Progressive Corp. [JEW]
382. Lindemann, George L., United States, 1.3, cable TV, cellular telephones [JEW]
383. McCaw, Bruce R., United States, 1.3, telephones
384. McCaw, John Elroy Jr., United States, 1.3, telephones
385. McCaw, Keith W., United States, 1.3, telephones
386. Morita, Akio, Japan, 1.3
387. Nakajima, Kenichi, Japan, 1.3
388. Osano, Masakuni, Japan, 1.3
389. Pattison, Jim, Canada, 1.3
390. Rupert, Johann, South Africa, 1.3
391. Smith, Ollen Bruton, United States, 1.3, Speedway Motorsports
392. Troutt, Kenny A., United States, 1.3, Excel Communications [JEW?]
393. Van Andel, Jay, United States, 1.3, Amway
394. Waitt, Norman W., United States, 1.3, Gateway 2000
395. Ambani, Dhirubai, India, 1.2
396. Bass, Edward Perry, United States, 1.2, investments
397. Burkle, Ronald, United States, 1.2, supermarkets [JEW]
398. Butt, Charles C., United States, 1.2, grocery stores
399. Dedman, Robert Henry, United States, 1.2, country clubs
400. Egan, Richard J., United States, 1.2, EMC
401. Field, Frederick Woodruff, United States, 1.2, media 402. Freudenberg family, Germany, 1.2, manufacturing [JEW]
403. Gates, Charles Cassius Jr., United States, 1.2, Gates Corp.
404. Goizueta, Roberto Crispulo, United States, 1.2, inheritance
405. Haindl family, Germany, 1.2
406. Kuo, Terry, Taiwan, 1.2
407. Lin, Barry, Taiwan, 1.2
408. Marshall, E. Pierce, United States, 1.2, oil
409. Matte, Eliodoro, Chile, 1.2
410. McCaw, Wendy, United States, 1.2, divorce
411. Merckle, Adolf, Germany, 1.2
412. Nadar, Shiv, India, 1.2
413. Noboa, Alvaro, Ecuador, 1.2
414. Rainwater, Richard Edward, United States, 1.2, investments
415. Rich, Robert Edward Sr., United States, 1.2, Rich Products Corp. [JEW?]
416. Rogers, Edward (Ted), Canada, 1.2
417. Simon family, Germany, 1.2
418. Taubman, A. Alfred, United States, 1.2, real estate
419. Taylor, Glen, United States, 1.2, printing
420. Toyoda, Shoichiro, Japan, 1.2
421. Tyson, Donald John, United States, 1.2, Tyson Foods
422. Ueltschi, Albert Lee, United States, 1.2, Flight Safety
423. Ziff, Daniel Morton, United States, 1.2, investments [JEW]
424. Ziff, Dirk Edward, United States, 1.2, investments [JEW]
425. Ziff, Robert David, United States, 1.2, investments [JEW]
426. Anselmo, Mary, United States, 1.1, PanAmSat
427. Arrillaga, John, United States, 1.1, real estate
428. Birla, Kumar Mangalam, India, 1.1
429. Chace, Malcolm Green III, United States, 1.1, inheritance
430. Chearavanont, Dhanin, Thailand, 1.1, agribusiness (CP Group)
431. Cook, William Alfred, United States, 1.1, catheters
432. Diehl, Karl and family, Germany, 1.1
433. Diniz, Abilio and family, Brazil, 1.1
434. Emmerson, Archie Aldis (Red), United States, 1.1, Sierra Pacific
435. Lee Hon Chiu, Hong Kong, 1.1
436. Rochling family, Germany, 1.1
437. Santo Domingo, Julio Mario, Colombia, 1.1
438. Stroeher family, Germany, 1.1
439. Al-Fahim, Mohammed, United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi), 1.0
440. Champalimaud, Antonio, Portugal, 1.0
441. Cutrale, Jose and family, Brazil, 1.0
442. Ecclestone, Bernie, Britain, 1.0
443. Fisher, Robert J. , United States, 1.0, inheritance (The Gap) [JEW]
444. Ford, Josephine, United States, 1.0, inheritance (Ford Motor)
445. Godrej, Adi, India, 1.0
446. Goldsbury, Christopher, United States, 1.0, salsa [JEW]
447. Golisano, B. Thomas, United States, 1.0, payroll services (Paychex)
448. Hartono, Budi and family, Indonesia, 1.0, tobacco
449. Heraeus family, Germany, 1.0, diversified
450. Hinduja brothers, India, 1.0
451. Kimmel, Sidney, United States, 1.0, apparel [JEW]
452. Knauf family, Germany, 1.0, construction materials
453. Koplowitz, Alicia, Spain, 1.0 [JEW]
454. Lee family, Singapore, 1.0
455. Lewis, Joseph, Britain, 1.0 [JEW]
456. Liem Sioe Liong, Indonesia, 1.0
457. Said, Jamie and Jose, Chile, 1.0
458. Schneider, Donald, United States, 1.0, trucking [JEW]
459. Sidhu, Sanjiv, United States, 1.0, software
460. Sobrato, John Anthony, United States, 1.0, real estate
461. Tiong Hiew King, Malaysia, 1.0
462. Vidigal, Gaston, Brazil, 1.0
463. Werhahn family, Germany, 1.0, diversified [JEW]
464. Yeoh, Francis, Malaysia, 1.0
465. Zuckerman, Mortimer, United States, 1.0, real estate, media [JEW]
Copyright 1999 The Associated Press

Jews on Stage, Screen, Musicians, Artists, Etc.

Stage, Screen, Musicians, Artists, Writers, etc…

Allen, Woody – Comedian, Actor, Director, Producer (real name: Allan Konigsberg)
Avital, Mili – Israeli actress (extremely beautiful), U.S. debut: Stargate
Beck – Musician
Berlin, Irving – Composer of « White Christmas »
Biafra, Jello (Singer of American HC punk band Dead Kennedys)
Bialik, Mayim – Actress (Blossom)
Borgnine, Ernst (Effron Borgnine) – an actor
Brooks, Albert – Actor, Director (real name: Albert Einstein)
Brooks, Mel – Actor, Director, Comedian, Writer
Bullock, Sandra – actress [Jewish?]
Cantor, Eddie – Vaudeville Singer, Dancer
Cass, « Mama » (Liz Cohen) – an actress
Cherry, Ruben (A man who raised Elvis in public)
Chessler, Deborah (Shirley Reingold)
Chomsky, Naom – an American philosopher
Cohen, Leonard — Bohemian Song Writer
Crystal, Billy – Actor, Comedian
Davis, Jr., Sammy – Black Singer, Actor, Dancer (died)
DeCarlo, Joe – Comedian
DeNero, Robert – Actor [Jewish Mother]
Deutscher, Isaac – an author (biography of « Stalin »)
Dreyfuss, Richard (Oscar Winning Actor)
Duchovny, David – Co-star of the hit show The X-Files
Duritz, Adam lead singer/songwriter for Counting Crows
Dylan, Bob – Musician
Escher, M. C. – Artist, Explorer of the Infinite
Feuer, Aaron Neal – wrestler, talmud scholar, debate champ
Ford, Harrison – Actor (Jewish Mom, see interviews in cosmopolitan/playboy)
Frankel, Mark – Actor
Freed, Alan (first radio star in 50´s to play Rock n’ Roll)
Geller, Sarah Michelle – Actress (Buffy the Vampire Slayer TV)
Geller, Rudy – Magician who Bends Spoons & Levitates Objects
Gershwin, George – composer (Rhapsody in Blue)
Goldblum, Jeff – Actor
Goldwyn, Samuel – Director, Executive at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Gordon, Tony (Manager UK punk band Sham 69)
Gere, Richard – Actor
Gifford, Cathy Lee Epstein – Talk Show Hostess
Himmelman, Peter – Musician (and son-in-law to B. Dylan)
Hoffmann, Gaby
Keitel, Harvey (Actor: Pulp Fiction, The Piano, etc)
Kirschner, Mia – Actress/Exotica
Knopfler, Mark – Dire Straits
Jeremy, Ron – Porn Star
Joel, Billy – Musician, Winnner of Grammy Awards
Jolsen, Al – Singer, Mummer, Cantor
Klein, Calvin – Fashion Designer
Lee, Michelle – Actress – Knots Landing
Louis, Julia – Actress
Marcell, Bibi – Klezmer Singer extraordinaire
Marley, Bob – Reggae Artist (father was Jewish, mother negro)
Martins, Luciano Costa – brazilian musician (mother mulatta, father indian/jewish)
Marx, Groucho – Comedian
Marx, Harpo – Comedian
Mayer, Louis B. – Founder & Director at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Meyers, Ari – Actress / Kate and Allie
Minelli, Liza – Singer/Actress
Neuwirth, Bebe – Lilith on Cheers
Newman, Paul – Actor
Newton John, Olivia – Australian Pop Singer
Nimoy, Leonard – Actor (Star Trek’s ‘Spock’)
Owens, Ronn – San Francisco/Los Angeles Talk Show Host
Patinkin, Mandy – Actor (Chicago Hope)
Peck, Gregory – an actor
Perlman, Itzhak – World-Renowned Violinist
Portman, Natalie – actress
Raffi – childrens’ entertainer
Reiser, Paul – Mad About You
Reudor – Cartoonist,author, creator of comic strip and books featuring The Doodle Family
Rhodes, Bernie (the first manager of The Clash)
Richards, Michael – Seinfeld
Rivera, Geraldo – Talk Show Host
Roth, David Lee – Van Halen Rocker
Ryder, Winona – Actress
Savalas, Telly – an actor (died)
Sandler, Adam – Comedian
Schlessinger, Dr. Laura – radio therapist
Seagal, Steven – action movie star, Under Siege, etc.
Seinfeld, Jerry – Comedian
Server, Josh – actor on the show All That
Seymour, Jane – Actress (father is Jewish)
Shatner, William – Actor (Star Trek’s Captain ‘James T. Kirk’)
Shiraz – Israeli supermodel(pic on top model directory)
Shue, Andrew – Actor (Melrose Place)
Silver, Josh (keyboard player in goth metal band Type-O-Negative)
Silverstone, Alicia – Actress, Clueless Star
Simon, Paul – Musician
Sioux, Siouxie (female singer of British punk/goth band Siouxie & Banshees)
Singer, Isaac Bashevis – Writer (Yiddish)
Slash – Guitarist in Guns and Roses (Saul Hudson)
Smith, Raphael – Composer and Scriptwriter (‘Search for Bokkie Rosenthal’)
Sondheim, Stephen – Broadway lyricist/composer
Spacek, Sissy – an actress
Spielberg, Steven – Director
Sprinkle, Annie – Porn star and performance artist
Spungen, Nancy (girlfriend of Sex Pistols´s basist Sid Vicious) (died)
Steinman, Jim – Composer for Meat Loaf, Bonnie Tyler, Celine Dion
Stern, Howard – king of all media
Stewart, Jon – Comedian
Streisand, Barbara – director, singer, producer
Ustinov, Peter – an actor
Williams, Robin – Actor (Said he was Jewish on « Oprah »)
Yetnikoff, Walter (ex-manager of Michael Jackson)
Zuehra Elfassia – Famous Singer – Morocco
Mel Brooks – Actor, Director, Producer
Jacob Freedman — WBZC’s Sunday Morning Klezmer DJ
Iggy Pop, musician
Julianna Margulies – ER Actress
Lisa Kudrow – TV Star-Friends
Geddy Lee –lead singer and bass player of the band Rush
Lauren Bacall – Actress
Jeff Chandler – Actor
Lori Beth Denberg – actress on the show All That
Harvey Fierstein – actor, writer
Claude Berri – French film director
Bruce Boxleitner – actor
Joey Ramone – Lead singer of the Ramones
Noah Wyle – actor, E.R
Ofra Haza – Israeli Singer
Eddie Vedder – lead voaclist for Pearl Jam
Ellen Barkin – Actress
Lisa Bonet – ex-wife of Lenny Kravitz
Danny Kaye – philanthropist, song-and-dance man
DINAH SHORE- SINGER — FATHER WAS RABBI
Jack Benny (Benjamin Kubelsky – real name)
Lou Reed – Musician
Paul Stanley – singer/guitarist player for Kiss, real name Stanley Eisen
Scott Wolf – Party of Five
Dominika Peczynski – TV star (Dominikas Planet), member of Swedish dance band Army Of
Lovers (Crucified, Isrealism)
Henry Winkler – Actor (‘The Fonze’ on ‘Happy Days’)
Bob Hopskins – Roger Rabitt, Cotton Club, ex-kibbutznik
Fat Mike – Singer, guitarist and songwriter for NOFX
Pat Benatar – famous singer
Yasmine Bleeth – actress (father Jewish)
Alan Rickman – Actor (Sense and Sensibility, Die Hard, Robin Hood Prince Of Thieves)
David Oistrakh – Violinist
Gene Wilder – Actor
Debbie Friedman – songwriter and singer
Gary Dell’Abate – Howard Stern’s Producer (Baba Booey!)
Brian Austin Green -
Elizabeth Shue – Karate Kid, Back to the Future II & III, Leaving Las Vegas, The Saint, etc…
Mordechai Richler – Famous Montreal writer
Jerry Walker – Disc Jockey, ABC Radio Network
Shemp Howard (Horowitz) one of the Three Stooges
Rita Hayworth (Rita Cansino) Source: Debrett’s Goes to Hollywood (Cansino family Spanish
Sephardim)
Walter Matthau – Comedian, actor
Stepfanie Kramer – actress /Hunter
Uri Geller – Spoon-bending Magician
Kirk Douglas – Actor
Jean-Pierre Barda – actor, TV star member of Swedish dance band Army Of Lovers (Crucified,
Isrealism)
Elie Weisel – Author and Nobel Laureate
Pauly Shore – actor
Rodney Dangerfield – Comedian, Actor, real name Jack Cohen
Lenny Bruce – comic
Sarah Jessica Parker – Actress
Elvis Presley – Jewish maternal grandparent
(Jerome) Curly Howard (Horowitz) – one of the Stooges
Dinah Manoff – actress\empty nest
Mike Diamond – Musician (Beastie Boys)
Chaim Goldberg – World renowned artist of the Shtetl Culture. see site
Melanie Chartoff – actress
Sara Silverman – commedienne
Sophie Marceau – french actress Braveheart daughter of Marcel
Howie Mandel – Comedian
Carrie Fisher – Actress: Star Wars’ Princess Leia
Phil Ochs – Topical Folk Singer of ‘s
Howard Ashman – lyricist Little Shop of Horrors, Disney animated features
Debra Winger – Actress
Clare Carey – actress, coach
Kevin Kline – Actor, Best Supporting Oscar in A Fish Called Wanda
Lenny Kravitz – singer, guitarist
Harry Houdini – World’s Most Famous Magician and Escape Artist
Neil Diamond – Musician, Singer, Actor
Morie Amsterdam
Dustin Hoffman – Actor
Barry Horowitz: real name, professional wrestler in the WWF & WCW
Goldberg: name: Bill Goldberg, professional wrestler, WCW Champion
Raven: name: Scott Levy, professional wrestler, former WCW Champion
Dean Malenko, professional wrestler, former WCW champion
Jon Lovitz – Actor, comedian (Saturday Night Live, The Critic)
Isaac Asimov – world famous sci-fi writer
Susanna Hoffs – Singer in the Bangles
DiDi Conn – Actress
Christine Lakin – Step by Step
Herman Wouk – Author of War and Rememberance and other great epic novels
Gilda Radner – Comedian, Saturday Night Live
Jason Alexander — Actor (George Castanza on ‘Seinfeld’)
Joseph Gordon – Levitt – actor on rd Rock From The Sun
Bette Midler – Actress/Singer
Michael Landon – Little House On The Prairie (Eugene Orowitz – real name)
Al Jolson – Singer, actor
Paula Prentiss – actress Jewish?
Robert Redford – Actor. Describes himself as ‘half Jewish’.
Alan Jay Lerner – Lyricist (My Fair Lady)
Leslie Ann Warren – Actress Jewish?
Jonathan Silverman – actor/single guy
Marc Chagall – Painter, visual artist, Other site
David Harari- Bunghole Extradorinaire
Boris Karloff
Gene Simmons – singer/bass player for Kiss Israeli/Turkish, real name Haim Witz (or Gene
Klein?)
Jeremy Priven? – actor on Ellen
Joan Collins – Actress and Socialite Jewish?
Jerry Lewis – Comedian, Actor, Director
Gilbert Gottfried – Comedian
Jonny Clegg – South african musician Jaluka and Savuka
Hank Azaria – Cartoon voices in Simpsons and starred in Birdcage
Gilad Gelfond and David Cygielman- Rappers
Michael Jackson – ABC Talk Radio Host
Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. – actor
Larry Fine – one of the Three Stooges
David Janssen – actor
Jakob Dylan – lead singer of The Wallflowers and son of the great Bob Dylan
Don Diamont – actor Young and Restless
Irving Berlin — songwriter & writer of musicals (God Bless America, White Christmas, There’s
No Business Like Show Business)
Marcel Marceau – Famous French mime
John Banner – Actor (Schultz from Hogan’s Heroes) Jewish?
Aaron Lebedev – famous Yiddish singer and actor
MAX FELIX-ACTOR AND RADIO PERSONALITY-ARGENTINA
George Burns – Comedian, Actor (Real name: nathan birnbaum)
Randy Newman – Composer performer (‘Toy Story’ soundtrack)
Heddy Lamarr- actress, Delilah in Samson and…
Isaac Stern – Famous Violinist
TORI SPELLING
Jan Murray – comedian
David Helfcott – Musican
Roberta Peters – singer Metropolitan Opera
Goldie Hawn
Lawrence Hershon- little in the middle but he got much back
Allan Sherman – Singer/songwriter, humorist
Jamie Gertz — actress
Harpo Marx – Comedian (Marx Brothers)
Lorraine Bracco – Actress (Goodfellas)
Brett Gurewitz – owner of Epitaph records and former guitarist for Bad Religion
diane venora – chicago hope
Bruno Walter – German conductor and student of Gustav Mahler. Had to change his name.
Giselle Fernandez (mother is Jewish)
Jenna Leigh Green – actress on Sabrina The Teenage Witch
Robert Goulet-Singer (Real Name: Robert Applebaum)
Naomi Shemer — composer to Yerushalayim shel zahav
Stuttering John Melendezbaum – He looks as good as he talks!
Jeff Goldman – actor
katey segal – actress/singer married w/children
Neil Gaiman – Author (Sandman, Neverwhere)
Adam Sandler – Comedian/Actor
Isaac Mizrahi – Fashion Designer
Brooke Langton – actress (Samantha on Melrose Place)
Leonard Bernstein — composer (West Side Story)
Peter Riegert – actor, Crossing Delancey
Gina Gershon – actress/Showgirls
Joel Grey – Broadway Actor (Emcee, Cabaret)
Joy Division (at least Peter Hook, Stephen Morris and Bernard Sumner, Ian Curtis?)
Ed Asner, Mr. Grant on The Mary Tyler Moore Show
Dennis Prager – radio talk host, essayist, moralist
Jerry Springer – Talk show host
Kenny G – Musician
Steve Lawrence – singer, skeptic, husband of Edie Gorme
Jonathan Taylor Thomas – real name Jonathan Weiss
Zero Mostel, actor, comedian, painter
Stephen Schwartz — lyricist/composer
Richard Dreyfus – Actor
Jamie Luner – actress she was on the show Savannah
Jessica Tandy – actress, Driving Miss Daisy
Ari Telch, mexican actor
Joe Cocker – famous singer israeli/german
Barry Manilow – Musician, Singer
Beverly Sills – Opera Star(Real name: Beverly Silberman)
Theodore Bikel – actor / Fiddler on the Roof
Kathie Lee Gifford – (father was Jewish Epstien)
Sonia Benezra – Quebecer Talk Show host
Swoozie Kurtz – actress/Sisters Jewish?
The Greaseman (Doug Tracht) Nationally known radio shock jock
Shel Silverstein Children’s author
Sandy Becker – late children’s TV show host
melissa gilbert – actress
Jeff Beck – Guitarist
Louise Rainer-fine actress s and s
Amy Irving – actress
steven weber – actor (wings)
Dorothy Lamour – Actress
Michael T. Weiss – TV actor (The Pretender)
David Geffen – Dreamworks, Owns Geffen Records ( Israeli )
Donald Fagen – Steely Dan singer/composer
Nina Gordon – Musician, Veruca Salt
Moe Howard – one of the Three Stooges
Roseanne Barr – Comedian
Nelly Sachs – poet, Noble prize in literature
Stanley Kubrick- Director of  » and ‘A Clockwork Orange’
Elliot Gould – Actor from Bay Parkway Brooklyn
Jeffrey Meyer – Yankee Hero
Suzanne Pleshette-Costar of The Bob Newhart Show
Fran Drescher – Actress (from The Nanny)
Julie Kavner – actress, voice of Marge Simpson
Effi – Israeli Hot Head ( MTV’s Road Rules)
Joan Rivers – Comedian/writer/jeweler/actress
Scott Simon – host NPR’s Saturday Weekend Edition, broadcast journalist
Rhea Perlman – Actress
Mara Wilson – child actress in Miracle on th St, Mrs. Doubtfire
Jim Bradley – Dog Trainer
Alan King – CNN king of talk
Barry Levinson – ‘Diner’ Director
Melissa Joan Hart- Mother’s father devout orthodox Jew
Ken Wahl – Wiseguy star Jewish?
Jerry Herman – Composer of Hello Dolly!
Larry Adler – world famous harmonica player
Lorne Green – Bonaza star
Dan Blocker – actor, Bonanza
Fred Astaire (Fredrik Austerlitz – real name) Jewish?
Peter Sellers – Actor,Comedian
Ron Silver – Actor/Director
Perry Farrel – ne Bernstein. Musician, Porno for Pyros
Stan Getz – Jazz Saxophonist
Roman Polanski – Director
Super Dave Osborne – Comedian. Real name: Bob Einstein.
Tom Arnold – actor
Maury Chaykin – Actor -
Molly Ringwald – Brat Pack Actress
Jenna Von Oy — actress who played six on blossom Jewish?
Paula Abdul – famous singer (Mother is French canadian Jew)
Phoebe Snow – Singer
Lorne Michaels – T.V. Producer (created Saturday Night Live)
michael mills (born Milstein) – cellist, brain surgeon, comedian, petty bureaucrat
David Copperfield – Magician
Lacey Chabert – actress on Party of Five
Barry Sisters – famous Jewish duet
Werner Klemperer (Klink on Hogan’s Heroes, son of Otto K.)
Mel Blanc – Best-Known Cartoon Voices
Monty Hall – game show host
Soupy Sales – comedian
Leslie Howard – British actor, in Gone With The Wind, Killed as Pilot in WWII for Britain
Jo Amar – Famous Singer – Morocco
Tony Curtis (Bernard Schwartz – real name)
Pinky Lee(Pincas Levy)–Children Entertainer of the ‘s
Marc Bolan (Marc Feld) – UK singer: T. Rex Frontman
Sally Jessy Raphael-T.V. talk show hostess, (real last name: Lowenthal)
Marla Sokoloff – actress
Richard Beymer – ‘West Side Story’ – actor
Geena Davis – actress
Jonathan Larson-composer (Rent)
Ira Gershwin — lyricist
Matt Lauer – NBC Today Show
Richard Avedon – Photographer
Brent Spiner – Data character on Star Trek Next Generation
Zeppo Marx – Comedian (Marx Brothers)
Matthew Broderick – Actor. Jewish Mom
Yehudi Menuhin, world class Violonist
Tim Burton – Brilliant Director
brian bloom – actor
Michael Bolton – Singer
Art Garfunkel – Musician
Bruce Springsteen – singer/songwriter (Dutch/Jewish) evidence anyone?
Beatrice Arthur – Actress (Dorothy, Golden Girls)
Hillel Slovak – Late guitarist for Red Hot Chili Peppers
Victor Borge (Borge Rosenbaum) Pianist and Humourist
Mike Wallace – Television journalist
joey slotnick – actor/single guy
Joe T Turri – Famous NY house music producer
Harry Reems- ‘Big’ porn star of the ‘s
Cindy Margolis- Model and Cyberpinup
Fyvush Finkel – Actor/Entertainer – Picket Fences
Jennifer Grey – Actress (Baby, Dirty Dancing)
justine bateman – actress
clio goldsmith actress
Totie Fields – comedienne
Bernie Bernstein – Musician, Punk Band,’Hector’
Matityahu Glazerson – Author of Mystical Books/Composer
Dinah Shore – singer and TV star
Marat Galperin – athlete, entertainer, and regulator.
Wolf Blitzer – CNN Journalist
Peter Lorre – ne Ladislav Loewenstein, Actor
Ben Stiller – Actor/Director
craig t. nelson actor-coach
Yaasha Heifitz – Famous Violinist
Robby Benson Robert Segal-actor/director
Giora Fiedman – klezmer musician
Richard Kaufman (Ricky The K) – Disc Jockey
Brody Stevens – Comedian and Cable Access TV host in Seattle
Judd Nelson – Actor, Suddenly Susan, The Breakfast Club
Tina Louise – Actress (Gilligan’s ‘Ginger’ – origin of the Hebrew word ‘Jinji’)
larry david writer-producer
Keith Moon – The Who ( Reputedly Jewish )
james spader – actor Jewish?
Elsa Morante, Italian author
Barbara Walters – US television broadcaster
Irwin Chusid- Writer, Record Producer, Radio Personality and Bon Vivant
donna karan – designer
Lawrence Harvey – born Skikne – actor
Judy Kuhn – Broadway Actress (Voice of Pocahontes)
Danielle Harris – Actress
sara gilbert actress-roseanne
patricia wettig – actress-thirtysomething
Leah Remini – actress , sitcom Fired Up
Ricki Lake – talk show hostess
Steven Spielberg – producer, director
Andrew Norden – Pre-Medical lover of women
John Garfield – actor
melanie mayron – thirtysomething
Pinchas Zuckerman — violinist
Garson Gershon Kanin – actor
Cloris Leachman – actress
Franz Kafka – author
Francesca Neville – Shakespearean actress
Arnold Schoenberg – Composer
Daniel Jonah Goldhagen – author
Gary Schandling – Comedian
Mark Reizen – Great Russian bass, « probably the greatest bass voice Russia ever produced »
mike ogulnick – one on one sports radio network anchor
Burt Ward – actor, Robin from Batman Jewish?
Audrey Landers – actress
James Concord Douglas
Estelle Getty – Actress (Sophia, Golden Girls)
Matthew Kuchta — first porn star with inch penis
Harlan Ellison-Science fiction writer
Morley Safer – Television journalist ( Minutes)
Jack Carter – Comedy
Bill Graham – Late rock promoter extrodinaire
Howie Morris – comedian (Your Show of Shows)
audrey hepburn
Sophie Tucker Abuza – performer  »last of the red hot mamas’
Pee Wee Herman (Paul Rubens)
Paul Auster – author and poet
Steven P. Greenberg – songwriter (Funkytown)
paul michael glazer – actor/director starsky and hutch
Country Joe McDonald – singer (mother)
Robert Downey Jr. – Actor Jewish?
jeffrey archer author
Neil Simon – Broadway playwright
Jonathan Mostow – Screenwriter and movie director
David Harari- Film Maker
Peggy Lipton – Mod Squad Actress From Lawrence N Y
Debra Winger actress
Buddy Hackett – Actor/Comedian
Mark Dixon – Counts cars in Nissan in Sunderland,UK
Neil Sedaka – Singer
Al Cohn – famous saxophone player now deceased
George Segal – actor
Arlo Guthrie, Woody Guthrie’s son, mother Marjorie was Jewish
Richard Rogers – Composer
Carolyn Summerlin-Comic/Concert Pianist
amy brenneman actress
Joe Dytko–the first founder of the turrles
Judd Hirsh actor-Taxi
Stan – South Park (Comedy Central) character (Wed. pm EST)
Philip Roth – Author
Jerry Orbach- Briscoe on Law and Order
Alan Alda – actor Jewish?
Al Kooper – Founder, Blood Sweat and Tears
Rodd Keith (real name:Rod Eskelin) song-poem auteur
Matt Fraiberg – owner Guardian Alarm
Chico Marx – Comedian (Marx Brothers)
Chaim Potok – Author
David Broza –Israeli singer/songwriter
Mr. Rogers – TV star… plays with little kids
Are Thue-Jones – Founder of Jew-Tang
Camille Pisarro – Artist
Kathy Levine – QVC Hostess
audrey hepburn actress
Jessica Savitch – NBC News’ Former Golden Girl
Peter Mark Richman – Actor/writer/artist
adam arkin actor/chicago hope
Marilyn Michaels – Impressionist
Alan Menken — composer
george jessel – Toastmanster General
Dani Behr – S.African/British presenter(Giggs’ girl)
Yasha Heifetz – Violinist
Lorne Greene – Actor
Pamela Anderson – Playboy model (born Joan Goldstein)
Gustav Mahler – Composer
Phoebe Cates-Costar of Fast Times at Ridgemont High (Real last name: Katz) Jewish?
Judy Blume – Children’s author
Bronco Billy Anderson-silent film cowboy star
Richard Benjamin – actor and director
Charles Bronson – Movie Star
Joey Bishop – comic
MCA (Adam Yauch)- Rap musician, Beastie Boys
Josef Schmidt, Rosa Raisa, Leonard Warren, opera singers
Norm Crosby- Standup comic
James Caan – (Actor) Rollerball etc.
Emma Samms – actress on Dynasty Jewish?
Louise Wener – Frontwoman Britpop band Sleeper
Omri Katz – actor
Richard Lewis – Comedian
Adam Sandler-A GUY THAT WRITES SONGS FOR COOL JEWS!
michael fishman actor-roseanne
Barbara Amiel – writer
Walter Mathau-Actor and Comedian
Norman Greenbaum – ‘Spirit in the Sky’ musician
Joanna Going – actress
Otto Klemperer – Orchestral Conductor
Randy West – Porno Star
Ralph Lauren
Paul Mazursky – Director, beautiful, meaningful films
Ed Asner – actor
Mark Knopfler – Dire Straits lead vocal and guitarist
Richartd Belzer-actor/comedian
Eddie Cantor – Singer, actor
max weinberg – drummer, bruce springstein, conan o’brien
Mike Nichols – Director ( The Graduate, Catch , The Birdcage )
Patrick Bruel – French Singer
Yaakov Agam – modern painter/sculptor
Rowan Atkinson(?)- Comedian (Mr. Bean, Voice of Zazu in Lion King) Jewish?
Salim Hallali – Famous Singer – Morocco
Benny Goodman – King of Swing
danny jacobson writer/producer
Jean Jacques Goldman, french musician et singer
Adam Duritz – lead singer of Counting Crows
Paul Cohen – Quebecer guitarist
Joan Lunden, real last name Blunden
saul rubinek actor
michael wolf musician
Marty Feldman – actor, comedian
Dave Ehrman – actor
ADRIAN KAPLAN – South African actor
Maurice Schwartz – major figure in Yiddish Theatre
Corey Feldman – Actor
Milton Berle – Comedian
Madeline Kahn – actress (Clue, Nixon)
Matthew Bratter – Musician, Daisy’s Red Gravy Train
Donna Karan – designer
Justine Frischman – Frontwoman Britpop band Elastica
sally field – actress Jewish
Arthur Fiedler – Former Boston Pops Conductor
Laurence Tolhurst – Original drummer of The Cure
Brett Sommers – The Match Game
Stanley Kubrick-movies director (clockwork orange,the Shining…)
Richard Tucker – Great hazzan and operatic tenor
Buddy Rich – worlds greatest drummer
Richard Simmons- Live-it, health guru
Aaron Copland – Composer of Appalachin Spring and other great classical music
George Solti-conductor (Chicago Symphony)
Maury Yeston- Musical composer of shows like Nine, Phantom and Titanic
gabriela karteris -
Irving Layton – Canadian poet
Gary Lewis – Rock Singer ( Jerry’s Son )
Ernst Lubitsch- Polish film Director of classic To Be Or Not to Be
Don Adams – agent , Maxwell Smart
Oscar Levant – pianist
Arturo Jimenez – Columbian Real Estate Magnate
Jan Peerce (Pinchus Perlmutter) – great operatic tenor
Mike Gordan-Bass for Phish
Joe Elliot- Def Leppard lead singer
ken olin actor\thirtysomething
David Horowitz – T.V. Personality
Phil Glasser- Actor- An American Tail (Fievel)
Debbie Gibson – Singer Jewish?
Wallace Shawn- actor (Princess Bride, Toy Story, Clueless)
Moshe Weinberg (Vainberg) Russian composer and contemporary of Shostakovitch. Relatively
unknown in USA but popular in Former USSR.
Simone Signoret – French actress (‘Diabolique’)
Clea Lewis – actress/ Audrey on Ellen
Saul Zaentz – Producer ( One flew over…, Amadeus, The English Patient )
Rachel Rosenthal – Los Angeles-based performace artist
Richard Belzer – Comedy
Will Self – British writer (mother)
Roger Hannin – French actor
Fritz Lang – German director of classics as Metropolis and The Vampire of Dusseldorf
Dr. Laura Schlesinger – Radio host and author
rena sofer actress
David ‘Dudu’ Fisher – Popular Israeli Singer and Cantor
Vic Tayback-T.V. Costar of Alice
Daniel Day Lewis, British actor (Jewish mother)
Graham Gouldman – member of cc, ‘s pop songwriter
Dina Meyer – Actress-appears in upcoming film ‘Dragonheart’
Abe Vigoda – Fish From Barney Miller
Felix Mendelssohn, composer
Marcel Proust – Second most important writer (after Kafka) this century
Mark Volman co-founder of the turtles
Yul Brynner – definitely Jewish screen actor
arye gross – actor
Michael Gelman – producer of Regis and Kathie Lee
Rain Pryor – actress daughter of Richard, mom Jewish
howard kaylan co-founder of the turtles
David Cronenberg – Canadian director/writer (The Fly)
David Birney – actor-St. Elswhere Jewish?
Rina Mor – Messinger – Israeli Miss Universe -
Randy Spelling – actor son of Aaron Spelling and brother of Tori Spelling
kim zimmer actresss/guiding light
Carl Reiner – Comedian
Mike Bloomfield – Blues Guitarist
Lee Grant – actress/director
Sam Wolff – Mayor Elect/Atlanta (Rabbi Cheamcheese)
Alicia Markova – Ballet dancer (nee Alice Marks).
S. J. Perelman – Writer – Screenplays for Marx’ Comedies: Monkey Business; Horse Feathers, etc
Yuri Rasovsky – Peabody Award-winning radio dramatist of the s and s.
Edward G. Robinson-Actor(Realname Emmanuel Goldenberg)
Anouk Aimee – French actress (‘A Man and a Woman’)
Enrico Macias Algerian-French jew Famous?
Melissa Rosenberg – Joan Rivers’ daughter/Host E! Entertaiment
Jennifer Jason Leigh
Joely Fisher – actress/Ellen. Half-sister of Carrie.
Mitul Patel – Jewish/Indian actor
Adam Yauch – Musician (Beastie Boys)
Mark Bomer-Jewish Activist and Historian
Pincas Zuckerman
Joe Belgrade – stage and screen actor
Elliot Goldenthal – Movie Composer – Batman and Robin and others
Kent Brockman – TV anchor on The Simpsons Kenny Brockelstein
Henri Bergson – noble prize winner (literature)
Stan Getz – world famous saxophonist
Jim Shapiro – Musician, Veruca Salt
Arthur Koestler – author
Kurt Weil – composer (Three Penny Opera)
Jennifer Jason Leigh – actress
Mark Walberg – Game Show Host(The Big Date)
Al Waxman – actor / Cagney and Lacey
Max Fleischer – Animation Producer (Betty Boop, Popeye, etc.)
Julius Lester – author and professor Jewish?
David Halberstam – Author
Kirk Douglas, nee Isadore Demsky
Fritz Reiner, George Szell, conductors
Joe Besser: one of the three stooges, for a while.
Ronn Owens -San Francisco/Los Angeles Talk Show Host
Lorraine Newman – Saturday Night Live
Aaron Freeman – Chicago radio talkshow host
Stephen Evans – Writer/Director/Actor
Helen Hunt (Father Jewish; Mad About You)
Albert Cohen, French language author
Josh Niehaus – Musician/entertainer/player
kinky friedman -country singer and mystery author
Felix Mendelssohn – composer
Todd Suchman, Styx drummer
Laurin Sydney – Showbiz Today CNN
Michael Kinsley — syndicated columnist
Robert Merrill – Opera Singer
Jeff Daniels – actor Jewish?
Jerry Stiller – Mr. Costanza and Ben’s dad
Helen Shapiro – British singer
Justine Frischmann – lead singer of well known UK indie band Elastica
David Steinberg – comedian/director
Steven Tyler – lead singer in the music group Aerosmith
jackie mason
Shecky Greene – comic
Harvey Korman-Comedian, Costar of The Carol Burnett Show
June Allyson Ella Geisman – actress
Harrison Ford – one Jewish parent
Alain Boublil – Lyricist of Miss Saigon
Sakari Topelius – Old finnish national fairy-teller
Ringo Starr – Beatles drummer.
Isaac Mizrachi — fashion designer
Jack Klugman – Oscar from The Odd Couple
Paul McKellar-Nazi Hunter, Nationally recognized lectur on Holocaust events.
Fanny Brice – comedian
Doc Severenson – Tonight Show
Jessica Lundy – actress (Hope and Gloria)
Alan Wilder – keyboards player of Depeche Mode
Andrew ‘Dice’ Clay – Comedian, Actor. Real name is: Andrew Silverberg
Nina Rodzynek – Musician
Justin Wilson- Mais, Cher, ANOTHER famous Cajun
Aaron Rosand, concert violinist
Jennifer Doctorovich – theater actress in Houston ,Texas
Jack Spector – Disc Jockey
Joanna Gleason (daughter of Monty Hall) actress
Elliot Gould- actor, M.A.S.H.
Jon Stewart- Hilarious Jew
Pittsburgh Pete – Radio Actor
Jerry Bock – Composer( Fiddler On The Roof, She Loves Me plus more)
john stossel /
Ross Martin- actor(TV’s ‘The Wild, Wild West’).Real name Martin Rosenblatt.
Lee Konitz – musician (jazz saxophonist)
Charles Grodin – actor/writer
Dan Futterman- Actor (The Birdcage)
Michael Ovitz – Disney
Charles Orange – Poet
Ben Elton – comedian and writer.
Arthur Schnitzler – Viennese playwright, novelist and doctor
Leslie Stahl – Sixty Minutes
Laura Shaff – Bon Vivant, Girl About Town
Debbie Goad – Writer (Answer Me!)
Haim Topol – Actor (Fiddler on the Roof)
Helena Bonham-Carter–her mother is a Rothschild
Hans Rosenthal — showmaster
Don Black – lyricist of Sunset Boulevard
Laura Bertam, actress on the Disney Channel’s ‘Ready or Not’
Sid Ceasar – Your Show Of Shows
Jamie Lee Curtis (Father is Jewish)
Robert Clary – Actor (LeBeau from Hogan’s Heroes)
Steven Adler-ex drummer for guns n roses
Michael Tucker – Actor, LA Law etc.
Arlene Dahl – Actress
Linda Rondstat -Singer Jewish grandparents
Suzy Mamann Greenberg – Producer of Seinfeld and some other NBC shows
Mick Jones – Musician from the Clash/B.A.D. — mother Jewish
Rick London (London’s Times Cartoon force.supernews.com in Mississippi
Sid Caesar – comedian
Steve Guttenberg – Actor
Jay Diamond – Radio Talk Show Host (used to be on WABC)
Lorenzo Lamas – Actor ( Jewish Mom )
Hy Berkawitz – Owner of Rogers Dept.store in Grand Rapids MI
Bruno Schulz- writer
Adam Faith – British singer
Christopher Lambert – actor (father)
Jackie Kallen – manager of James Toney
Barbara Hershey (Herzstein)- actress- one-time hippie/flower child, now likes her lips to be big!
Sasha Mitchell – Actor (Step by Step, Kickboxer )
Sam Levinson – humorist/TV panelist
Ann B. Davis – Actress (Alice in The Brady Bunch)
paula zahn – broadcast journalist cbs
Ramblin’ Jack Elliot-folk singer/guitar player
Wendy Mallick – actress ( mostly sitcoms)
Carnie Wilson – former singer (wilson phillips), former talk show host, and daughter of beach boy
brian wilson (mother marilyn rovell is Jewish)
Arnold Stang – Film Actor
chevy chase -actor comedian
Carly Simon – Singer
Jackie Mason – Comedian
Martin and Charlie Sheen
Ken Berry-T.V. star-Mayberry R.F.D., F Troop
Rob Reiner – Comedian and Movie Director
Totie Fields – Comedienne
Steve Levy — (ESPN-Sportscenter)
Pope John Paul II -He’s the spitting image of my Galitzyaner grandfather
Richard Salwitz – aka Magic Dick, Musician J Geils
Milton Berle – comedian
Chuck Barris – Creator Of The Dating Game
Ian Ziering – actor,
Gene Barry – starred on TV Bat Masterson
Adam Rich – Eight Is Enough
jane kaczmarek actress
Linda (Epstein) Eastman – Paul Macartney’s wife
Rona Barret ( Bernstein ) – Gossip Reporter
paul shaffer musician-letterman show
Red Aaron Buttons – comic
Ivan Reitman – Canadian director – meatballs
Tori Spelling – Donna in Beverly Hills
Shelley Berman – comedian
Yves Montand – real name Ivo Livi, famous french singer
Florence Henderson – Brady Bunch, singer
Lyle Waggoner-Comedian and former costar of The Carol Burnett Show
Allen Funt – Host of ‘Candid Camera’
Woody Strode – black man from spartacus
Alfons Halim — yeah… this one is surely Jewish.
Jeff Chandler — ‘s movie star
Tony Kushner- Playwright (Angels in America)
Stephanie Powers – Actress
Buzz Aldrin – former US astronaut
Samy Elmaghribi – Famous Singer – Morocco
Art Buchwald – author and columnist
Jonathan Brandis – actor
William Goldman – screenwriter (The Princess Bride)
Walter Lippman – journalist/ founded the New Republic
Josef Szigeti, violinist
Rob Cohen, Director Horror Films
David Helfgott – Brilliant Australian pianist
Jerry Seinfeld — comedian, tv star
Haim Topol – actour
Dani from Cradle Of Filth (Mother is Ethiopian,Father is Jewish)
Andrew Mark Berman – Actor that was on The Wonder Years and other shows
max weinberg – drummer for bruce springstein, conan o’brien
Lawrence Harvey – Famous actor
Michael Berrin – M.C. Search formally of rd Bass
Arlene Sorkin – Caliope Jones On Days Of Our Lives
Gene Wilder, actor, Silver Streak, Gilda Radner’s husband
David Schwimmer – Actor (Ross on ‘Friends’)
King Diamond – american singer (Mercyful Fate)
Herschel Savage – Porn Star
Julie Kanver- voice of Marge Simpson
Jenna Jameson – porn star/mother teresa protege/wife of SQS
Shelley Winters Shirley Schrift – actress
Tony Randall (Leonard Rosenberg – real name)
Jerry Orbach-actor
sylvia sydney – actress
Jay Black – Jay And The Americans
Samuel Avital – Founder, Boulder Mime Theatre
Dustin Diamond – screech from saved by the bell
Mircea Crisan (Kraus?) romanian entertainer
Paulette Goddard – famous movie actress of the past
Trevor Rabin – Yes
David Gahan – Lead for Depeche Mode
Sydney Rome- Famous Actress
Arnold Schoenberg, famous composer
Josef Von Sternberg – Actor/Director
Robert Clary – actor (Hogan’s Heros)
Joel and Ethan Coen – producer, director, writers (Raising Arizona)
fred savage actor-wonder years
Jackie Vernon- comedian
Liv Tyler – actress daughter of Steven Tyler
Mitzi Gaynor – Actress, Dancer, Singer
Neriah Davis- porn star
Mark Feuerstein – actor (comedy Fired Up)
Courtney Love – America’s sweetheart
Mickey Hart – Drummer for Grateful Dead (also Mystery Box)
Bess Myerson – first Jewish Miss America
Carole King – nee Klein. Songwriter
Herschel Bernardi – actor
Moe Kauffman – Canadian jazz great
Michele Landsberg – newspaper columnist and Jewish Womens’ activist
tony goldwyn – actorghost
Melissa Manchester – Singer
Shlomo Mintz – violinist
Mark Moran – Talk Show Host
Shaun Weiss – Kid Actor(Heavyweights,Mighty Ducks +)
Ross Gelman-actor,comedian,adult entertainer
Vladimir Horowitz – Pianist
Ron Leavitt – Married With Children Creator/Producer
Jason Marsden – actor
Jack Gilford – Comedian/Actor
Serge Koussevitzky – conductor
dianne weist actress
Michel Berger, french composer and singer (tycoon)
Barry Sonnenfeld – director Get Shorty, Addams Family
ron rifkin – actor
Sheldon Harnick – Lyricist (Fiddler On the Roof, She Loves Me plus more)
Lee Zurik (CBS Sports Anchor)
Mr. G – WPIX New York weatherman
Selma Diamond – late gravelly voiced actress from Night Court
Polly Draper – actress (Thirtysomething) Jewish?
Dorothy Rothschild Parker – author and Algonquin wit
Joshua Redman – saxaphonist, Jewish mom
Malcolm McLaren–manager/impresario of the Sex Pistols
Allen Garfield (Goorwitz) – actor
Zohra Lampert – actress
Peter Wolf – Musician
David Susskind – producer
Dan Greenburg – author (‘How to be a Jewish Mother’)
Sheldon Leonard – late actor/producer
michael lembeck – actor/director
Sonny Fox – children’s TV producer/host
Stuart Pankin – former host of HBO *Not Necessarily the News
Bruno Bauer – conductor
Sherwood Schwartz – Creator Of Gilligans Isle
Renee Taylor – Actress (The Nanny) Jewish?
Paul Muni – Actor(Realname Muni Weisenfreund)
Shalom Aleichem-Yiddish Writer
Emma Lazarus – poet (‘Give me your tired, your poor,..’ from the Statue of Liberty)
Jonathon Lipnicki – child actor/ Jerry Maguire
Alan Gratzer and Kevin Cronin-musician of REO Speedwagon
Doug Feiger – Musician, The Knack
John Leguizamo-Colombian actor/comedian (Jewish?)
Menahem Golan – Israeli producer/director
Phobe Levy Pember –Confederate Civil War Heroine
Gregg Woodman – The Sidewinder
Jean-Luc Godard- filmmaker
Rick Moranis actor
kim greist – actress: chicago hope/homeward bound
Anthony Newley – singer/composer/actor
Kitty Carlisle-panelist on What’s My Line (real last name: Conn)
Claude Rains – Actor (Casablanca)
David Mamet – director-writer (The Verdict, Hoffa)
Allen Ginsberg-all time greatest American poet
Artur Rubenstein – piano virtuoso
Andy Kaufmann – taxi-comic
Dina Sfat, Brazilian actress
William Daniels – actor St. Elswhere
Jerry Ohrbach – Actor
David Milch – Co-producer/writer of NYPD Blue
Bill Pullman – actor Jewish?
Yaphet Kotto – famous actor
Adam Horowitz – Musician (Beastie Boys)
Amos Elon – Israeli writer and journalist
Lisa Edelstein – actress/Relativity
Boris Pasternak – Russian writer
Camryn Manheim – actress (The Practice)
Rick Rubin – Record producer/Def jam co-founder
Andy Ackerman – producer/director (Cheers, Frasier, Seinfeld)
Eddie Fisher – Singer
Georges Bizet-composer of Carmen, Symphony in C
Clifford Odetts-playwright (Golden Boy)
Michael Rappaport – actor
Eugene Ormandy- conductor (purveyor of the Philadelphia sound)
rob schneider – actor/comedian
Roy Lichtenstein- painter
Artur Rubinstein- pianist
John Rubinstein- actor (Family; son of Artur)
Jessica Walter- actress
J.D. Salinger- author (Catcher in the Rye)
F. Murray Abraham- actor (Amadeus)
Sam Jaffe- actor (Ben Casey)
Norman Lear – All In The Family Creator
Marvin Hamlisch – composer of A Chorus Line
EdIsaiah Wynn – actor
Peter Green – Blues guitarist, founder of Fleetwood Mac
Gummo Marx – Comedian (Marx Brothers)
Marianne Faithful – singer, girlfriend of Mick Jagger
Steven Lovy – writer/director of Circuitry Man
Richard Dix – famous movie actor of the twenties and thirties
Mickey Cohen – Gangster
Florenz Ziegfeld – theatrical producer
dan lauria – actor/wonder years
Carl Bernstein – author and journalist
richard masur – actor
Don Rickles – Comedian
joseph papp public theatre
Harold Prince – Broadway Director (Phantom Of The Opera, Cabaret, and many more)
Benjamin Mor – Benyad from the rap group Blood of Avraham
D. Saevitz – Mazik from the fap group Blood of Avraham
Max Aranoff (sp?), violist of the Curtis String Quartet
Goldie Hawn – Actress
Primo Levi – Writer(Holocaust Survivor)
Adam Goldberg – actor (TV-Relativity, Movies-Higher Learningunfortunetlyand The Prophecy)
Shimi Tavori – Outstanding Israeli Singer and Performer
Stephen R. Kuntz – famous attorney at law
Karl Haas-pianist, conductor, acclaimed host of Adventures in Music
Polly Bergen – Actress
hal linden hal lipshitz actor
Arthur Miller – Writer (Death of a Salesman)
Beverly Sills–opera singer and director
Al Jolson–singer and actor
Daniel Stern – Actor
Carly Simons -singer
Fredrick Loewe – Composer( Camelot, Gigi, My Fair Lady, Brigadoon)
John Rubenstein – actor
Tom Bosley – Mr. C. on Happy Days Jewish?
Roberta Peters — Opera Singer
John Garfield — ‘s movie star
Mark Banks – South African comedian
Susan Strasberg, daughter of Lee, stage and screen actress
Betty Friedan – author/ feminist
Stanley Drucker World-ranked clarinetist, NY Philharmonic Orchestra since
Deborah Raffin – Actress
Kevin Pollack – actor
Theda Bara – Silent Actress, original ‘vamp’
Natalio Finkelstein – famous violinist in tango orchestras- Argentina
Norman Corwin – pionerr writer, producer, director of American radio drama
Paul Rubin – Comedian and…
Alan Rachins – LA Law
Fania Fenelon — singer, author, Holocaust survivor;*Playing for Time* is her autobiography
Max Weinberg – drummer
Lee Strassberg – Actor
Larry Storch – F Troop Actor
Jeannie Becker – Fashion Television
Phil Silvers – Sgt. Bilko
Kenny G – World renowned Musician(sax)
Daniel Ash and Kevin Haskin – musicians from Bauhaus, British goth band
Billy Wilder – Director (Sunset Boulevard- the movie)
Josh Niehaus – Musician/Entertainer
Yaki Margulies – Well known artist in sea-town
Pierre Monteux – Orchestral Conductor
Mel Tilles–Country and Western singer
Rita Rudner – commedienne
Faye Kellerman – author,wife of jonathan
Herb Edelman – Police Chief on ‘Murder She Wrote’
Chip Zien – Broadway actor (Falsettos, Into The Woods)
Leonard Bernstein – composer, conductor
Bruce Adler – singer, dancer, comedian
Yascha Heifetz – violinist
Abigail Van Buren – dear abby
Peter Falk – actor (TV’s ‘Columbo’)
Robert ‘Mutt’ Lange- owner Flood/Mute records (Depeche Mode)
Martin Gore- songwriter (Depeche Mode)
Stacy Earl- singer
Josh Meisels — marathon runner
Bill Maher – comedian
maeve kinkead actress-guiding light
Jule Styne – composer of Gypsy
Yarema Hutsaliuk – famous American/French writer
Louie Nye (Neistat) – comedian
david mamet- pulitzer winning playwright
Abigail Van Buren (Dear Abby)-advice columnist
Ralph Bakshi- cartoon director (Fritz the Cat, Cool World)
Lindsey Crouse – actress (Daniel)
Judy Cavitez-actress
Greg Hetson – guitarist for Bad Religion and the Circle Jerks
Jerome Kern – composer of Show Boat
Matt Groening – Creator of the Simpsons
ben savage actor
Robert Lansing – Actor
Claude – Michel Schonberg- composer of Les Mis
Sidney Lumet – Film Director
DENISE KATRINA SMITH(aka Vanity) -mother is jewish
Mark Rothko – Abstract Expressionist Painter
Jane Wiedland – Member of the Go-Gos.
Al Cooper – Musician
roxanne hart actress-chicago hope
Rod Serling – Twilight Zone Creator Jewish?
Ethel Merman – ethel zimmerman performer
Herb Alpert – musician and mogul (Russian Jewish)
Abe Vigoda — Fish on Barney Miller
Sue Mengers – Agent
David Brenner Comedian
Edward G. Robinson – actor
Paul Muni – Actor (‘Louis Pasteur’, ‘Fugitive from a Chain Gang’)
Boris Thomashevsky – Actor (Yiddish theater)
Walter Mosley Writer (mother is Jewish)
Dictators-’s NYC punk rock pioneers-Handsome Dick Manintoba (Richard Blum) Andy Shernoff
Ross (The Boss) Friedman Scott(Top Ten) Kempner Richie Teeter
Ted Koppel – television newscaster (ABC Niteline)
Goldy Hawn-actress, First Wives Club
Zachary Hines – son of Gregory and Jewish wife
Adam Sandler- Comedian, songwriter
Erynn Hubbard – actress/comedian
Dr. Ruth – Famous Sex Therapist
Alexander Kipnis – Opera Singer
Emanuel List – Opera Singer
Marie Rappold – Opera Singer
Barbra Streisand-actress, singer
Rita Shane, Norman Mittelmann, Met opera
Jerome Kern, Frank Loesser, Bway composers
Gregor Piatigorsky, Emanuel Feuermann, cellists
Josef Szigeti, Mischa Elman, violinists
Thomas Shlamme – director
Franz Kafka
Joel Grey, actor
Georgia Brown, actress
Judy Holliday, actress
nora ephron – writer/director
Morris Carnovsky, actor
Goddard Lieberson, President of Columbia Records
Adolph Green, lyricist
Bonnie Franklin – Actress
Moira Shearer – famous actress now deceased
Chaim Topol — singer and actor
Robbie Kreieger – Doors guitarist
Bruce ‘Cousin Brucie’ Morrow- great ‘s+’s NYC disc jockey
Richard Hell-punk rocker-Television Heartbreakers Voidoids
Jonathan Silverman – Actor
Mike Diamond – (Mike D.) band member of Beastie Boys
Adam yauch – (MCA) band member of Beastie Boys
Adam Horowitz – (Adrock) band member of Beastie Boys
Amos Oz – Israeli writer philosopher
Silvio Santos- Brazilian humorist
Leo Genn-Famous British actor(Quo Vadis)
Duncan Renaldo – Tv’s Cisco Kid (born in Roumania)
Efrem Zimbalist Sr.- World-class violinist
Ricardo Cortez -Film actor (born Jacob Krantz)
Francesca Annis -British actress
Douglas Fairbanks Sr.- Silents star (real name Ulman)
Stuart Whitman- Film actor
Larry Gelbart – Mash producer
Jack Benny, comedian
Alan Klein – briefly manager of both The Beatles and The Stones
Joel Siegel – film critic ABC
Bernard Kalb – CNN Host of ‘Reliable Sources’
hart bochner actor-director
Armin Shimerman- ‘Quark’ on Deep Space Nine
Jonathan Larson – composer of the musical RENT
Matt Groening – Genius Creator of The Simpsons
gary david goldberg – producer
Barbara Walters – Journalist
Shalom Harlow – model need confirmation of being Jewish?
Frank Hope- From Oddville he is the host on the show.
Joseph Brodsky – Winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature,
Natasha Lyonne- jewish actress
Claire Bloom – Actress
Sydney Pollack – Director/Producer
Katrina Neville- soprano- star of Penn State Opera Theatre
Patricia Richardson actress/home improvement
Henry Jaglom – Director of off-beat films
Amy Heckerling – director-writer (Fast Times at Ridgemont High
Arthur Rubinstein – Pianist
Sarah Berhardt – famous French actress-early ‘s
jason bateman – actor
Isaac Babel – Writer
Nathanael West (Nathan Weinstein) – Writer – Miss Lonelyhearts; The Day of the Locust,
Shari Lewis – Children’s Entertainer
All the members of The J.Geils Band except for J.Geils
Lisa Loeb – Singer with band Nine Stories (spelling?)
David Schwimmer-in Friends
jessica hecht actress-single guy
Bert Bachrach – popular American composer
Aaron Abel-singer
Serge Gainsbourg-French comoser and singer
Larisa Oleynik – Secret World of Alex Mack
Gertrude Berg – actress (TV’s ‘The Goldbergs’)
Oscar Hammerstein – deceased composer of Broadway musicals
Gene Siskel – film critic (Siskel and Ebert)
Arthur Hiller (director of Love Story)
David Notowitz – Film producer, writer, editor
paul kossoff, guitarist english group free
Barbara Bach – Ringo’s Wife Jewish Father
Syl Sylvain – Member of New York Dolls
Shmuel Yosef Agnon – Writer, Nobel Prize Winner
Judy Landers – actress
Linda Lavin – TV Show Alice
OPHELIE WINTER FRENCH ACTRESS AND SINGER
alan arkin actor-father of adam
Elmer Bernstein – musician (composer/conductor)
Daniel Benzali – Actor (The Series: Murder One)
Jill Clayburgh-Actress (An Unmarried Woman, Silver Streak)
Brett ‘Da Hit Man’ Moses – Proprietor of Atlanta’s Tattletales
Rod Steiger – actor (Oscar Winner) Jewish?
Wendy Liebman – commedienne
mel baron — hero in WW
Estelle Harris – Yiddish actress plays George’s Mom on Seinfeld
Larry Floyd Matthews – Country singer/accordianist
Norm Crosby – comedian
beck-musician
Lena Brenner-story teller
Bill Dana – comedian
Al Levine — WBLI/NY DJ JEWISH?
Manfred Mann – musician
The King Ad Rock (Adam Horovitz)- rap musician, Beastie Boys
Harry James – bandleader (husband of Betty Grable)
Dave Katz – Lead singer of Ekoositk Hookah
Tristan Tzara ( real name Sami Rosenstein ) – french poet (-); begginer of the Dadaist Movement
of arts.
Al Lewis – TV Show The Munsters
António José da Silva, o Judeu – Portuguese playwriter, his work is the most important collection
of portuguese dramatic theatre of XVIIIth cent. Killed by the Inquisition.
Harold Pinter — English actor and playwriter; founder of the ‘absurd theatre’.
Kim Iglinski – Israeli top-model, discovered in Paris with y/o.
H. Leivick — Russian poet: ‘The Golem’
Steve Lawrence — popular singer-real name Sidney Liebowitz
mitterrandestein french actor
Michel Boujenah – famous french actor
Arthur Hiller – director (silver streak et. al. )
Louise Lasser – Mary Hartman
Eric Johnson — solo artist (guitarist)
Gabriel Kaplan – Comic/welcome back kotter
Henny Youngman – Comedian
Malcolm Gets – actor (Richard on Caroline in the City)
Earl Pomerantz- executive producer for the Larry Sander’s Show, Major Dad, (the old) Cosby
Show
Carol Connors – Wrote theme song for Rocky
Alexey Sayle – Comedian
Jean Claude Van Damme Mother is Jewish
Susan St. James – Actress
Mick Green – Rock guitarist with the Pirates (was Johnny Kidd and the Pirates)
Greg Wise – actor
Max Miller – English music hall comedian.
Bud Flanagan – English music hall star.
Ruby Wax – comedienne.
Gustav Mahler – composer.
Mendel Feibush – famous Yiddish character actor
Jack Rosenthal – playwrite
Horst Buchholst – actor (one of the Magnificent Seven).
Maureen Lipman – comic actress.
Brian Epstein – impresario (Beatles manager).
Harry Rabinowitz – conductor.
Alfie Bass – comic actor.
Warren Mitchell – actor.
Frankie Vaughan – singer.
Anthony Sher – actor.
Bob Monkhouse – comedian.
Leslie Howard – actor
Leslie Gore – singer
Ronald Harwood – Born in South Africa as Horwitz( playwright)
Harry James – bandleader
Melvyn Douglas – actor
David Helfcott – classical pianist/child prodigy
Artie Shaw – bandleader
Bob Hoskins – Oscar winning actor : got an Oscar for ‘Mona Lisa’.
Alma Cogan – singer
Taylor Dayne – Singer
Donald Weilerstein, former first violinist of Cleveland String Quartert
Norman Corwin – American radio dramatist
Viola Spolins – inventor of theater games
Paul Sills – founding director of Second City
Bernie Sahlins- founding producer of Second City
Wayne and Shuster – comedians
Ritz Brothers – comedians
Tony Martin – singer
Marty Balin – singer, Jefferson Airplane (father)
Gwyneth Paltrow – Movie Star(Emma,Seven)(father is Jewish)
Marlee Matlin- Deaf actress-Picket Fences
Saul Bellow – Novelist
Janet Leigh-Movie Star (Psycho,Bye Bye Birdie), mother of Jamie Lee Curtis Jewish?
Sarah Bernhardt – actress
Robbie Robertson – singer, The Band (father)
Vic Morrow – actor
calvin trillin – writer
Grace Lee Whitney – actress who portrayed Yeoman Rand on ‘Star Trek’ -

http://www.geocities.com/area/zone//

Nichols and May – comedians
Smith and Dale – comedians
Rachel Lipman – Emmy winning tv writer (‘Rugrats’,'Hey Arnold’,…)
Rob Morrow – actor
Peter Bogdanovich – director
Maury Povich – Talk show host
Alan Rosenberg – Actor in LA Law and Cybill
Claude Lelouch – French film director
Bert Lahr – comedian
Freddie Prinz – comedian (mother)
Carl Reiner – comedian
Laura Nyro – singer
Molly Picon – actress
eugene levy actor/sctv
Fred Levine–Psychologist
Mary Livingstone – comedian
Mel Blanc – cartoon voice
marlee matlin actress-picket fences
Helen Reddy – singer (converted)
Anne Revere – actress
Lilli Palmer – actress
John Forsythe (John Freund) Actor
Bob Saget – Comedian, Host of America’s Funniest Home Videos
Kate Capshaw – actress
Joan Micklin Silver – director, writer (Hester Street, Crossing Delancey)
Steve Goodman – singer
Michael Douglas (Kirk’s son) Actor
Ezequiel Antar
Sonia Benezra- french talk show host in montreal
Jason Hervey – costar of the wonder years
Victor Borge – comedian
Susan Cabot – actress
Carmel Myers – actress
Leo Gorcey – actor
Billy Halop – actor
Ben Harris- Scholar Extraordinaire
Michael Krugman – author of Generation Ecch
adam wyle actor-picket fences
Donne Pescow – Angie T V Show
Bruce Morrow (Cousin Brucie) – Disc Jockey
Jerome Robbins – choreographer, director
Albert Suissa – Famous Singer – Morocco
Jules Dassin – film director
Michael Stoyanov – actor he played Tony Ruso on the show Blossom
Murray Kaufman (Murray The K, The Fifth Beatle) – Disc Jockey, WINS
Aaron Spelling – famous TV producer/ daughter Tori on
Barbara Sokol – Grease
Jerzy Kosinski – Novelist
john byrne (born Bronowski) – wanker
tony cowley (born Kaulish) – also a wanker
Barry Miller – Saturday Night Fever
yaphet kotto- capt. g on HOMICIDE
Chris Isaac – Musician, mother is Jewish
Bob Vila – Home-improvement Giant
Harry Ellis Dickson – Former Boston Pops Conductor
Juan Valdez – Columbian coffee guy (born John Feldenstein)
Carol Kane – Actress
Joel Silver – Producer ( Die Hard I,II,III etc. )
Mort Sahl – Comedy
Emil Gilels – Concert Pianist
Jeannie Berlin – Actress
Tony Parisi — …of the Village People (cowboy)
Seth Polzer — famous shepherd from Isreal
Martin Landau – actor
Brad Ray — famous pin-up boy and rap star
Justin Miller — first male to receive breast implant
Paul Whiteman, Early big jazz band conductor
Richard Starkey – Ringo Starr – Former Beatle
bugsy siegal-gangster
The Beastie Boys – rap group, all Jewish
jonathon wolfe musician
Michael Buchmann Silver-actor (DA on NYPD Blue)
Israel Horowitz – Playwright
Jennifer Rubin – actress/Screamers
Kirka Babitzin – Finnish singer
Rachel Miner – actress/Guiding Light and is also in the Anne Frank play
Pat Nash – real name-Jacob Goldberg — Famous Israeli Singer and Cantor — Yiddish writer/actor
(Three Penny Opera)
mark moses – actor/single guy
Marilyn Bergman – Songwriter
Mel Torme – singer, actor, songwriter (The Christmas Song)
Maxim Gorgi – Russian writer
Jaime Alissa Yoss – Gymnast extrordinaire, Indy car driver
Martin Mull – Comedy
LEIBER and STOLLER-composers,producers,writers,HOUND DOG, STAND BY
ME,JAILHOUSE ROCK)
Kerry King,Jeff Hanneman-Guitarists for Slayer
cass elliot (Elizabeth cohen) singer of the mammas and the papas
Bob Rivers-Morning Radio host
josh mostel – actor-son of zero mostel
Phyllis Newman – Actress
Sandra Bernhard – Comedian, Actress
Carol Leiffer – commedienne,writer/Seinfeld
John Taylor – Bass of Duran Duran jewish?
James L Brooks – Producer
Anton LaVey-Founder of The Church Of Satan (real name is Howard Levey)
Marilyn Manson-Teenie bopper pop star (Warner is real name)
Edward G Robinson tough guy actor deceased
Tracy Pollan – Actress, wife of Michael J Fox
Shlomo (sp?) Mintz, concert violinist
jonathan kellerman – best selling author
Paul Stanley and Gene Simmons-Musicians for rock band KISS
Mike Stern – Jazz guitarist
Jackie Mason – ordained Rabbi and Comedian
Jonathan Taylor Thomas- Home Improvement
Adam Arkin- actor
Leon Askin – actor, director (General Burkhalter in Hogan’s Heroes)
Paul Shaffer- CBS ORCHESTRA , LATE SHOW
piper laurie rosetta jacobs – actress
Sidney Sheldon – best selling author
Barbara Walters-(Baba Wawa)-ABC TV interviewer
Dyan Cannon-actress currently on Ally McBeal
George Gershwin — composer
Barry Horowitz—Pro Wrestler
Randy ‘Macho Man’ Savage–Pro Wrestler
Fred Savage – Young actor from Wonder Years
Maya Plisetskaya – Russian balet dancer
Missy Yager – is currently in the Anne Frank play on broadway
Natanya Ross – Actress ‘Secret World Of Alex Mack’
Meredith Bishop – Actress ‘Secret World Of Alex Mack’
Marion Ross – Actress ‘Brooklyn Bridge’ and ‘Happy Days’
Steve Reich, American composer of minimalist music
Alana Ubach – Actress ‘Brady Bunch movie’ and ‘Airborne’
Philip Glass, American composer of minimalist music
Michael Tilson-Thomas, Conductor classical music , grandson of Tomashefsky, Yiddish actor
Andre Previn, former jazz pianist, now classical conductor
Juice Newton – Country/pop singer-Queen of Hearts (real last name:Cohen)
Harold Pinter, British playwrite
Sir Gorge Solti, Conductor – especially opera
Ronnie Scott, British jazz saxophonist, founder of Ronnie Scott’s Club
Daniel Barenboim, Conductor and pianist
Hermione Gingold, Actress – parents married by British Chief Rabbi !
Warren Mitchell, British actor – especially TV.
James Levine, Conductor
Stephen Perkins – Drummer, Jane’s Addiction
Steven Bochco – Producer of NYPD Blue, L.A. Law, Hill Street Blues
Jose Lewgoy, Brazilian actor ( Kiss of the Spider Woman)
Dyan CannonSamille Diane Friesen – actress
Ted Coppel – from ABC news (Broadcaster)
Barbara Walters – / News Broadcaster
Sally Jesse Rapheal – Talk show host
Michael Nyman, Composer – wrote music for film ‘The Piano’
Jeremy Isaacs, was director Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
Peter Schaffer, British playwright
Jonathan Miller, British opera director,doctor.
Arnold Wesker, British playwright
Arhur Miller, playwright – once married to Marilyn Munroe
Michael Roll, British pianist
Robert Rietti, British actor
Bernard Levin, British writer, newspaper columnist
Chaim Bermant, British humorous writer, newspaper columnist
Kyra Sedgwick – Star of Phenom,Miss Rose White (mother is Jewish)
John Steinbeck – Famous American Literature Author (i.e. Flight) of the th Century from Salinas,
California.
Richard Kind – actor (Mad About You, Spin City)
Leslie Nielsen, actor (Airplane, Mr. Magoo)
Robert Crumb, s/s cultural cartoonist
Liz Sheridan – actress (plays Jerry’s mom on Seinfeld)
Mike Wallace ( Minutes)
Buck Henry – Comedian/Writer/co-creator of Get Smart
Lee Strasberg – acting teacher
Lynn Samuels – Radio talk show host, WABC radio
Sam Levene – stage and screen actor
Michael Tilson Thomas, Conductor, Grandfather was famed Yiddish actor Boris Tomashevski
Michael Gross- Actor (Family ties)
ROD STEIGER ACTOR
Maurice Sklar- violinist, plays for Benny Hinn
Red Skelton-Comedian and former T.V. variety show host
Larry Kramer- AIDS activist/Playwright (The Normal Heart, The Destiny of Me)
Scarlett Levine — Huggies Commercial Star
Brian Epstein – Manager of The Beatles
Harry Shearer – Cartoon Voices on Simpsons/Comedian
Shawn Michaels- Pro wrestler
Sally Kellerman – actress/Mash
richard marx singer/musician
Alex Bendersky- A russian-jewish poet
Caroline Schreiber-singer and actress
Daniel Wayne Matthews – Interstate Commerce Commissioner
Jeffrey Katzenberg – Producer ( Dreamworks )
William Finn- composer (Falsettos)
Didi Pickles – mother of Tommy on the Rugrats
Aaran Tan – Lead singer and guitarist for rock band Phoenix
Aaron Bharatan – ex-Metallica guitarist and former guitarist for Phoenix
Jon Cryer – actor ,Pretty in Pink, The Famous Teddy Z
Richard Dreyfuss – JAWS Actor
Lee Cobb – famous actor
Phil Spector – Record Producer, famous for The Wall of Sound
MELISSA MANCHESTER – Singer-Songwriter-Actress
Leo Rosten -author Joys of Yiddish
Joshua Bell, concert violinist
Bruce Kulick – Guitarist from KISS
Elsa Zylberstein – french actress (played in Mina Tannenbaum)
Anita Diamant – author
Leonid Kogan – world class violinist
Peter Strauss – actor (‘Rich Man, Poor Man’)
Rebecca Goldstein – author/Mazel
jackie zeman – actress/general hospital
Jascha Brodsky, first violinist of the Curtis String Quartet
Jim Rome – sports talk show host
Michael Zaslow – Roger Thorpe on The Guiding Light
Jim Bleyer – writer
Michelle Tractenberg – actress in the movie Harriet The Spy
Kari Wuhrer-Salin – MTV hostess, B movie actress and hot piece of ass
JOHNNY RIVERS-MUSICIAN
Cy Coleman – Composer (Sweet Charity, City Of Angels)
Cindy Margolis – Beautiful blonde supermodel
Brian Feldman – he could be famous
Shalom Secunda-Composer wrote by meir bist du shane
Assaf Bernstein- top young israeli filmmaker
Amadeo Modigliani – Artist
Delmore Schwartz – Poet (th Cent)
Richard Kline – actor(Three’s Company)
Eli Wallach – actor (The Magnificent Seven)
Danielle Fishel –actress
Jamie Luner – Actress, Savannah
Chris Brunecz -comedian (King of Late Night)
RICK MORANIS – ACTOR
Harold Robbins – ne Rubin. Best selling author
Chaim Soutine – Fauvist painter; friend of Modigliani
Jawaad Backstaber-owner of % of shops in FMT,Cal.
Carrie Fisher- author, actress (Star Wars)
Bageleatin’ Backstaber-controls of Hollywood
Bloodsucking Richman-Wealthiest Jew alive( studios)
Charlie Chaplin
Lloyd Bochner–Canadian Shakespearean actor, also in Naked Gun /, father of Hart Bochner (my
cousin)
Steve Page–lead singer of the Barenaked Ladies (also my cousin)
Al Eisen– Flushes guy, father of Paul Stanley
Andy Kaufman–Latka on Taxi (have you heard about this one?)
Allan Greenspan–entertainer? (yup, he’s a concert violinist by trade)

The Truth at Last
The Jewish hand in our violent entertainment

Home Page Site Index Book Mart TAL Archives

JEWISH STARS OVER HOLLYWOOD
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Do Movies And TV Promote Un-American Propaganda ? by Dr. Ed Fields
The Committee on Un-American Activities investigated communist infiltration of the
motion picture industry in 1947. Actor Larry Parks confessed that he had been a
member of a secret Communist Party Cell in Hollywood whose task was to insert Marxist themes into the movies. He revealed that Jewish actor John Garfield was also a member of this cell.
The studios were forced to  » blacklist  » Garfleld who never appeared in another film. Still the dark forces which control Hollywood also banned Parks. Later the infamous
« Hollywood Ten » film writers were sentenced to prison for contempt of Congress. They had refused to answer questions about their pro-communist propaganda work. Nine of the ten were Jews!

Stars Who Fought Communism
John Wayne organized a group of Christian actors to fight against the Red stranglehold over Hollywood in support of the House Committee. Wayne formed the  » Motion Picture Alliance for The Preservation of Amerlcan Ideals. » He was joined by Hedda Hopper and Charles Coburn (who became a leading member of the Mississippi White Citizens Councils). Other members included actors Ward Bond, Robert Taylor and Adolphe Menjou. On the other side, opposing the House Committee and supporting the communist writers were Humphrey Bogart, Clifford Odetts, Lauren Bacall, June Havoc and Danny Kay (all Jews!) Marxism – A Racial Movement « An Empire of Their Own – How The Jews Invented Hollywood »is a book by Neal Cabler available from your hookstore. Gabler tells the story of a group of Jewish refugees who fled Russia when it was under the Christian Czars because they banned such « Jewish business practices  » as money-lending at usurious interest rates.
These « persecuted » Russian Jews included Marcus Loew who founded Loews Pictures, Louis B. Mayer and Samuel Goldwyn started Metro-Goldwyn Mayer (MGM). Barney Balaban launched Paramount and Harry Cohen formed Columbia Pictures. William Fox started Twentieth Century Fox. The four Jewish brothers, Jack, Samuel, Albert and Harry Warner who departed Poland only six years earlier formed Warner Brothers.

The Cleveland Plain Denier of April 24, 1988 in an article by Don Robertson described
these Russian Jews as: « in the 1930s the Group Theater was based in New York City and was directed by film director Lee Strassberg, playwright Clifford Odetts and actor John Garfield. The Group Theater was an interesting bunch and produced a lot of left-wing plays… At the same time those people were limited by their origins usually urban, Jewish and believers in the Stalinist brand of Communism.  »

——————————————————————————–
Who Rules Hollywood And TV Today?
How can CBS-TV be totally controlled by the Jew Larry Tisch when it has 24 million
shares of common stock-outstanding worth $4.66 billion? The answer is that Tisch and his Loew’s Inc. bought 25% of the CBS stock. Often a 10% to 20% stock holding in a large company gives one total control. Tisch has turned CBS into an all-Jewish run firm! He named the Jew Howard Stringer ~resident and Jeff Sagansky entertainment head – he determines what you will view each night on CBS. ABC-TV is headed by Leonard
Goldenson with Stu Bloomberg in charge of quot; »entertainment.  »

NBC-TV president is Leonard Grossman with Irvin Segelstein as vice-president. In 1980 they named the 31year-old Jew Brandon Tartikoff as « president of entertainment. « No wonder the public is spoon-fed nothing but pro-Zionist propaganda – promoting Israel – damning the Germans – attacking Christianity – slandering White southerners and ridiculing anti-Communists?

Who Controls Hollywood Today?
The Jewish Post And Opinion of December 6, 1974 states: « Jews dominate Hollywood
today as they did in its infancy, The Jewish presence in Hollywood is a historic fact, A
majority of the producers and directors are Jewish while the Writers Guild is practically 70% to 100% Jewish! »
What happens when non-Jews buy a film company? The Jews maintain control because it is « The Deal » in Hollywood which brings in the BIG MONEY! Buying the film story,
signing stars to contracts, (who are under Jewish agents) and the distribution of the film to Jewish owned theater chains like Odeon. You had better be in solid with the Jews if you want to make money.

November 16, 1989, the Japanese Sony Corp. bought Columbia Pictures and Tri-Star
films. They immediately agreed to pay the all-time record sum of half-a-billion to two
young Jews to run the studios. They are Jon Peters and Peter Guber to whom Sony paid $200 million for their production company and each received $50 million as a signing
bonus plus $2.75 million each for five years!

Universal Pictures is 100% Jew controlled with Lew Wasserman as chairman of MCA
(the parent company). Universal president is Sidney Sheinberg with Thomas Pollack as
film head. Their most anti-White movie is « Do The Right Thing » and their most anti-
Christian film is « The Last Temptation of Christ. »

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer is run by the half-Jew Alan Ladd, Jr. (his mother being the Jewess Sue Carroll). He released the anti-South African film « Cry Freedom.  » Paramount Pictures president is the Jew Mel Harris with Martin Davis chairman and Deborah Rosen as communications director.

Fox TV is owned by the Jew Barry Diller which presents « Married- With Children. « This is condemned by Rev. Donald Wildmon’s American Family Assn. « for portraying explicit sex, profanity and anti-Christian themes.  »

The Name Changers
The Jewish Hollywood moguls long ago decided that it would help them make more money if the general public viewed films as being « Christian. » In fact, they personally wanted to blend in with the Gentile community. Thus Samuel Goldfish changed his name to Goldwyn and Cecil B. de Mille insisted that he was a Gentile until his death when a Rabbi officiated at his funeral. Every single one of the original Jewish developers of the movie industry divorced their Jewish wives and married beautiful Christian starlets.
This includes Louis B. Mayer, Samuel Goldwyn, Jack Warner, David O. Selznick and
Harry Cohen. They gave orders to the numerous Jews they made « stars » to change their Jewish names to Christian sounding ones. This has also included a lot of « nosejobs » for both Jewish male and female stars. Here are but a few who followed this road to stardom.

Adopted Christian Name ……….Real Jewish Name
Joey Adams ………………………… Joseph Abramowitz
Eddie Albert ………………………….Eddie Heimberger
Woody Allen………………………… Allen Konigsberg
Lauren Bacall ……………………… Joan Perske
Jack Benny …………………………. Benny Kubelsky
Milton Berle ……………………….. Milton Berlinger
Ernest Borgnine …………………….Effron Borgnine
George Burns ……………………… Nathan Birnbaum
Joan Blondell……………………….. Rosebud Blustein
Joyce Brothers ……………………..Joyce Bauer
Mel Brooks ………………………… Melvin Kaminsky
Joey Bishop ………………………… Joey Gottlieb
Charles Bronson ………………….. Charles Buchinsky
Rona Barrett …………………………Rona Burnstein
Cyd Chrisse ………………………….Tula Finklea
Tony Curtis …………………………. Bernie Schwartz
(daughter is Jamie Lee Curtis)
Joan Crawford …………………….. Lucille Le Sueur
Dyan Cannon ………………………. Samile Friesen
Kirk Douglas ………………………. Isadore Demsky
(son is Michael Douglas)
Bob Dylan …………………………….Robert Zimmerman
Rodney Dangerfield ………………Jacob Cohen
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. …………. Douglas Ullman
Joel Grey ……………………………. Joel Katz
(father of Jennifer Grey)
Elliott Gould …………………………..Elliott Goldstein
Zsa Zsa Gabor ……………………….Sara Gabor
John Garfield ……………………….. Jules Garfinkle
Judy Garland ………………………… Frances Gumm
Paulette Goddard ………………….. Paulette Levy
Eydie Gorme…………………………. Edith Gormezano
Cary Grant ……………………………. Larry Leach
Lorne Green …………………………..Chaim Leibowiz
Judy Holliday ………………………… Judith Tuvin
Leslie Howard ……………………….. Leslie Stainer
Buddy Hackett ………………………. Leonard Hacker
Jill St. John ……………………………. Jill Oppenheim
Danny Kaye……………………………. David Kominsky
Alan King ………………………………. Irwin Kniberg
Larry King………………………………..Larry Zeiger
Tina Louise……………………………… Tina Blacker
Ann Landers……………………………..Esther Friedman
(Abigail Van Buren is her sister.)
Dorothy Lamour ……………………… Dorothy Kaumeyer
Miehael Landon ……………………… Mike Orowitz
Steve Lawrence ………………………. Sidney Leibowitz
Hal Linden………………………………. Hal Lipshitz
Jerry Lewis ……………………………. Joseph Levitch
Karl Maiden ……………………………Maiden Sekulovitch
Ethel Merman ………………………… Ethel Zimmerman
Jan Murray ……………………………. Murray Janofsky
Walter Matthau ……………………… Walter Matasschanskayasky
Lilly Palmer ……………………………. Maria Peiser
Jan Pierce………………………………. Pincus Perelmuth
Roberta Peters…………………………Roberta Peterman
Eleanor Parker……………………….. Ellen Friedlob
Joan Rlvers …………………………….Joan Molinsky
Tony Randall ………………………… Sidney Rosenberg
Edward G. Robinson ……………… Emanuel Goldenberg
Dinah Shore ………………………….. Fanny Rose
Shelly Winters ………………………. Shirley Schrift
Gene Wilder………………………….. Jerome Silberman
More Jewish Stars Over Hollywood
There are hundreds of other Jews in Hollywood « stardom » – far too numerous to list
them all here. However the following are Jews whom many think are Gentiles: Ed Asner, Bea Arthur, Gene Barry, Richard Benjamin, Kevin Costner, Lee J. Cobb, Joan Collins, Richard Dreyfus, Ted Danson, Peter Falk (Columbo), Eddie Fisher, Harrison Ford, Richard Gere, Betty Grable, Sharon Gless, Steven Segall Dustin Hoffman, Monty Hall, Amy Irving, Jack Klugman, Leonard Nimoy, Ken Olin, Ron Perlman, George Segel, William Shatner, Peter Strauss, Rod Steiger, Jane Seymour, Barbara Walters, Debra Winger, and Bruee Willis.
The following are half-Jewish, Joan Collins, Goldie Hawn, Paul Newman, Robert DeNiro and Geraldo Rivera.

Jews in the music field include, Billy Joel, Barry Manilow, Tony Martin, Bette Midler,
Barbara Streisand and Ringo Starr.

Here are but a few in the field of »comedy » which is 90% Jewish dominated! Roseanne
Barr, David Brenner, Sid Caesar, Richard Dawson, Don Adams, Norm Crosby, George Jessel, Alan King, Carl Reiner, Don Rickles, Martha Reye, Garry Shandling, Henry
Winkler and David Letterman.

How The Jews Stole Thomas Edison’s Motion Picture Invention
Thomas Edison was the greatest inventor who ever lived with over 2,000 inventions
patented including the electric light, the phonograph and the motion picture machine.
In 1903 the four Warner brothers bought a used Edison Kinetoscope projector for $1,000 and repaired it. They began showing what they called the « magic lantern pictures » on the walls in beer halls. 1909 Edison’s General Film Co. sued Warner Brothers for violating their copyright to the motion picture machine and forced them to close their company. At that time, the Warners and other Jews were making illegal films in Brooklyn. They fled Edison’s private detectives for Los Angeles where lax laws let them steal the film business away from Thomas Edison.
Later this same skullduggery occurred once again. Two Christian inventors. Lee De
Forrest and Theodore Case, came up with the « talking machine » sound system. The same Jewish producers also stole this invention and the Jew Al Jolson came out with the first « talkie » film –  » The Jazz Singer.  »

Propaganda The Goal of Hollywood It is of GREAT interest that Jack Warner’s very first feature film in 1918 was a vicious anti-German melodrama called « My Four Years In Germany; », it accused the Germans of all kinds of atrocities which were later proven to be war time propaganda. It seems as though the Jews have ALWAYS harbored a hatred for the German people!

Anti-American, Anti-White Movies « Winds of War  » and  » War and Remembrance  » were produced by Universal which lost $20 million yet more anti-German pro-holocaust films are coming. Robert Mitchum. star of the series, told Esquire Magazine that he doesn’t even believe in the holocaust story! Facts prove that while 1.3 million Jews may have died of starvation, typhus, etc. not one single Jew was ever gassed. (According to The Leuchter Report!)

There have been three versions of « Mississippi Burning » but nothing about the
assassination of Jackson, Miss. White Christian school teacher Mrs. Kathy Ainsworth.
Her murder was financed by $79,000 furnished by New Orleans Jewish Anti- Defamation League head, A. I. Botnik. (According to Los Angeles Times, 2/13/1970). Columinist Pat Buchanan asks « When will Hollywood present a film on the new racism in which primarily black crime holds an entire nation hostage? »

Col. Charles Lindbergh. speaking on nationwide radio In 1941 stated: « The Jews greatest danger to this country lies in their large influence and ownership of our motion pictures and the press! »

« So Proudly, We Hail »by CBS and Jew director Lionel Chetwynd is a lying and vicious attack upon Tom Metzger and David Duke!

« The Stick Wife » by Universal is about the 1963 Birmingham church bombing starring
Jessica Lange playing Bob Chambliss wife. It is a total lie! Your editor covered that trial and Chamhliss was positively innocent.

« Glory » by Columbia and written by I.incoln Kirstein has a Negro regiment from Mass. practically winning the Civil War.

« Born on The Fourth of July  » by Universal damns our Vietnam War Veterans as being guilty of inhuman atrocities while the Viet Cong are presented as absolute innocents.

Unending Anti-White Hate Movies Bruce Willis (Jewish) slaughters « German Terrorists » right and left in « Die Hard. »

Harrison Ford (Jew) burns Germans alive in both « Indiana Jones  » movies.

« Howard Beach – Making A Case For Murder  » is yet another NBC film designed to
instill « self-hate » within White people, directed by the Jew Kenneth Kaufman.
Columnist Pat Buchanan says that 9 out of 10 interracial crimes are committed by
blacks against Whites. When will we see this on TV?

Singer Paula Abdul has claimed to be Spanish, Puerto Rican and Lebanese. However, the Montreal Gazette, May 8, 1992 states that she is Jewish and her real name is Paula Rykiss from Winnipeg.

Propaganda Goals Outlined
Our Film Folk, a column by Herbert Luft, appears only in Jewish publications. His
description of the 1982 Academy Awards applies to all such events: « Jews award Jews
for Jewish theme movies! Reds glorified the Soviet Revolution, Chariots of Fire instilled a guilt feeling in Gentiles for discrimination against Jews. Genocide was best
documentary on the German Holocaust of Jews.  » In the film « Holocaust » both Poles and Ukranians are described as « worse than Nazies. » In « The Eye » the French betray the Jews during World War II.
In the famous Playboy Magazine interview of Jan. 1979, actor Marlon Brando explains
this phenomenon:  » You’ve seen every single race besmirched, but you never saw an
unfavorable image of the Kike because the Jews were ever so watchful for that. They
never allowed it to be shown on screen! »

No film maker dares to be critical of Jews, Israel or Zionism. A Jewish male must be
referred to as’a nice Jewish boy. » a young girl is an « American Jewish Princess. » Jew
musicians are always’talented, » writers « gifted, » painters « sensitive, » doctors « brilliant. » Jew millionares « philanthropic and visionary. » Hollywood Molds Minds

Millions of innocent Christian Americans have been victimized by pro-Zionist and pro-
Communist film propaganda. They do not realize the Jew « name changers » have used
subtle and very sophisticated stories to manipulate the mjnds of our people. No nation
can long remain free while such a powerful medium is totally controlled by alien Jews
whose loyalty is to Zionism first.
Order Extra Copies of Truth Tract No. 2. for your friends, relatives and fellow workers–. Help us distribute millions of copies. 5 for $1 …30 for $5… 75 for $10 …200 for $25 Subscribe Today to America’s . Oldest Patriotic newspaper carrying. the truth about Hollywood . and « Suppressed News » on similar subjects.
THE TRUTH AT LAST

Famous Jews – Activists
Politicians/Government, Leaders, Activists, People with a Cause

Moses – Jewish National Liberator and Law Giver
Jesus — the Christian ‘Messiah’
Shimon Peres – Prime Minister of Israel
Steven Shafir – President Northwest Canada Region AZA
Golda Meir – Prime Minister of Israel
Menachem Begin — Prime Minister of Israel — Israel’s Greatest Freedom Fighter
David Ben Gurion – Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin – Prime Minister of Israel, Other Site]
Gen. Beauregard – Southern Gen. in the Civil War
Benjamin Netanyahu — Prime Minister of Israel
Henry Kissinger — ‘Ran the US for a while’.
RUTH GOLDMAN STEIN-LABOR ACTIVIST FROM BOSTON
Paco Giuliano – Laosian Foreign Minister and avid zionist
Leon Trotsky – Leader of the Red Army
Menachem Mendel Schneerson z/l – The Lubavitcher Rebbe
Irv Rubin – National Chairman Jewish Defense League
Joseph Lieberman — Orthodox Jewish Senator from Connecticut.
Netanyahu, Yonatan – Israeli soldier, leader of raid on Entebbe, killed in action there, .
Elie Wiesel – Nobel laureate and Chairman of ‘The President’s Commission on the Holocaust’
Theodore Herzl – father of modern zionism
Alan Greenspan – Federal Reserve Board Chairman
Moshe Dayan – Israeli military leader
Henry Sobel, Rabbi and leader of the Brazilian Jewish community
Vladimir (Zeev) Zhabotinsky – Famous Zionist
Baruch Spinoza – Philosopher
Rabbi Avi Weiss — World Famous Activist
SETH ETAN DUBIN – children’s rights lobbyist
Emma Goldman – US Anarchist
Sidney Reilly – (Sigmund Rosenberg) Famous(!) English Secret Agent – the REAL James Bond!
Barbara Boxer – California Senator
Andrea Dworkin – Radical Feminist, Author, ‘Anti-Zionist’
Jack Ruby – Murderer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Noam Chomsky – Famous ‘Anti-Zionist’
Judah P Benjamin – Sec of State of Confederacy in US civl war
Meir Kahane – Jewish Defense League Founder
Joshua Ben Nun – Leader of the Conquering Hebrews, after Egypt.
Rivka – One of the Jewish Matriarchs
Ed Koch – former Mayor of New York
Simon Wiesenthal – Nazi-hunter
Boruh Yeltsin- Russian President
George Soros – Philanthropist
Abraham – concept of g-d worshipped by billions
Gloria Steinem – leader of s womens movement
Arlen Spector – U.S. Senator and former presidential candidate for Republicans
Abbie Hoffman — sixties activist
Madeline Albright – Sec. of State, Jewish grandparents.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg – Executed as Soviet spies
Bob Rae – former Premier for Ontario
Rabbi Aryeh Levin — Rabbi of the Prisoners
Aaron Copland – Composer of Appalachian Spring and other great classical music
Susan Weikers-Volchok – first woman to serve as National Campaign Chairman of State of Israel
Bond Organization
Dennis Prager – Talk Show Host, Author
Charles Ancer – Ex-President South African Union of Jewish Students
Michael Lerner – Author/activist
Karl Marx – Father of Marxism
Albert Einstein – German scientist and peace activist
James Bolger – New Zealand Prime Minister
Madeline Albright – Secretary of State
Vladimir Zhirinovsky – Russian Ultra-Nationalist (real name: Eidelstein)
Ronnie Kasrils – South Africa Deputy Defense Minister
Bill Davis – former Premier of ONTARIO, CANADA
William Cohen – Secretary of Defense
Hugo Gryn – Rabbi, leader of British Reform Jewry
Barry Goldwater – Ariz. Pol. Important Conservative
Rabbi Marvin Antelman, Cheif Justice of the Supreme Rabbinic Court which excommunicated
Henry Kissinger, author of book, To Eliminate the Opiate.
Bruno Kreisky — former Austrian leader
Haym Salomon – Major Financier of American Revolutionary Army/Never got paid back
Benjamin Disraeli – Prime Minister of Great Britain
Robert Rubin – Treasury Secretary
Abba Eban – Israeli Statesman.
Janusz Korczak (Herschel Goldschmitt) – ran orphanage in Warsaw Ghetto
Earnestine Rose — Civil War Abolitionist
Maxim Litvinov – USSR Foreign Minister
Jonathan Pollard-U.S. Naval analyst; supplied vital info to Israel
Paul Bromberg – Mayor of Bogota, Colombia ….
Bob Briscoe and Ben Briscoe – father and son Lord Mayors of Dublin
Gloria Allred – lawyer, feminist leader
Harvey Milk – st gay coucil member in san fran.
Judah P. Benjamin – Secretary of State – US Confederacy
Nilton Bonder, Brazilian rabbi and author
Kahina – Jewish Berber queen who bravely fought against Arab invaders in th c.
Theodor Herzel – Father of Zionism
William Roth- Senator (R) Delaware, Avid Tax cutter
Ariel Sharon – Famous General, now senior Israeli gov’t official.
Meir Har-Tzion–Legendary Israeli commando
Richard Holbrooke – Fmr. Ass. Sec. of State-Helped draft Dayton Accords
Alberto Nasser – President of Brazilian Jewish Community
Dennis Ross – Chief Middle East Negotiator
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich (orig. Nikolai Ulyanov)- Father of Soviet Union one Jewish grandparent]
Malcolm Hoenlein Exec Vp Conf of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations
Raphael Semmes – Sec US Navy/Admiral Confederate Navy
Louis Brandeis-First Jew to appointed to US Supreme Ct.
Rafael Levi – He is the best in the west!
The Baal Shem Tov
Milton Katz – Architect of the Marshall Plan
Israel B.Rasgon Admiral of the Black Sea fleet.Executed
Shoshana Cardin – First woman to serve as Chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organizations
Rahm Emmanuel – Clinton advisor
Joseph Trumpeldor – famous Zionist, founder of Tel Hai, only Jewish officer in tsarist Russia
Betty Friedan – Feminist Icon
Hon. Herb Gray, MP, Solicitor General of Canada
helen Suzman – south african politician and defender of human rights
Aaron Aaronson – Agronomist and NILI Chief
Howard Metzenbaum – former U.S. Senator, Ohio
Rashi- th century Talmud and Bible commentator
Carl Levin – U S Senator
Letty Cottin Pogrebin – Feminist author, co-founder of Ms. Magazine
Diane M. Trippel – Computer Free Speech Activist
Bela Abzug – Senator
Warren Rudman – Former U S Senator Jewish?]
Walther Rathenau – Weimar Rep. Foreign Minister
Jacob Javits – U S Senator From New York
Stefan Zweig – Austrian writer and peace activist
Yevgeny Primakov – Russia’s Foreign Minister
Samuel Scheps, born in , in Lodz. Head of the Palestinian Office -, Basle-Geneva. Rescued Jewish
lifes, sent survivors to Eretz Yisrael.
Cardinal Lustiger – Archbishop of Paris, France; converted to Catholicism during World War II.
Brete Harte – th Cent. American Author
Gershom Scholem – Professor, Author of Kabbalistic studies
Zvi Koren — director-general of the Ministry of Industry and Trade
Barney Frank – Dem Congressman, Massachusetts
Ayn Rand (Alissa Rosenbaum) – Writer, philosopher
Susan Weikers Volchok – first woman to serve as National Chairman of Israel Bonds
John Deutsch – Former C I A Director
Banff Sheinkopf Schulman – Hockey Player/ WWF Champion (featherweight class)
Ytzhak Shamir – Former Prime Minister of Israel
Stew Albert – sixties radical (stewa@aol.com)
George Steiner – professor of literary studies
Aryeh Kaplan – Kabbalistic author
Adm. Hyman Rickover – Father of the US Nuclear Navy
David Marshal – Singapore’s First Chief Minister
Herbert Lehman – Former governor of New York State
Dianne Feinstein – Senator from California
Jerry Rubin – sixties radical
Alan Dershowitz – Lawyer, Author, Jewish Activist
Samuel Dash – Senate Watergate Committee Counsel
Douglas Ginsberg- sixth Jew appointed to US Supreme Ct- rejected by senate for smoking pot
Bill Handel – Talk show host and Lawyer
Steven Breyer – Current Supreme Court Justice
Joseph Lashinsky – Agent for NILI in WWI
Jerry Rubin – radical sixties leader
Louis Moses Gomez, early th cent. Indian trader, Parnass of NY Shearith Israel, Philanthropist
Arthur Goldberg – Former U N Representative
Caspar Weinberger – Secretary of Defense under Reagan (Jewish ancestry)
Samuel Gompers – th Cent. American Labor Leader
HaRav Moshe Tzvi Neria — Founder of Bnei Akiva, Knesset Member
Abraham Joshua Heschel- Civil Rights activist and theologian
Martin Indyk — American embassador to Israel
Madeleine May Kunin — former governor of vermont; deputy secretary of the U.S. Department of
Education
Mel Lastman – mayor of NORTH YORK, Ontario
Michael Yoss-bagel baron of Atlanta
Benjamin Cardozo- second Jew appointed to US Supreme Court
Joe Slovo – South African Housing Minister
Ezer Wiezman, Israeli president
paul findley former Illinois Congressman
PIERRE MENDES – FRANCE, French Prime Minister -
Charles Schumer- Congressman; next governor of NY
Hyman Rickover – father of the nuclear navy
Albert Shanker – Teachers Union Head
Jean Amery–writer, philosopher, atheist, and Holocaust survivor
Abe Fortas – Supreme Court Justice
Ambassador Martin Indyck First Jewish Ambassador from the U.S. to Israel
Rosa Luxemburg – early Communist philosopher and agitator
Mel Lastman- Mayor of Toronto, Canada
Robert Reich – Labor Secretary
Elizabeth Glaser-AIDS activist, founder of Pediatric AIDS Foundation, late wife of Paul Michael
Glaser
Leon Blum — former leader of France
Milton Schapp – Former Governor Of Pa.
Diane Feinstein – mayor of San Francisco, congresswoman
Warren Rudman – former U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
Felix Frankfurter- third Jew appointed to US Supreme Court
Peter Hettmann – brilliant american investor
Lord Montefiore – Wealthy Anglo-Jewish Aristocrat
Sidney Yates – Illinois Congressman
Bruce Herman – Asst. to Traveling Secretary, Yankees
john monash – australian brigadier at gallipoli
Richard Oppenheimer-Inventor of A-bomb and murderer of millions
Sir Moses Montefiore – English philanthropist ( th cent.)
Rav Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Kook – First Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel
Spinoza, philosopher
Leon Trotsky, political revolutionary
James Laxer, Political Scientist and social activist
Jerzy Fitelberg – Composer
Ralph Milliband, British political scientist and social activist
Malcolm Rifkind – British Foreign Minister – Former Scottish Secretary
Eugenia Levy Phillips — Confederate spy and activist
Grzegorz Fitelberg – Composer, Conductor, Violinist
Russ Feinberg- US Senator from Wisconsin
Sha’oul Dayan – Chief Rabbi Judge of Morocco
Miltiades Evert – Greek politician
Yehuda Amichai – leading literary figure in israel and poet of international reputation.
Felix Dzersinskij – Founder of the KGB
Alan D. Wapner – Ontario, California City Councilman
Stanley Mosk, California State Supreme Court Justice
David Peterson – former liberal Premier of Ontario
Richard Posner – Cheif Judge of the Sevent Circuit
Samuel Gompers-th Cent. American Labor Leader
GOL Jean, former belgian vice primer minister
Franz Werfel – Austrian Political Writer of the thirties
Arthur Burns – Former Chairman Of The Fed Reserve
Jay Sekulow – Pat Robertson’s Constitutional Lawyer
Ed Rendell – Mayor of Philadelphia
Carol Berman – Chair NY State BD. of Elections and former NY State Senator
Hersh Tzinowitz — Jewish leader in India after WWII
David Garth – Political Media Advisor
Rabbi Solomon Funk- famous writer
Herb Gray – Canadian Deputy Prime Minister
Samuel Berger – Chair. National Security Council
Bernard Sanders – Independent Congressman from Vermont
Primo Levi – Italian Holocaust Memoirist and Chemist
Adam Michnik – Poland’s famous anti-commie dissident
Jonathan Sacks, British Chief Rabbi
Walter Benjamin – Jewish-German philosopher
Arlen Specter–U.S.Senator from Pa.
Richard Stone – Former Senator From Florida
Herbert Kohl – U S Senator
Julius Klein, Lt. General, U. S. Army th cent
Russ Feingold (not Feinberg) Senator from Wisconsin
Former Chief of U.S. Naval Operations: Admiral J. Boorda
Uriah P. Levy, Commodore US Navy in the ‘s, perhaps our Dreyfuss
Janet Jagan – President of Guyana
Edward Levi – Former U S Attorney General Under Ford
Milton Friedman- Nobel Lauriate in Economics, Founder of Chicago School of Economics
Irving Kristol- Famous early Neo-Conservative
Norman Podhoretz- Early Neo-conservative, longtime editor of Commentary
Bill Kristol- Irving’s Son, Editor of the Weekly Standard, ex-cheif of Staff for VP Dan Quail
Ludwig Wittgenstein – one of the most prominent modern philosophers
Paul Wellstone – Senator From Minnesota
Marquess of Reading – Foreign Secretary and Viceroy of India
Abraham Beame – Former NYC Mayor
Rabbi Alexander Goode Gave his life onUSS Dorchester so others could live one of the Chaplins
Cardinal Lustiger – convert reached top level of Catholic hierarchy in France
Mary Fisher-Aids Activist
Kurt Eisner – German revolutionary,
Raymond Trousson, Belgium Royal Academy
Serge Gainsbourg, french singer
Martha Neumark-one of the first women to seek rabbinic ordination
David Levy – Likud Leader born in Rabat Morocco
Bela Kun – leader of pre-wwii Hungarian revolution
Harold Brown – Secretary of Defense in Carter Administration
Arthur Goldberg- forth Jew appointed to US Supreme Ct
Frank Lautenberg – U.S. Senator, New Jersey
Chaim Solomon: financed the American Revolution
Eamon de Valera: Early IRA (Sinn Fein) activist (Founder? Mother Jewish)
Jeremy Rifkin – Famous Paranoid Technophobe
Perry Ferrel (last name Bernstein) — lead singer Janes Addiction
Daniel Yulee (Levee) 1st senator from Fla. J.C. Calhoun’s right hand man.

Top: Jewish Leaders: Executives

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Adam Citroen – « Founder of Citroen, the car company »
Andrew Grove – CEO Intel
Andrew S. Grove – CEO of Intel Corp.
Baron Philippe de Rothschilde – Famous wine maker
Ben and Jerry – Ice Cream makers from Vermont
Beny Alagem – CEO and president of Packard Bell Electronics
Calvin Klein – Famous clothing designer
Estee Lauder – Cosmetics company owner
Ivan Boesky – Sleazy son of a Russian-Jewish immigrant. Got caught and is rotting in jail for stockmarket fraud.
Joel M. Kupferman – President Interamerican Car Rental
Larry Ellison – CEO Oracle Corp
Louis Blaustein – Owner of the first gas station in Baltimore (1910)
Pau Allen – Co-Founder of Microsoft Corp.
Ralph Lauren – Famous Clothes Designer (Real name is Ralph Livshitz)
Ronald J. Kupferman – CEO and President Global Software Inc.
Vidal Sassoon – Hair care product company ownert

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Top: Jewish Leaders: Attorneys

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Alan Dershowitz – « Lawyer, Author, Jewish Activist (unless of cource a Jew is killed in a high profile case) »
Barry Scheck – Another low life from the OJ defense team
Barry Tarlow – Represented Bernhard Goetz and Courtney Love.
David Codikow – NYC’s top music biz lawyer, works with Marilyn Manson
Gloria Allred – The feminist lawyer who enjoyed dressing in all red clothing on talk shows before it got trite
Marcia Horowitz Clark – The inept prosecutor
Peter Neufeld – First we kill all the lawyers….’
Robert Shapiro – The only OJ Lawyer with the slightest bit of dignity (although not much)
Roy Cohn – Joe McCarthy’s attack dog prosecutor.

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Top: Jewish Religions: Christianity: Penetration of The Christian Organizations: Pope John-Paul II’s Hinted Jewish Background & Birth

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CLICK HERE FOR THE JEW WATCH NEWS RELEASE ON THE OUTING OF THE POPE …

IS THE POPE JEWISH?

The early years: an unhappy childhood

by John Christensen

Archived for research purposes under « fair use » provisions of the copyright law from http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/ where it appeared on July 26, 2004.

(CNN) — Pope John Paul II was Karol Jozef Wojtyla … became the Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Christ, Successor of St. Peter, Prince of Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church, Patriarch of the West, Primate of Italy, Sovereign of Vatican City – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

Why the Pope’s Mother, Emily Katz, is Likely of Jewish Descent

(CNN) — Friends in Wadowice, a town of 8,000 Catholics and 2,000 Jews 35 miles southwest of Krakow, called Wojtyla « Lolek. » Lolek was born in 1920, the second son of Karol Wojtyla (voy TIH wah) Sr., a retired army officer and tailor, and Emilia Kaczorowska Wojtyla, a schoolteacher of Lithuanian descent. [And most likely Jewish, her Anglocized name being "Emily Katz." Her wedding picture shows typical Jewish facial features.] – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

Emily Katz’s Picture

[Notice the Jewish facial characteristics of the Pope's Mother, Emily Katz, who was born "Emilia Kaczorowska." According to CNN, the Pope's friends were mostly Jewish. Evidently, the rest of his father's family disowned the Pope's father for marrying Emily Katz. Note: This picture is placed here under "fair use" of the copyright law for scholarly research only. It could be found at the CNN site as of July 27, 2004 when this revealing information was archived on www.jewwatch.com. -- Jew Watch Notes ]

The Pope’s Family Friends were mostly Jewish.
Jerry Kluger, a Jewish Boy, Is His Life Long Friend

(CNN) — The Wojtylas … did not share the anti-Semitic views of many Poles. One of Lolek’s playmates was Jerzy Kluger, a Jew who many years later would play a key role as a go-between for John Paul II and Israeli officials when the Vatican extended long-overdue diplomatic recognition to Israel. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

(CNN) — Kluger told The New York Times that he spent many afternoons sitting in the kitchen next to the Wojtylas’ coal stove listening to Lolek’s father tell stories about Greece, Rome and Poland. –– John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

(CNN) — Lolek, in turn, went to the (Jewish) Klugers’ 10-room apartment overlooking the town square and listened to music performed by a string quartet composed of two Jews and two Catholics. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

(CNN) — « The people in the Vatican do not know Jews, and previous popes did not know Jews, » Kluger told the Times. « But this pope is a friend of the Jewish people because he knows Jewish people. » – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

(CNN) — Indeed, Wojtyla became the first pope to visit a synagogue and the first to visit the memorial at Auschwitz to victims of the Holocaust. In ending the Catholic-Jewish estrangement, he called Jews « our elder brothers. » – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

Pope Participated in Jewish Oriented Activities such as Theatre Groups,
Singing, Poetry Reading, and Literary Discussion Groups

(CNN) — He also joined an experimental theater group and participated in poetry readings and literary discussion groups. Friends say he was an intense and gifted actor, and a fine singer. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

Pope John-Paul II Faced Deportation in Poland by the Germans,
Probably Because he was of Jewish Descent,
So He Took a Difficult Laborer’s Job in a Stone Quarry
to Escape Deportation and Imprisonment.

Question: Why would this happen if he were not Jewish?

(CNN) — After the Germans invaded Poland, he escaped deportation and imprisonment in late 1940 by taking a job as a stone cutter in a quarry. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

To Blend In With Christians and Not be Deported,
The Jewish Pope-To-Be Studied for the Priesthood Starting in 1943

(CNN) — A few months later, in February of 1941, Wojtyla’s 61-year-old father died, leaving his dream of seeing his son commit to the priesthood unfulfilled. The pope has said that his father once told him, « I will not live long and would like to be certain before I die that you will commit yourself to God’s service. » – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

(CNN) — It was another 18 months, however, before Wojtyla began studying at an underground seminary in Krakow and registered for theology courses at the university. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/ [Note: The Pope did not study for the priesthood until after the Germans had controlled Poland for 2-3 years and after his father had died. This might perhaps be consistent with a mixed family atmosphere and lends more weight to the concept of having a Jewish mother along with Jewish friends as he grew up. -- JEW WATCH NOTE.]

The Pope Worked in a War Chemical Plant to Escape 1944 Deportation

(CNN) — He continued his studies, acted and worked in a chemical plant until August of 1944. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

The Pope Took Refuge in the Archbishop of Krakow’s Residence in 1944

(CNN) — But when the Germans began rounding up Polish men, Wojtyla took refuge in the archbishop of Krakow’s residence, and remained there until the end of the war. – John Christensen at CNN SPECIAL BIOGRAPHY on the Pope’s Early Years, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/pope/bio/early/

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Top: Jewish Leaders: Jewish Mafia – Jewish Underworld

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An Encyclopedia of Jewish Mafia Articles in the Domestic and Foreign Press (Click Here) …

Jewish Mafia Leaders

Anton LaVey – Real last name Levy. Founder of the Church of Satan, author and organist. Played the devil in the movie « Rosemary’s Baby ».
Bugsy Siegel – Creator modern day Las Vegas
David Berkowitz – The Son of Sam who enjoyed taking advice from canines
Dutch Schultz – Underworld figure
Ethel Rosenberg – Solviet spy who with her husband got sentenced to death
Hymie Weiss – Al Capone’s arch enemy
Jack Ruby – The person who murdered Lee Harvey Oswald
Joel Rifkin – New York Serial Killer
John Gotti Jr. – Technically a Jew as his mother is Jewish.
Julius Rosenberg – Famous Soviet spy who was executed
Lepke Buchalter – New York gangster
Meyer Lansky – Mob Boss
Yigal Amir – The person who murdered Yitzhak Rabin

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Top: Jewish Leaders Folder: The Rothschild Internationalist-Zionist-Banking-One World Order Family

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The Rothschild Dynasty & The Worldwide Conspiracy
Rothschilds Control British Finance Via War Loans
Mayer Rothschild’s Famous Statement
Lionel Nathan de Rothschild’s Castle Garden
Lord Lionel Rothschild & The Balfour Declaration
Lord Rothschild Sworn Into House of Lords
The House of Rothschild (1934) Movie
Jewish Newsgroup Discussions

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Mayer Rothschild’s Famous Statement of World Manipulation

 » Let me issue and control a nation’s money, and I care not who writes its laws. »

Meyer Rothschild International Banker top of page

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Rothschilds Gain Control of British Finance Via War Loans

« When the conflict with France ended the House of Rothschild was in control of British fiance and was the official banker of the British Government. This odd financial octopus was acknowledged to be in some respects the greatest power on the earth and was acknowledged by some writers as the « Sixth Great Power of Europe » (page 68 The Empire of « The City » , 1946 E. C. Knuth, Milwaukee Wisconsin). top of page

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BALFOUR DECLARATION& LIONEL ROTHSCHILD: top of page

a brief but official statement of the British government in 1917 expressing sympathy with Zionist aspirations to establish a Jewish homeland in the Land of Israel. The statement was released in the form of a letter from Lord Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary, to Lord Lionel Rothschild, a supporter of the Zionist movement. It said: « His Majesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people and will use the best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. » The statement became a milestonein Zionist history. top of page

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The Alien Grip on Our
News and Entertainment Media Must Be Broken

Who Rules America?

By the Research Staff of National Vanguard Magazine
PO Box 330, Hillsboro, West Virginia 24946 USA. FAX# 304-653-4690

There is no greater power in the world today than that wielded by the manipulators of public opinion in America. No king or pope of old, no conquering general or high priest ever disposed of a power even remotely approaching that of the few dozen men who control America’s mass media of news and entertainment.

Their power is not distant and impersonal; it reaches into every home in America, and it works its will during nearly every waking hour. It is the power that shapes and molds the mind of virtually every citizen, young or old, rich or poor, simple or sophisticated.

The mass media form for us our image of the world and then tell us what to think about that image. Essentially everything we know — or think we know — about events outside our own neighborhood or circle of acquaintances comes to us via our daily newspaper, our weekly news magazine, our radio, or our television.

It is not just the heavy-handed suppression of certain news stories from our newspapers or the blatant propagandizing of history-distorting TV « docudramas » that characterizes the opinion-manipulating techniques of the media masters. They exercise both subtlety and thoroughness in their management of the news and the entertainment that they present to us.

For example, the way in which the news is covered: which items are emphasized and which are played down; the reporter’s choice of words, tone of voice, and facial expressions; the wording of headlines; the choice of illustrations — all of these things subliminally and yet profoundly affect the way in which we interpret what we see or hear.

On top of this, of course, the columnists and editors remove any remaining doubt from our minds as to just what we are to think about it all. Employing carefully developed psychological techniques, they guide our thought and opinion so that we can be in tune with the « in » crowd, the « beautiful people, » the « smart money. » They let us know exactly what our attitudes should be toward various types of people and behavior by placing those people or that behavior in the context of a TV drama or situation comedy and having the other TV characters react in the Politically Correct way.

Molding American Minds
For example, a racially mixed couple will be respected, liked, and socially sought after by other characters, as will a « take charge » Black scholar or businessman, or a sensitive and talented homosexual, or a poor but honest and hardworking illegal alien from Mexico. On the other hand, a White racist — that is, any racially conscious White person who looks askance at miscegenation or at the rapidly darkening racial situation in America — is portrayed, at best, as a despicable bigot who is reviled by the other characters, or, at worst, as a dangerous psychopath who is fascinated by firearms and is a menace to all law-abiding citizens. The White racist « gun nut, » in fact, has become a familiar stereotype on TV shows.

The average American, of whose daily life TV-watching takes such an unhealthy portion, distinguishes between these fictional situations and reality only with difficulty, if at all. He responds to the televised actions, statements, and attitudes of TV actors much as he does to his own peers in real life. For all too many Americans the real world has been replaced by the false reality of the TV environment, and it is to this false reality that his urge to conform responds. Thus, when a TV scriptwriter expresses approval of some ideas and actions through the TV characters for whom he is writing, and disapproval of others, he exerts a powerful pressure on millions of viewers toward conformity with his own views.

And as it is with TV entertainment, so it is also with the news, whether televised or printed. The insidious thing about this form of thought control is that even when we realize that entertainment or news is biased, the media masters still are able to manipulate most of us. This is because they not only slant what they present, but they establish tacit boundaries and ground rules for the permissible spectrum of opinion.

As an example, consider the media treatment of Middle East news. Some editors or commentators are slavishly pro-Israel in their every utterance, while others seem nearly neutral. No one, however, dares suggest that the U.S. government is backing the wrong side in the Arab-Jewish conflict and that it served Jewish interests rather than American interests to send U.S. forces to cripple Iraq, Israel’s principal rival in the Middle East. Thus, a spectrum of permissible opinion, from pro-Israel to nearly neutral, is established.

Another example is the media treatment of racial issues in the United States. Some commentators seem almost dispassionate in reporting news of racial strife, while others are emotionally partisan — with the partisanship always on the non-White side. All of the media spokesmen without exception, however, take the position that « multiculturalism » and racial mixing are here to stay, and that they are good things.

Because there are differences in degree, however, most Americans fail to realize that they are being manipulated. Even the citizen who complains about « managed news » falls into the trap of thinking that because he is presented with an apparent spectrum of opinion he can escape the thought controllers’ influence by believing the editor or commentator of his choice. It’s a « heads I win, tails you lose » situation. Every point on the permissible spectrum of public opinion is acceptable to the media masters — and no impermissible fact or viewpoint is allowed any exposure at all, if they can prevent it.

The control of the opinion-molding media is nearly monolithic. All of the controlled media — television, radio, newspapers, magazines, books, motion pictures — speak with a single voice, each reinforcing the other. Despite the appearance of variety, there is no real dissent, no alternative source of facts or ideas accessible to the great mass of people that might allow them to form opinions at odds with those of the media masters. They are presented with a single view of the world — a world in which every voice proclaims the equality of the races, the inerrant nature of the Jewish « Holocaust » tale, the wickedness of attempting to halt the flood of non-White aliens pouring across our borders, the danger of permitting citizens to keep and bear arms, the moral equivalence of all sexual orientations, and the desirability of a « pluralistic, » cosmopolitan society rather than a homogeneous one. It is a view of the world designed by the media masters to suit their own ends — and the pressure to conform to that view is overwhelming. People adapt their opinions to it, vote in accord with it, and shape their lives to fit it.

And who are these all-powerful masters of the media? As we shall see, to a very large extent they are Jews. It isn’t simply a matter of the media being controlled by profit-hungry capitalists, some of whom happen to be Jews. If that were the case, the ethnicity of the media masters would reflect, at least approximately, the ratio of rich Gentiles to rich Jews. The preponderance of Jews in the media is so overwhelming, however, that we are obliged to assume that it is due to more than mere happenstance.

Electronic News & Entertainment Media
Continuing government deregulation of the telecommunications industry has resulted, not in the touted increased competition, but rather in an accelerating wave of corporate mergers and acquisitions that have produced a handful of multi-billion-dollar media conglomerates. The largest of these conglomerates are rapidly growing even bigger by consuming their competition, almost tripling in size during the 1990s. Whenever you watch television, whether from a local broadcasting station or via a cable or a satellite dish; whenever you see a feature film in a theater or at home; whenever you listen to the radio or to recorded music; whenever you read a newspaper, book, or magazine — it is very likely that the information or entertainment you receive was produced and/or distributed by one of these megamedia companies.

The largest media conglomerate today is AOL-Time Warner, created when AOL bought Time Warner for $160 billion in 2000. The merger brought together Steve Case, a Gentile, as chairman of AOL-TW, and Time Warner chairman Gerald Levin, a Jew, as the CEO. Although AOL-TW isn’t (yet) run entirely by Jews, the effect of this blend of leadership between a White capitalist whose biggest concern is money and a racially conscious Jew will be gradually to increase the Jewish influence within AOL. Steve Case won’t complain when Gerald Levin begins hiring mostly Jews to fill key positions beneath him because Case’s own profits won’t be affected. After Case dies or retires, the Jews will have complete control at AOL.

Before the merger, AOL was the largest Internet service provider in America, and it will now be used as an online platform for the Jewish content from Time Warner.

Time Warner, Inc., with 1997 revenues of more than $13 billion, was the second largest of the international media leviathans when it was bought by AOL. Levin, chairman and CEO of Time Warner, had bought Turner Broadcasting Systems in 1996 from Ted Turner, who had been one of the few Gentile entrepreneurs in the media business. Ted Turner, as the company president, became the number three man at AOL-TW, after Case and Levin.

When Ted Turner, the Gentile media maverick, made a bid to buy CBS in 1985, there was panic in media boardrooms across the nation. Turner had made a fortune in advertising and then had built a successful cable-TV news network, CNN, with over 70 million subscribers. Although Turner employed a number of Jews in key executive positions in CNN and had never taken public positions contrary to Jewish interests, he is a man with a large ego and a strong personality and was regarded by Chairman William Paley and the other Jews at CBS as uncontrollable: a loose cannon who might at some time in the future turn against them. Furthermore, Jewish newsman Daniel Schorr, who had worked for Turner, publicly charged that his former boss held a personal dislike for Jews.

To block Turner’s bid, CBS executives invited billionaire Jewish theater, hotel, insurance, and cigarette magnate Laurence Tisch to launch a « friendly » takeover of the company, and from 1986 until 1995 Tisch was the chairman and CEO of CBS, removing any threat of non-Jewish influence there. Subsequent efforts by Turner to acquire a major network were obstructed by Levin’s Time Warner, which owns nearly 20 percent of CBS stock and has veto power over major deals. When his fellow Jew Sumner Redstone offered to buy CBS for $34.8 billion in 1999, Levin had no objection.

Thus, despite being an innovator and garnering headlines, Turner never commanded the « connections » necessary for being a true media master. He finally decided if you can’t lick ‘em, join ‘em, and he sold out to Levin. Ted Turner is in one respect a reflection of Steve Case. Both of these White men are capitalists with no discernible degree of racial consciousness or responsibility. In July 2001, AOL Time Warner announced that yet another Jew, Walter Isaacson, formerly the editorial director of Time, Inc., will become the new chairman and CEO of CNN News Group, which oversees the news empire that Ted Turner built.

Time Warner’s subsidiary HBO is the country’s largest pay-TV cable network. Until the purchase in May 1998 of PolyGram by Edgar Bronfman, Jr., Warner Music was America’s largest record company, with 50 labels, the biggest of which is Warner Brothers Records. Warner Music was an early promoter of « gangsta rap. » Through its involvement with Interscope Records (prior to Interscope’s acquisition by MCA), it helped to popularize a genre whose graphic lyrics explicitly urge Blacks to commit acts of violence against Whites.

In addition to cable and music, Time Warner is heavily involved in the production of feature films (Warner Brothers Studio, Castle Rock Entertainment, and New Line Cinema) and in publishing. Time Warner’s publishing division (editor-in-chief Norman Pearlstine, a Jew) is the largest magazine publisher in the country (Time, Sports Illustrated, People, Fortune).

The second-largest media conglomerate today, with 1997 revenues of $23 billion, is the Walt Disney Company. Its chairman and CEO, Michael Eisner, is a Jew. The Disney empire, headed by a man described by one media analyst as « a control freak, » includes several television production companies (Walt Disney Television, Touchstone Television, Buena Vista Television) and cable networks with more than 100 million subscribers altogether.

As for feature films, the Walt Disney Motion Pictures Group, under Walt Disney Studios, headed by Joseph E. Roth (also a Jew), includes Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, and Caravan Pictures. Roth founded Caravan Pictures in January 1993, and it is now headed by his fellow Jew Roger Birnbaum. Disney also owns Miramax Films, run by the Weinstein brothers, Bob and Harvey, who have produced such ultra-raunchy movies as The Crying Game, Priest, and Kids.

When the Disney Company was run by the Gentile Disney family, prior to its takeover by Eisner in 1984, it epitomized wholesome, family entertainment. While it still holds the rights to Snow White, the company under Eisner has expanded into the production of a great deal of so-called « adult » material.

In August 1995, Eisner acquired Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., which owns the ABC Television Network, which in turn owns ten TV stations outright in such big markets as New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Houston. In addition, it has 225 affiliated stations in the United States and is part owner of several European TV companies.

ABC’s cable subsidiary, ESPN, is headed by president and CEO Steven Bornstein, who is a Jew. The corporation also has a controlling share of Lifetime Television and A & E Television Networks cable companies, with 67 million subscribers each. ABC Radio Network owns 26 AM and FM stations, again in major cities such as New York, Washington, and Los Angeles, and has over 3,400 affiliates.

Although primarily a telecommunications company, Capital Cities/ABC earned over $1 billion in publishing in 1997. It owns seven daily newspapers, Fairchild Publications (Women’s Wear Daily), Chilton Publications (automotive manuals), and the Diversified Publishing Group.

Number three on the list, with 1997 revenues of just over $13 billion, is Viacom, Inc., headed by Sumner Redstone (born Murray Rothstein). Viacom, which produces and distributes TV programs for the three largest networks, owns 13 television stations and 12 radio stations. It produces feature films through Paramount Pictures, headed by Jewess Sherry Lansing. Redstone acquired CBS following the December 1999 stockholders’ votes at CBS and Viacom.

Working for Redstone as CBS’s chief executive is a Jew named Melvin A. Karmazin. He is the boss and biggest individual shareholder of the company that owns the CBS Television Network, 14 major-market TV stations, 160 radio stations, the Country Music Television and the Nashville Network cable channels, and a large number of outdoor advertising assets.

Viacom’s publishing division includes Simon & Schuster, Scribner, The Free Press, and Pocket Books. It distributes videos through over 4,000 Blockbuster stores. It is also involved in satellite broadcasting, theme parks, and video games.

Viacom’s chief claim to fame, however, is as the world’s largest provider of cable programming, through its Showtime, MTV, Nickelodeon, and other networks. Since 1989 MTV and Nickelodeon have acquired larger and larger shares of the juvenile television audience. The first quarter of 2001 was the 16th consecutive quarter in which MTV was rated as the #1 cable network for viewers between the ages of 12 and 24. Redstone, who actually owns 76 per cent of the shares of Viacom, has offered Beavis and Butthead as teen role models and currently is the largest single purveyor of race-mixing propaganda to White teenagers and sub-teens in America and in Europe. MTV Networks plans to acquire The Music Factory (TMF) from the Dutch media and marketing group Wegener. TMF distributes music to almost 10 million homes in Holland and Belgium. MTV is expanding its presence in Europe through new channels, including MTV Dance (Britain) and MTV Live (Scandinavia). MTV Italy is active through Cecchi Gori Communications. MTV pumps its racially mixed rock and rap videos into 210 million homes in 71 countries and is the dominant cultural influence on White teenagers around the world.

Nickelodeon, with about 65 million subscribers, has by far the largest share of the four-to-11-year-old TV audience in America and also is expanding rapidly into Europe. Most of its shows do not yet display the blatant degeneracy that is MTV’s trademark, but Redstone is gradually nudging the fare presented to his kiddie viewers toward the same poison purveyed by MTV. As of early 2001, Nickelodeon was continuing a nine-year streak as the top cable network for children and younger teenagers.

Another Jewish media mogul is Edgar Bronfman, Jr. He headed Seagram Company, Ltd., the liquor giant, until its recent merger with Vivendi. His father, Edgar Bronfman, Sr., is president of the World Jewish Congress. Seagram owned Universal Studios and Interscope Records, the foremost promoter of « gangsta rap. » These companies now belong to Vivendi Universal.

Bronfman became the biggest man in the record business in May 1998 when he also acquired control of PolyGram, the European record giant, by paying $10.6 billion to the Dutch electronics manufacturer Philips. With the revenue from PolyGram added to that from MCA and Universal, Bronfman became master of the fourth largest media empire, with annual revenues around $12 billion. One especially unfortunate aspect of the PolyGram acquisition was that it gave Bronfman control of the world’s largest producer of classical music CDs: PolyGram owns the Deutsche Grammophon, Decca-London, and Philips record companies.

In June 2000, the Bronfman family sold Seagram to Vivendi, a French utilities company led by gentile Jean-Marie Messier. The combined company, Vivendi Universal, will retain Edgar Bronfman, Jr., as the vice chairman of the new company, and he will continue to be in charge of its entertainment division. The strategy for this merger seems to mirror that of AOL-Time Warner: infect and wait. Vivendi Universal will pay off the debts it assumed in the merger by selling Seagram’s alcohol business, retaining its media empire.

With two of the top four media conglomerates in the hands of Jews, and with Jews in executive charge of the remaining two, it is difficult to believe that such an overwhelming degree of control came about without a deliberate, concerted effort on their part.

What about the other big media companies?

Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation, which owns Fox Television Network, 20th Century Fox Films, and Fox 2000, is the fifth largest megamedia corporation in the country, with 1997 revenues of over $11 billion. It is the only other media company that comes even close to the top four. Murdoch is a Gentile Australian, but Peter Chernin, who is president and CEO of Fox Group, which includes all of News Corporation’s film, television, and publishing operations in the United States, is a Jew. Under Chernin, as president of 20th Century Fox, is Laura Ziskin, a Jewess who formerly headed Fox 2000. Jew Peter Roth works under Chernin as president of Fox Entertainment. News Corporation also owns the New York Post and TV Guide, and they are published under Chernin’s supervision. Murdoch told Newsweek magazine (July 12, 1999) that he would probably elevate Chernin to CEO of News Corporation, rather than allow the company to fall into the hands of his own children, none of whom are younger than their late twenties. It is hard to imagine a Jew giving a major media corporation to a Gentile underling when he has children waiting in the wings. For his part, Chernin was quite candid: « I get to control movies seen all over the world. . . . What could be more fun? »

Most of the television and movie production companies that are not owned by the largest corporations are also controlled by Jews. For example, New World Entertainment, proclaimed by one media analyst as « the premier independent TV program producer in the United States, » is owned by Ronald Perelman, a Jew who also owns Revlon cosmetics and who offered a job to Monica Lewinsky when Bill Clinton was trying to keep her quiet.

The best known of the smaller media companies, DreamWorks SKG, is a strictly kosher affair. DreamWorks was formed in 1994 amid great media hype by recording industry mogul David Geffen, former Disney Pictures chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg, and film director Steven Spielberg, all three of whom are Jews. The company produces movies, animated films, television programs, and recorded music. Considering the cash and connections that Geffen, Katzenberg, and Spielberg have, DreamWorks may soon be in the same league as the big four.

It is well known that Jews have controlled most of the production and distribution of films since shortly after the inception of the movie industry in the early decades of the 20th century. When Walt Disney died in 1966, the last barrier to the total Jewish domination of Hollywood was gone, and Jews were able to grab ownership of the company that Walt built. Since then they have had everything their way in the movie industry.

Films produced by just the four largest motion picture companies mentioned above — Disney, Warner Brothers, Paramount (Viacom), and Universal (Seagram) — accounted for two-thirds of the total box-office receipts for the year 1997.

The big three in television network broadcasting used to be ABC, CBS, and NBC. With the consolidation of the media empires, these three are no longer independent entities. While they were independent, however, each was controlled by a Jew since its inception: ABC by Leonard Goldenson; NBC first by David Sarnoff and then by his son Robert; and CBS first by William Paley and then by Laurence Tisch. Over periods of several decades these networks were staffed from top to bottom with Jews, and the essential Jewishness of network television did not change when the networks were absorbed by other corporations. The Jewish presence in television news remains particularly strong.

NBC provides a good example of this. The executives at NBC recently were shuffled among the key positions. Andrew Lack, who had been chief of the network’s news division, ascended to become its president and chief operations officer. Neal Shapiro, who had been producing Dateline NBC, moved into Lack’s old job. Jeff Zucker, who had been producing the Today show, was promoted to NBC entertainment president (a job that apparently was created for him), and Jonathan Wald moved into Zucker’s old spot after shoving aside Michael Bass, who had been filling in for Zucker with Today. Some time ago, Wald became the producer of the NBC Nightly News, taking the position from Jeff Gralnick. When Wald moved to Today, Steve Capus took over as Tom Brokaw’s producer. It is not known at this time whether Capus is a Jew or not, but everyone else is.

A similar preponderance of Jews exists in the news divisions of the other networks. For example, in February 2000, Al Ortiz moved to head the « Special Events » coverage at CBS, making gentile Jim Murphy the executive producer of The CBS Evening News with Dan Rather — and the only exception that we know of to an otherwise solidly Jewish cadre of television news producers. The new CBS Early Show, which replaced CBS This Morning, had an internal shakeup in which three producers were fired, ostensibly for not being « aggressive » enough. One wonders whether they were also not Jewish enough. The shakeup did not, however, affect the outgoing executive producer Al Berman, who transferred to a new job as a program developer, and Steve Friedman has become the executive producer of the Early Show.

Paul Friedman is still the executive producer of ABC World News Tonight with Peter Jennings. Rick Kaplan, once an executive at ABC, moved to CNN in 1997, where he became the president of CNN/USA.

The Print Media
After television news, daily newspapers are the most influential information medium in America. Sixty million of them are sold (and presumably read) each day. These millions are divided among some 1483 different publications (this figure is for February 2000). One might conclude that the sheer number of different newspapers across America would provide a safeguard against minority control and distortion. Alas, such is not the case. There is less independence, less competition, and much less representation of majority interests than a casual observer would think.

In 1945, four out of five American newspapers were independently owned and published by local people with close ties to their communities. Those days, however, are gone. Most of the independent newspapers were bought out or driven out of business by the mid-1970s. Today most « local » newspapers are owned by a rather small number of large companies controlled by executives who live and work hundreds or even thousands of miles away. Today less than 20 percent of the country’s 1483 papers are independently owned; the rest belong to multi-newspaper chains. Only 104 of the total number have circulations of more than 100,000. Only a handful are large enough to maintain independent reporting staffs outside their own communities; the rest must depend on these few for all of their national and international news.

The Associated Press, which sells content to newspapers, is currently under the control of its Jewish managing editor, Michael Silverman, who directs the day-to-day news reporting and supervises the editorial departments. Silverman had directed the AP’s national news as assistant managing editor since 1992. He was promoted to his current job in 2000. Silverman reports to Jonathan Wolman, also a Jew, who is executive editor for the AP.

In only 47 cities in America are there more than one daily newspaper, and competition is frequently nominal even among them, as between morning and afternoon editions under the same ownership. Examples of this are the Mobile, Alabama, morning Register and afternoon Press-Register; and the Syracuse, New York, morning Post-Standard and afternoon Herald-Journal — all owned by the Jewish Newhouse brothers through their holding company, Advance Publications.

The Newhouse media empire provides an example of more than the lack of real competition among America’s daily newspapers: it also illustrates the insatiable appetite Jews have shown for all the organs of opinion control on which they could fasten their grip. The Newhouses own 30 daily newspapers, including several large and important ones, such as the Cleveland Plain Dealer, the Newark Star-Ledger, and the New Orleans Times-Picayune; Newhouse Broadcasting, consisting of 12 television broadcasting stations and 87 cable-TV systems, including some of the country’s largest cable networks; the Sunday supplement Parade, with a circulation of more than 22 million copies per week; some two dozen major magazines, including the New Yorker, Vogue, Mademoiselle, Glamour, Vanity Fair, Bride’s, Gentlemen’s Quarterly, Self, House & Garden, and all the other magazines of the wholly owned Conde Nast group.

This Jewish media empire was founded by the late Samuel Newhouse, an immigrant from Russia. When he died in 1979 at the age of 84, he bequeathed media holdings worth an estimated $1.3 billion to his two sons, Samuel and Donald. With a number of further acquisitions, the net worth of Advance Publications has grown to more than $8 billion today.

The gobbling up of so many newspapers by the Newhouse family was in large degree made possible by the fact that newspapers are not supported by their subscribers, but by their advertisers. It is advertising revenue — not the small change collected from a newspaper’s readers — that largely pays the editor’s salary and yields the owner’s profit.

Whenever the large advertisers in a city choose to favor one newspaper over another with their business, the favored newspaper will flourish while its competitor dies. Since the beginning of the last century, when Jewish mercantile power in America became a dominant economic force, there has been a steady rise in the number of American newspapers in Jewish hands, accompanied by a steady decline in the number of competing Gentile newspapers — primarily as a result of selective advertising policies by Jewish merchants.

Furthermore, even those newspapers still under Gentile ownership and management are so thoroughly dependent upon Jewish advertising revenue that their editorial and news reporting policies are largely constrained by Jewish likes and dislikes. It holds true in the newspaper business as elsewhere that he who pays the piper calls the tune.

Three Jewish Newspapers
The suppression of competition and the establishment of local monopolies on the dissemination of news and opinion have characterized the rise of Jewish control over America’s newspapers. The resulting ability of the Jews to use the press as an unopposed instrument of Jewish policy could hardly be better illustrated than by the examples of the nation’s three most prestigious and influential newspapers: the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post. These three, dominating America’s financial and political capitals, are the newspapers that set the trends and the guidelines for nearly all the others. They are the ones that decide what is news and what isn’t, at the national and international levels. They originate the news; the others merely copy it. And all three newspapers are in Jewish hands.

The New York Times, with a September 1999 circulation of 1,086,000, is the unofficial social, fashion, entertainment, political, and cultural guide of the nation. It tells America’s « smart set » which books to buy and which films to see; which opinions are in style at the moment; which politicians, educators, spiritual leaders, artists, and businessmen are the real comers. And for a few decades in the 19th century it was a genuinely American newspaper.

The New York Times was founded in 1851 by two Gentiles, Henry J. Raymond and George Jones. After their deaths, it was purchased in 1896 from Jones’s estate by a wealthy Jewish publisher, Adolph Ochs. His great-great-grandson, Arthur Sulzberger, Jr., is the paper’s current publisher and the chairman of the New York Times Co. The executive editor is Joseph Lelyveld, also a Jew (he is a rabbi’s son).

The Sulzberger family also owns, through the New York Times Co., 33 other newspapers, including the Boston Globe, purchased in June 1993 for $1.1 billion; twelve magazines, including McCall’s and Family Circle with circulations of more than 5 million each; seven radio and TV broadcasting stations; a cable-TV system; and three book publishing companies. The New York Times News Service transmits news stories, features, and photographs from the New York Times by wire to 506 other newspapers, news agencies, and magazines.

Of similar national importance is the Washington Post, which, by establishing its « leaks » throughout government agencies in Washington, has an inside track on news involving the Federal government.

The Washington Post, like the New York Times, had a non-Jewish origin. It was established in 1877 by Stilson Hutchins, purchased from him in 1905 by John R. McLean, and later inherited by Edward B. McLean. In June 1933, however, at the height of the Great Depression, the newspaper was forced into bankruptcy. It was purchased at a bankruptcy auction by Eugene Meyer, a Jewish financier and former partner of the infamous Bernard Baruch, industry czar in America during the First World War.

The Washington Post is now run by Katherine Meyer Graham, Eugene Meyer’s daughter. She is the principal stockholder and the board chairman of the Washington Post Co. In 1979 she appointed her son Donald publisher of the paper. He now also holds the posts of president and CEO of the Washington Post Co. The newspaper has a daily circulation of 763,000, and its Sunday edition sells 1.1 million copies.

The Washington Post Co. has a number of other media holdings in newspapers (the Gazette Newspapers, including 11 military publications); in television (WDIV in Detroit, KPRC in Houston, WPLG in Miami, WKMG in Orlando, KSAT in San Antonio, WJXT in Jacksonville); and in magazines, most notably the nation’s number-two weekly newsmagazine, Newsweek. The Washington Post Company’s various television ventures reach a total of about 7 million homes, and its cable TV service, Cable One, has 635,000 subscribers.

In a joint venture with the New York Times, the Post publishes the International Herald Tribune, the most widely distributed English-language daily in the world.

The Wall Street Journal, which sells 1.8 million copies each weekday, is the nation’s largest-circulation daily newspaper. It is owned by Dow Jones & Company, Inc., a New York corporation that also publishes 24 other daily newspapers and the weekly financial tabloid Barron’s, among other things. The chairman and CEO of Dow Jones is Peter R. Kann, who is a Jew. Kann also holds the posts of chairman and publisher of the Wall Street Journal.

Most of New York’s other major newspapers are in no better hands than the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. In January 1993 the New York Daily News was bought from the estate of the late Jewish media mogul Robert Maxwell (born Ludvik Hoch) by Jewish real-estate developer Mortimer B. Zuckerman. The Village Voice is the personal property of Leonard Stern, the billionaire Jewish owner of the Hartz Mountain pet supply firm. And, as mentioned above, the New York Post is owned by News Corporation under the Jew Peter Chernin.

News Magazines
The story is pretty much the same for other media as it is for television, radio, films, music, and newspapers. Consider, for example, newsmagazines. There are only three of any importance published in the United States: Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News & World Report.

Time, with a weekly circulation of 4.1 million, is published by a subsidiary of Time Warner Communications, the new media conglomerate formed by the 1989 merger of Time, Inc., with Warner Communications. The CEO of Time Warner Communications, as mentioned above, is Gerald Levin, a Jew.

Newsweek, as mentioned above, is published by the Washington Post Company, under the Jewess Katherine Meyer Graham. Its weekly circulation is 3.1 million.

U.S. News & World Report, with a weekly circulation of 2.2 million, is owned and published by the aforementioned Mortimer B. Zuckerman, who also has taken the position of editor-in-chief of the magazine for himself. Zuckerman also owns the Atlantic Monthly and New York’s tabloid newspaper, the Daily News, which is the sixth-largest paper in the country.

Our Responsibility
Those are the facts of media control in America. Anyone willing to spend a few hours in a large library looking into current editions of yearbooks on the radio and television industries and into directories of newspapers and magazines; into registers of corporations and their officers, such as those published by Standard and Poors and by Dun and Bradstreet; and into standard biographical reference works can verify their accuracy. They are undeniable, and when confronted with them Jewish spokesmen customarily will use evasive tactics. « Ted Turner isn’t a Jew! » they will announce triumphantly, as if that settled the issue. If pressed further they will accuse the confronter of « anti-Semitism » for even raising the subject. It is fear of this accusation that keeps many persons who know the facts silent.

But we must not remain silent on this most important of issues! The Jewish control of the American mass media is the single most important fact of life, not just in America, but in the whole world today. There is nothing — plague, famine, economic collapse, even nuclear war — more dangerous to the future of our people.

Jewish media control determines the foreign policy of the United States and permits Jewish interests rather than American interests to decide questions of war and peace. Without Jewish media control, there would have been no Persian Gulf war, for example. There would have been no NATO massacre of Serb civilians. There would be no continued beating of the drums for another war against Iraq.

By permitting the Jews to control our news and entertainment media we are doing more than merely giving them a decisive influence on our political system and virtual control of our government; we also are giving them control of the minds and souls of our children, whose attitudes and ideas are shaped more by Jewish television and Jewish films than by parents, schools, or any other influence.

The Jew-controlled entertainment media have taken the lead in persuading a whole generation that homosexuality is a normal and acceptable way of life; that there is nothing at all wrong with White women dating or marrying Black men, or with White men marrying Asian women; that all races are inherently equal in ability and character — except that the character of the White race is suspect because of a history of oppressing other races; and that any effort by Whites at racial self-preservation is reprehensible.

We must oppose the further spreading of this poison among our people, and we must break the power of those who are spreading it. It would be intolerable for such power to be in the hands of any alien minority, with values and interests different from our own. But to permit the Jews, with their 3,000-year history of nation-wrecking, from ancient Egypt to Russia, to hold such power over us is tantamount to race suicide. Indeed, the fact that so many White Americans today are so filled with a sense of racial guilt and self-hatred that they actively seek the death of their own race is a deliberate consequence of Jewish media control.

Once we have absorbed and understood the fact of Jewish media control, it is our inescapable responsibility to do whatever is necessary to break that control. We must shrink from nothing in combating this evil power that has fastened its deadly grip on our people and is injecting its lethal poison into their minds and souls. If we fail to destroy it, it certainly will destroy our race.

Let us begin now to acquire knowledge and to take action toward this necessary end.

Owners, managers, and corporate relationships change from time to time, of course. All of the names and other data in this report have been checked carefully and are accurate as of July 2001.
For more information about National Vanguard Books or the National Alliance visit http://www.natvan.com or http://www.natall.com.

National Vanguard Books, P.O. Box 330 Hillsboro, WV 24946.

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Top: Jewish Terrorists: Mossad

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Mossad’s Checkered Past – LA Times
Victor Ostrovsky – Mossad Spy & Author
Mossad’s Blunders – LA Times
Mossad Agent Arrested as Spy by Swiss
Switzerland Catches Mossad Spies
Swiss Say 6 Mossad Spies Involved
Syria Says Mossad Bombed Bus
Syrian Papers Accuse Mossad Bus Bombing
Alleged Details on Mossad Bus Bombs
‘Shin Bet’ Murder Agency Scandals
Mossad Caught in Lies Plus the Mossad Course Entitled « The Lie as Art »
Mossad’s CIA Spy – Pollard in LA Times
Norway Seeks Mike Harari Ex-Mossad in Lillehammer Murder
Mossad Under Scrutiny – NPR Report
Mossad Theft of 50 Canadian Passports
Mossad-ADL JFK Assassination Theory
Former Mossad Agent In Drug Smuggling
Lebanon Sentences Mossad Agent to Death
Israeli Nuclear Whistle Blower Captured By Mossad Using Sex Trick Asked to be Freed by Norway

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Mossad’s Checkered Past Home Edition., Los Angeles Times, 02-27-1998, pp A-16, top of page

Previous incidents involving the Israeli spy agency:

* Sept. 25, 1997: Mossad agents try but fail to assassinate Hamas official Khaled Meshaal in Amman, Jordan. Two agents are caught and released in a prisoner swap that forces Israel to release Sheik Ahmed Yassin, a key Hamas leader.

* April 24, 1991: Four Mossad agents are arrested for attempting to install listening devices in the Iranian Embassy in Nicosia, Cyprus. The agents are released shortly after standing trial.

* November 1987: The London newspaper the Mail on Sunday reveals the identity of a Mossad agent who had infiltrated a PLO cell in London. The agent is arrested on suspicion of murdering a Palestinian cartoonist and is banished from the country.

* July 1973: In an attempt to avenge the deaths of Israeli athletes slain during the 1972 Olympics, Mossad agents kill an innocent Moroccan waiter in Lillehammer, Norway. Five of the 15 agents involved in the operation serve sentences in Norwegian jails.

* 1963: Two Mossad agents are arrested in Bern, Switzerland, on charges of intimidating a family member of a German scientist who had been offered a job developing missiles for Egypt. The operatives are released a few months later. top of page

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VICTOR OSTROVSKY MOSSAD BOOK CONTROVERSY:

AS ISRAEL TRIES TO SMOTHER HIS BOOK, A FORMER MOSSAD SPY SPILLS SOME DARK SECRETS OF THAT SHADOWY SERVICE People, 10-01-1990, pp 105. top of page

Victor Ostrovsky stops and stiffens as he spots a young couple passing on an Ottawa street. He watches until they are safely out of sight.  »I know when I am being followed, » says the former agent of Mossad, the Israeli intelligence service.  »I have been trained to know. If there are 15 people on me, I can tell. I can see the patterns developing. I can detect it. But I have a limit. If they put one extra agent on me, I can’t tell anymore. It’s past my limit. » Then Ostrovsky, who recently outraged the Israeli government with his book By Way of Deception, an alleged expose of some of Mossad’s dirtiest little secrets, smiles ruefully and says,  »The trouble is, they know my limit. »

Although a high Israeli source insists the book is a fraud, Ostrovsky, 40, claims he has been under round-the-clock surveillance by Mossad for weeks and that the offices of the Canadian publisher of the book he co-authored with newspaperman Claire Hoy were illegally entered. The Israeli government also obtained a court order temporarily outlawing the book in Canada and — briefly — in the United States, arguing that its publication would endanger agents in the field. But a four-judge appeals panel in the U.S. quickly overturned the temporary restraining order that had been granted the Israelis after an unusual late-night legal petition, saying that Israel’s argument was groundless. Since then By Way of Deception has been  »leaping off the shelves, » according to Ostrovsky’s American publisher.  »We’ve never experienced anything like this, » says St. Martin’s Press President Roy Gainsburg, who reports that 255,000 copies of the book are in print after a first printing of only 42,000 and that bookstores are clamoring for more.

Among Ostrovsky’s more shocking allegations are that Mossad failed to share with the U.S. detailed intelligence that might have averted the 1983 suicide bombing of the Beirut Marine barracks that killed 241 U.S. servicemen; that Israeli agents in New York City bugged conversations between former U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young and ambassadors from Syria and Kuwait; and that Mossad promiscuously assassinated enemy agents.  »What’s striking is the wealth of detail, » says David Ignatius, who covered the Middle East for the Wall Street Journal, of the book.  »He didn’t make it all up. » The U.S. government has not commented officially on these charges, though a spokesperson for the State Department said unofficially that the Israelis would have been smarter to ignore the book.

The author is inclined to agree.  »((Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak)) Shamir went against all his advisers when he ordered legal action against me, » says Ostrovsky, who is living with his wife, Bella, 40, and his two daughters, Leeorah, 16, and Sharon, 20, in a rented house on the outskirts of Ottawa in his native Canada.  »If they wanted to give me publicity, they couldn’t have planned it better. »

Israeli authorities have acknowledged that Ostrovsky — a former naval commander and weapons specialist — did work for the highly regarded Israeli secret service from 1984 until 1986 but downplay his importance and question his motives.  »He was very junior — a clerk, » says one Mossad source, adding that Ostrovsky was also  »very left-wing and very hungry for money. »

Ostrovsky shakes his head at such claims.  »It is an old story, » he says.  »They want to destroy my reputation. But the fact is that last week, two ((Israeli)) agents showed up at my door and offered me any amount of money, any amount at all, if I would not publish the book. If I was interested in money, wouldn’t I take it from them? I don’t care about money. I wrote the book to attack a runaway organization. They ((Mossad)) are costing Israel friends, and more than any other weapon, Israel needs friends. »

Ostrovsky comes from prickly Zionist roots and spent his youth shuttling between Israel and his father’s native Canada. His father, Syd Osten (anglicized from Ostrovsky), flew fighter planes during Israel’s War of Independence; his mother, Mira, drove supply trucks for the Israeli Army. They divorced when Victor was a child, and both began to spend time back in North America, leaving their son in Israel in the care of his grandparents.  »My grandfather was an auditor, » Ostrovsky recalls.  »Very honorable. He would not get me a job, although he knew many people in the labor unions. So I got a good job on my own. He made me quit because it might look like he got me the job. I got another job. They called me the Bobo, one of those dolls that keeps bouncing up when you knock it down. »

At 18, Ostrovsky became an officer in the Israeli Army.  »I was a Zionist and idealistic, » he says.  »I was taught that we must have purity of arms, we must be clean. » He was in and out of military service for the next 18 years before being recruited by Mossad. As part of his training, he learned of the great feats of Israeli intelligence — foiling a plot by the PLO to kill Golda Meir in 1973, rescuing the hostages on a hijacked Air France plane at Entebbe in 1976. But he was offended, he says, by the corruption of Mossad’s leaders — men who he claims held orgies with young secretaries and ordered the slaughter of PLO suspects. He says he was horrified to discover that Israeli agents knew in advance specific details about the planned terrorist attack on the Beirut Marine barracks in 1983 but gave only vague warnings to their closest ally.

Ostrovsky’s disenchantment was shared by his wife, Bella.

Childhood sweethearts, they have been married for 21 years.  »I read some books about how we treated Arabs, and it opened my eyes, » says Bella.  »I spoke to Vickie and I told him, ‘How could we do this?’  »

Ostrovsky left Mossad in 1986 under circumstances that are unclear. He claims he made enemies of important officials with his impertinent questions; a Mossad source says he was kicked out after bungling an assignment. Ostrovsky denies it. In any case he emigrated to Canada, where he convinced Hoy, author of the 1987 bestseller Friends in High Places, an expose of political intrigue in Canada, to tell his story. An accomplished artist, Ostrovsky, subsidized by book revenue’s can now paint full-time. If he ever tried to return to Israel, he fears, he might be prosecuted for treason. Yet Ostrovsky insists he wrote his book out of loyalty to his early Zionist ideal.  »How could I remain silent? » he asks.  »I am a patriot. » top of page

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Mossad Under Scrutiny
All Things Considered (NPR), 10-09-1997, top of page

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST: A member of the government committee investigating Israel’s actions against a Hamas leader in Jordan resigned today, just days after his appointment.

The former head of Israel’s secret service, the Mossad, was accused of bias after he expressed support for the agency’s botched assassination attempt.

And, Israeli foreign minister David Levy is considering resigning. Among other things, Levy said he was not consulted about the Mossad mission, and he was critical of that operation.

NPR’s Linda Gradstein reports.

LINDA GRADSTEIN, NPR REPORTER: It sounds like the plot of a bad made- for-TV movie. Two Israeli agents using false passports target a radial Arab leader for assassination. They sneak up behind him and inject poison into his ear. But they fail to notice his bodyguard, who overcomes them. Four other agents involved in the operation flee to the Israeli embassy.

An embarrassed Israel rushes to Jordan a doctor who saves the life of the man they were trying to kill.

Israeli analysts differ over how much long-term damage there will be to the Mossad. Yosi Melman (ph), a commentator and author of a book on the Mossad, says the failed assassination was the biggest operational failure in the Mossad’s history.

YOSI MELMAN, ANALYST, COMMENTATOR AND AUTHOR, ISRAEL: There is a damage to the prestige and to the public relations and the reputation of the Mossad, which is a serious damage. It deals more with the psychological effect of the organization, but psychology is very important in the field of intelligence.

GRADSTEIN: In addition to the psychological effects, there are practical implications. Melman says the Mossad has had to suspend many of its operations.

MELMAN: Many, many security services in the world, including in friendly countries, are now very suspicious of Israelis, of diplomats, of Israeli diplomats who are suspected of being agents, and they are on alert. And, the Mossad has to take in to consideration and has to lower its posture and its profile.

GRADSTEIN: But other Israeli intelligence experts say the botched operation will soon be forgotten.

Gidon Ezra (ph), Knesset member from the ruling Likud party, was until recently the deputy director of the Shin Bet, the Mossad’s domestic counterpart.

GIDON EZRA, KNESSET MEMBER, FORMER DIRECTOR OF SHIN BET, ISRAEL: One good thing about failure, that you are more careful. You will be more careful in the future.

GRADSTEIN: Ezra also disagrees this is the Mossad’s largest failure. He says the intelligence failure to predict the Yom Kippur War was a far more serious mistake. The Mossad has botched several other operations, including one in which they mistakenly killed a Moroccan waiter in Norway in the 1970s.

But there have also been some impressive successes, including the assassination two years ago of a senior Hamas activist in Gaza, killed when his cellular phone blew up.

Prime Minister Netanyahu brushed off allegations of serious failure, calling the operation a mishap. In a news conference this week, he said the war on terrorism sometimes has failures but it must continue.

BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL: The distance between success, great success, and failure could be a centimeter. It could be the distance a bullet travels. It could be the speed in which an explosive is connected to a charge.

GRADSTEIN: Yosi Alfar (ph), a former senior Mossad official and currently the director of the American Jewish Committee in Israel, says that even though the operation failed, it can still act as a deterrent.

YOSI ALFAR, FORMER SENIOR MOSSAD OFFICIAL, DIRECTOR OF AMERICAN JEWISH COMMITTEE, ISRAEL: Precisely because its operation failed and was publicized and they’ve been put on notice that Israel’s — the long arm of Israeli intelligence — is looking for them, and using some very interesting technological innovations.

GRADSTEIN: Israeli commentators are predicting a shakeup in the Mossad as the result of the botched operation. The big question is whether Mossad head Danny Yatom will be forced to resign.

Linda Gradstein, NPR News, Jerusalem.

Transcribed by Federal Document Clearing House, Inc. under license from National Public Radio, Inc.

Formatting copyright (c) 1997 Federal Document Clearing House, Inc. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to National Public Radio, Inc. This transcript may not be reproduced in whole or in part without prior written permission.

For further information please contact NPR’s Business Affairs at (202) 414-2954, top of page

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Yossi Melman, Out of the Cold, top of page
Mossad’s Blunders
What is a spy to do when the world around him has changed?
It’s time to re-invent intelligence work
Los Angeles Times, 10-12-1997, pp M-1.
TEL AVIV–Gen. Danny Yatom’s days as head of the Mossad, Israel’s foreign-espionage agency, are numbered. His boss, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, rejected his first offer to resign following the botched assassination of a Hamas leader in Amman, Jordan. The next time, Netanyahu may have no choice but to let him go.

Yatom, upon his nomination, was regarded by some, including Netanyahu, as too cautious, too unimaginative to run the Mossad. Ironically, he may have approved the operation against the Hamas leader, Khaled Meshaal, to show that he could be as daring and imaginative as any of his predecessors. Yatom, in short, wanted to be more Mossad than the Mossad itself.

But the Mossad is no longer the agency of legend. Terrorism, and the fear and sudden death associated with it, have created the impression that the Mossad is merely a kind of hit team that tracks, hunts down and executes Palestinian terrorists. Its intelligence-gathering skills have accordingly suffered. The question is whether today’s Israel needs to reinvent the Mossad or reclaim its original mission.

Israel, on the eve of its 50th anniversary as an independent state, is a totally different society from what it was as recently as two decades ago, when the Mossad was more intelligence gatherer than terrorist hunter. Israelis walk a thin line between secularism and a religious orthodoxy that seeks to thrust them back in time and history. They are a strange mixture of liberalism and fierce narrow-mindedness. The effort to maintain democratic values is increasingly difficult when continued occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip and counterterrorism require security measures that restrict personal freedom and contradict the rule of law.

That conflict has affected the Mossad, whose Hebrew name helps reveal the nature of the problem: Institute for Intelligence and Special Roles.

The Mossad has two assignments, then: to collect information on the military, economic and political capabilities of Israel’s enemies and their preparedness for war, and to carry out, on occasion, special missions, including kidnapping and assassinations.

…With the rise of Palestinian political aspirations on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the Mossad’s assignments have shifted toward fighting the war against Palestinian guerrillas and terrorism. The results have been painful and traumatic. The intelligence community, for example, failed to anticipate the surprise attack, in October 1973, by Syria and Egypt. Since the late 1970s, moreover, the agency has been slow to grasp the significant accumulation of weapons of mass destructions by Iraq, Syria and Iran.

Instead, the Mossad, reflecting the prevailing mood of Israeli governments and society, has become obsessive about the war against terrorism. Its special units and its departments of operation, code-named Caesaris and Kidon (bayonet), which handles assassinations, have been correspondingly strengthened at the expense of the collection (code-named Tsomet) and research departments.

This shift of emphasis is not the result of any fundamental change in Israel’s security situation. Rather, it has more to do with psychology.

Israelis are impatient and hedonistic. They look for short-cuts, quick satisfaction and immediate results; they desire almost magical solutions to complex political and military problems. The Mossad’s assassination attempt in Jordan was, in part, a response to these societal dynamics.

Yet, by pursuing terrorists, the Mossad has magnified the importance of terrorism–and further whetted Israelis’ desire for easy and fast answers.

Within Mossad, the trend toward special operations has not gone unchallenged. Some Mossad operatives opposed the hunt, ordered by Prime Minister Golda Meir, for the terrorists who murdered 11 Israeli athletes during the 1972 Munich Olympic games. « Eliminations and assassinations have nothing to do with intelligence work, » the dissenters contended. « If these methods are needed in order to create a balance of terror between us and them, to spread fear, to take revenge and obstruct terrorist structures, let’s have the army’s special forces do the job, not the Mossad. »

These officials were muffled, and embarrassing consequences soon followed. In July 1973, in Lillehammer, Norway, six Mossad agents, under various non-Israeli covers, were arrested in connection with the slaying of Ahmed Bouchikhi, a Moroccan waiter mistakenly identified as a master terrorist of the Palestine Liberation Organization. The fiasco was one reason why the Mossad’s pursuit of Palestinian terrorists came to a halt.

But in 1977, Prime Minister Menachem Begin ordered the Mossad back on the terrorist track.

Since then, successive Israeli governments, right and left, have reflexively reacted to terrorist attacks by condoning, if not ordering, the liquidation of terrorist leaders and activists. But Palestinian terrorist organizations have remained undeterred. Only rarely, when the target was a « one-man organization, » did assassination benefit Israel.

The most recent example of this involved Dr. Fathi Shikaki, the leader of a small Islamic Jihad organization believed responsible for several suicidal attacks against Israeli citizens between 1994-96. He was killed by Mossad agents in October 1995, on orders from Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin.

Israel is the only democratic nation to accept the legitimacy of assassination as a tactic to deal with terrorists. The nearly instinctive Israeli proclivity to retaliate to terrorist attacks is the main reason behind the blunder in Jordan, the worst failure in the history of the Mossad. The lack of judgment and sensibility displayed by both Netanyahu and the Mossad in carrying out the attack have exposed the weakness of Israel’s most celebrated agency. Far graver is the possibility that the Mossad, by using poison in its attempt to kill the Hamas leader, has let the world know that Israel is involved in the research and production of biological and chemical weapons at a time when most nations are trying to eliminate them.

The failed assassination attempt also says something about how Israelis have changed. They are different from the Zionist founding fathers and their followers, with their pioneering spirit, idealism, sacrifices and asceticism. The Mossad has always epitomized the prevailing spirit of Israeli society. It still does today: tired, clumsy, less motivated, self-righteousness and complacent.

The surest–and quickest–way to rehabilitate the Mossad is to restore its mission as an intelligence-gathering agency. Chasing terrorists around Europe and the Middle East with exotic means of extermination will not make Israel more secure, nor prepare it for real military threats posed by Syria and Iran.

But Israel will have to change. Israelis must trust the reality that Israel has the strongest military force in the region, that they no longer need to behave like little David. Only then can the Mossad begin to repair the damage to its reputation–and rediscover its purpose–that the assassination attempt in Jordan has produced. top of page

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Mossad agent said held by Swiss Yatom did not report incident to parliamentary subcommittee, top of page Copyright 1998 Jerusalem Post. All Rights Reserved EITAN RABIN, JAY BUSHINSKY, and news agencies, Jerusalem Post, 02-26-1998, pp 01.
At least one Mossad agent was recently arrested in Switzerland in a bugging operation gone awry, Swiss television reported last night.

« The suspect is accused of having conducted espionage with eavesdropping devices, » the report said.

It quoted reliable sources in Berne as saying at least one Mossad operative had been taken into custody last week.

Swiss officials were not available to comment on the report, which did not give any other details.

Swiss Federal Prosecutor Carla Del Ponte’s office said she and Foreign Ministry State Secretary Jakob Kellenberger would brief reporters this morning.

« All I can say is that it involves an espionage case, » a spokesman for Del Ponte said.

Agence France Presse quoted a diplomatic source in Berne as saying that according to one version of events, Mossad agents were caught taking photographs, while another version said that electronic surveillance equipment had been planted in an Iranian mission at the UN center in Geneva.

The source alleged that several agents were arrested and that « the issue of their release is under negotiation between Israel and Switzerland. »

The Mossad was shocked by the foul-up, which is what actually led to Danny Yatom’s resignation as head of Mossad, a government source here said.

The Knesset subcommittee on intelligence heard a report about the foul-up on Monday.

Sources in the committee were angry that Yatom did not report the incident of his own initiative and that the panel’s chairman Uzi Landau (Likud) learned about it from a security source and then asked Yatom, who confirmed the information. Landau disagreed with the critics and accused political and Mossad elements of deliberately leaking the information to try and damage state security.

Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu learned immediately of the foul- up last week, while the Ciechanover Committee report was on his desk, sources said.

They said that he asked the Mossad to investigate.

Netanyahu denied yesterday that he had forced Yatom to step down.

Speaking in the Knesset, Netanyahu said he has not finished reading the Ciechanover report and therefore could not have made up his mind on this issue.

« I gave Danny Yatom my full backing and all the appreciation which I really have for him, » he said. « The decision was his and his alone.

He came to me with a firm decision and I respected it. »

Netanyahu would not comment on the reports of the latest operational failure of the Mossad.

He said he hopes to choose a new director within a few days and does not intend to come out with any « interim announcements » about candidates.

Netanyahu said the director of the Mossad must be « a man who will assure its efficient, successful and secret functioning. »

He said it was important that the Mossad not be damaged because it is central to our existence. « We must avoid creating a situation in which these people, who undertake fateful missions for the sake of our security will take into consideration – the personnel and their commanders – what will happen to them in case of a mishap.

« There are slip-ups and successes the scope of which is impossible to imagine and it is impossible to imagine the contribution made by these successes to our security. »

Local media broadcasts yesterday gave few details about the latest foul-up but made reference to a case in 1991 when four Israelis were arrested during an attempt to bug the Iranian embassy in Nicosia in the dead of night.

The four, widely reported to be Mossad agents, claimed they had been looking for a lavatory. They were released on payment of $1,000 fines.

The Mossad was exposed to further embarrassment last December when one of its former officials, Yehuda Gil, was arrested on suspicion of feeding the agency false information and pocketing money intended for informers.top of page

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Swiss foul-up highlights crisis in Israel’s Mossad
By Paul Holmes, Reuters, February 27, 1998, top of page
JERUSALEM, Feb 27 (Reuters) – Depression, infighting and insanity are not words usually associated with an intelligence agency more frequently famed for ruthless efficiency. But when news trickled out in Israel this week that a spy from the Mossad had been arrested in Switzerland in an illegal bugging attempt, those were terms used to describe symptoms of a deep crisis that is gripping the agency.

Demoralised by a flood of unaccustomed publicity over a swift succession of bungles and now leaderless, the Mossad is ripe for restructuring, Israeli security experts say. They say that whoever succeeds former army general Danny Yatom, who resigned as head of the Mossad on Tuesday, will also have to stem leaks from inside the organisation itself that reflect the foul mood.

« Apparently we have more holes than a Swiss cheese, » Yedioth Ahronoth newspaper quoted a security official as saying. Yatom’s successor has yet to be named but newspapers reported on Friday that Major-General Aviram Levine, the army’s northern commander, was the leading contender. They said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who served under Levine in an elite commando unit 25 years ago, could present his choice to the cabinet on Sunday.

The Swiss mishap, in which police discovered a suspected Mossad team attempting to wiretap a private house in Berne on February 19, might have been resolved quietly and never come to light if the Mossad had been a happy ship, the experts say.

Switzerland, which has close intelligence ties with Israel, went public with the case only on Thursday after sparse details of the affair, carefully worded to avoid breaking censorship, broke in the Israeli media.

The conventional wisdom in Israel is that a disgruntled source in the Mossad leaked the incident to force out Yatom, who had resisted resignation despite criticism by an official inquiry of his role in a botched attempt to kill a leading Palestinian militant, Khaled Meshal, in Jordan last September.

Four members of the Berne bugging team were released but one remains in custody, his case the focus of news reports around the world and his fate seemingly linked to Swiss demands for an apology Israel is reluctant to offer in public.

« You can’t even begin to assess the damage that has been caused by the leaks regarding this latest affair and it points to the insanity that has recently gripped the Mossad, » a senior diplomatic source told Yedioth Ahronoth. The Meshal fiasco, revelations that a Mossad officer had fed the agency for years with bogus intelligence on Syria and the Swiss bungle, all in the space of six months, have tarnished the Mossad’s image as a chillingly effective espionage machine.

Experts say that renown, founded on the 1960 kidnapping of Nazi fugitive Adolf Eichmann and daring killings of Palestinian guerrillas, is part myth established in times when foul-ups went unreported by a far less intrusive media.

« The Mossad doesn’t need a reputation. It needs to get its job done and if people want to laugh, let them, » said Joseph Alpher, a former senior Mossad official. He argued that news of the Swiss slip-up may even enhance the Mossad’s standing with a public that by and large accepts the philosophy that the agency has a right to act where it wants and how it wants in the interests of Israeli security. « I think it (publicity) reassures the public that our security services are indeed doing their best to protect us. We’re talking about genuine villains out there, » Alpher said. But he said it was « obviously distressing when you have three successive embarrassments » and troubling that the agency appeared to riddled with leaks. « That’s an indication that there’s some kind of distress among the people who are doing the leaks.

Clearly that is something that the next head of the Mossad should make a high priority, » he said. Yatom, an outsider, took over the agency in mid-1996 and, according to news reports, was unpopular from the start. He alienated seasoned department heads by trying to micro-manage operations, generating a command vacuum that filtered down through the ranks, critics say. Two senior Mossad officials, known only as « R » and « H, » recently resigned. Yossi Melman, an expert on the Mossad, wrote in Ha’aretz newspaper this week that Yatom’s successor would now have to reorganise the agency and possibly scale back its global reach. But Melman also suggested in an interview with Reuters that Yatom’ s successor may fare no better in a country rent by deep divisions over everything from the peace process with Palestinians to defining who is a Jew. « It’s true that the Mossad is in a crisis, there are problems facing the organisation, structural problems, problems of leadership,  » Melman said. « After all, the Mossad is just a reflection of Israeli society. It’s no better than the rest of the society and if there are problems facing Israeli society at large obviously it is going to be reflected in the Mossad. » top of page

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Swiss say no early release for jailed Mossad man; six took part
Marcus Kabel, 03-05-1998 top of page
BERN, Switzerland (Reuters) – An alleged Israeli Mossad agent detained in Switzerland after a bungled wiretapping bid would remain in custody while investigators probed the case, the country’s top prosecutor said Thursday. Federal Prosecutor Carla Del Ponte also denied Israeli media speculation that Switzerland would free the unnamed man quickly in return for official Israeli assurances that he would return for trial. « There is no question of releasing the detained agent before the investigation is completed and there are no agreements of any kind,  »

Del Ponte said in a statement. Del Ponte said she had met Israeli Attorney-General Elyakim Rubinstein in Bern on Wednesday to brief him on Swiss procedure but did not discuss details of the investigation. Rubinstein returned to Israel on Thursday, telling reporters there: « We will continue talking to them (Swiss officials) with the hope for a solution as soon as possible. » Diplomatic sources said Rubinstein hoped to arrange for the release of the agent, whose arrest in the late-night spy fiasco at an apartment in Bern on Feb. 19 battered both the name of the once-vaunted Mossad and the usually friendly Israeli-Swiss ties. Del Ponte’s statement said it was too early to tell when her probe would end. « On the basis of the investigation so far, it is certain that six Israeli agents took part in the Mossad action, » it said. De Ponte did not provide any more details about why the number of agents had been raised by one after her previous accounts had referred to five men, all Israelis.

The case unfolded when police, alerted by a watchful neighbor, seized the Israelis as they installed sophisticated wiretapping equipment in the basement of an apartment building. All but one agent were quickly released. The head of a key Swiss parliamentary committee questioned whether the incident was a genuine eavesdropping mission or deliberately staged to end in fiasco. Bernhard Seiler, chairman of the committee that supervises intelligence matters, said his committee wondered whether the flop may have been staged in order to embarrass Mossad chief Danny Yatom, who resigned as a result.

« Was this something serious or was it a game aimed at scoring a point at home in Israel, in other words to get rid of the boss? » Seiler told Reuters. « If so, were any Swiss nationals involved? »

Yatom quit Mossad after the Bern case gave the agency another black eye, its second botched operation on foreign soil following a bungled attempt to kill an Islamist leader in Jordan last year.

Efraim Halevy was named the new Mossad head Wednesday. Seiler said two points of the case made him question whether it had been an authentic exercise. One, he said, was that five agents seemed like an unusually large number to set up a wiretap and another was that one of the possible targets named in media reports — a Lebanese man married to a Swiss woman and registered as living in the building — had not in fact lived there for two or three years. « To put it bluntly, do you need so many people to eavesdrop on somebody who has obviously not lived there for a couple of years? » he said.

Neither Swiss nor Israeli officials have identified the target of the suspected eavesdropping attempt. top of page

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The Mossad’s CIA Spy, Michael Pollard, top of page
Pollard Revisited: Is Mr. X Spying Again in Washington?
Yossi Melman, Yossi Melman, a journalist for the Daily Ha’aretz, specializes in intelligence and terror affairs.
He is coauthor of « Every Spy a Prince: The Complete History of Israel’s Intelligence Community. »

Los Angeles Times, Sunday May 18, 1997, Home Edition, Opinion, Page 2

TEL AVIV–What do they mean when they say « Mega »? Is it an innocent code word used by the Israeli Mossad to describe the CIA? Or is it a sinister cipher referring to an American traitor who works for Israeli intelligence? Since last January, these uncertainties have poisoned the usually good and collaborative relations between the intelligence communities of United States and Israel. They have also revived bad memories of the Pollard affair.

Ironically, the latest espionage scandal began when U.S.-Israeli relations seemed to be back on track. In January, Benjamin Netanyahu’s Cabinet signed off on a U.S.-brokered agreement with the Palestinian Authority. Israeli troops withdrew from Hebron, and handed most of the city over to Yasser Arafat’s police and security forces. As a guarantor, Secretary of State Warren Christopher gave the two sides two different letters spelling out the U.S. commitments. The Clinton administration revealed the content of the two letters in only general terms.

Eager to see the exact wording of the letter given to the Palestinians, Netanyahu asked Israeli Ambassador Eliahu Ben-Elissar to get him a copy. Newly arrived in Washington and lacking good contacts in the capital, Ben-Elissar turned to the chief of the Mossad station at the Israeli Embassy. The chief, whose name Israeli censors refuse to reveal, was reluctant to comply with his request. He called his immediate superior, a senior official and head of the Tevel (universe) unit at Mossad headquarters. Their short conversation was intercepted by listening posts of the National Security Agency. According to the Washington Post, the station chief said: « The ambassador wants me to use Mega to get the letter. » His superior replied: « We do not use Mega for this. »

As a matter of procedure, a translated transcript of the intercepted communication was disseminated by the NSA to the other U.S. intelligence agencies. FBI counterintelligence experts suspected that Mega was a code word for a senior and well-connected administration official with access to the letters, as well as to other Middle East top secrets.

For more than a decade, the bureau and officials at the Department of Justice have been obsessed with the suspicion that Israeli intelligence is running a mole inside the administration. This conviction originated in November 1986, following the arrest of Jonathan J. Pollard at the gates of the Israeli Embassy. Pollard, a U.S. citizen of Jewish origins, worked as an analyst at the counterterrorism center of U.S. Navy intelligence. He was sentenced to life in prison for spying on behalf of a secret Israeli intelligence unit called Lakam, a Hebrew acronym for Scientific Liaison Bureau.

U.S. prosecutors and investigators believed that Pollard and his Israeli handlers were helped by another American, referred to as Mr. X, who probably was a senior administration official. Mr. X provided the reference numbers that helped Pollard pull out requested files from America’s most-secret intelligence computers. But the investigators could not uncover Mr. X. Now, the FBI is eager to determine whether the old Mr.

X of the Pollard affair is Mega.

Israeli officials have denied all. The Mossad has explained to the CIA that Mega is a code word it uses to describe its formal liaison relations with the spy agency. According to Rafi Eitan, a former senior Mossad official and former head of the disbanded Lakam, and who personally handled Pollard, the word Mega was derived from Megawatt. During the ’70s and ’80s, it was the name of an international gathering of representatives from a dozen Western intelligence organizations, including the Mossad and CIA, who exchanged information and assessments of Soviet capabilities and intentions. That body no longer exists.

Yet, the Clinton administration refuses to accept Israeli explanations at face value. Nor does it rule out the possibility that Israeli agents are involved in illegal activities on U.S. soil. The Pollard affair sowed the seeds of this mistrust.

In defense, Israeli officials claim they have learned the lessons of the Pollard case. « We shall never again run agents in the U.S.A. » vows Eitan. He and other intelligence experts also point out that it was not a coincidence that Pollard was handled by Lakam, not the Mossad. The Mossad and the CIA have long enjoyed warm and cordial relations. Mossad operatives are stationed, under diplomatic cover, at the Israeli Embassy in Washington as liaison officers to the CIA. U.S. spies posing as diplomats maintain their contacts with their Israeli counterparts through the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv.

In the United States, Mossad has not only avoided spying on American targets, but has also refrained from operations against third parties, mainly Arab installations. Nevertheless, Nahum Admoni, the Mossad chief during the ’80s, must have known that Lakam was running Pollard. So must have Israeli Prime Ministers Yitzhak Shamir and Shimon Peres and Defense Ministers Moshe Arens and Yitzhak Rabin.

On the other hand, since the CIA is reluctant to operate against Israel on Israeli soil, it uses other intelligence agencies to obtain information it wants. The late Yitzhak Rabin told me after Pollard’s arrest that Israel had uncovered five American spies operating in sensitive nuclear and industrial facilities in the late ’70s and early ’80s. The spies were questioned but Israel’s flexible legal system made it possible for the government to release and expel them, thereby avoiding conflict with its best ally.

« It is clear to us, » admits a former senior intelligence official, « that both countries, despite their friendship and strategic cooperation, are constantly involved in espionage against each other. The big difference between the U.S. and Israel is in the methods of information gathering. » While Israel has relied more on « humint » (operating agents), the United States has mainly used « sigint » and « comint » (intercepting communication of all sorts and electronic signals). This operational difference is a result of capabilities and priorities.

The aerial forest on the roof of the four-story U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv is evidence of the NSA’s capabilities and intentions. These antennas intercept virtually every single phone call, fax transmission and other means of communication originating in Israel. But the most impressive coup by the NSA was, probably unwittingly, revealed during the Mega crisis.

All Israeli diplomats and intelligence officers assigned abroad, and especially to the United States, are briefed to act as if their communication was intercepted. But now Israel knows for sure that the United States broke the Mossad code. Israeli code breakers, operating on « worst-case analysis, » assume that other codes, including those of the military and foreign ministry, have also been broken. In such circumstances, concludes an Israeli Cabinet minister, the damage to our national security is far greater than Pollard or maybe other Israeli operations might have wrought in the United States. top of page

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Associated Press Story
Norway wants Mike Harari probed in botched Mossad killing
Jerusalem Post, 11-25-1997, pp 02.
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Norway has asked Israel to interrogate Mike Harari, an ex-Mossad operative suspected of leading a team of assassins who shot and killed an innocent Moroccan waiter, Ahmed Bouchikhi, in Lillehammer in July 1973.

The agents apparently mistook the victim for Hassan Salameh, a PLO intelligence chief suspected of masterminding the killing of 11 athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.

Five Mossad agents served brief prison terms in connection with the shooting and were pardoned.

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Norway reopens Mossad case of mistaken identity top of page
Patrick Cockburn, Norway reopens Mossad case of mistaken identity.

Independent, 11-26-1997, pp 12.

Almost a quarter of a century ago, Israel’s intelligence agency killed a Moroccan waiter in Norway in the belief that he was a Palestinian leader. Now Norway wants Israel to interrogate the chief suspect.

Patrick Cockburn in Jerusalem examines why thecase has been reopened.

The chief suspect, Mike Harari, was a Mossad veteran who went on to an inglorious career as arms dealer in Latin America and confidant of General Noriega, the dictator of Panama.

It was in July 1973 that a team of Mossad agents arrived in the town of Lillehammer in Norway, believing they had finally tracked down Ali Hassan Salameh, the « Red Prince », whom Israel held responsible for planning the killing of 11 Israeli athletes inMunich a year earlier.

The gunmen followed the supposed Palestinian leader around Lillehammer for several hours on 21 July and then shot him dead in front of a pregnant woman as he returned home from a film. Only later did they learn that the dead man was, in fact, a Moroccanwaiter called Ahmad Bouchiki, and the woman was his Norwegian wife.

The leader of the assassination squad was Mike Harari, according to Israeli books on the attack, now aged 70 and living in Tel Aviv. Norway reopened the investigation into the Bouchiki’s death last month. They made little effort at the time to locate MrHarari, who went on to enjoy a lucrative career as an arms dealer.

Why it has taken Norway so long to act is unclear. The Mossad operation was the most disastrous in the organisation’s history until September this year, when two of its men were arrested in Jordan as they tried to assassinate Khalid Meshal, a leader ofthe Hamas Islamic militants.

Two of those involved in killing Bouchiki in Lillehammer had rented cars under their own names, Dan Ert and Marianne Gladnikoff. They were arrested when they returned them at Oslo airport. Once they had provided the address of an flat used by Mossad,six other agents were arrested. Mr Ert turned out to suffer from claustrophobia and confessed everything to the Norwegian police in return for a larger cell.

The Israeli government paid compensation to the Bouchiki family two years ago, but without admitting responsibility for the killing. Five of the Mossad agents served short terms in prison and were pardoned. Mr Harari and his fellow agent and girlfriendwere almost alone in escaping. Another of the Mossad agents married her Norwegian lawyer. Mr Harari later sold Israeli arms worth about $500m to Latin America in the 1980s.

Now, seeing the statute of limitations running out, the Norwegian police have decided they would like Israel to ask him about what happened in Lillehammer in 1973. top of page

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A HIGHLY PRIZED DOCUMENT:
Mossad Spies love Canadian passports

Barry Came, World: , Maclean’s, 10-13-1997, pp 28.

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Among the cloak-and-dagger crowd, it has long been coveted as the passport of choice. Inoffensive, multi-ethnic and untainted by any past history of imperial sin, the small blue booklet with Canada’s gold coat of arms on its cover has masked a multitude of misdeeds in the shadowy world of international espionage. « Israeli agents are not the only people with a fondness for Canadian passports, » confides a veteran warrior of Canada’s clandestine services. « The Germans use it to document their illegals, the Russians use it to document their illegals, the British have done it for the same reason, even the Americans have been known to use it on more than one occasion. »

There is no mystery about the reasons. « Canadians are the good guys,  » says Alex Morrison, executive director of the Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies. « We’ve never been a colonial power, never declared war on anybody. We’re noted for inventing peacekeeping, for our foreign aid, for our objectivity. It’s all helped to make us one of the world’ s most attractive nationalities, welcome just about anywhere. » Just as importantly, Canada is a nation of immigrants, populated by people of virtually every race and creed. « Our passport’s color-blind, » says Morrison. « Everybody’s got a cousin somewhere. »

Not least in Israel. The bungled assassination attempt in Jordan is not the first time that Israel’s secret service has been caught manipulating Canadian passports. In 1973, Israeli agents travelling on doctored Canadian passports botched another execution attempt in Lillehammer, Norway. A team from Mossad, the Jewish state’s external security service, killed Ahmed Bouchiki, mistaking the Moroccan-born waiter for the Palestinian who planned the murder of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. One member of that hit squad, arrested by Norwegian police, was found to be using the identity of Canadian Patricia Roxborough, a legal secretary whose passport had been stolen months earlier from the desk of her Montreal office.

The following year, 50 blank passports were stolen from the vault of the Canadian Embassy in Vienna.

One of those documents, traced by the registration number, turned up a year later in Nicosia, Cyprus.

It was left behind by a member of a Mossad team that had detonated explosives under the hotel bed of a sleeping Palestinian guerrilla leader, killing him instantly.

In addition to outright theft, Israel’s clandestine services have other means to obtain Canadian documents. It is an open secret that new immigrants to the Jewish state, especially from Canada, are sometimes encouraged to donate passports, both valid and expired, to unidentified bureaucrats in the interests of what is euphemistically known as  » the security of the state. »

There also appears to be a thriving black market in Canadian passports, both genuine and faked.

Canadian officials have no inkling of how large the illicit traffic might be in the 1.3 million passports that are issued annually, but they privately acknowledge that it is happening. As for the forgeries, Mossad defector Victor Ostrovsky, in the 1991 book he co-authored with Canadian journalist Claire Hoy, By Way of Deception, described a secret Israeli factory engaged in the manufacture of forged passports, including a batch of more than 1,000 Canadian documents. Israel’s spies might be embarrassed by the revelation. But, as events in Jordan have clearly demonstrated, not enough to forgo the benefits of posing as the world’s nice guy.

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College Course Claims JFK Conspiracy by ADL

By MICHAEL GRANBERRY, TIMES STAFF WRITER

Los Angeles Times, Thursday August 21, 1997, Part A, Page 1

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The South Orange County Community College District has approved a course that claims a conspiracy was behind the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and has committed $5,000 for flying in four guest speakers, one of whom says the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad, masterminded the killing.

Last November, Frogue received a bigger endorsement than any other candidate in the district, garnering 128,361 votes in a reelection bid for a decisive 61% to 39% win over his opponent.

Frogue … said during an interview last fall that he believed the Anti-Defamation League played a key role in killing Kennedy.

Calling the Anti-Defamation League « a group of spies that actively keeps files on people . . . people like me, » Frogue added, « I believe Lee Harvey Oswald worked for the ADL. That’s right. . . . I believe the ADL was behind it. »

The author of « Final Judgment: The Missing Link in the JFK Assassination Conspiracy, » Piper explained his views.

The assassination, he said, « was a joint enterprise conducted on the highest levels of the American CIA, in collaboration with organized crime–and most specifically, with direct and profound involvement by the Israeli intelligence service, the Mossad. »

Piper assessed Israel’s motive as having evolved from a dispute between Kennedy and the late David Ben-Gurion, the former Israeli prime minister.

« They were involved in a heated dispute just months before the assassination, » Piper said, « over Kennedy’s refusal to support Israel in its drive to build a nuclear weapon. Other authors have documented that this dispute, as much as anything, caused Ben-Gurion to resign. »

Skolnick said he had written about what he called « an apparent plot » against JFK 2 1/2 weeks before the assassination, in which he claimed Oswald and « an Oswald look-alike » had intended to assassinate the president as he rode in a parade en route to a football game in Chicago. top of page

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Syria Says Damascus Bus Boming Blast Set by Mossad

Reuters, 01-06-1997

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DAMASCUS, Syria (Reuter) – U.S. Ambassador to Syria Christopher Ross has denounced as an « ugly terrorist act » the bombing of a bus in Damascus on New Year’s Eve which killed 11 and wounded 42, officials said Monday. They said the ambassador’s remarks were contained in a message he sent to Foreign Minister Farouq al-Shara. « I was surprised while I was on vacation abroad with reports of the ugly terrorist act which killed innocent people and wounded several,  » officials quoted Ross as saying in his message. « While denouncing this ugly act, may I convey to you and families of the victims deep condolences, and to the wounded best wishes for speedy recovery, » he said. Syria has accused agents of Israel’s intelligence service Mossad of responsibility for the bombing. top of page

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Issam Hamza, Syrian paper accuses Israel of planning bombings

Reuters, 01-06-1997.

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DAMASCUS, Jan 6 (Reuter) – An official Syrian newspaper charged on Monday that Israel was preparing for more attacks against Syria and Lebanon and said a new round of violence would not exclude the Jewish state. Syrian Vice-President Abdel-Halim Khaddam, in remarks published on Monday, also reiterated Damascus’s accusation that Israel was behind a bus blast in Damascus on New Year’s Eve which killed 11 people and wounded 42. Israel has denounced the bombing and described the accusation as « an outright lie. » The official daily Tishreen said the Israeli government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was planning more bombings in Syria and Lebanon after the Damascus bus blast and an attack on Syrian workers in Lebanon that killed one person last month. « The Netanyahu government would be mistaken if it thinks that it is able to preserve its security by threatening the security and stability of others through committing massacres against innocent civilians, » Mohammed Khair al-Wadi, director-general of Tishreen, wrote. Syria has accused agents of the Israeli intelligence service Mossad of being responsible for the attack with the aim of sabotaging the Middle East peace process. The United States has warned Damascus against making « wild and irresponsible » statements without evidence. « In order to close the door on the peace process completely, the Netanyahu government resorted to ugly crimes against Syrian buses in Syria and Lebanon, » Wadi said. « It has become clear to all that Israel had committed these crimes and is planning to commit new terrorist operations… « With this the Netanyahu government would drag the region into a new cycle of violence, terrorism, tension and the danger of war…This cycle will not exclude Israel, » he said. Khaddam said in remarks published by Kuwait’s Al-Rai Al-Aam newspaper that Damascus was « convinced that Israel is behind that » bombing. Asked if the accusations were based on results of investigations or if they stemmed from « the general Israeli position towards Damascus,  » Khaddam said: « As a matter of fact the matter is based on both aspects. The main target of the bombing is the Syrian policy. The policy of Syria towards the Arab-Israeli conflict. « It is a political bombing. It is not merely a group of people committing a regular crime. This is a political crime in the full sense of the word, » Khaddam said. Khaddam said he did not wish to reveal the findings of the investigation in the bombing. But « when the investigations end they will be published,  » he said. « It (Israel) has carried out similar acts in Lebanon and outside Lebanon and there will be a day when facts will be published in full,  » said Khaddam. Last month there was a machinegun attack against a bus carrying Syrian workers in Lebanon. The Lebanese government said Israeli agents were behind the attack that killed the driver. Syria is the main foreign power broker in Lebanon where it has some 35,000 troops. Israel occupies part of south Lebanon. Ties between Syria and Israel, who have held sporadic peace talks since 1991, deteriorated severely after Netanyahu took office in June last year. Syria has said it will not resume the talks, suspended in March by Israel’s previous government, until Netanyahu changes his policy of refusing to swap occupied Arab land for peace. top of page

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Syria says Israeli agents kill nine in bomb blast
Reuters, 01-02-1997

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DAMASCUS, Syria (Reuter) – Syria said Thursday that Israeli agents planted a bomb on a bus in central Damascus Tuesday, killing nine people and wounding others. « Nine people were killed and 44 others were wounded in the criminal action against a transport bus in Damascus, » an official spokesman told the Syrian news agency SANA. « This terrorist, cowardly and criminal action comes within the framework of threats which were launched recently by Israeli officials that aim at killing the peace process, » he said. « Agents of the (Israeli intelligence agency) Mossad utilized preparations for the New Year celebrations Tuesday 31.12.1996 with people leaving to their towns and planted an explosive device inside the bus which exploded minutes after it left the bus station at noon, » the official said. Earlier a Beirut-based businessman who has just returned from a trip to Damascus told Reuters in Nicosia, Cyprus, that at least 15 people were killed and 50 wounded in the explosion at Al-Intilak Center bus and taxi station as the bus prepared to leave to the northern city of Aleppo.

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Former Israeli Mossad agent charged in drugs case

By Janet Guttsman, Reuters, 03-28-1996.

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JERUSALEM (Reuter) – Israeli authorities have charged a former agent of Israel’s Mossad spy agency with trying to smuggle drugs into Canada, using diplomatic forgeries, a Justice Ministry spokeswoman said Thursday. Israel’s Maariv newspaper, reporting on the case after winning a court order to make details public, said Yaakov Ramon, 46, used spycraft learned in the agency in the alleged attempt to smuggle 160 pounds of cocaine from Venezuela to Canada. Ramon, who left Mossad in 1984, was arrested at an airport in Caracas, Venezuela, in 1992 carrying bogus diplomatic bags containing the drug, the newspaper said. Maariv said Ramon used his espionage expertise to forge diplomatic seals with the stamp of the Israeli Embassy in Caracas. But the newspaper said Ramon apparently botched the job, raising the suspicions of Venezuelan customs agents. He spent 28 months in a Venezuelan prison. The Justice Ministry spokeswoman said Ramon was arrested late last year on his return to Israel and charged with using false documents and transporting dangerous drugs. The charges carry a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison. Maariv said his trial would begin soon.

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Lebanon court rejects appeal by Mossad agent

Eugene Moosa,

Reuters, 07-29-1996

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BEIRUT, July 29 (Reuter) – A Lebanese military court turned down on Monday an appeal by a Lebanese Mossad agent sentenced to death for carrying out a 1994 blast that killed three people in a Beirut suburb. Judge Amin Nassar of the military court rejected in a court session the appeal by Ahmad Hallaq who was found guilty on June 19 of the December 1994 bombing. The court had said Hallaq was instructed by the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad to carry out the bombing which killed Hizbollah security official Fouad Moughneyeh and two others in in the pro-Iranian group’ s stronghold in southern Beirut. The court’s response to the appeal was that « the reasons filed in the appeal do not lead to the annulment of the sentence and the ruling has become irrevocable. » Under the Lebanese law, Hallaq has the right to appeal for a presidential amnesty under which the president can commute or annul the sentence. top of page

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Freedom sought for Israel’s Nuclear Whistle Blower Vanunu

Costas Paris, Reuters, 10-13-1996.

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JERUSALEM (Reuter) – Mordechai Vanunu’s supporters appealed for his freedom Sunday, a decade after Israel jailed him for spilling nuclear secrets to a British newspaper. They gathered for a two-day international conference due to start in Tel Aviv Monday in support of the 42-year-old former nuclear technician jailed as a traitor and spy in Israel but hailed by anti-nuclear activists as a prophet of peace. Organizer Rami Halbrun told Israel Radio they submitted a petition signed by 12,000 Norwegians to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and would seek to visit Vanunu, who is in isolation at Ashkelon prison, southern Israel. Vanunu, who worked at Israel’s top-secret Dimona nuclear reactor for nine years, was sentenced to 18 years in jail for telling London’ s Sunday Times in September 1986 that the Jewish state had produced up to 200 atomic bombs. The Sunday Times said a blonde agent for Israel’s Mossad secret service lured Vanunu to Italy at the time, promising sex. It said he was then drugged, chained and spirited by ship to Israel where his court case was shrouded in secrecy. Taking part in the conference will be anti-nuclear activist Professor Joseph Rotblat, winner of the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize, along with American Daniel Ellsberg who in 1971 blew the whistle on U.S.

Vietnam policy by publishing the Pentagon Papers. Vanunu’s lawyer said he acted out of idealism to awaken Israelis to the dangers of nuclear weapons.

The anti-nuclear movement has never caught on in security conscious Israel. The Jewish state has never admitted holding nuclear weapons although it is widely assumed to have them. It says only that it will not be the first to introduce nuclear weapons into the region. Under Israeli law, Vanunu could be freed for good behavior in November 1998.

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Mossad Caught in Pack of Intelligence Lies

Including Course Called « The Lie As Art » Israel’s dissembling spook is hardly unique…

The CIA for years was awash in mendacity.

By ALEXANDER COCKBURN, Alexander Cockburn writes for the Nation and other publications Los Angeles Times Thursday December 18, 1997, Home Edition, Metro, Page 9

Time magazine a year ago ran a big story, flagged on its cover as « Israel Prepares for War, » about fears of a Syrian attack on the Golan Heights. The supposed crisis began in August 1996, when Syria’s leader Hafez Assad moved his 14th Division from Beirut to the border. There’s no doubt that the Syrian army division was moved forward. Far more questionable was the view of the Israeli high command that an attack might be imminent.

The uproar overshadowed the peace process, then being even further discredited by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and suggested that Israel’s suspicions of any process involving the word « peace » might be well-founded. Time’s long story on Dec. 9, 1996, stressed the ill-preparedness and underbudgeted state of Israel’s armed forces, thus furnishing ammunition for increased U.S. aid.

The whole crisis, as ultimately relayed by Time, was fomented by a Mossad officer who was a member of Moledet, a right-wing party hostile to anything resembling a peace process. The 63-year-old officer, Yehuda Gil, retired in 1989 but was still filing intelligence reports to the spy agency because his longtime Syrian mole was regarded as critically important. But there was no such highly placed Syrian source. Gil, noted for his Mossad training course titled « The Lie as Art, » was making everything up and pocketing the money he was meant to be handing over to his agent.

At some point, Gil aroused suspicions, if not in the bosom of his credulous or complicit overseers in Mossad then among other intelligence agencies chided for lacking the superb Damascus contacts of the legendary Mossad.

Gil was finally placed under surveillance by his Mossad colleagues and confronted; he soon confessed and now faces trial. The case has been covered extensively in the Israeli press, but was a one-day item in U.S.

media. In some Israeli papers, heroic efforts were made to put as much space as possible between Gil and his employer, and between Gil and any political agenda.

Like many career officers in intelligence, Gil was certainly a diligent liar. In retirement he volunteered to serve on the water board of his village, Gadara. Not long thereafter, the Gadara water board, wearied by his unceasing deceptions even in this picayune function, gave him the boot. But here was no pensioner who started to crack up only in retirement. By some Israeli press accounts, Gil was drafting politically explosive intelligence assessments a decade before he retired to the semiofficial status that still had him handling Mossad’s « top agent » in Syria.

Prominent in the program of damage control has been the assertion of Mossad’s allies in Israel that this was somehow a unique blot. « In the 46 years of the Mossad’s work, there has never been an instance in which its officials defrauded in terms of the intelligence reports which they conveyed, » wrote Ron Ben-Yishai, a military reporter for Yediot Aharonot.

It’s impossible to read this sort of stuff without laughing, since Mossad’s violent mendacities from its earliest days are by now well-known. As perhaps the most famous example, we have only to read the recent historical excavations of the Lavon affair of the 1950s, in which Mossad undertook an extensive program of provocations against Egypt.

Mossad’s role has always been to misrepresent and exaggerate the threats to Israel’s security and to head off, often by assassination, any human threats to its preferred image of Arab intransigence. Years ago, when he was director of U.S. central intelligence, Adm. Stansfield Turner underwrote an agency report that denounced Mossad’s achievements and reputation as vastly overblown.

As the CIA headed into the Reagan years it was freighted with Yehuda Gils by the hundred, all lying their heads off in the collective effort to inflate the terrible Soviet threat (and of course the Arab threat, too), to be beaten back only by vast new U.S. military expenditures.

Gil is a far more useful emblem of the nature of spying than someone out of Le Carre. In Gil, you have the paradigm of all those intelligence officers whispering their fantasies into eager journalists’ ears down the decades, insisting–to take the latest bout–that Moammar Kadafi’s irrigation scheme in Libya is in fact a sinister military plot, as the New York Times reported. Of course, Kadafi has twice hosted Nelson Mandela and has been mustering increasing international support. Time to take him down a peg or two and reassert his mad-dog status. That’s the function of the Yehuda Gils of this world, and the secret agencies they work for, helped along by the Fourth Estate.

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Top: Jewish References & Documents: Gentiles Speaking About Jews: Benjamin Franklin

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The Franklin Prophecy
Jewish Usenet Discussions

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THE FRANKLIN PROPHECY
Recorded by Charles Coteworth Pinckney
Delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787

(This prophecy, by Benjamin Franklin, was made in a « CHIT CHAT AROUND THE TABLE DURING INTERMISSION, » at the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention of 1787. This statement was recorded in the dairy of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, a delegate from South Carolina.)

« I fully agree with General Washington, that we must protect this young nation from an insidious influence and impenetration. The menace, gentlemen, is the Jews.

« In whatever country Jews have settled in any great number, they have lowered its moral tone; depreciated its commercial integrity; have segregated themselves and have not been assimilated; have sneered at and tried to undermine the Christian religion upon which that nation is founded, by objecting to its restrictions; have built up a state within the state; and when opposed have tried to strangle that country to death financially, as in the case of Spain and Portugal.

« For over 1,700 years, the Jews have been bewailing their sad fate in that they have been exiled from their homeland, as they call Palestine. But gentlemen, did the world give it to them in fee simple, they would at once find some reason for not returning. Why? Because they are vampires, and vampires do not live on vampires. They cannot live only among themselves. They must subsist on Christians and other people not of their race.

« If you do not exclude them from these United States, in their Constitution, in less than 200 years they will have swarmed here in such great numbers that they will dominate and devour the land and change our form of government, for which we Americans have shed our blood, given our lives our substance and jeopardized our liberty.

« If you do not exclude them, in less than 200 years our descendants will be working in the fields to furnish them substance, while they will be in the counting houses rubbing their hands. I warn you, gentlemen, if you do not exclude Jews for all time, your children will curse you in your graves.

« Jews, gentlemen, are Asiatics, let them be born where they will nor how many generations they are away from Asia, they will never be otherwise. Their ideas do not conform to an American’s, and will not even thou they live among us ten generations. A leopard cannot change its spots. Jews are Asiatics, are a menace to this country if permitted entrance, and should be excluded by this Constitutional Convention. »

-Benjamin Franklin, 1787, at The Constitutional Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Top: Jewish Controlled Press: Newspapers in USA

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USA’s Pro-Zionist-Soviet-Jews Who Own & Monopolize 90% of the Movie Business for Pro-Zionist, Race Mixing, and Anti-Christian Lifestyle Propaganda
Jewish Usenet Discussions

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Monopolist Jewish Pro-Zionist/Pro-Soviet Control of Movie Studios top of page

The largest media conglomerate today is Walt Disney Company, whose chairman and CEO, Michael Eisner, is a Jew. The Disney empire, headed by a man described by one media analyst as « a control freak, » includes several television production companies (Walt Disney Television, Touchstone Television, Buena Vista Television), its own cable network with 14 million subscribers, and two video production companies.

As for feature films, the Walt Disney Picture Group, headed by Joe Roth (also a Jew), includes Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, and Caravan Pictures. Disney also owns Miramax Films, run by the Weinstein brothers, who have produced such ultra-raunchy movies such as The Crying Game, Priests, and Kids.

When the Disney Company was run by the Gentile Disney family prior to its takeover by Eisner in 1984, it epitomized wholesome, family entertainment. While it still holds the rights to Snow White, under Eisner the company has expanded into the production of graphic sex and gratuitous violence. In addition to TV and movies, the corporation owns Disneyland, Disney World, Epcot Center, Tokyo Disneyland, and Euro Disney.

Time Warner, Inc., is the second of the international media leviathans. The chairman of the board and CEO, Gerald M. Levin, is a Jew. Time Warner’s subsidiary HBO is the country’s largest pay-TV cable network.

Viacom, Inc., headed by Sumner Redstone (born Murray Rothstein), is the third largest megamedia corporation in the country, with revenues of over $10 billion a year. Viacom, which produces and distributes TV programs for the three largest networks, owns 12 television stations and 12 radio stations. It produces feature films through Paramount Pictures, headed by Jewess Sherry Lansing.

Its publishing division includes Prentice Hall, Simon & Schuster, and Pocket Books. It distributes videos through over 4,000 Blockbuster stores. It is also involved in satellite broadcasting, theme parks, and video games.

Viacom’s chief claim to fame, however, is as the world’s largest provider of cable programming, through its Showtime, MTV, Nickelodeon, and other networks. Since 1989, MTV and Nickelodeon have acquired larger and larger shares of the juvenile television audience. Redstone, who actually owns 76 percent of the shares of Viacom ($3 billion), offers Beavis and Butthead as teen role models and is the largest single purveyor of race-mixing propaganda to White teenagers and sub-teens in America and Europe. MTV pumps its racially mixed rock and rap videos into 210 million homes in 71 countries and is the dominant cultural influence on White teenagers around the world.

With the top three, and by far the largest, media conglomerates in the hands of Jews, it is difficult to believe that such an overwhelming degree of control came about without a deliberate, concerted effort on their part.

What about the other big media companies?

Number four on the list is Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation, which owns Fox Television Network and 20th Century Fox Films. Murdoch is a Gentile, but Peter Chernin, who heads Murdoch’s film studio and also oversees his TV production, is a Jew.

Number five is the Japanese Sony Corporation, whose U.S. subsidiary, Sony Corporation of America, is run by Michael Schulhof, a Jew. Alan J. Levine, another Jew, heads the Sony Pictures division.

Most of the television and movie production companies that are not owned by the largest corporations are also controlled by Jews. For example, New World Entertainment, proclaimed by one media analyst as « the premiere independent TV program producer in the United States, » is owned by Ronald Perelman, a Jew who also owns Revlon cosmetics. The chairman at New World, Brandon Tartikoff (formerly head of entertainment programming at NBC), is also a Jew.

The best known of the smaller media companies, DreamWorks SKG, is a strictly kosher affair. DreamWorks was formed in 1994 amid great media hype by recording industry mogul David Geffen, former Disney Pictures chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg, and film direction Steven Spielberg, all three of whom are Jews. The company produces movies, animated films, television programs, and recorded music. Considering the cash and connections that Geffen, Katzenberg, and Spielberg have, DreamWorks may soon be in the same league as the big three.

Two other large production companies, MCA and Universal Pictures, are both owned by Seagram Company, Ltd. The president and CEO of Seagram, the liquor giant, is Edgar Bronfman, Jr., who is also president of the World Jewish Congress.

It is well known that Jews have controlled the production and distribution of films since the inception of the movie industry in the early decades of this century. This is still the case today.

Films produced by just the five largest motion picture companies mentioned above — Disney, Warner Brothers, Sony, Paramount (Viacom), and Universal (Seagram) — accounted for 74 percent of the total box-office receipts for the year to date (August 1995). top of page

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The Numbers Game
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Over the years, the numbers of « dead » in Auschwitz have changed drastically. Hardly anyone can keep the lie straight any more. Here is a graph to illustrate how « casualties » can fluctuate. At the end of this page is a list of the various numbers that have come and gone over the years.

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The original plaques at Auschwitz – where the Communists lied about the number of dead.
.

June 7, 1979. Pope John Paul II praying for the big « 4 million » lie and blessing 2 1/2 million non-existent victims. The Poles bestowed « Holocaust » medals posthumously to non-existent martyrs.

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Pope praying before false plaques
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Gerald Ford, the President of the United States, also paid homage to the lie, as have hundreds of Presidents, Prime Ministers and dignitaries from around the world – for years!

After the second Zündel trial in Canada, the inscriptions on the plaques in Auschwitz were removed. Below is Ernst Zündel pointing out during a visit to Auschwitz where the lying inscriptions used to be.

Revisionism at work

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The Truth Will Set You Free
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The new plaques in Auschwitz now claim deceptively that more than 1.5 million people were killed here.

First the Poles reduced the number of victims to 1 million, then the Jews wanted to have at least 960,000 dead Jews. That did not leave enough room for all the other professional « victims » like Gypsies, Communists, Poles, etc. and therefore the number was increased up to a politically more saleable 1.5 million.

Wheeling and dealing in numbers of dead, like in some Arab bazaar in the Middle East.

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The Numbers Game – once more!
——————————————————————————–

Over the years, the numbers of « dead » in Auschwitz have changed drastically. Hardly anyone can keep the lie straight any more. Here is a graph to illustrate how « casualties » can fluctuate. At the end of this page is a list of the various numbers that have come and gone over the years.

Dec. 31, 1945 French Research Dept. for Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal 8,000,000
April 20, 1978 Le Monde (One of Frances largest newspapers) 5,000,000
Jan. 23, 1995 Die Welt (One of Germanys largest newspapers) 5,000,000
April 20, 1989 Kogon, Der-SS-Staat (Expert on III Reich) 4,500,000
Oct. 1, 1946 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg document number 008-USSR 4,000,000
Nov. 24, 1989 Chief Prosecutor Majorowsky, Wuppertal File No. (12 js 1037/89) 4,000,000
July 26, 1990 Germany’s largest Jewish Weekly, « Allgemeine Jüdische Wochenzeitung » 4,000,000
Dec. 08, 1993 ZDF, Germany’s second largest T.V. network 4,000,000
Jan. 25, 1995 German paper « Wetzlaer Neue Zeitung » 4,000,000
Oct. 1, 1946 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg document number 3868-PS 3,000,000
Jan. 1, 1995 German magazine « Damals » (Magazine about history) 3,000,000
July 18, 1990 The Peninsula Times Tribune, San Fransisco (USA) 2,000,000
July 25, 1990 German newspaper Hamburger Adendblatt 2,000,000
Jan. 27, 1995 German newspaper « Die Welt » 2,000,000
June 11, 1992 Germany’s largest Jewish Weekly, « Allgemeine Jüdische Wochenzeitung » 1,500,000
Oct. 8, 1993 ZDF, Germany’s second largest T.V. network 1,500,000
Jan. 23, 1995 German newspaper « Die Welt » 1,500,000
Sept. 1, 1989 French newspaper « Le Monde » 1,433,000
Feb. 2, 1995 Large German weekly magazine « Bunte » 1,400,000
Jan. 22, 1995 German newspaper « Welt am Sonntag » 1,200,000
Jan. 27, 1995 German newspaper « Die Welt » 1,100,000
Dec. 21, 1994 Institute for Contempory History, Semi-official organ of the German State 1,000,000
Dec. 31, 1989 Jean-Claude Pressac’s book « Auschwitz: Technique and Operation of the Gas Chamber » 928,000
Sept. 27, 1993 German newspaper « Die Welt » 800,000
Jan. 22, 1995 German newspaper « Welt am Sonntag » 750,000
May 1, 1994 Focus newsmagazine. Over 2 million circulation 700,000
Jan. 23, 1995 German newspaper « Die Welt » 700,000
Jan. 31, 1994 Jean-Claude Pressac’s book « The Auschwitz Crematorium » 470,000
Jan. 8, 1948 Allied censored post-war German News Reels (Wochenschau Nr. 137) 300,000
Jan. 6, 1990 Frankfurter Rundschau 74,000
May 31, 1995 Former Director of the Institute for Military History at Freiburg, Hoffmann in his book « Stalins war of Destruction » 74,000

Pick your favourite number – facts don’t matter, truth does not matter, death certificates don’t matter to the Holocaust promoters! Anti-German propaganda is the only thing that seems to matter in this racket!

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Top: Jewish References & Documents: What Gentiles Said About Jews: Adolf Hitler: Quotes

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Hitler on Jews

Not until my fourteenth or fifteenth year did I begin to come across the word ‘Jew,’ with any frequency, partly in connection with political discussions…. For the Jew was still characterized for me by nothing but his religion, and therefore, on grounds of human tolerance, I maintained my rejection of religious attacks in this case as in others. Consequently, the tone, particularly that of the Viennese anti-Semitic press, seemed to me unworthy of the cultural tradition of a great nation. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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I was not in agreement with the sharp anti-Semitic tone, but from time to time I read arguments which gave me some food for thought. At all events, these occasions slowly made me acquainted with the man and the movement, which in those days guided Vienna’s destinies: Dr. Karl Lueger and the Christian Social Party. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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(Note: Karl Lueger (1844-1910) belonged as a member of the anti-Semitic Christian Social Party, he became mayor of Vienna and kept his post until his death.)

The man and the movement seemed ‘reactionary’ in my eyes. My common sense of justice, however, forced me to change this judgment in proportion as I had occasion to become acquainted with the man and his work; and slowly my fair judgment turned to unconcealed admiration. Today, more than ever, I regard this man as the greatest German mayor of all times. -Adolf Hitler speaking about Dr. Karl Lueger (Mein Kampf)

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How many of my basic principles were upset by this change in my attitude toward the Christian Social movement! My views with regard to anti-Semitism thus succumbed to the passage of time, and this was my greatest transformation of all. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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The Jew has always been a people with definite racial characteristics and never a religion. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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Due to his own original special nature, the Jew cannot possess a religious institution, if for no other reason because he lacks idealism in any form, and hence belief in a hereafter is absolutely foreign to him. And a religion in the Aryan sense cannot be imagined which lacks the conviction of survival after death in some form. Indeed, the Talmud is not a book to prepare a man for the hereafter, but only for a practical and profitable life in this world. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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The best characterization is provided by the product of this religious education, the Jew himself. His life is only of this world, and his spirit is inwardly as alien to true Christianity as his nature two thousand years previous was to the great founder of the new doctrine. Of course, the latter made no secret of his attitude toward the Jewish people, and when necessary he even took the whip to drive from the temple of the Lord this adversary of all humanity, who then as always saw in religion nothing but an instrument for his business existence. In return, Christ was nailed to the cross, while our present-day party Christians debase themselves to begging for Jewish votes at elections and later try to arrange political swindles with atheistic Jewish parties– and this against their own nation. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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First, therefore, [the Jew] goes about making up to the people for his previous sins against them. He begins his career as the ‘benefactor’ of mankind. Since his new benevolence has a practical foundation, that the left hand should not know what the right hand giveth; no, whether he likes it or not, he must reconcile himself to letting as many people as possible know how deeply he feels the sufferings of the masses and all the sacrifices that he himself is making to combat them. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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But even more: all at once the Jew also becomes liberal and begins to rave about the necessary progress of mankind. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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If we consider how greatly he has sinned against the masses in the course of the centuries, how he has squeezed and sucked the blood again and again; if furthermore, we consider how the people gradually learned to hate him for this, and ended up by regarding his existence as nothing but punishment of Heaven for the other peoples, we can understand how hard this shift must be for the Jew. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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With satanic joy in his face, the black-haired Jewish youth lurks in wait for the unsuspecting girl whom he defiles with his blood, thus stealing her from her people. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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…the personification of the devil as the symbol of all evil assumes the living shape of the Jew. -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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And so he [the Jew] advances on his fatal road until another force comes forth to oppose him, and in a mighty struggle hurls the heaven-stormer back to Lucifer. Germany is today the next great war aim of Bolshevism. It requires all the force of a young missionary idea to raise our people up again, to free them from the snares of this international serpent… -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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Hence today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: ‘by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord.’ -Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf)

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7 août, 2011

Cavalleria suo concetto filosofico e spirituale Nota del Gran Maestro M.Casamichela B. Antonio

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 20:49

.UNA LETTURA CONSIGLIATA..A TUTTI..GLI UOMINI E DONNE DI BUONA VOLONTA’..!!
RECENTE NOTA DEL GR. M. CASAMICHELA B. ANTONIO
​ CONCETTO FILOSOFICO E SPIRITUALE DELLA CAVALLERIA A Tutti i Fratelli. Per comprendere il concetto del termine cavalleria bisogna tenere conto che prima di essere una istituzione storicamente riscontrabile, fu un’idea, fondata sulla pratica di alcuni comportamenti essenziali, attinenti a valori quali l’amicizia, la lealtà, la fratellanza, la protezione dei deboli e la solidarietà verso il “popolo di Dio”, cioè l’umanità intera. Il concetto di cavalleria, permeato dal “mistero” ch’essa sottintende, affiancato a concetti esoterici, da origine alle più fantastiche divagazioni rendendolo un fenomeno di antica tradizione storica, affascinante ancor oggi. Il fascino del mistero che avvolge la storia cavalleresca che permea nell’animo di taluni individui non è spiegabile. Perché? Perché, come tutti i misteri esoterici, esso non è rivelabile. Non perché segreto. Non è rivelabile perché non è comprensibile a chi non lo conosce per esperienza diretta.Tentare di parlarne, da parte di chi ne ha nozione, sarebbe come voler descrivere il sapore dello zucchero a chi non l’ha mai gustato. Il mistero della cavalleria, dunque, se non lo si vuole ridurre semplicisticamente a un’asettica cognizione storica, è conoscibile soltanto attraverso una percezione naturale dei principi che esprime. Il che appare tanto più ermetico se si considera che si tratta, come si è visto, di principi tutto sommato elementari, accessibili a chiunque per la loro rispondenza – almeno teorica – a comuni principi di carità, amore, fedeltà, altruismo, fratellanza. Prìncipi fondamentali per il rispetto dei Diritti Umani, anche se spesso disattesi. Ma quali sono gli elementi che costituiscono la Cavalleria e quali sono le tappe che conducono al rango di Cavaliere? E quali sono i principi ai quali si ispira? Cavaliere è un titolo nobiliare, ma, come detto, essendo la cavalleria essenzialmente una via di comprensione profonda di conoscenza e di ricerca di spiritualità, è necessario interpretare tale rango nobiliare in termini di profondità e spiritualità. Ma per essere elevato al rango di Cavaliere vige l’onere di superare quello che viene chiamato il sentiero delle prove, superate le quali, egli avrà dimostrato di avere maturato in sé i principi di un Cavaliere, e il rango a cui verrà condotto nell’investitura sarà unicamente un’espressione esterna di una nobiltà d’animo acquisita tramite il servizio e la rettitudine, un riconoscimento di uno stato di fatto: colui che ha saputo varcare il sentiero delle prove ha conseguito al suo interno la dignità corrispondente. In effetti il Cavaliere è l’eroe per eccellenza, colui che, puro di cuore, affronta le avversità per senso di giustizia e amore. E’ abbastanza evidente che i gradi di investitura esprimono una maturazione individuale. Non è possibile considerare cosa la cavalleria avrebbe potuto realizzare nel corso della storia, ma senza dubbio è possibile immaginare cosa potrebbe realizzare ora. Non è possibile rimediare al passato, ma è possibile da questo trarne l’insegnamento della storia, e aspirare ad un ritorno ai princìpi del Cavalierato: onestà, protezione dei più deboli, rettitudine, nobiltà di spirito, devozione verso il principio femminile, integrità, ricerca della perfezione in ogni cosa, amore e fratellanza. Uomini animati da questi principi, coerenti e dritti nel loro cammino potrebbero realmente cambiare la loro realtà, ed essere da esempio a questo mondo povero di riferimenti e privo delle fondamentali Verità dell’esistenza. Un cavaliere non serve un uomo ma un principio, e questo non può perire. E infatti i princìpi del Cavaliere immutati sin dalla notte dei tempi, rappresentano una vera risposta al vuoto di quest’epoca, alla mancanza di passione, al collettivo smarrimento, alla perdita di valori, alla falsità, alla superficialità, alla violenza e all’egoismo imperante. Un cavaliere è tale, quindi, perché possiede un patrimonio spirituale inestimabile e sul quale tutti possono fare affidamento: l’onore. Nella nostra società che non dà spazio alle emozioni e cancella i sentimenti, che vive di rumori e non sa ascoltare il silenzio, che vive di esteriorità e cancella l’interiorità è facile ridurre la cavalleria a mantelli, spade e decorazioni, come una sorta di grande palcoscenico. La cavalleria “storica” ci parla ancora e forse più di quanto parlasse ai propri contemporanei di un linguaggio semplice ed elevato nel contempo, indica uno stile di vita chiaro e preciso, sprona a guardare dentro di sé per vedere oltre. Uomini attivi in una società che possiamo rendere più luminosa col nostro agire e che possiamo illuminare col nostro animo. Che possa il Vostro cammino essere Illuminato dalla Saggezza. Cav.Gr.Cr. Antonio Basilio Casamichela Grand Master O.J.K. 04 Agosto 2011
Par : La Vecchia Antonino

27 juillet, 2011

ROMA | FIRENZE | VENEZIA | MILANO | NAPOLI | BOLOGNA | VERONA | PALERMO | TORINO | GENOVA Costiera Amalfitana | Cinque Terre | Salento | Chianti | Lago di Garda Ospitalità conventuale OSPITALITA’ CONVENTUALE – ABBAZIE, CONVENTI, MONASTERI IN ITALIA

Classé dans : Non classé — andreadicaffa02 @ 21:49

segnala sito 

www.ulike.netAndré de Caffa aime

 

Abruzzo
Basilicata
Calabria
Campania
E.Romagna
Friuli V.G.
Lazio
Liguria
Lombardia
Marche
Molise
Piemonte
Puglia
Sardegna
Sicilia

ROMA | FIRENZE | VENEZIA | MILANO | NAPOLI | BOLOGNA | VERONA | PALERMO | TORINO | GENOVA
Costiera Amalfitana | Cinque Terre | Salento | Chianti | Lago di Garda
Ospitalità conventuale
OSPITALITA’ CONVENTUALE – ABBAZIE, CONVENTI, MONASTERI IN ITALIA

convento

Di conventi e monasteri, di eremi e abbazie è piena l’Italia dalla Valle d’Aosta alla Sicilia, residenza di monaci, frati o suore appartenenti agli ordini regolari costituivano, dal Medioevo, il tessuto dell’ospitalità ai viandanti prima ancora che nascessero le strutture alberghiere e i centri ricettivi di vario tipo.

Questo elenco di “Abbazie, Monasteri e Conventi italiani” vuole essere semplicemente uno strumento utile per coloro che intendono trascorrere tempi di silenzio e di riposo orante, accompagnati da “guide spirituali”.

Non è mai da sottovalutare la dimensione religiosa e spirituale. In questi luoghi, infatti, viene donata, grazie ad un’accoglienza più umana e cordiale, uno stile di vita che aiuta la riflessione e il ritrovamento di sé, insieme ad un contatto più diretto con Dio.

ABRUZZO – MOLISE

Avezzano

Monastero di Pietracquaria
Monache Benedettine della Carità
67051 Pietraquaia AQ
Tel. 0863/35232 (Accoglienza: si)

Campobasso-Boiano

Convento di San Giovanni dei Celsi
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via Santa Maria del Monte
86100 Campobasso CB
Tel. 0874/311486 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di Sant’Onofrio
Frati Francescani Minori
Contrada Montelecanne – 86043 Casacalenda CB
Tel. 0874/841405 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)

Chieti

Abbazia di San Giovanni in Venere
Padri Passionisti
Via S. Giovanni in Venere, 44/B – 66022 Fossacesia CH
Tel. 0872/60132 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di Maria Santissima della Misericordia
Frati Francescani Minori
Via del Convento, 51 – 66010 Lama dei Peligni CH
Tel. 0872/91242 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento San Pasquale Vallaspra
Missionari Oblati di Maria Immacolata
Contrada Vallaspra – Colle Case – 66041 Atessa CH
Tel. 0872/866247 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria dei Miracoli
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
66020 Casalbordino CH
Tel. 0873/916100 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Vincenzo al Volturno
Benedettine
86070 Rocchetta al Volturno IS
Tel. 0865/955246 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

L’Aquila

Convento di San Bernardino
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Vittorio Veneto, 1 – 67100 L’Aquila AQ
Tel. 0862/22255 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento di San Bernardino
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Veneto – 67100 L’Aquila AQ
Tel. 0862/22100 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Minori
Via S. Francesco, 4 – 67024 Castelvecchio Subequo AQ
Tel. 0864/79135 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Giuliano
Frati Francescani Minori
Fraz. Di San Giuliano – 67100 L’Aquila AQ
Tel. 0862/314201 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria d’Oriente
Frati Francescani Minori
67069 Tagliacozzo AQ
Tel. 0863/610257 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Convento di Sant’Angelo d’Ocre
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. San Panfilo d’Ocre – 67040 Ocre AQ
Tel. 0862/751396 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero dei Santissimi Cosma e Damiano
Monache Benedettine
Via del Monaco – 67069 Tagliacozzo AQ
Tel. 0863/67451 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di San Leonardo
Monache Cistercensi
Via S. Giuseppe, 2 – 67015 Montereale AQ
Tel. 0862/901271 (Accoglienza: no)
Oasi di San Francesco d’Assisi
Frati Francescani Minori
Viale San Francesco d’Assisi 30 – 67030 Campo di Giove AQ
Tel. 0864/40394 (Accoglienza: si)

Pescara

Abbazia di Santa Maria di Arabona
Salesiani
Via Abbadia – 65024 Manoppello PE
Tel. 085/8561031 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento del Volto Santo
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
65024 Manoppello PE
Tel. 085/859118 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria del Paradiso
Frati Francescani Minori
Contrada Osservanza 6 – 65028 Tocco da Casauria PE
Tel. 085/880525 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria di Colleromano
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Colleromano – 65017 Penne PE
Tel. 085/8279529 (Accoglienza: no)

Teramo-Atri

Convento della Madonna dello Splendore
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via Maria Santissima dello Splendore – 64021 Giulianova TE
Tel. 085/8003117 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Gabriele
Padri Passionisti
Fraz. Di San Gabriele dell’Addolorata
68040 Isola del Gran Sasso d’Italia TE
Tel. 0861/976145 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero del Santo Volto
Monaci Benedettini Silvestrini
Via Gramsci, 87 – 64021 Giulianova TE
Tel. 085/8001660 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Clarisse
Via di Santa Chiara, 2 – 64032 Atri TE
Tel. 085/87206 (Accoglienza: si)

BASILICATA

Matera

Monastero Madonna di Picciano
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Borgata Picciano – 75020 La Martella MT
Tel. 0835/302890 (Accoglienza: si)

Potenza

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Piazza Cappuccini – 85042 Lagonegro PZ
Tel. 0973/21131 (Accoglienza: no)

CALABRIA

Catanzaro

Certosa di Santa Maria del Bosco
Monaci Certosini
Loc. Calvario – 88029 Serra San Bruno CZ
Tel. 0963/71253 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)

Cosenza

Convento della Madonna della Catena
Padri Passionisti
Via Santuario – Fr. Laurignano – 87045 Dipignano CS
Tel. 0984/445193 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco di Paola
Frati Minimi
Viale del Santuario – 87027 Paola CS
Tel. 0982/582518 (Accoglienza: si)

CAMPANIA

Avellino

Abbazia di S. Maria di Montevergine
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Loc. Montevergine – 83013 Mercogliano AV
Tel. 0825/72924 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Guglielmo al Boleto
Monaci della Comunità Jesus Charitas
Contrada San Guglielmo – 83054 Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi AV
Tel. 0827/24432 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Gerardo Maiella
Padri Redentoristi
Via P.le Chiesa Nuova – Loc. Materdomini – 83040 Caposele AV
Tel. 0827/58486 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Maria Santissima di Montevergine
Monache Benedettini
Via Renato Marcone, 56 – 83013 Mercogliano AV
Tel. 0825/787038 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Santa Maria di Montevergine
Benedettini Sublancensi
83010 Mercogliano AV
Tel. 0825/7871924 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Francesco
Francescani Minori Conventuali
Via San Francesco – 83048 Montella AV
Tel. 0827/61218 (Accoglienza: autogestione)

Aversa

Monastero di San Biagio
Benedettine
81031 Aversa CE
Tel. 081/5045712 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

Caserta

Convento di Santa Maria dei Lattani
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Monte Lattani – 81035 Roccamonfina CE
Tel. 0823/921037 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Silvio Coppola – 81016 Piedimonte Matese CE
Tel. 0823/911173 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Croce
Monache Clarisse
Via San Pasquale – 81052 Pignataro Maggiore CE
Tel. 0823/873814 (Accoglienza: si)

Napoli

Convento del Carmine
Fratelli Carmelitani dell’Antica Osservanza
P.za Carmine, 2 – 80100 Napoli
Tel. 081/201196 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Domenico Maggiore
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
P.za San Domenico, 81° – 80100 Napoli
Tel. 081/459298 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Santa Chiara, 49 – 80100 Napoli
Tel. 081/552609 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Paolo
Benedettine
Via Deserto, 23 – 80064 Sant’Agata dei due Golfi NA
Tel. 081/8780199 (Accoglienza: si)

Salerno

Abbazia della Trinità
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
Via Badia di Cava – 84013 Cava dei Tirreni SA
Tel. 089/463922 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento dei Getsemani
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Roma, 25 – 84047 Capaccio SA
Tel. 0828/821033 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Pollica
Frati Francescani Minori
Salita Mazzoiotti – 84068 Pollica SA
Tel. 0974/9010031 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero del Santissimo Redentore
Monache Redentoriste
Via Monastero, 15 – 84010 Scala SA
Tel. 089/857110 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Sant’Antonio Abate
Monache Benedettine
Via delle Monache, 2 – 84025 Eboli SA
Tel. 0828/366078 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

Teano-Calvi

Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Largo Giardino, 1 – 81057 Teano CE
Tel. 0823/875082 (Accoglienza: si)

EMILIA ROMAGNA

Bologna

Convento dell’Osservanza
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Osservanza, 88 – 40136 Bologna
Tel. 051/580597 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Giuseppe
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via Bellinzona, 6 – 40135 Bologna
Tel. 051/410545 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero del Corpus Domini della Santa
Monache Clarisse
Via Tagliapietre, 23 – 40123 Bologna
Tel. 051/331274 (Accoglienza: no)

Cesena-Sarsina

Convento delle Stimmate di San Francesco
Frati Cappuccini
Salita Cappuccini 341 – 47023 Cesena FO
Tel. 0547/22299 (Accoglienza: si)

Faenza-Modigliana

Monastero di San Maglorio
Monache Benedettine Camaldolesi
Via Ospitalacci, 43 Loc. Celle – 48018 Faenza RA
Tel. 0546/21586 (Accoglienza: si)

Ferrara

Abbazia di Pomposa
Parrocchia Diocesana
Via Centro 10 – 44020 Pomposa FE
Tel. 0533/19088 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Giorgio
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
P.za San Giorgio, 29 – 44100 Ferrara
Tel. 0532/62231 (Accoglienza: si)
Monstero di Sant’Antonio Abate in Polesine
Monache Benedettine
Via Gambone, 15 – 44100 Ferrara
Tel. 0532/64068 (Accoglienza: si)

Forlì

Abbazia di Santa Maria del Monte
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
Via del Monte – 47023 Cesena FO
Tel. 0547/302061 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Carmelo di Santa Maria della Vita
Monache della Beata Vergine Maria del Monte Carmelo
Via Pascoli, 9 – 47030 Sogliano al Rubicone FO
Tel. 0541/948181 (Accoglienza: si)

Modena

Abbazia di Nonantola
Parrocchia Diocesana
P.za Abbazia – 41015 Nonantola MO
Tel. 059/549053 (Accoglienza: no)
Abbazia di San Pietro
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
Via San Pietro, 7 – 41100 Modena
Tel. 059/223136 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento della Verucchia
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Rosola di Zocca – 41059 Zocca MO
Tel. 059/987088 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Viale Martiri, 61 – 41026 Pavullo nel Frignano MO
Tel. 0536/20426 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)

Parma

Abbazia di San Giovanni Evangelista (Torrechiara)
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
P.za S. Giovanni Evangelista, 1 – 43100 Parma
Tel. 0521/235592 (Accoglienza: si)
Chiesa di Santa Maria degli Angeli
Missionari Identes
Via F. Provesi,. 39 – 43011 Busseto PR
Tel. 0524/930154 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento della Beata Vergine del Santo Rosario
Domenicani
43012 Fontanellato PR
Tel. 0521/829911 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria della Neve
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
43010 Torrechiara PR
Tel. 0521/355178 (Accoglienza: si)

Piacenza

Abbazia di Chiaravalle della Colomba
Monaci Cistercesi di Calamari – 29010 Alseno PC
Tel. 0523/940132 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Monastero di San Raimondo
Monache Benedettine
Corso Vittorio Emanuele 154 – 29100 Piacenza
Tel. 0523/326625 (Accoglienza: si)

Ravenna

Monastero di Santa Umiltà
Monache Benedettine Vallombrosane
48018 Faenza RA
Tel. 0546/21235 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Sant’Apollinare in Classe
Monaci Benedettini Vallombrosiani
Via Romea Sud 216 – Classe – 48100 Ravenna
Tel. 0544/27004 (Accoglienza: no)

Reggio Emilia

Monastero di Santa Maria dell’Olmo
Monache Serve di Maria
Strada Bassa, 3 – 42027 Montecchio Emilia RE
Tel. 0522/864260 (Accoglienza: si)

Repubblica di San Marino

Convento di Santa Maria
Frati Servi di Maria – Loc. Valdragone – 47031 Borgo Maggiore RSM
Tel. 0549/903237 (Accoglienza: si)

Monastero di Santa Chiara

Monache Clarisse
Via Fiordaliso – Valdragone – 47031 Borgo Maggiore RSM
Tel. 0549/903213 (Accoglienza: si)

LAZIO

Civitavecchia-Tarquinia

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Porta Tarquinia, 4 – 01016 Tarquinia VT
Tel. 0766/840848 (Accoglienza: si)

Frosinone

Abbazia di Calamari
Monaci Cistercesi di Calamari
03029 Veroli FR
Tel. 0775/282371 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Montecassino
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
03043 Cassino FR
Tel. 0776/311529 (Accoglienza: raramente, solo uomini)
Certosa di Trisulti
Monaci Cistercesi di Calamari
03010 Collepardo FR
Tel. 0775/47024 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento della Nostra Signora del Carmine
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
Via Pietro Corvi – 03024 Ceprano FR
Tel. 0775/47024 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Lorenzo
Frati Francescani Minori
Contrada San Lorenzo – 03010 Piglio FR
Tel. 0775/502074 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Sosio
Padri Passionisti
Via San Sosio – 03020 Falvaterra FR
Tel. 0775/90013 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Beatae Mariae Virginis Assumptae
Monache Benedettine
Piazza de’ Franconi, 3 – 03029 Veroli FR
Tel. 0775/365020 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Giovanni Battista
Monache Benedettine
Via San Pietro – 03022 Boville Ernica FR
Tel. 0775/37019 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Scolastica
Monache Benedettine
P.za Santa Scolastica – 03043 Cassino FR
Tel. 0776/21267 (Accoglienza: no)
Monstero della Santissima Annunziata
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Largo Ignazio Danti, 2 – 03011 Alatri FR
Tel. 0775/434690 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

Gaeta

Monastero della SS Trinità alla Montagna Spaccata
Missionari PIME
Via Trinità, 3 – 04024 Gaeta LT
Tel. 0771/462068 (Accoglienza: si)

Grottaferrata

Abbazia di San Nilo
Monaci Basiliani di rito greco
00046 Grottaferrata RM
Tel. 06/9459309 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Santa Maria
Monaci Brasiliani
Corso del Popolo, 128 – 00046 Grottaferrata RM
Tel. 06/9459309 (Accoglienza: no)

Latina

Abbazia di Fossanova
Frati Francescani Conventuali
04015 Priverno LT
Tel. 0773/93061 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Abbazia di Valvisciolo
Monaci Cistercesi di Calamari
04010 Sermoneta LT
Tel. 0773/30013 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento dell’Immacolata
Monache Benedettine di Santa Priscilla
P.za Alcide de Gasperi, 7 – 04017 San Felice Circeo LT
Tel. 0773/548002 (Accoglienza: no)

Riano

CITTADELLA ECUMENICA TADDEIDE
Via Taddeide 42
00160 RIANO (RM)
Tel +39069034614
Fax+39069031099
(Accoglienza: si oltre 150 posti)

Rieti

Abbazia di Santa Maria di Farfa
Monaci Benedetti Cassinesi
02032 Fara Sabina RI
Tel. 0765/277065 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Fonte Colombo
Frati Francescani Minori
02100 Rieti
Tel. 0746/210125 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di Greccio
Frati Francescani Minori
Fraz. San Francesco – 02040 Greccio RI
Tel. 0746/750127 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento di Montefiolo
Monache Benedettine di Santa Priscilla
02041 Casperia RI
Tel. 0765/63021 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Giacomo
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Francescana – 02018 Poggio Bustone RI
Tel. 0746/688916 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria La Foresta
Frati Francescani Minori
02100 Rieti
Tel. 0746/200085 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Sant’Antonio
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Fonte Cottorella, 2 – 02100 Rieti
Tel. 0746/200690 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Benedettine
Piazza Marchesi, 3 – 02015 Cittaducale RI
Tel. 0746/62106 (Accoglienza: si)

Roma

Abbazia delle Tre Fontane
Monaci Trappisti
Via delle Acque Salvie, 1 – 00100 Roma
Tel. 06/5401655 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Abbazia di Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento
Monaci Cistercensi Trappisti della Stretta Osservanza
Via Appia Nuova, 37 – 00040 Frattocchie RM
Tel. 06/9300265 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Bernardo alle Terme di Diocleziano
Monaci Cistercensi Congregazione Romana di San Bernardo
Via Torino, 94 – 00184 Roma
Tel. 06/4882122 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Abbazia di San Gregorio al Celio
Monaci Benedettini Camaldolesi
Piazza S. Gregorio, 1 – 00100 Roma
Tel. 06/7008227 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Abbazia di San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
Via Ostiense, 186 – 00100 Roma
Tel. 06/5410341 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Cosimato
Frati Francescani Minori
Borgata San Cosimato – 00029 Vicovaro RM
Tel. 0774/492391 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria della Scala
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
P.za della Scala, 23 – 00100 Roma
Tel. 06/5806233 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di Santa Sabina
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
P.za Pietro d’Illiria – 00100 Roma
Tel. 06/57941 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento S. Carlo Quattro Fontane
Frati Trinitari
Via del Quirinale, 23 – 00100 Roma
Tel. 06/4883261 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Croce in Gerusalemme
Monaci Cistercensi
P.za S. Croce in Gerusalemme, 12 – 00185 Roma
Tel. 06/7014769 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Priscilla
Monache Benedettine
Via Salaria, 430 – 00199 Roma
Tel. 06/86206272 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di Santa Scolastica
Monache Benedettine
Via Provinciale Nazzaro, 11 – 00060 Civitella San Paolo RM
Tel. 0765/335114 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di Santa Susanna
Monache Cistercensi
Via XX Settembre, 14 – 00187 Roma
Tel. 06/464256 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di Sant’Anastasia
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Via dei Cerchi, 87 – 00186 Roma
Tel. 06/6780702 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santo Stefano
Monaci Benedettini Silvestrini
Via S. Stefano del Cacco, 26 – 00186 Roma
Tel. 06/6793860 (Accoglienza: no)
Sacro Ritiro di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Minori
Fraz. San Francesco – 00030 Bellegra RM
Tel. 06/9565291 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero del Sacro Speco di San Benedetto
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Loc. Sacro Speco – 00028 Subiaco RM
Tel. 0774/85039 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero di S. Scolastica
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Loc. Santa Scolastica – 00028 Subiaco RM
Tel. 0774/85525 (Accoglienza: si)

Viterbo

Convento della SS. Trinità
Frati Agostiniani
P.za della Trinità, 8 – 01100 Viterbo VT
Tel. 0761/342808 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria del Paradiso
Frati Francescani Minori
Via del Paradiso, 22 – 01100 Viterbo VT
Tel. 0761/343182 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di Sant’Angelo
Padri Passionisti
Fraz. Di Cura – 01013 Vetralla VT
Tel. 0761/471285 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Sant’Eutizio
Padri Passionisti
Via del Convento, 18 – 01038 Soriano nel Cimino VT
Tel. 0761/759057 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento Maria Santissima ad Rupes
Padri Mechaeliti
01030 Castel Sant’Elia VT
Tel. 0761/557729 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Nostra Signora di San Giuseppe
Monache Cistercensi Trappiste della Stretta Osservanza
Via della Stazione, 19 – 01030 Vitorchiano VT
Tel. 0761/370017 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Pietro
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Largo San Pie tro, 31 – 01027 Montefiascone VT
Tel. 0761/826066 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Vincenzo Martire
Monaci Benedettini Silvestrin i
Via San Vincenzo, 88 – 01030 Bassano Romano VT
Tel. 0761/634007 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria delle Grazie
Monache Benedettine
Via delle Grazie, 9 – 01028 Orte VT
Tel. 0761/403267 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Regina Pacis
Monache Benedettine
Strada del Giardino 4 – Fraz. Di Cura – 01013 Vetralla VT
Tel. 0761/481519 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

LIGURIA

Albenga-Imperia

Convento di San Domenico
Frati Domenicani
Piazza Beato Cristoforo, 6 – 18018 Teggia IM
Tel. 0184/476254 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Clarisse
Via Santa Chiara, 24 – 18100 Imperia IM
Tel. 0183/62762 (Accoglienza: no)

Genova

Abbazia di San Nicolò del Boschetto
Opera Pia Don Orione
Via del Boschetto da Corso Perrone – 16151 Genova GE
Tel. 010/440693 (Accoglienza: no)
Abbazia di Santa Maria della Castagna
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Via Romana della Castagna, 17 – 16148 Genova GE
Tel. 010/336292 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Nostra Signora del Monte
Frati Francescani Minori
Salita Nostra Signora del Monte, 15 – 16143 Genova GE
Tel. 010/505854 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria di Castello
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
Salita S. Maria di Castello – 16100 Genova GE
Tel. 010/2549511 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Prospero
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Via Antica Romana 59
16032 Camogli GE
Tel. 0185/770131 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Clarisse
Salita Superiore della Noce, 8 – 16131 Genova GE
Tel. 010/3778021 (Accoglienza: no)

La Spezia

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Salita San Cristoforo – 19016 Monterosso al Mare SP
Tel. 0187/817531 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Croce del Corvo
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi e Monache Carmelitane di Santa Teresa
Via Monte Marcello 54 – Punta Bianca – 19030 Bocca di Magra SP
Tel. 0187/65791 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria del Mare
Monache Benedettine
P.le Santo Stefano, 1 – 19134 Marinasco SP
Tel. 0187/701126 (Accoglienza: si)

Savona

Abbazia di Santa Maria – Finale Pia
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Via Santuario, 59 – 17024 Finale Ligure SV
Tel. 019/601700 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento della Madonna della Pace
Padri Devoniani
Via della Pace – 17013 Albisola Superiore SV
Tel. 019/489902 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Monte Carmelo
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
Via Costino Monte Carmelo, 2 – 17025 Loano SV
Tel. 019/668023 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento del Deserto di Varazze
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
Loc. Faie – 17019 Varazze SV
Tel. 019/918050 (Accoglienza: si)

Ventimiglia-S.Remo

Monastero del Carme lo di Sant’Elia
Monache Carmelitane Scalze
Via Padre Semeria, 19 – 18038 Sanremo IM
Tel. 0184/60470 (Accoglienza: no)

LOMBARDIA

Bergamo

Abbazia di San Giacomo Apostolo
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
P.za Giuramento, 4 – 24030 Pontida BG
Tel. 035/795025 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di Baccanello
Frati Minori Francescani
P.za S. Francesco – Loc. Baccanello – 24033 Calusco d’Adda BG
Tel. 035/791063 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Monastero di San Benedetto
Monaci Benedettini
Via S. Alessandro, 51 – 24122 Bergamo
Tel. 035/247461 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Grata
Monache Bendettine
Via Arena, 24 – 24129 Bergamo
Tel. 035/237069 (Accoglienza: si)

Brescia

Abbazia di Maguzzano
Poveri Servi e Povere Serve della Divina Provvidenza
Via Maguzzano, 6 – 25017 Lonato BS
Tel. 030/9130182 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Nicolò
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
25050 Rodengo BS
Tel. 030/610182 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento dell’Annunciata
Frati Servi di Maria
P.za Santissima Annunciata, 2 – 25038 Rovato BS
Tel. 030/7721377 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Pietro Apostolo
Frati Francescani Minori
Via San Francesco d’Assisi, 18 – 25086 Rezzato BS
Tel. 030/2590615 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento Madonna della Neve
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
Via Nigoline, 2 – 25030 Adro BS
Tel. 030/73656623 (Accoglienza: no)

Como

Abbazia dell’Acquafredda
Frati Cappuccini
Via dell’Acquafredda, 16 – 22016 Lenno CO
Tel. 0344/55208 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Santa Maria e S. Nicolò
Monaci Cistercensi di Calamari
Fraz. Olgiasca – 22050 Colico CO
Tel. 0341/940331 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento del Sacro Cuore
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Montebello, 28 – 22072 Cermenate CO
Tel. 031/771736 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero del Santissimo Salvatore
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Stazione, 1 – 22070 Grandate CO
Tel. 031/564823 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di S. Maria del Monte Carmelo
Monache Carmelitane Scalze
Via Colagro – Loc. Concenedo – 22040 Barzio LC
Tel. 0341/996586 (Accoglienza: no)

Cremona

Convento La Madonna della Fontana
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Viale del Santuario, 2 – 26041 Casalmaggiore CR
Tel. 0375/42279 (Accoglienza: solo religiosi)

Lodi

Abbadia di Cerreto
Ordine Diocesano-Parrocchia Assunzione Beata Vergine Maria
Piazza Abbadia – 20070 Abbadia di Cerreto LO
Tel. 0371/72219 (Accoglienza: no)

Milano

Abbazia dei SS. Pietro e Paolo – Viboldone
Monache Benedettine
Via dell’Abbazia, 6 – 20098 San Giuliano Milanese MI
Tel. 02/9841203 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Chiaravalle
Monaci Cistercensi di San Bernardo d’Italia
Via San Arialdo, 102 – 20139 Milano
Tel. 02/57403404 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Chiaravalle Milanese
Monaci Cistercensi della Congregazione di San Bernardo
Via S. Arialdo, 102 – 20100 Milano
Tel. 02/57403404 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Benedetto
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Via Stefano da Seregno, 100 – 20038 Seregno MI
Tel. 0362/231772 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia Santa Maria di Moribondo
Servi del Cuore Immacolato di Maria
P.za S. Bernardo, 1 – 20081 Morimondo MI
Tel. 02/945206 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento della Divina Maternità
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
Via Benigno Calvi 9 – Concesa – 20056 Trezzo sull’Adda MI
Tel. 02/90961489 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di S. Maria delle Grazie
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
Via A.G. Sassi, 3 – 20100 Milano
Tel. 02/4676111 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Monastero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Felice Bellotti, 10 – 10129 Milano
Tel. 02/799495 (Accoglienza: si)

Pavia

Certosa di Pavia
Monaci Cistercensi di Calamari
Via Monumenti – Loc. Certosa di Pavia – 27012 Pavia
Tel. 0382/925613 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di Sant’Agostino
Frati Agostiniani
P.za S. Pietro in Ciel d’Oro – 27100 Pavia
Tel. 0382/303036 (Accoglienza: no)

Varese

Monastero di Beata M. Vergine Mediatrice
Monache Claustrali Passioniste
Via Santa Caterina, 2 – 21040 Gornate Olona VA
Tel. 0331/820105 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Francesco
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Giovanni Tenconi, 1 – 21013 Gallarate VA
Tel. 0331/793147 (Accoglienza: si)

MARCHE

Ancona

Convento di S. Giuseppe a Copertino
Frati Francescani Conventuali
P.za Gallo, 10 – 60027 Osimo AN
Tel. 071/714523 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di Santa Maria della Pace
Frati Francescani Minori
Via La Pace, 1 – 60047 Sassoferrato AN
Tel. 0732/9334 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero del Sacro Cuore
Monache Benedettine
Corso Don Minzoni, 74 – 60047 Sassoferrato AN
Tel. 0732/9306 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Luca
Monache Benedettine
Via Saffi, 34 – 60044 Fabriano AN
Tel. 0732/21762 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Clarisse
Vicolo delle Monache – 60024 Filottrano AN
Tel. 0731/7220351 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Margherita
Monache Benedettine
Via del Poio, 33 – 60044 Fabriano AN
Tel. 0732/21936 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Santissimi Biagio e Romualdo
Monaci Benedettini Camaldolesi
Piazza Manin, 12 – 60044 Fabriano AN
Tel. 0732/21935 (Accoglienza: si)

Ascoli Piceno

Monastero di San Lorenzo
Monache Benedettine
Via Nazario Sauro, 12 – 63021 Amandola AP
Tel. 0736/847532 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Corpus Domini
Monache Domenicane
Via San Liberato, 5 – 62020 Loro Piceno MC
Tel. 0733/509194 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Marco
Monache Benedettine
Via Roma, 72 – 63035 Offida AP
Tel. 0736/880805 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Benedettine
Via Roma, 29 – 63028 Santa Vittoria Matenano AP
Tel. 0734/780132 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Caterina da Siena
Monache Domenicane
Via Michelangelo Buonarroti, 4 – 63038 Ripatransone AP
Tel. 0735/9276 (Accoglienza: solo pernottamento)
Monastero di Sant’Onofrio
Monache Benedettine
Piazza Ventidio Basso, 21 – 63100 Ascoli Piceno
Tel. 0736/259608 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Oasi di Santa Maria dei Monti
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Monti, 12 – 63013 Grottammare AP
Tel. 0735/631081 (Accoglienza: si)

Fano-Fossombrone

Convento del Beato Benedetto Passionei
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Fraz. Colle San Giovanni – 61034 Fossombrone PS
Tel. 0721/714626 (Accoglienza: si)

Fermo

Monastero di San Giuliano
Monache Benedettine
Viale Trento, 21 – 63023 Fermo AP
Tel. 0734/228720 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

Macerata

Abbazia di Chiaravalle di Piastra
Monaci Benedettini Cistercensi
Loc. Piastra – 62010 Sforzacosta MC
Tel. 0733/2021290 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Chiaravealle di Piastra
Monaci Cistercensi della Congregazione di San Bernardo
62010 Sforzacosta MC
Tel. 0733/283260 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento del Santissimo Crocefisso
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Santissimo Crocefisso, 1 – 62010 Treia MC
Tel. 0733/216848 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento del Santissimo Salvatore
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via dei Cappuccini, 45 – 62067 San Severino Marche MC
Tel. 0733/638126 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento della Quercia Noviziato di S. Gabriele
Padri Passionisti
Via Castellano, 36 – 62010 Morrovalle MC
Tel. 0733/221273 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Renacavata
Frati Cappuccini
62032 Camerino MC
Tel. 0737/644480 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Nicola
Frati Agostiniani
P.za Silveri – 62029 Tolentino MC
Tel. 0733/969996 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Nicola
Frati Agostiniani
Piazza San Nicola, 1 – 62069 Tolentino MC
Tel. 0733/969996 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento S. Maria delle Grazie e Santuario di S. Pacifico
Frati Francescani Minori
Via San Pacifico Divini, 15 – 62027 San Severino Marche MC
Tel. 0733/638110 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Giuseppe
Monache Clarisse
Via Roma, 11 – 62010 Pollenza MC
Tel. 0733/549216 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Lorenzo
Monache Clarisse
P.za Vittorio Emanuele II, 13 – 62031 Belforte del Chienti MC
Tel. 0733/906112 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Benedettine
Via Leopardi, 28 – 62020 Monte San Martino MC
Tel. 0733/660105 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Caterina in San Sisto
Monache Benedettine
Via Mariano Cutini, 15 – 62018 Potenza Picena MC
Tel. 0733/671333 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Clarisse
Via Medici, 20 – 62032 Camerino MC
Tel. 0737/3305 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Maria dei Lumi
Monaci Cistercensi
Via Madonna dei Lumi, 50 – 62027 San Severino Marche MC
Tel. 0733/638100 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria delle Rose
Monache Benedettine
Via Castello, 11 – 62020 Sant’Angelo in Pontano MC
Tel. 0733/661206 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Sperandia
Monache Benedettine
Via Santa Speranza, 11 – 62011 Cingoli MC
Tel. 0733/602532 (Accoglienza: si)
Monstero di Santa Caterina
Monache Cistercensi
Via Castello del Monte, 4 – 62027 San Severino Marche MC
Tel. 0733/638171 (Accoglienza: si)

Pesaro

Convento del Beato Sante
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Passo – 61024 Mombaroccio PS
Tel. 0721/471122 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Montefiorentino – 61020 Frontino PS
Tel. 0722/71134 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria del Soccorso
Frati Agostiniani
Via S. Maria del Soccorso, 6 – 61030 Cartoceto PS
Tel. 0721/898106 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di S. Antonio da Padova
Monache Agostiniane
Via Rupe, 1 – 61016 Pennabilli PS
Tel. 0541/918412 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di S. Pietro e di Santa Cecilia
Monache Benedettine
Via Pian del Vescovo, 5 – 61043 Cagli PS
Tel. 0721/787331 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Nicolò
Monache Domenicane
Via Antonio Celli, 15 – 61043 Cagli PS
Tel. 0721/787378 (Accoglienza: no)

Senigallia

Monastero-Abbazia di Santa Lucia
Parrocchia Diocesana
Corso del Popolo, 26 – 60048 Serra San Quirico AN
Tel. 0731/86096 (Accoglienza: autogestione)

Urbino-Urbania

Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Agostiniane
Via Aurelio Saffi, 36 – 61029 Urbino PS
Tel. 0722/2506 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria Maddalena
Monache Benedettine
Largo S. Veronica Giuliani, 5 – 61049 Urbania PS
Tel. 0722/319533 (Accoglienza: no)

PIEMONTE – VALLE D’AOSTA

Aosta

Convento di Santa Caterina
Suore di San Giuseppe
Via Anfiteatro, 2 – 11100 Aosta AO
Tel. 0165/238536 (Accoglienza: no)
Foyer de Charité
Associazione Foyer de Charité
Località Salera, 3 – 11027 Emarese AO
Tel. 0166/519132 (Accoglienza: si)
Casa Ospitaliera del Gran San Bernardo
Canonici Regolari della Casa
Via Flassin, 1 – 11010 St. Poien AO
Tel. 0165/78247 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Mater Misericordiae
Monache Carmelitane Scalze
Loc. Villair de Quart – 11020 Quart AO
Tel. 0165/765848 (Accoglienza: no)

Biella

Comunità monastica di Bose
Località Bose – 13887 Magnano BI
Tel. 015/679185 (Accoglienza: si)

Casale Monferrato

Sacro Monte di Crea
Loc. Santuario – 15020 Ponzano Monferrato AL
Tel. 0142/940109 (Accoglienza: si)

Cuneo

Certosa di Santa Maria di Pesio
Missionari della Consolata
Loc. Certosa di Pesio – 12010 San Bartolomeo CN
Tel. 0171/738123 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero della Beata Margherita
Monache Domenicane
Strada Serre, 10 – 12051 Alba CN
Tel. 0173/440182 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero della Madonna della Fiducia
Monache Benedettine
Via Provinciale Marozzo – San Biagio – 12080 Pogliola CN
Tel. 0174/686298 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero della Madonna dell’Unione di Boschi
Monaci Cistercensi Trappisti della Stretta Osservanza
Loc. Boschi – 12080 Monasterodi Vasco CN
Tel. 0174/563388 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero di San Benedetto
Monaci Benedettini
Fraz. Prandi, 1 – 12050 San Benedetto Belbo CN
Tel. 0173/796172 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Semplice di S. Maria Nascente
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
Loc. Monastero – 12020 Marmora CN
Tel. 0171/998141 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)

Fossano

Monastero Santissima Annunziata
Monache Cistercensi
Via dell’Annunziata, 13 – 12045 Fossano CN
Tel. 0172/60879 (Accoglienza: no)

Novara

Abbazia Mater Ecclesiae
Monache Benedettine
Isola di San Giulio – 28016 Orta NO
Tel. 0322/90324 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Monte Mesna
Frati Francescani Minori
Monte Mesna – 28010 Ameno NO
Tel. 0322/998108 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero del Santissimo Sacramento
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Corso Risorgimento, 274 – Loc. Ronco – 28055 Ghiffa NO
Tel. 0323/59164 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Piero e Paolo
Monaci Benedettini
Loc. Giardino della Resurrezione – 28026 Germagno NO
Tel. 0323/866832 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Maria Mater Unitatis
Monache Agostiniane
Via Umberto I, 27 – 28010 Miasino NO
Tel. 0322/980006 (Accoglienza: no)
Sacro Monte Calvario di Domodossola
Rosminiani
28037 Domodossola VB
Tel. 0324/242010 (Accoglienza: si)

Saluzzo

Abbazia di Santa Maria di Staffarla
Parrocchia Diocesana
Piazza Roma – Loc. Revello – 12036 Saluzzo CN
Tel. 0175/273215 (Accoglienza: no)

Torino

Abbazia della Sacra di san Michele
Padri Rosminiani
10057 Sant’Ambrogio TO
Tel. 011/939130 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Santa Fede
Padri Maristi
Via Santa Fede, 92 – 10020 Cavignolo TO
Tel. 011/9151124 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Santi Pietro e Andrea
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Loc. Abbazia – 10050 Novalesa TO
Tel. 0122/653210 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Giuseppe
Monache Carmelitane Scalze
Via Savonarola – 10024 Moncalieri TO
Tel. 011/641888 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Maria e San Michele
Monache Cistercensi
Via Casana – 10016 Montalto Dora TO
Tel. 0125/650193 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Santissima Annunziata
Monache Benedettine Cassinesi
Via Vittoro Emanuele, 1 – 10023 Chieri TO
Tel. 011/9470732 (Accoglienza: si)
Sacro Monte di Belmonte
Francescani Minori
10087 Valperga Canadese TO
Tel. 0124/617204 (Accoglienza: si)

PUGLIA

Bari

Abbazia Madonna della Scala
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Contrada Z.B. 58 – 70015 Noci BA
Tel. 080/8975838 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Maria Immacolata
Monache Benedettine Celestine
Via Pozzo Stramazzo, 11 – 70013 Castellana Grotte BA
Tel. 080/8965516 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di S. Giacomo Maggiore di Bari
Monache Benedettine Olivetane
Via Provinciale per Bitetto, 50 – 70027 Palo del Colle BA
Tel. 080/626096 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Ruggiero
Monache Benedettine Celestine
Via Cialdini, 94 – 70051 Barletta BA
Tel. 0883/332366 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Maria del Piede
Monache Domenicane
Piazza Benedetto XIII – 70024 Gravina di Puglia BA
Tel. 080/851307 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Maria delle Vergini
Monache Benedettine
Via Porta Robustina, 33 – 70032 Bitonto BA
Tel. 080/9511245 (Accoglienza: si)

Brindisi-Ostuni

Istituto Caterina Petraroli Specchia
Monache Oblate Benedettine di Santa Scolastica
Contrada Scopinaro, 11 – 72017 Ostuni BR
Tel. 0831/333352 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Pietro
Monache Benedettine
Via Antonio Giovane, 47 – 72017 Ostuni BR
Tel. 0831/301841 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Maria di Citrino
Monaci Cistecensi di Calamari
Via Oria – 72022 Latiano BR
Tel. 0831/725398 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero-Istituto De Leo Azzariti
Monache Oblate Benedettine di Santa Scolastica
Via Alcide Prete, 1 – 72019 San Vito dei Normanni BR
Tel. 0831/951033 (Accoglienza: si)

Foggia

Convento della Madonna di Stignano
Frati Francescani Minori
Contrada Stignano – 71014 San Marco in Lamis FG
Tel. 0882/831090 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Matteo
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Santuario – 71014 San Marco in Lamis FG
Tel. 0882/831101 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Convento di Santa Maria delle Grazie
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Viale dei Cappuccini – 71013 San Giovanni Rotondo FG
Tel. 0882/4171 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Michele Arcangelo
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Via Reale Basilica – 71037 Monte Sant’Angelo FG
Tel. 0884/561150 (Accoglienza: si)

Lecce

Convento di Sant’Antonio
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Imperatore Adriano, 79 – 73100 Lecce
Tel. 0832/392531 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero di San Giovanni Evangelista
Monache Benedettine
Piazza Conte Accardo, 4 – 73100 Lecce
Tel. 0832/303057 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Maria della Consolazione
Monaci Cistercensi di Calamari
Contrada Liori – 73025 Martano LE
Tel. 0836/575214 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)

Taranto

Monastero di San Giovanni Battista
Monache Benedettine
Via XX Settembre, 89 – 74024 Manduria TA
Tel. 099/8711369 (Accoglienza: si)

SARDEGNA

Alghero-Bosa

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani
Via Alberto, 46 – 07041 Alghero SS
Tel. 079/979258 (Accoglienza: no)

Cagliari

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Viale Fra’ Ignazio da Làconi, 94 – 09100 Cagliari CA
Tel. 070/663655 (Accoglienza: no)

Nuoro

Monastero di Santa Lucia
Monache Benedettine « Mater Unitatis »
Via Grazia Deledda, 2 – 08022 Dorgali NU
Tel. 0784/96198 (Accoglienza: no)

Sassari

Abbazia di San Pietro di Sorres
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
07040 Borutta SS
Tel. 079/824001 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Pietro
Frati Francescani Minori
Viale San Pietro – 07100 Sassari SS
Tel. 079/217252 (Accoglienza: no)

SICILIA

Acireale

Convento di San Biagio
Frati Francescani Minori
P.za San Biagio, 20 – 95024 Acireale CT
Tel. 095/601377 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Rocco
Frati Domenicani
Corso Umberto, 84 – 95024 Acireale CT
Tel. 095/601577 (Accoglienza: no)

Agrigento

Convento della Madonna di Fatima
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via Cappuccini, 72 – 92019 Sciacca AG
Tel. 0925/21716 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero del Santissimo Rosario
Monache Benedettine Cassinesi
P.za Domenico Provenzani, 20 – 92020 Palma di Montechiaro AG
Tel. 0922/968108 (Accoglienza: si)

Catania

Monastero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Piazza Asmundo, 9 – 95124 Catania CT
Tel. 095/7150499 (Accoglienza: si)

Cefalù

Convento di Santa Maria di Gibilmanna
Frati Cappuccini
90015 Cefalù PA
Tel. 0921/421835 (Accoglienza: si)

Messina

Badia Vecchia
Suore del Divino Zelo
Via Cappuccini – 98039 Taormina ME
Tel. 0942/23210 (Accoglienza: no)

Noto

Monastero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine del Santissimo Sacramento
Contrada San Giovanni – 96017 Noto SR
Tel. 0931/891255 (Accoglienza: si)

Palermo

Abbazia di S. Martino delle Scale
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
P.za Platani, 5 – 90040 San Martino delle Scale PA
Tel. 091/418194 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento dei Cappuccini
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
P.za dei Cappuccini, 1 – 90129 Palermo PA
Tel. 091/212633 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Benedettine
Piazza Scuole – 90010 Geraci Siculo PA
Tel. 0921/43000 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Sant’Andrea Apostolo delle Vergini
Monache Benedettine
Piazzetta delle Vergini, 2 – 90100 Palermo PA
Tel. 091/585299 (Accoglienza: no)

Ragusa

Convento di Santa Maria di Gesù
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Roma, 116 – 97014 Ispica RG
Tel. 0932/951020 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via S. Maria e Sant’Antonio, 7 – 97015 Modica RG
Tel. 0932/941033 (Accoglienza: si)

Siracusa

Monastero di Montevergine
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via San Benedetto, 25 – 96010 Sortino SR
Tel. 0931/952138 (Accoglienza: si)

Trapani

Convento Santissimo Crocifisso in Sant’Anna
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Piazza Bertani – 91022 Castelvetrano TP
Tel. 0924/902617 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero dell’Angelo Custode
Monache Benedettine
Corso 6 Aprile, 55 – 91011 Alcamo TP
Tel. 0924/21001 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di San Francesco di Paola Badia Nuova
Monache Benedettine
Via Commendatore Navarra, 11 – 91011 Alcamo TP
Tel. 0924/21635 (Accoglienza: no)

TOSCANA

Arezzo

Abbazia San Francesco
52037 Sansepolcro AR
Abbazia San Michele Arcangelo
Monaci Benedettini
52038 Sestino AR
Abbazia-Cattedrale di San Giovanni Evangelista
Monaci Benedettini
52037 Sansepolcro AR
Convento camaldolese di Contra
Convento Camaldolese
52011 Bibbiena AR
Convento di Monte Casale
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Loc. Monte Casale – 52037 Sansepolcro AR
Tel. 0575/742648 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Francesco a Montecarlo
52027 S. Giovanni Valdarno AR
Convento di San Francesco alla Verna
Frati Francescani Minori
52010 Chiusi della Verna AR
Tel. 0575/5341 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco alle Celle
Frati Francescani
52044 Cortona AR
Convento di San Maria a Cerbaiolo
52036 Pieve Santo Stefano AR
Convento di San’Agostino
52048 Monte San Savino AR
Monastero della Santissima Trinità
Monache Cistercensi
Via San Niccolò – 52044 Cortona AR
Tel. 0575/603345 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Bartolomeo – chiesa di Badia
Monaci Camaldolesi
52031 Anghiari AR
Monastero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via Reglia, 4 – 52035 Monterchi AR
Tel. 0575/70041 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Giorgio a Ganghereto
52028 Terranova Bracciolini AR
Monastero di Santa Chiara
52040 Civitella in Val di Chiana AR
Monastero di Santa Maria
Monaci Vallombrosani
52022 Cavriglia AR
Monastero S. Maria della Neve
Monache Domenicane
52015 Pratovecchio AR
Monastero S. Salvatore a Camaldoli
Monaci Benedettini Camaldolesi
52014 Poppi AR
Tel. 0575/556012.13 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero San Pietro a Badia a Ruoti
Monaci Camaldolesi
52021 Bucine AR
Monastero Santa Maria a Farneta
Monaci Benedettini
52044 Cortona AR
Monastero Santa Trìnita in Alpe
Monaci Bendettini
52010 Talla AR
Monstero femminile San Giovanni Evangelista
Monache Benedettine Camaldolesi
P.za Jacopo Landino, 20 – 52015 Pratovecchio AR
Tel. 0575/58767 (Accoglienza: si)

Fiesole

Convento della Maddalena
Frati Domenicani
Via Faentina – Fr. Caldine – 50010 Fiesole FI
Tel. 055/540039 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Domenico
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
P.za San Domenico, 4 – 50014 Fiesole FI
Tel. 055/59230 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Minori
Via San Francesco, 3 – 50014 Fiesole FI
Tel. 055/59175 (Accoglienza: si)

Firenze

Abbazia di San Miniato al Monte
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Via Monte alle Croci, 37 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/2342731 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Abbazia di San Salvatore
Monaci Vallombrosani
50054 Fucecchio FI
Abbazia di Santa Maria a Vallombrosa
Monaci Bendettini Vallombrosani
50060 Reggello FI
Tel. 055/862029 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Santa Trinità
Monaci Benedettini Vallombrosiani
Via del Parione, 3
50123 Firenze
Tel. 055/216912 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Certosa di Firenze
Monaci Cistercensi di Calamari
Via Buca di Certosa, 2 – 50124 Galluzzo FI
Tel. 055/2049226 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento dei Filippini a San Firenze
50100 Firenze
Convento della SS. Annunziata
Frati Servi di Maria
Via Cesare Battisti, 6 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/210644 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento di Monte Senario
Frati Servi di Maria
Via Monte Senario, 1 – 50030 Vaglia Bivigliano FI
Tel. 055/406441 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di S. Maria del Carmine
Frati Carmelitani dell’Antica Osservanza
P.za del Carmine, 14 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/212331 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Marco
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
Via Cavour, 55 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/287628 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento di San’Andrea a Botinaccio
Frati Francescani
50056 Montelupo Fiorentino FI
Convento di Santa Croce
Frati Francescani Conventuali
P.za Santa Croce, 16 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/2342289 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento di Santa Maria Novella
Frati Predicatori Domenicani
P.za Santa Maria Novella, 18 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/215918 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di Santo Spirito
Frati Agostiniani
P.za Santo Spirito, 30 – 50100 Firenze
Tel. 055/210030 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Convento Santa Maria all’Incontro
50012 Bagno a Ripoli FI
Monastero dei Santi Giuseppe e Benedetto
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Via Feliceto, 8 – 50135 Settignano FI
Tel. 055/697362 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero della Santa Croce
Monache Agostiniane
Via Santa Croce, 4 – 50063 Figline Valdarno FI
Tel. 055/953176 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero dello Spirito Santo
Monache Bendettine Vallombrosane
Via del Carota, 11 – 50012 Bagno a Ripoli FI
Tel. 055/631122 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Regina Pacis Villa Linda
Monache Benedettine Olivetane
Via Poggio Gherardi, 5 – 50135 Firenze
Tel. 055/603913 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di S. Maria Istituto Cristo Re Sommo Sacerdote
Monaci Benedettini Solesmensi
Via di Gricigliano, 52 Loc. Le Sieci – 50065 Pontassieve FI
Tel. 055/8309622 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Monastero di San Michele a Badia Passignano
Monaci Vallombrosani
50028 Tavarnelle Val di Pesa FI
Monastero di Santa Maria del Fiore
Monache Bendettine
Via Faentina 247 – Loc. Lapo – 50133 Firenze
Tel. 055/587444 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Marta
Monache Benedettine di Santa Maria
Via Santa Marta, 7 – 50139 Firenze
Tel. 055/489089 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Santa Maria a Rosano
Monache Bendettine
Borgo Monastero 13 – 50067 Rignano sull’Arno FI
Tel. 055/8303006 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero Santi Cosma e Damiano al Vivaio+
Monaci Francescani
50064 Incisa Val d’Arno FI
Monstero di San Benedetto
Monache Benedettine
Via delle Monache, 17 – 50051 Castelfiorentino FI
Tel. 0571/631489 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Maria Maddalena a Pian di Mugnone
50014 Fiesole FI
Convento Santa Maria degli Angeli
50100 Firenze
Convento Santa Maria Maddalena de’ Pazzi
50134 Careggi FI
Monastero di San Salvatore a Settimo
Monaci Vallombrosani
50018 Scandicci FI

Grosseto

Monastero dei Padri Passionisti
Padri Passionisti
58019 Monte Argentario GR
Monastero Santissima Trinità
58047 Santa Fiora GR
Monstero di San Benedetto alla Nave
58042 Campagnatico GR
Ritiro della Presentazione
Padri Passionisti
Monte Argentario – 58019 Porto Santo Stefano GR
Tel. 0564/812641 (Accoglienza: si)

Livorno

Abbazia di Montenero
Monaci Benedettini Vallombrosiani
57100 Livorno
Tel. 0586/579033 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco
57028 Suvereto LI
Monastero di Montecristo
57037 Portoferraio LI
Monastero di Sant’Antonio
57032 Isola Capraia LI

Lucca

Certosa di Farneta
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via Per Chiatri – Loc. Farneta – 55100 Lucca
Tel. 0583/59207 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento dell’Angelo a Brancoli
Padri Passionisti
55100 Brancoli LU
Convento di san Francesco
55023 Borgo a Mozzano LU
Convento di Santa Elisabetta
55051 Barga LU
Monastero dei Santi Benedetto e Scolastica
Monache Benedettine Adorazione Perpetua del Santissimo
Via delle Zecca, 41 – 55100 Lucca
Tel. 0583/46657 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Badia di Cantignano
55012 Capannori LU
Monastero di san Pietro
Monaci Benedettini
55041 Camaiore LU

Massa Carrara

Abbazia Santi Salvatore e Bartolomeo
Monaci Benedettini
54015 Comano MS

Pisa

Convento di San Girolamo
56048 Volterra PI
Monastero di Mirteto
56017 San Giuliano Terme PI
Monastero di Nostra Signore di Valserena
Monache Cistercensi Trappiste della Stretta Osservanza
Via Provinciale del Progetto, 3 – 56040 Guardistallo PI
Tel. 0586/655072 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di S. Maria Madre della Chiesa e di S. Benedetto
Monache Benedettine
Via San Jacopo, 64 – 56010 Pontasserchio PI
Tel. 050/811004 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Domenico
Monache Domenicane
Via della Faggiola, 26 – 56100 Pisa
Tel. 050/561858 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di San Savino a Baida San Savino
Monaci Camaldolesi
56021 Cascina PI
Monastero di Santa Maria a Morrona
Monastero Camaldolese
56030 Terricciola PI

Pistoia

Convento di San Francesco
51017 Pescia PT
Convento di Santa Chiara
51100 Pistoia PT
Convento di Santa Margherita
Convento Agostiniano
51016 Montecatini Terme PT
Convento di Santa Maria in Selva
Convento Agostiniano
51011 Buggiano PT
Monastero delle Salesiane
51017 Pescia PT
Monastero di Santa Maria a Ripa
Monache Benedettine
Via Porta di Borgo, 36 – 51010 Montecatini PT
Tel. 0572/911588 (Accoglienza: si)
Monatero di San Salvatore in Agna
51037 Montale PT

Prato

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Minori
50047 Prato PO
Monastero di San Clemente
Monache Benedettine
Via San Vincenzo, 24 – 50047 Prato PO
Tel. 0574/21376 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Domenico
Convento Domenicano
50047 Prato PO

Siena

Abbadia del Santissimo Salvatore
Monaci Cistercensi
Via del Monastero, 42 – 53021 Abbadia San Salvatore SI
Tel. 0577/77883 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Galgano
Monaci Cistercensi
53012 Chiusdino SI
(Accoglienza: no)
Abbazia di San Lorenzo a Coltibuono
Monaci Benedettini Vallombrosiani
53013 Gaiole in Chianti SI
Abbazia di Sant’Antimo, Montalcino
Canonici Regolari Agostiniani
53020 Castelnuovo dell’Abate SI
Tel. 0577/835659 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Monte Oliveto
53037 San Gimignano SI
Convento di San Bartolomeo
Monaci Francescani
53025 Piancastagnaio SI
Convento di San Domenico
Frati predicatori Domenicani e Suore Domenicane di S. Sisto Vecchio
Via Camporegio, 2 – 53100 Siena SI
Tel. 0577/280893 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Domenico
53037 San Gimignano SI
Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani
53034 Colle Val d’Elsa SI
Convento di San Francesco
53040 Cetona SI
Convento di Santa Maria in Prato
Convento Francescano
53013 Gaiole in Chianti SI
Convento di Sant’Agostino
Frati Agostiniani
P.za Sant’Agostino, 4 – 53037 San Gimignano SI
Tel. 0577/940383 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento La Maddalena
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Loc. La Maddalena – 53045 Montepulciano SI
Tel. 0578/798091 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento Madonna del Rifugio
Suore Francescane di Cristo Re
Poggio Baldino, 184 – 53048 Sinalunga SI
Tel. 0578/630552 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento San Lucchese
Frati Francescani Minori
53036 Poggibonsi SI
Tel. 0577/936219 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di santa Mustiola a Torri
Monaci Vallombrosani
53018 Sovicille SI
Monastero di Monte Oliveto Maggiore
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Loc. Chiusure – 53020 Chiusure Asciano SI
Tel. 0577/707017 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Girolamo
Monache Benedettine Vallombrosane
Via Folgore, 26 – 53037 San Gimignano SI
Tel. 0577/940573 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Salvatore e Baida Monastero
53019 Castelnuovo Berardenga SI
Monastero di San’Anna in Camprena
Monaci Benedettini
53026 Pienza SI
Monastero di Santa Caterina della Rota
53030 Radicondoli SI
Monastero di Santa Maria a Coneo
Monaci Vallombrosani
53034 Colle Val d’Elsa SI
Monastero di Santa Maria a Montefollonico
Monaci Agostiniani
53049 Torrita di Siena SI
Monastero di Santi Giusto e Clemente
53016 Murlo SI

TRIVENETO

Bolzano

Abbazia di Montemaria
Monaci Benedettini della Congregazione Svizzera
39024 Malles Venosta BZ
Tel. 0473/831306 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Abbazia di Novacella
Canonici Regolari Agostiniani della Congregazione Austriaca
Via Novacella, 1 – 39040 Varna di Bressanone BZ
Tel. 0472/836189 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di Sabiona – Chiusa
Monache Benedettine
39043 Chiusa BZ
Tel. 0472/847587 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia Giardino di Maria
Monache Cistercensi
Via Castelguardia, 31 – 39050 San Paolo Appiano BZ
Tel. 0471/662188 (Accoglienza: solo religiosi)
Conventi di Muri Gries
Monaci Benedettini
P.za Gries, 21 – 39100 Bolzano
Tel. 0471/281116 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani
Via dei Francescani, 1 – 39100 Bolzano
Tel. 0471/977293 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di Santa Maria Maddalena
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Via Frundsberg, 5 – 39049 Vipiteno BZ
Tel. 0472/765074 (Accoglienza: solo religiosi)
Convento di Sant’Orsola
Monache Orsoline
Parco Tschurtschenthaler 1 – 39031 Brunico BZ
Tel. 0474/554443 (Accoglienza: solo in estate)

Concordia-Pordenone

Abbazia di Santa Maria in Sylvis
Parrocchia Diocesana
P.za Castello, 1 – 33079 Sesto al Reghena PN
Tel. 0434/699014 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento della Madonna di Rosa
Frati Francescani Minori
P.le del Santuario – 33078 San Vito al Tagliamento PN
Tel. 0434/80215 (Accoglienza: no)

Gorizia

Convento della Madonna di Barbana
Frati Francescani Minori
Isola di Barbana – 34073 Grado GO
Tel. 0431/80453 (Accoglienza: si)

Padova

Abbazia di Santa Giustina
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Via Ferrari, 21° – 35100 Padova
Tel. 049/8756435 (Accoglienza: foresteria per soli uomini)
Abbazia di Santa Maria
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Loc. Praglia – 35033 Bresseo PD
Tel. 049/9900010 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Sant’Antonio
Frati Francescani Conventuali
Via Cesarotti, 2 – 35100 Padova
Tel. 049/8242811 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero della Madonna del Monte
Monaci Benedettini Sublacensi
Loc.Monte Madonna – 35037 Teolo PD
Tel. 049/9925087 (Accoglienza: solo religiosi)
Monastero di San Daniele
Monache Benedettine
Via San Daniele, 50 – 35031 Abano Terme PD
Tel. 049/8669149 (Accoglienza: si)

Rovigo

Abbazia di S. Maria del Piastrello
Monaci Benedettini Olivetani
Via Santuario, 35 – 45026 Lendinara RO
Tel. 0425/61023 (Accoglienza: no)

Trento

Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Per Torcegno, 2 – 38051 Bogo Valsugana TN
Tel. 0461/753108 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di Sant’Antonio
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Armando Diaz, 3 – 38023 Cles TN
Tel. 0463/21147 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento Madonna delle Grazie
Frati Francescani
Via Dante Alighieri, 9 – 38062 Arco TN
Tel. 0464/519800 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento Madonna delle Laste
Frati Carmelitani Scalzi
Santuario delle Laste, 26 – 38100 Trento
Tel. 0461/981405 (Accoglienza: si)

Treviso

Abbazia di Follina
Frati Servi di Maria
Via Convento, 1 – 31051 Follina TV
Tel. 0438/970231 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero dei Santi Gervasio e Prota sio
Monache Cistercensi
P.za Fiume, 68 – 31020 San Giacomo di Veglia TV
Tel. 0438/912258 (Accoglienza: si)

Trieste

Monastero di San Cipriano
Monache Benedettine
Via delle Monache, 3 – 34121 Trieste TS
Tel. 040/634908 (Accoglienza: si)

Udine

Convento delle Beata Vergine
Frati Francescani Cappuccini
Loc. Castelmonte – 33040 Prepotto UD
Tel. 0432/731094 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Sant’Antonio di Padova
Frati Francescani Minori
Viale Sant’Antonio – 33013 Gemona del Friuli UD
Tel. 0432/981113 (Accoglienza: si)

Venezia

Abbazia di San Giorgio Maggiore
Monaci Benedettini
Isola di San Giorgio – 30124 Venezia
Tel. 041/527827 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo
Frati predicatori Domenicani
6363 Castello – 30100 Venezia
Tel. 041/5237510 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento di San Francesco del Deserto
Frati Francescani Minori
Isola di San Francesco del Deserto – 30012 San Francesco del Deseto VE
Tel. 041/5286863 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Francesco della Vigna
Frati Francescani Minori
Castello 2786 – 30122 Venezia
Tel. 041/5222476 (Accoglienza: studenti)
Monastero della Santissima Trinità
Monche Clarisse Povere di Santa Chiara
Isola della Giudecca – 30133 Venezia
Tel. 041/5222531 (Accoglienza: solo donne)
San Lazzaro agli Armeni (Isola)
Monaci Mechitaristi
30100 Venezia
Tel. 041/5260104 (Accoglienza: raramente)

Verona

Convento della Madonna del Frassino
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Frassino, 4 – 37019 Peschiera del Garda VR
Tel. 045/7550500 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Santa Teresa del Bambino Gesù
Padri Carmelitani Scalzi
Via Volturno 1 – 37135 Verona
Tel. 045/500266 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento Fraternità Cappuccina
Frati Francescani Minori Cappuccini
Via Colle Fincato 35/B – 37131 Verona
Tel. 045/525374 (Accoglienza: no)

Vicenza

Convento della Madonna delle Grazie
Suore Missionarie di Gesù Eterno Sacerdote
P.za Giovanni Ferrari, 6 – 13019 Varallo VC
Tel. 0163/51112 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento della Pieve
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Pieve, 98 – 36072 Chiampo VC
Tel. 0444/623250 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento delle Beata Vergine di Monte Berico
Frati Servi di Maria
Viale X Giugno 87 – 36100 Vicenza
Tel. 0444/320999 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento Santa Maria del Cengio
Frati Servi di Maria
Via Giarre, 27 – 36033 Isola Vicentina VC
Tel. 0444/976131 (Accoglienza: si)

UMBRIA

Assisi

Abbazia di San Pietro
Monaci Benedettini Cassinesi
Piazza S. Pietro, 1 – 06081 Assisi PG
075/812311 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di San Damiano
Frati Francescani Minori
Strada San Ruffino – 06081 Assisi PG
Tel. 075/812273 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Giuseppe
Monache Benedettine
Via Sant’Apollinare, 1 – 06081 Assisi PG
Tel. 075/812332 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Coletta
Monache Clarisse Francesi
Via Borgo San Pietro, 3 – 06081 Assisi PG
Tel. 075/812345 (Accoglienza: solo pernottamento)
Monastero di Sant’Anna
Monache Benedettine
P.za Umberto I, 25
06083 Bastia Umbra PG
Tel. 075/8001151 (Accoglienza: si)
Protoconvento della Porziuncola
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. S. Maria degli Angeli – 06081 Assisi PG
Tel. 075/80511 (Accoglienza: si)
Protomonastero di Santa Chiara
Clarisse
P.za Santa Chiara, 1 – 06081 Assisi PG
Tel. 075/812282 (Accoglienza: no)
Sacro Convento di San Francesco
Frati Francescani Conventuali
P.za S. Francesco, 1 – 06081 Assisi PG
Tel. 075/816188 (Accoglienza: raramente)

Foligno

Abbazia di Santa Croce di Sassovivo
Piccoli Fratelli della Comunità Jesus Caritas
Loc. Sassovivo – 06034 Foligno PG
Tel. 0742/356397 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)
Convento di San Bartolomeo
Frati Francescani Minori
Vocabolo San Bartolomeo, 1 – 06034 Foligno PG
Tel. 0742/37771 (Accoglienza: si)

Gubbio

Monastero di Sant’Antonio
Monache Domenicane
Via del Monte, 4 – 06024 Gubbio PG
Tel. 075/9273714 (Accoglienza: no)

Perugia

Abbazia di San Felice
Missionri del Preziosissimo Sangue
Via dell’Abbazia, 1 – 06030 Giano dell’Umbria PG
Tel. 0742/90103 (Accoglienza: si)
Abbazia di San Pietro
Monaci Benedettini
Borgo XX Giugno, 74 – 06121 Perugia
Tel. 075/34770 (Accoglienza: no)
Convento della SS. Annunziata
Monache Domenicane
Via Zoccolanti, 12 – 06023 Guado Tadino PG
Tel. 075/912212 (Accoglienza: si)
Convento di Montesanto
Frati Francescani Minori
Via Montesanto, 18 – 06059 Todi PG
Tel. 075/8948886 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Monastero del SS. Crocifisso e di Santa Maria
Monache Benedettine
Via del Monastero, 1 – 06010 Citerna PG
Tel. 075/8592126 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Leonardo
Monache Clarisse
Via Giuseppe Verdi, 1 – 06036 Montefalco PG
Tel. 0742/79309 (Accoglienza: no)
Monastero di Santa Caterina
Monache Benedettine Celestine
Loc. Castel Ritaldi – 06044 Castel Ritaldi PG
Tel. 0743/51125 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Cenerina
Monache Benedettine
Corso Garibaldi, 179 – 06123 Perugia
Tel. 075/40317 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Clarisse
Via Santa Chiara, 24 – 06039 Trevi PG
Tel. 0742/78216 (AccoglinzAccoglienza: solo donne)
Monastero di Santa Chiara
Monache Agostiniane
Via Verdi, 74 – 06036 Montefalco PG
Tel. 0742/379123 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Monastero di Santa Lucia
Monache Benedettine Cassinesi
Via del Crocifisso, 1 – 06039 Trevi PG
Tel. 0742/78242 (Accoglienza: solo pernottamento)
Monastero di Santa Margherita
Monache Agostiniane
Via Santa Margherita, 23 – 06031 Bevagna PG
Tel. 0742/360160 (Accoglienza: autogestione)
Monastero di Santa Maria del Fonte
Monache Benedettine
Via Marconi, 8 – 06022 Fossato di Vico PG
Tel. 075/919135 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria del Monte
Monache Benedettine
Corso Matteotti, 15 – 06031 Bevagna PG
Tel. 0742/360133 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Maria di Betlem
Monache Agostiniane
Via S. Maria di Betlem – La Collina – 06037 Sant’Eraclito di Foligno PG
Tel. 0742/670598 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di Santa Rita da Cascia
Monache Agostiniane
Viale Santa Rita – 06043 Cascia PG
Tel. 0743/76221 (Accoglienza: raramente)
Monastero di Sant’Antonio Abate
Monache Benedettine Cassinesi
Via delle Vergini, 13 – 06046 Norcia PG
Tel. 0743 828208 (Accoglienza: si)

Spoleto

Convento di Monteluco
Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Monteluco – 06049 Spoleto PG
Tel. 0743/40711 (Accoglienza: solo in estate)
Monastero di S. Maria della Stella in San Ponziano
Monache di Santa Maria della Stella in San Ponziano
Via Basilica di S. Salvatore, 4 – 06049 Spoleto PG
Tel. 0743/40655 (Accoglienza: solo donne)

Terni-Narni-Amelia

Convento della Santissima Annunziata
Frati Francescani Minori
Strada SS.Annunziata – Michignano – 05022 Teni TR
Tel. 0744/970010 (Accoglienza: si)
Monastero di San Magno
Monache Benedettine
Via Posterola, 6 – 05022 Amelia TR
Tel. 0744/982193 (Accoglienza: si)
Sacro Speco di San Francesco
toute la culture sur ulike Frati Francescani Minori
Loc. Lo Speco – 05030 S. Urbano di Narni TR
Tel. 0744/743182 (Accoglienza: solo uomini)

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RICORDARE E COMPRENDERE – Home

LA RIAPERTURA DEL CONVENTO DI MONTESENARIO E LA SUA RELAZIONE CON LA SS. ANNUNZIATA DI FIRENZE (1404) in ‘Il Chiostro alle origini dei Servi’, Firenze dicembre 2005.

Nella ricerca storica nulla è scontato, nemmeno la lettura di un documento come la Dum levamus studiato da anni. E inoltre possiamo considerare quanto sia stata difficile la vita dei Servi di Maria alle origini. Ma alterne vicende, crisi e fortune hanno caratterizzato la storia dell’Ordine in tutti i secoli. E in questi fatti rientra l’«inconsueto» ripristino di Montesenario nel 1404, che ricordiamo basandoci sul nostro libro appena edito: Vita quotidiana e storia della SS. Annunziata di Firenze nella prima metà del ‘400 … (1).
Prima di iniziare a ricordare le strette relazioni tra i due conventi nel 1404 è bene portare di nuovo alla luce alcuni concetti generali per entrare un po’ più dentro la religiosità del Medioevo e quindi del periodo che ci interessa. E per capire un poco la mentalità del tempo ci dobbiamo porre una domanda: – Che cosa era un Ordine religioso allora? Non staremo qui a dare la risposta dei dizionari (2).
Non ci interessa la definizione. Definire è un’ossessione della modernità: definire la terra, il cielo, l’anima, la mente. Definire e circoscrivere, ovviamente per controllare … forse per non avere paura che poi è la medesima cosa. Diremo piuttosto che nel Medioevo un Ordine nella sua perfezione ideale era ordinato tra virgolette: un insieme di persone separate dal mondo, silenziose e dignitose, finalizzate alle più alte esperienze: alla preghiera, al discorrere delle cose di Dio, a far penitenza e a pensare come ottenere il premio ultraterreno della resurrezione delle anime e dei corpi. L’ideale del tempo poteva essere più o meno seguito secondo le contingenze o gli imprevisti. Ma era l’ideale. E in una società di rigide forme ed espressioni come quella del Medioevo si cercava di stare dietro il più possibile all’ideale. Ordine era anche gerarchia. Per i Servi l’autorità più alta era il padre Generale. Seguivano i priori dei conventi che però potevano essere scavalcati da un tipo particolare di frati: i teologi professori reggenti degli Studi generali di teologia. I priori provinciali invece non entravano nelle decisioni conventuali se non dal punto di vista delle elezioni dei priori e dei Generali ai capitoli. Soprattutto avevano una funzione ordinaria ispettiva, con la cosiddetta visitatione periodica. L’autorità nella sua migliore espressione non era sciocca e tirannica come a volte oggi si può pensare sull’influsso di romanzi, televisione e finzioni varie, ma responsabile e accorta, non servile o azzardata, ma prudente … La concezione di allora era quella di migliorare se stessi in ogni cosa, e quindi sia nell’autorità che nella vita di ciascun frate. Questo perchè si comprendeva che gli uomini erano uomini e che il peccato, gli errori sarebbero sempre esistiti. Tale atteggiamento di estrema carità si ritrovava nelle Costituzioni dei Servi, allora lette di frequente e commentate. Si ascolti quale era la colpa massima. Colpa gravissima è l’incorreggibilità di colui che non teme di ammettere le proprie colpe, ma rifiuta di portare le pene conseguenti … sia rigettato dalla nostra convivenza … nessuno poi possa tornare indietro, affinchè l’Ordine e la disciplina canonica non vengano irrisi quando l’abito religioso, portato da persone indegne, viene disprezzato … (3).
Il significato è chiaro. Nell’Ordine si comprendevano i motivi che conducevano al peccato, le cattive inclinazioni, le debolezze, le cospirazioni, le vanità, le menzogne ecc. Si aveva misericordia degli errori ma di ciascuno di essi, piccolo o grande, sciocco o elaborato che fosse, occorreva accettare la pena. Nei capitoli o davanti al priore bisognava dolersi dei peccati propri e per quelli degli altri, compresi i benefattori e i potenti. Atteggiamento di pensiero importante, conduceva alla comune armonia e alla pace verso il mondo, mentre debolezze e rancori erano come bruciati dall’aspirazione alle cose più alte … Dunque anche nel 1404 a S. Maria dei Servi di Firenze (cioè la SS. Annunziata), leggendo i documenti rimasti, troviamo questo ideale di portare avanti la vita comune nel suo ideale più perfetto. Gran parte di tale sentire aveva come ambito il servizio divino e la preghiera, sia come liturgia nel Santuario che come studio e commento dei testi sacri. In più si desiderava di ingrandire l’Ordine, con dei progetti di nuovi conventi e con l’umiltà che era caratteristica: non chiese doviziose e ricche, con grandi prebende e rendite … ma chiese piccole e piccole comunità, con il sostentamento necessario e poco di più perché ciò che contava non era l’abbondanza di beni, la ricchezza della mensa, ma la ricchezza dello spirito, la refezione spirituale. La ricchezza dello spirito si cerca meglio se non si è appesantiti dagli ingombranti beni o desideri terreni. In questo periodo vivevano nel convento di Firenze circa una trentina di frati divisi gerarchicamente in maestro teologo reggente dello Studio, socio del p. Generale, priore, ufficiali superiori, semplici sacerdoti, chierici studenti, novizi e frati laici. Ciascun frate aveva la sua occupazione: maestri teologi, reggente, baccellieri e i lettori (titolari dei cosiddetti gradi accademici) si occupavano dello Studio generale, insegnavano la Bibbia e le Sentenze dei Padri della Chiesa agli studenti originari di vari conventi dell’Ordine, facevano dispute e onoravano il convento con le prediche in varie città dove erano chiamati specialmente per la Quaresima, feste patronali o altro. I frati sacerdoti invece servivano il Santuario con la celebrazione delle feste della Madonna, delle messe d’obbligo e con varie orazioni, con le confessioni di Quaresima, il culto alla gratiosa (miracolosa) Madonna Annunziata, la preghiera comune nelle ore canoniche. Nel convento erano anche ufficiali superiori: procuratore o camarlingo sotto il diretto comando del priore, soppriore (si occupava del necessario per i frati), sindaco (relazioni con gli enti pubblici), maestro dei novizi, predicatore del convento, bibliotecario e altri. C’erano nella comunità anche un buon numero di giovani frati chierici. Venivano indirizzati al sacerdozio o se intelligenti ai gradi accademici e alla laurea in teologia o incoraggiati verso certe attività a loro congeniali, come ad esempio la poesia (fra Domenico poeta), o altro. Infine i frati laici erano addetti ai lavori materiali e avevano particolari qualità gestionali soprattutto nel far rendere un podere, nel trattare con i lavoratori della terra. La disposizione dei giovani si vedeva nei primi anni di vita comunitaria. I novizi ragazzi vivevano separatamente dal resto dei frati, con vari maestri secolari (per la grammatica, la musica) e un maestro dell’Ordine che insegnava loro a sviluppare le buone qualità del carattere. Se avevano disposizione allo studio e al canto erano fatti proseguire verso il sacerdozio perché per essere sacerdoti era indispensabile il sapere cantare gli uffici divini (4).
Questa era la gerarchia alla SS. Annunziata nel 1404. In generale veniva rispettata con tranquilla abitudine. La vita comune era sorvegliata dai frati d’autorità che erano nati nella seconda metà del Trecento. Uno di essi era il beato maestro Niccolò d’Arezzo professore reggente responsabile dello Studio di teologia. Nato ad Arezzo circa nel 1362, si era laureato a Bologna e durante la sua lunga vita di religioso (morì pare centenario nel 1462) ebbe incarichi importanti nell’Ordine. A Firenze fu noto per le sue predicazioni in cattedrale. Ad Arezzo, dove si ritirò in vecchiaia, preferendo la vita di preghiera e contemplazione, risanò miracolosamente una donna malata. La Vergine apparve sogno a questa donna di fede e le disse: Va da un uomo perfetto chiamato Niccolò, stella fulgida nell’Ordine dei Servi, e pregalo che ti guarisca. La donna fece quanto dettole e guarì. Da qui l’appellativo di beato per il nostro religioso (5).
Nel 1404 maestro Niccolò era ancora nel pieno vigore dell’età e dirigeva, come abbiamo detto, lo Studio, il cui lettore era fra Filippo degli Adimari che insegnava il corso della Bibbia. Forse anche quest’ultimo religioso era portato alla meditazione e aveva bene in mente Montesenario poiché fu qui che pare si ritirasse e concludesse la sua vita qualche tempo dopo (6).
E sempre nel 1404, prima del capitolo di Ferrara, priore del convento era fra Antonio di Giovanni detto Cancelliere perché aveva ricoperto questo incarico nella curia dell’Ordine. La sagrestia era affidata a fra Sebastiano di Ambrogio, mentre confessori e predicatori erano i frati Bartolomeo Lapini, Niccolò Bettini (quasi a riposo nel 1404) e fra Andrea di Bartolo già priore e ufficiale della cappella della Madonna. Era a S. Maria dei Servi anche un organista: fra Andrea di Giovanni che aveva raggiunto i gradi più alti nel convento e nella Provincia Toscana e nel 1379 aveva costruito l’organo di chiesa. Tra i frati laici grande capacità aveva fra Francesco Bizi che seguiva la produzione dei poderi; tra i novizi emergevano i frati Michele Pucci, Iacopo Rosso e Filippo di Gino … Ma soprattutto era fra gli studenti di teologia quasi trentenni che si trovavano due persone notevoli per intelligenza e capacità. Uno era fra Piero Silvestri, ricordato novizio nel 1390. Persona brillante e generosa – citiamo i prestiti a fondo perduto che fece al convento nei momenti di bisogno -, seguì tutti i gradi della carriera accademica fino a diventare maestro teologo nel 1405 in un tempo molto breve per l’epoca. Conobbe Coluccio Salutati, cancelliere della Repubblica fiorentina e trascorse tutta la vita nel convento di Firenze, eccetto i viaggi che fece per i capitoli e per varie dispute, prediche e incarichi nell’Ordine. Fu per molti anni reggente dello Studio e morì il 22 luglio 1434 (7).
L’altro frate notevole fu Matteo di Piero. Novizio assieme al Silvestri, forse ebbe meno appoggi del compagno, ma fu preso sotto la protezione del p. Generale dopo il capitolo di Firenze del 1402 e condotto a Venezia dove consegui il grado di lettore. Dal 1409 circa però il suo corso accademico subi un’interruzione per la crisi della Chiesa e del convento fiorentino che ne pagava gli studi. Si laureò pertanto solo nel 1423, quasi cinquantenne, e l’anno dopo fu eletto procuratore dell’Ordine nella corte Papale, incarico che lasciò nel 1426 per diventare vescovo di Cortona. Deposto dalla carica nel 1439 da Eugenio IV, pare a seguito dello scisma operato dal concilio di Basilea (l’antipapa Felice V), riprese il vescovado nel 1449, alcuni anni dopo la morte del papa. Dette le dimissioni definitive nel 1455, generosamente facendo spazio a un altro frate dei Servi, Mariano Salvini. Morì nel 1458, sempre affezionato al Santuario di Firenze al quale fece degli importanti lasciti (8).
Queste figure di frati appena delineate ci fanno capire che cosa fosse la SS. Annunziata di allora: un convento di prestigio con uomini di prestigio. E, possiamo aggiungere, dopo il 1402 la comunità sembrò voler realizzare nuove e antiche aspirazioni. Ma non fu solo per questo desiderio che nell’Ordine nel 1404 si decise di riaprire Montesenario e un altro convento del quale si parla poco: Pisa (9).
Ci furono altri fattori pratici determinanti … Uno di questi fattori fu la pace politica raggiunta in Italia e Toscana. Il p. Rossi si domanda perché la riapertura di Montesenario non fosse stata effettuata nel febbraio 1402, a seguito del capitolo generale di Firenze (10).
Alla domanda dà una risposta ‘incauta’ che rimanda alla partigianeria ‘pro Firenze’ del p. Giani degli Annali. In realtà non fu così. Contarono assai di più i significativi avvenimenti politici di quell’anno. Infatti nel 1402 la democratica e libera Firenze passò dalla grande disperazione alla salvezza. Nella prima metà dell’anno la città fu senza scampo, circondata com’era dalle truppe del duca di Milano Gian Galeazzo Visconti, che dal 1399 aveva occupato Pisa e Siena, Perugia, ottenuta l’alleanza di Lucca e il 30 giugno 1402 espugnato Bologna. Era pericoloso dimorare nell’Italia centrale e anche il p. Generale dei Servi di Maria era partito da Bologna per Venezia. Il Visconti, nella sua splendida estate, ordinò una corona nuova di re d’Italia. Ma alla fine della stagione il destino ebbe un colpo d’ala. Il 3 settembre 1402 Gian Galeazzo morì improvvisamente a Melegnano per la peste. La sua morte salvò Firenze. Gli altri Visconti, la moglie e i molti figli, furono incapaci a proseguire le ostilità. Ma ne ricevettero i domini in eredità. Giovanni Maria ebbe Bologna, Siena e Perugia, e Gabriele Maria Sarzana e Pisa … Moglie e figli erano stati affidati anche a un consiglio di reggenza composto dai migliori capitani di ventura che – Gian Galeazzo pensava – li avrebbe protetti dai nemici. Non fu così. In breve Firenze riprese le terre e i domini che le erano stati tolti. Siena si ribellò il 26 novembre 1403 e nel marzo 1404 mandò via il governatore dei Visconti, concludendo la pace con Firenze e riprendendo quasi tutte le sue terre. La stessa Firenze tentò la conquista di Pisa, e dopo varie vicende ne trattò l’acquisto con Gabriele Maria. Era il luglio 1405. I pisani orgogliosi si ribellarono desiderando l’indipendenza. Furono costretti alla resa il 9 ottobre 1406, festa di S. Dionigi. Già dal 1404 quindi Siena e Pisa non erano più città ostili a Firenze …
Un secondo fattore che contribui al ripristino dei due conventi dei Servi di Maria a parere nostro riguarda il numero dei frati. Nel 1403 troviamo ricordata da una breve nota la professione di 14 giovani (11), il cui nome però non è citato. Il loro numero era alto. Certamente furono avviati alla carriera ecclesiastica e forse accademica, ma non erano gestibili assieme nella maniera migliore. Infatti i conventi dei Servi di allora preferivano avere un numero limitato di religiosi, ma tutti con un incarico o ufficio assegnato. C’erano varie ragioni che giustificavano la scelta: per esempio gli uomini dovevano essere mantenuti in vitto e alloggio e su trenta religiosi una metà erano a carico (studenti, novizi, malati) senza contare i molti forestieri provenienti da altri conventi dell’Ordine (12).
Il patrimonio e le rendite al contrario erano di modesta entità. Ma anche se il convento fosse stato ricchissimo – cosa di per sé scoraggiata dalle Costituzioni – non si desideravano persone in soprannumero e in ozio poiché avrebbero potuto sentirsi frustrate o covare dei risentimenti ed essere un pericolo per la vita fraterna, la comune serenità, i rapporti con lo Stato e la società che non tollerava gli scandali, questo genere di scandali. Il problema di S. Maria dei Servi e nell’Ordine fu dunque quello di che cosa fare dei giovani, senza che nessuno di loro stesse in ozio o avesse dei compiti inferiori al grado e alle licenze e facoltà concesse. Si rispose al dilemma facendo quello che si era sempre fatto: aprire nuovi conventi. Dapprima piccoli e poi, se c’erano vocazioni, ingranditi. O meglio, nel 1404 si decise, invece che di aprirne dei nuovi, di ripristinarne due gloriosi. Uno era in una città nota, decaduta dopo la battaglia della Meloria, ma ancora attiva per il suo grande scalo marittimo che la collegava con il Mediterraneo e con l’Oriente: Pisa. Il convento era quello di S. Andrea a Chinzica e Gabriele Maria Visconti, che voleva vendere la città a Firenze, era d’accordo (13).
L’altro convento era Montesenario che faceva parte delle origini dell’Ordine. Pisa era estremamente utile dal punto di vista logistico, per i viaggi, e gli affari che potevano interessare l’Ordine. Montesenario era un dolce ricordo, una piccola spina nel cuore dei padri Generali che si erano alternati nel corso dell’abbandono, e un luogo dove qualche spirito più contemplativo degli altri avrebbe potuto stabilirsi. Tutti avevano aspettato il ritorno. Il momento arrivò. E fu il Capitolo generale di Ferrara, indetto nel 1404 anche proprio per le mutate condizioni politiche. Al capitolo di Ferrara per S. Maria dei Servi di Firenze parteciparono di diritto il priore e due discreti più altri frati in varie vesti: provinciale e compagno del p. Generale, lettori e predicatori, laici accompagnatori, chierici che forse intendevano chiedere una qualche grazia o un indirizzo di studio. Vi si recarono dunque il priore fiorentino p. Antonio di Giovanni Cancelliere, fra Andrea di Giovanni organista perchè compagno del p. Generale, maestro Angelo da Siena provinciale; poi maestro Niccolò d’Arezzo reggente dello Studio, fra Giovanni di Giovanni, fra Andrea di Bartolo, fra Gabriello, fra Angelo di Iacopo predicatore e fra Filippo degli Adimari lettore, fra Donato laico che li accompagnava, fra Girolamo, il baccelliere fra Piero Silvestri e il lettore fra Matteo di Piero che seguiva il p. Generale da Venezia. Per l’Ordine parteciparono al capitolo maestro Antonio d’Alessandria, maestro Piero da Roma, maestro Gregorio da Pistoia e il procuratore maestro Stefano da Borgo. Maestro Stefano da Borgo e maestro Piero da Roma sarebbero diventati a loro volta dei priori Generali (14).
Negli ultimi decenni del Trecento avevano studiato a Firenze, protetti dal celebre maestro Antonio Mannucci. E forse fu proprio quest’ultimo notevole frate che indusse o confermò nei due giovani teologi e anche in maestro Niccolò d’Arezzo il desiderio del ripristino di Montesenario. Il Mannucci era nato nel 1314, aveva studiato a Parigi, nel 1363 aveva dato al convento fiorentino il rango di Studio generale, nel 1371 era stato nominato priore Generale. Solo in tarda età si era ritirato alla SS. Annunziata, incaricato della reggenza dello Studio. Ma durante la sua lunga e itinerante vita attraverso un secolo importante, aveva avuto dei contatti con frati particolari, che si avvicinavano alle Origini e avevano inciso nell’Ordine. Aveva conosciuto il teologo fra Clemente († 1343) protetto e incoraggiato agli studi a Parigi da S. Alessio († 1310) e fra Pietro da Todi a cui è attribuita La Legenda de Origine († 1344). Dalla sua morte (1385) alla riapertura di Montesenario trascorsero meno di vent’anni (15).
Il ripristino di Pisa e di Montesenario comportò una piccola rivoluzione all’interno di S. Maria a Firenze. Partì maestro Niccolò d’Arezzo verso Siena e poi il priorato di Bologna e condusse con sé fra Filippo degli Adimari. Fu priore della SS. Annunziata il giovane fra Piero Silvestri, baccelliere non ancora maestro, segno della grandissima stima che si aveva di lui e fu procuratore e lettore fra Matteo di Piero. Fra Antonio Salvani da Siena divenne priore di Montesenario (16).
Le notizie sul Monte nei registri dell’Annunziata appaiono nel giugno del 1404 con due frati, Girolamo e Allegrino che vennero spesati (si compra la carne) nel loro viaggio al Monte. Fra Allegrino sostituì fra Ventura che tornò a Firenze qualche giorno dopo. Ventura e Allegrino però non erano frati di Firenze; e non ne conosciamo la provenienza. Non furono stabili al Monte, come invece lo furono quelli che giunsero qualche mese dopo: fra Onesto, fra Lanfranchino, fra Piero da Montepulciano. Anche dei primi due non sappiamo la provenienza. Però si noti come alcuni di essi, compreso il priore, fossero senesi o delle terre senesi. Più tardi si unì alla comunità il fiorentino fra Giovanni degli Strozzi come compagno di fra Antonio Salvani. Assistiamo in questo periodo anche ad un frequente via vai da Firenze: fra Stefano, fra Francesco Bizi, fra Salvestro, tutti per vari motivi si recarono al Monte. Nonostante le note di spesa per gli spostamenti, la vita comunitaria però è poco documentata nel suo insieme. In che modo dunque i frati di Montesenario si mantennero? C’erano già allora alcuni poderi da cui ricavare grano, vino, legna, carne, o tutto, proprio tutto, fu a carico della SS. Annunziata? Per i primi tempi avvenne in quest’ultimo modo. Anche Pisa fu dipendente per un anno dal convento fiorentino. Ma da subito al Monte ebbero importanza la chiesa e la liturgia. Le feste principali furono le stesse dell’Ordine e della SS. Annunziata che per l’occasione mandò in aiuto sacerdoti e generi alimentari per ‘onorare’ la celebrazione anche in refettorio, come d’usanza: si festeggiò la Natività di Maria di settembre, il carnevale a fine febbraio e la Quaresima con il pesce, l’Ascensione con la carne, Ognissanti con le lasagne. Fu il sagrestano dell’Annunziata fra Sebastiano di Ambrogio che contribuì a dare un aiuto dal punto di vista liturgico e materiale. I documenti ci parlano anche di piccole spese per varie necessità: chiavi, toppe, scuri per disboscare … Per la festa della Purificazione del 1405 invece fu il priore del Monte che venne a Firenze. E quasi obbligatoria fu per molti anni la partecipazione dei frati del Monte alle feste patronali di S. Giovanni e alla processione solenne. Ma anche quando mori Vieri Guadagni (1426) i frati vennero a fare la veglia funebre. Allora le relazioni si era allentate perché Montesenario aveva raggiunto indipendenza e stabilità economica … Un ultimo ricordo. Un nome esce dai nostri registri ed è quello Michele di Barone da Bivigliano. Nell’agosto 1405 si ammala e fra Salvestro viene mandato dall’Annunziata a casa sua a portargli per conforto cocomeri, melarance, acqua di rose. Anche maestro Piero Silvestri gli porta a casa delle candele arsicciate, in parte consumate. Perché? Certamente aveva bisogno. Ma non ci sembra vivesse in una situazione di indigenza. Perché dunque tanta sollecitudine se non fosse stato importante per il Monte? Infatti ebbe gli stessi riguardi che all’Annunziata si avevano verso i benefattori laici e i conversi. Ma forse era anche un pronipote di Giuliano da Bivigliano che nel 1241 cedette al vescovo di Firenze una parte dei suoi diritti su Montesenario (alcuni lo considerano l’inizio del convento) o un discendente di quei conti cattani di Cercina, signori di Bivigliano, di cui parla il Repetti quando ricorda la fondazione del castello di Montesenario nel secolo XI (17).
Non sempre il nome è un destino, ma non possiamo sottovalutare il fatto che Barone è un nome che indica pur sempre una casata nobile. Il Giani afferma chiaramente che Michele di Barone fu un commesso, una pia persona vicina al convento del Monte. Ma noi lo pensiamo qualcosa di più e lo collochiamo tra i promotori del rinato convento, perché il suo ricordo è del 1405. Forse fece una preziosa donazione, come allora usavano fare i conversi: un immobile, un podere, della terra con una piccola rendita necessaria al convento … o forse era stato il ‘custode’ degli edifici temporaneamente abbandonati … Un’altra famiglia benefattrice di Montesenario si trova citata nei documenti in epoca più tarda: i Della Stufa del quartiere di S. Lorenzo (18).
Ma tra i della Stufa e la SS. Annunziata non appare nulla nelle note del 1404. Nei primissimi anni le spese per la riapertura di Montesenario furono solo a carico del convento fiorentino che considerò i frati come se fossero della propria comunità e corrispose loro anche l’usuale denaro delle vestimenta. Notevole fu lo sviluppo di Montesenario nel ventennio successivo: ingrandì le proprietà, aumentò il numero dei religiosi, si pose sotto la giurisdizione del p. Generale, fondò un piccolo convento dipendente del quale un giorno forse avremo occasione di scrivere (19).
Lo faremo. Ora fermiamo la nostra esposizione al ripristino del 1404 e agli anni immediatamente seguenti. Aggiungiamo che la maggior parte delle notizie che abbiamo esposto sono inedite. Fanno parte di un quotidiano che ci parla anche di storia, liturgia, costume, vita fraterna. Le notizie si trovano nel libro che la Biblioteca Toscana dei Servi di Maria diretta dal p. Eugenio Casalini ha pubblicato alla fine del mese di giugno, anche se le notizie su Montesenario non sono in questa forma. Il convento del Monte però vi appare ugualmente vivido di luce. A conclusione possiamo affermare ancora una volta che nel 1404, quasi incredibilmente e per una serie di circostanze favorevoli, Montesenario ritornò a vivere alla pari nel suo Ordine. Lo fece con dignità e a ‘bassa voce’, per i primi anni sorretto da un convento fratello maggiore e da un gruppo di frati fiorentini di grande spessore culturale e religioso.

Note.
(1) Il libro Vita quotidiana e storia della SS. Annunziata nella prima metà del Quattrocento è stato edito a Firenze nel giugno 2004. Le notizie su Montesenario di trovano, oltre che nel testo, nella Documentazione n. 4, pp. 107 ss.; cfr. Arcangelo M. Giani, osm, Annalium sacri Ordinis fratrum Servorum B. Mariae Virginis a suae institutionis exordio centuriae quatuor, 2 volumi, Firenze 1618 e 1622, I, pp. 369, 379, 381, 416, 426; Policarpo M. Armadori, osm, Intorno al Monte Senario, in «Studi Storici osm», I, Roma 1933, pp. 7, 8; Franco Andrea Dal Pino, Elementi storici e regesti, in «Fonti storico-spirituali dei Servi di Santa Maria», II, 1349-1495, Bergamo 2002, pp. 55, 56, 112.
(2) v. p. es. La religione cristiana, a cura di Oskar Simmel, sj, e Rudolf Staehlin, Milano 1963; Alessandro Barbero, Chiara Frugoni, Dizionario del Medioevo, Bari 1994, p. 183. Ordine: È un concetto chiave della cultura cristiana medievale, che può assumere forme diverse. Fin dai primi tempi le comunità cristiane cominciarono a distinguere dai semplici fedeli coloro che avevano ricevuto, per mano dei vescovi, cioè dei capi delle comunità, particolari responsabilità … Si costituì così la gerarchia ecclesiastica, suddivisa in ordini minori (ostiario, lettore, esorcista, accolito) e in ordini maggiori (suddiacono, diacono, sacerdote) … Col diffondersi del monachesimo … si cominciò a parlare di ordine per indicare un insieme di comunità che vivevano tutte secondo la stessa regola, e di solito, obbedivano ad un’unica autorità …
(3) Constitutiones Antiquae fratrum Servorum sanctae Mariae a S. Philippo Benitio Anno circiter 1280 editae, in «Monumenta Ordinis Servorum», I-XVI (da qui in poi M.O.S.), I, XXIII; Fonti Legislative, in «Fonti storico-spirituali dei Servi di Maria», I, 1245-1348, Bergamo 1998, p. 139, La colpa gravissima.
(4) Ircani, Vita Quotidiana …, o.c., pp. 82 e ss; documentazione, pp. 160 e ss.
(5) Ivi, pp. 14, 85 e nota 108; Alessandro Filippo M. Piermei, osm, Memorabilium sacri Ordinis Servorum Beatae Mariae Virginis breviarium, Roma 1927-1934, II, p. 51; Gabriele M. Roschini, osm, Nel giardino di Maria, Roma 1945, p. 288 (10 settembre); Galleria Servitana, Roma 1976, pp. 100, 101; citiamo anche Cesare Cenci, ofm, Il Quaresimale delle scuole di fr. Ruggero da Eraclea, dove a pp. 283, 284 e a nota 53, si fa una piccola e importante biografia di fra Niccolò d’Arezzo anche se lo si dice erroneamente futuro priore generale.
(6) Filippo degli Adimari a Montesenario, v. Elementi …, o.c., p. 90.
(7) Maestro Piero Silvestri, v. Ircani, Vita Quotidiana …, o.c., pp. 86, passim e documentazione.
(8) Maestro Matteo, v. Ivi, pp. 71, 72 e documentazione; Appendice, Eugenio M. Casalini, Il Servita Maestro Leale.
(9) Ircani, Vita Quotidiana …, o.c., documentazione 3.
(10) Alessio M. Rossi, osm, Le vicende del Protocenobio dei Servi di Maria a Montesenario, 1241-1964, Roma 1964, p. 27: Scrivono gli Annali che la decisione fu presa principalmente in seguito alle insistenze del p. Pietro Silvestri, priore del convento di Firenze: può anche essere, ma dubitiamo che il Giani, ripetiamolo, da buon fiorentino tirò un po’ l’acqua al suo mulino: perché è strano che, proprio queste insistenze abbiano avuto luogo nel Capitolo Generale di Ferrara e non in quello tenutosi poco prima a Firenze.
(11) Ircani, Vita Quotidiana …, o.c., p. 15.
(12) Constitutiones Novae sive ordinationes factae in capitulis generalibus 1295-1473, in M.O.S., II, , pp. 45-46, Pistoia 1356; Fonti Legislative, in «Fonti…», oc., II, pp. 362-363.
(13) L’atto di Gabriele Maria Visconti è riportato in Ubaldo M. Forconi, Pisa, in «Chiese e conventi dell’Ordine dei Servi di Maria. Quaderni di notizie», n. 10; Elementi…, o.c., p. 91.
(14) Ircani, Vita Quotidiana …, o.c., documentazione 2.
(15) v. nota 2 della ‘Presentazione di Vita Quotidiana …’, in questo libro.
(16) Ircani, Vita Quotidiana …, o.c., documentazione 4, 5, 166, 169.
(17) Rossi, Le vicende, pp. 5 e ss.; Emanuele Repetti, Dizionario geografico fisico storico della Toscana, Firenze 1833-1843 I, p. 157, p. 330 (S. Romolo a Bivigliano; Montesenario fondato sui possessi dei cattani di Cercina già signori di Bivigliano; nel 1080, investitura di terreno a favore della cattedrale di Firenze); Annales osm, p. 417.
(18) Sui Della Stufa e le loro relazioni con Montesenario, v. Annales osm, I, p. 394, 395; Armadori, Intorno…, o.c., p. 12 n. 2; Elementi…, o.c., pp. 111. Nel 1418 Ugo di Andrea della Stufa aggiunse un codicillo al suo testamento, ordinando agli eredi Lorenzo e Lottaringo suoi fratelli di compiere il luogo di Montesenario da lui principiato e di dare al convento per ciascun frate, sacerdote o converso che fosse, ogni anno sei staia di grano e quattro barili di vino vermiglio per il numero massimo di 10 frati. Qualche anno più tardi anche la moglie Niccolosa Baroncelli destinò la dote che le spettava dopo la morte del marito alla compera di un podere per il convento di Montesenario con la condizione che i frati dovessero vivere secondo la regola di S. Agostino. Qualora vi fossero stati degli inconvenienti e non si sarebbe potuto vivere secondo detta Regola il podere sarebbe passato al monastero di S. Pietro Martire dei Padri Predicatori in Firenze; ma se la Regola veniva ripristinata di nuovo il podere tornava a Montesenario. Questo immobile si trovava alla Torricella di S. Lucia a Trespiano; ma nel 1421, a seguito di controversie con i cognati, gli esecutori del testamento di Niccolosa comprarono per i frati del Monte un podere ai Carpini della Pila. Al catasto del 1427 Lorenzo dichiarava: Abbiamo anche promesso a Montesenario per testamento d’Ugho nostro fratello, Lotteringo et io, anchora più di fiorini 150 et ora abiamo chomenzato a ffare la tavola d’altare et già n’abiamo paghato f. 10.
(19) Facciamo solo un accenno alla fondazione di almeno un convento dipendente di Montesenario. Il documento è ancora da trascrivere e confrontare.
Paola Ircani Menichini

MONTESENARIO, 21 LUGLIO 2004. – Il sito della SS. Annunziata www.ssannunziatadifirenze.it
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